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A dynamic and mechanistic model of PCB bioaccumulation in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius) ArchiMer
Bodiguel, Xavier; Maury, Olivier; Mellon-duval, Capucine; Roupsard, Francois; Le Guellec, Anne-marie; Loizeau, Veronique.
Bioaccumulation is difficult to document because responses differ among chemical compounds, with environmental conditions, and physiological processes characteristic of each species. We use a mechanistic model, based on the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory, to take into account this complexity and study factors impacting accumulation of organic pollutants in fish through ontogeny. The bioaccumulation model proposed is a comprehensive approach that relates evolution of hake PCB contamination to physiological information about the fish, such as diet, metabolism, reserve and reproduction status. The species studied is the European hake (Merluccius merluccius, L. 1758). The model is applied to study the total concentration and the lipid normalised...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) Bioaccumulation model; Bioenergetic Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Demersal fish Merluccius merluccius.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6789.pdf
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Influence of sex, maturity and reproduction on PCB and p,p ' DDE concentrations and repartitions in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius, L.) from the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Bodiguel, Xavier; Loizeau, Veronique; Le Guellec, Anne-marie; Roupsard, Francois; Philippon, Xavier; Mellon-duval, Capucine.
The main objective of this work was to establish the influence of sex, maturity and reproduction on the contamination of the demersal fish Merluccius merluccius by organochlorine compounds. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and p,p'DDE were quantified in muscle, liver and gonads of female and male hakes collected in the Gulf of Lions in 2004 and 2005. Observed levels appeared higher than the population of the Bay of Biscay and lower than the population of the Thyrrenian Sea. Contaminant fingerprints were roughly constant whatever the studied organ and the hake biological condition. Concentrations varied significantly according to the sex and maturity of hakes. Mature specimens were more contaminated than immature, and males presented higher levels than...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation PCBs p; P ' DDE Merluccius merluccius Demersal fish Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11129/9317.pdf
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Modelling growth and bioaccumulation of Polychlorinated biphenyls in common sole (Solea solea) ArchiMer
Eichinger, Marie; Loizeau, Veronique; Roupsard, Francois; Le Guellec, Anne-marie; Bacher, Cedric.
Experiments were performed on juvenile sole in controlled conditions in the aim of understanding how the biology of common sole may affect the accumulation and dilution of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The fish were raised in optimal conditions and divided into two tanks: one control tank and one PCB tank. 4 PCB congeners were added to food for 3 months in the PCB tank; the soles were subsequently fed unspiked food for 3 months. Growth (length and weight) and PCB concentrations were monitored in both tanks and juvenile sole growth was not significantly affected by PCBs in our experimental conditions. We used the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory to model sole biology and paid special attention to model calibration through the wide use of data from the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Solea solea; Polychlorinated Biphenyls; Growth Model; Bioaccumulation Model; DEB Theory.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00012/12299/9257.pdf
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Long-term food-exposure of zebrafish to PCB mixtures mimicking some environmental situations induces ovary pathology and impairs reproduction ability ArchiMer
Daouk, Tarek; Larcher, Thibaut; Roupsard, Francois; Lyphout, Laura; Rigaud, Cyril; Ledevin, Mireille; Loizeau, Veronique; Cousin, Xavier.
Although the use of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has been banned for several decades, they are still present in the environment and are occasionally mechanically released from sediment or transferred through the trophic chain. Field analyses have established correlations between exposure to PCBs and alterations in fish physiology including reproductive function. Experimental exposures have been mainly performed using dioxin-like PCBs or other congeners at very high concentrations. However, these studies are often difficult to relate to real-life conditions. In the present study, we performed a life-cycle exposure using zebrafish model and mixtures representative of some environmental situations in terms of doses, composition and containing mainly non...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Zebrafish; PCBs; Chronic exposure; Physiology; Reproduction; Atresia.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00059/17038/14608.pdf
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