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Biological responses to disturbance from simulated deep-sea polymetallic nodule mining ArchiMer
Jones, Daniel O. B.; Kaiser, Stefanie; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Smith, Craig R.; Menot, Lenaick; Vink, Annemiek; Trueblood, Dwight; Greinert, Jens; Billett, David S. M.; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Radziejewska, Teresa; Singh, Ravail; Ingole, Baban; Stratmann, Tanja; Simon-lledo, Erik; Durden, Jennifer M.; Clark, Malcolm R..
Commercial-scale mining for polymetallic nodules could have a major impact on the deep-sea environment, but the effects of these mining activities on deep-sea ecosystems are very poorly known. The first commercial test mining for polymetallic nodules was carried out in 1970. Since then a number of small-scale commercial test mining or scientific disturbance studies have been carried out. Here we evaluate changes in faunal densities and diversity of benthic communities measured in response to these 11 simulated or test nodule mining disturbances using meta-analysis techniques. We find that impacts are often severe immediately after mining, with major negative changes in density and diversity of most groups occurring. However, in some cases, the mobile fauna...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00371/48212/48330.pdf
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Potential Mitigation and Restoration Actions in Ecosystems Impacted by Seabed Mining ArchiMer
Cuvelier, Daphne; Gollner, Sabine; Jones, Daniel Ob; Kaiser, Stefanie; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Menzel, Lena; Mestre, Nelia C.; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher; Pradillon, Florence; Purser, Autun; Raschka, Uwe; Sarrazin, Jozee; Simon-lledo, Erik; Stewart, Ian M.; Stuckas, Heiko; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Colaco, Ana.
Mining impacts will affect local populations to different degrees. Impacts range from removal of habitats and possible energy sources to pollution and smaller-scale alterations in local habitats that, depending on the degree of disturbance, can lead to extinction of local communities. While there is a shortage or even lack of studies investigating impacts that resemble those caused by actual mining activity, the information available on the potential long-lasting impacts of seabed mining emphasise the need for effective environmental management plans. These plans should include efforts to mitigate deep-sea mining impact such as avoidance, minimisation and potentially restoration actions, to maintain or encourage reinstatement of a resilient ecosystem. A...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep sea; Mining; Restoration; Mitigation; Impacts; Assisted recovery; (re-)colonisation.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58209/60711.pdf
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Climate‐induced changes in the suitable habitat of cold‐water corals and commercially important deep‐sea fishes in the North Atlantic ArchiMer
Morato, Telmo; González‐irusta, José‐manuel; Dominguez‐carrió, Carlos; Wei, Chih‐lin; Davies, Andrew; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Taranto, Gerald H.; Beazley, Lindsay; García‐alegre, Ana; Grehan, Anthony; Laffargue, Pascal; Murillo, Francisco Javier; Sacau, Mar; Vaz, Sandrine; Kenchington, Ellen; Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Callery, Oisín; Chimienti, Giovanni; Cordes, Erik; Egilsdottir, Hronn; Freiwald, André; Gasbarro, Ryan; Gutiérrez‐zárate, Cristina; Gianni, Matthew; Gilkinson, Kent; Wareham Hayes, Vonda E.; Hebbeln, Dierk; Hedges, Kevin; Henry, Lea‐anne; Johnson, David; Koen‐alonso, Mariano; Lirette, Cam; Mastrototaro, Francesco; Menot, Lenaick; Molodtsova, Tina; Durán Muñoz, Pablo; Orejas, Covadonga; Pennino, Maria Grazia; Puerta, Patricia; Ragnarsson, Stefán Á.; Ramiro‐sánchez, Berta; Rice, Jake; Rivera, Jesús; Roberts, J. Murray; Ross, Steve W.; Rueda, José L.; Sampaio, Íris; Snelgrove, Paul; Stirling, David; Treble, Margaret A.; Urra, Javier; Vad, Johanne; Oevelen, Dick; Watling, Les; Walkusz, Wojciech; Wienberg, Claudia; Woillez, Mathieu; Levin, Lisa A.; Carreiro‐silva, Marina.
The deep sea plays a critical role in global climate regulation through uptake and storage of heat and carbon dioxide. However, this regulating service causes warming, acidification and deoxygenation of deep waters, leading to decreased food availability at the seafloor. These changes and their projections are likely to affect productivity, biodiversity and distributions of deep‐sea fauna, thereby compromising key ecosystem services. Understanding how climate change can lead to shifts in deep‐sea species distributions is critically important in developing management measures. We used environmental niche modelling along with the best available species occurrence data and environmental parameters to model habitat suitability for key cold‐water coral and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Cold-water corals; Deep-sea; Fisheries; Fishes; Habitat suitability modelling; Octocorals; Scleractinians; Species distribution models; Vulnerable marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00610/72211/71007.pdf
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