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Process studies at the air-sea interface after atmospheric deposition in the Mediterranean Sea: objectives and strategy of the PEACETIME oceanographic campaign (May–June 2017) ArchiMer
Guieu, Cécile; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dulac, François; Taillandier, Vincent; Doglioli, Andrea; Petrenko, Anne; Barrillon, Stéphanie; Mallet, Marc; Nabat, Pierre; Desboeufs, Karine.
In spring, the Mediterranean Sea, a well-stratified low nutrient low chlorophyll region, receives atmospheric deposition both desert dust from the Sahara and airborne particles from anthropogenic sources. Such deposition translates into a supply of new nutrients and trace metals for the surface waters that likely impact biogeochemical cycles. However, the quantification of the impacts and the processes involved are still far from being assessed in situ. In this paper, we provide a state of the art regarding dust deposition and its impact on the Mediterranean Sea biogeochemistry and we describe in this context the objectives and strategy of the PEACETIME project and cruise, entirely dedicated to filling this knowledge gap. Our strategy to go a step forward...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72340/71224.pdf
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Characterizing, modelling and understanding the climate variability of the deep water formation in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Somot, Samuel; Houpert, Loic; Sevault, Florence; Testor, Pierre; Bosse, Anthony; Taupier-letage, Isabelle; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Waldman, Robin; Cassou, Christophe; Sanchez-gomez, Emilia; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Adloff, Fanny; Nabat, Pierre; Herrmann, Marine.
Observing, modelling and understanding the climate-scale variability of the deep water formation (DWF) in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea remains today very challenging. In this study, we first characterize the interannual variability of this phenomenon by a thorough reanalysis of observations in order to establish reference time series. These quantitative indicators include 31 observed years for the yearly maximum mixed layer depth over the period 1980–2013 and a detailed multi-indicator description of the period 2007–2013. Then a 1980–2013 hindcast simulation is performed with a fully-coupled regional climate system model including the high-resolution representation of the regional atmosphere, ocean, land-surface and rivers. The simulation reproduces...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep water formation; Open-sea deep convection; Interannual variability; Mediterranean Sea; Regional climate models; Climate trends.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00348/45948/45654.pdf
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Evaluation of CNRM Earth System Model, CNRM-ESM2-1: Role of Earth System Processes in Present-Day and Future Climate ArchiMer
Seferian, Roland; Nabat, Pierre; Michou, Martine; Saint-martin, David; Voldoire, Aurore; Colin, Jeanne; Decharme, Bertrand; Delire, Christine; Berthet, Sarah; Chevallier, Matthieu; Senesi, Stephane; Franchisteguy, Laurent; Vial, Jessica; Mallet, Marc; Joetzjer, Emilie; Geoffroy, Olivier; Gueremy, Jean-francois; Moine, Marie-pierre; Msadek, Rym; Ribes, Aurelien; Rocher, Matthias; Roehrig, Romain; Salas-y-melia, David; Sanchez, Emilia; Terray, Laurent; Valcke, Sophie; Waldman, Robin; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Deshayes, Julie; Ethe, Christian; Madec, Gurvan.
This study introduces CNRM-ESM2-1, the Earth system (ES) model of second generation developed by CNRM-CERFACS for the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). CNRM-ESM2-1 offers a higher model complexity than the Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model CNRM-CM6-1 by adding interactive ES components such as carbon cycle, aerosols, and atmospheric chemistry. As both models share the same code, physical parameterizations, and grid resolution, they offer a fully traceable framework to investigate how far the represented ES processes impact the model performance over present-day, response to external forcing and future climate projections. Using a large variety of CMIP6 experiments, we show that represented ES processes impact more...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00676/78800/81052.pdf
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