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INCREASING NUMBER OF SMALL FARMS IN INDONESIA: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES 31
Sudaryanto, Tahlim; Susilowati, Sri Hery; Sumaryanto, Sony.
According to agricultural cencus data, the percentage of small farms (holding <0.5 ha) has increased from 48.5% in 1993 to 56.5% in 2003. Evidence from micro panel data is also inline with this observation. In rice farming region of Java, average farm size has declined from 0.49 ha in 1995 to 0.36 ha in 2007. In the off-Java region, average farm size declined from 1.49 ha in 1995 to 1.35 ha in 2007. The increasing trend of small farm is due to several factors, namely: high population presure coupled with limited non-farm employment, persistent trend of land conversion to non-farm use, and traditional practice of land inheritance. Due to small farm size, rural farm household have to diversify their income to meet their family needs. In Java, 51.7% of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Small farm; Land conversion; Non-farm employment; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52808
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Spatial Networks, Labor Supply and Income Dynamics: Evidence from Indonesian Villages 31
Yamauchi, Futoshi; Muto, Megumi; Chowdhury, Shyamal K.; Dewina, Reno; Sumaryanto, Sony.
This paper examines the impact of spatial connectivity development on household income growth and non-agriculture labor supply, combining household panel data and village census in Indonesia. Empirical results show that the impacts of the improvement of local road quality in the area (positively correlated with transportation speed) on income growth and the transition to non-agricultural labor markets depends on the distance to economic centers and household education. In particular, post-primary education significantly increases the benefit from the local spatial connectivity improvement in remote areas and labor transition to non-agricultural sectors. Education and local road quality are complementary, mutually increasing income growth and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income growth; Spatial Connectivity; Rural economy; Education; Indonesia; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; O12; R40.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51571
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