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Organic agriculture in relation to food security of developing countries Organic Eprints
Panneerselvam, P.; Halberg, N.; Hermansen, J.E..
A study was conducted to investigate the differences in farm production, input use and farm income between organic and conventional systems in three regions (Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh and Tamilnadu) of India. From each region, 40 organic and 40 conventional farmers were interviewed with semi structured questionnaire. The results showed that input costs were less in the organic system while either total farm yield or net margin was righter in the organic system in two of the three regions. In Tamilnadu specializing in rice production, rice yield was less under organic system while net margin did not differ signifcantly. In addition, the IFPRI-IMPACT model was used to fnd out the impact of large scale conversion to organic farming on food security of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/18341/1/18341.pdf
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Indian farmers' experience and perceptions of organic farming Organic Eprints
Panneerselvam, P.; Halberg, N.; Vaarst, M.; Hermansen, J.E..
In India, the number of farmers converting to organic farming has increased in the recent past despite the lack of government support in providing knowledge and extension to the farmers. The aim of this article is to investigate the perceived relevance, benefits and barriers to a conversion to organic agriculture in three different Indian contexts - in Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand states. In each state, 40 farmers from both organic and conventional systems were interviewed. The findings indicated that conventional producers identified production and marketing barriers as the main constraints to adopting organic farming, while the age and education of the farmer were not deemed a problem. Lack of knowledge and lack of institutional support...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18358/1/18358.pdf
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Food security of small holding farmers: comparing organic and conventional systems in India Organic Eprints
Panneerselvam, P.; Hermansen, John E.; Halberg, Niels.
This study compared farm production, crop yield, input cost, and income in organic and conventional farming systems in three states of India: Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. The results showed that organic farming reduced the input cost without affecting the net margin in all three states. Total food production was found to be comparable for the two systems in two of three states. While yield of rice and wheat generally was lower under the organic systems, yield from intercropping food crops was generally higher. The number of agro-ecological methods and percentage of farms practicing different agro-ecological methods were higher under organic systems than conventional systems. These results suggest that organic farming has the potential to...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farm economics Food security; Food quality and human health Social aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18125/1/18125.pdf
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Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh Organic Eprints
Panneerselvam, P.; Hermansen, J.E.; Halberg, N.; Arthanari, P.M..
The millions of food insecure people in India are not solely due to inadequate food production, but also because some people are simply too poor to buy food. This study assessed how a large-scale conversion from conventional to organic production would impact on the economics of marginal and small farmers in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, and on the total food production in these states. This study also considered a situation where fertilizer subsidies would be discontinued, with farmers having to carry the full cost of fertilizer. Results show that conversion to organic improved the economic situation of farmers although food production was reduced by 3–5% in the organic situation. Thus, the estimated economic values were higher in the organic system...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25072/1/25072.pdf
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