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Registros recuperados: 57
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Exploring the Role of Managerial Ability in Determining Firm Efficiency AgEcon
Byma, Justin P.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper explores the role of management ability in explaining efficiency on New York dairy farms. Using an unbalanced panel of farm data from 1993 through 2004, we estimate input and output-oriented technical efficiencies, cost efficiencies and revenue efficiencies using stochastic frontier functions. We include various input variables as efficiency effects and find lagged net farm income is a preferred measure of management ability over farmers' own estimates of the value of their labor and management. We also find increasing efficiency with operator education, farm size, and extended participation in a farm management program and decreasing efficiency with operator age.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Management and Efficiency; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9792
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Exploring the Role of Managerial Ability in Influencing Dairy Farm Efficiency AgEcon
Byma, Justin P.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper explores the role of managerial ability in determining efficiency in New York dairy farms. Using an unbalanced panel of farm data from 1993 through 2004, we estimate output-oriented technical efficiencies using stochastic distance frontier functions. We find that both lagged net farm income and farmers’ own estimates of the value of their labor and management as proxies for managerial ability impact measured efficiency. Efficiency increases with operator education, farm size, and extended participation in a farm management program, but decreases with operator age.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Distance function; Management and efficiency; Stochastic frontier analysis; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95594
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Altering Milk Components Produced by the Dairy Cow: Estimation by a Multiple Output Distance Function AgEcon
Cho, Jaesung; Nakane, Matsato; Tauer, Loren W..
The impact of inputs on the four decomposed milk outputs of fluid milk, butterfat, protein, and other solids were estimated using an output distance function, with New York dairy farm level data. Differential impacts of inputs on component production indicate that milk component composition can be modified given component prices.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Milk component production; Output distance function; Agribusiness; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51176
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Compartment Model for Controlling Infectious Livestock Disease: Cost-Effective Control Strategies for Johne's Disease In Dairy Herds AgEcon
Cho, Jaesung; Tauer, Loren W.; Schukken, Ynte H.; Smith, Rebecca L.; Lu, Zhao; Grohn, Yrjo T..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/08/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal compartment model; Dairy cattle disease; Johne’s disease; Livestock disease control; Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103393
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Economic Analysis of Johne's Disease Control Strategies in Dairy Herds AgEcon
Cho, Jaesung; Tauer, Loren W.; Schukken, Ynte H.; Smith, Rebecca L.; Lu, Zhao; Grohn, Yrjo T..
Infectious diseases play a critical role in determining the profitability of individual farms and maintaining the viability of livestock industries, international trade, and trade policies. Thus, it is critical to analyze the economic consequences of infectious diseases, and the effects of producer strategies to control or eliminate diseases in a cost efficient approach. Also, important is the goal to rally support for the development of public disease control programs. This study examined the long-term feasibility and effectiveness of various producer strategies to prevent and control Johne’s disease in dairy herds, an infectious and incurable disease which has significant economic repercussions for the dairy industry. There are few previous studies...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal disease control; Dairy herd model; Johne's disease; Optimal control model; Paratuberculosis; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61318
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Detecting Technological Heterogeneity in New York Dairy Farms AgEcon
del Corral, Julio; Alvarez, Antonio; Tauer, Loren W..
Agricultural studies have often differentiated and estimated different technologies within a sample of farms. The common approach is to use observable farm characteristics to split the sample into several groups and subsequently estimate different functions for each group. Alternatively, unique technologies can be determined by econometric procedures such as latent class models. This paper compares the results of a latent class model with the use of a priori information to split the sample using dairy farm data in the application. Latent class separation appears to be a superior method of separating heterogeneous technologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Parlor milking system; Stanchion milking system; Latent class model; Stochastic frontier; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49293
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Detecting Technological Heterogeneity in New York Dairy Farms AgEcon
del Corral, Julio; Alvarez, Antonio; Tauer, Loren W..
Agricultural studies have often differentiated and estimated different technologies within a sample of farms. The common approach is to use observable farm characteristics to split the sample into several groups and subsequently estimate different functions for each group. Alternatively, unique technologies can be determined by econometric procedures such as latent class models. This paper compares the results of a latent class model with the use of a priori information to split the sample using dairy farm data in the application. Latent class separation appears to be a superior method of separating heterogeneous technologies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Parlor milking system; Stanchion milking system; Latent class model; Stochastic frontier; Agribusiness; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51143
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Revealing an Equitable Income Allocation among Dairy Farm Partnerships AgEcon
Dressler, Jonathan B.; Tauer, Loren W..
We formulate a method to determine an equitable division of dairy farm partnership income when partners provide unequal amounts of capital, labor, and management and empirically estimate this relationship. New York dairy farm financial data are used within fixed effects and random coefficient panel regression models to reveal a systematic division of dairy farm partnership income among operators’ labor, capital, and management while controlling for heterogeneity arising from differing herd size. Results indicate that controlling for time and heterogeneity across farms due to herd size are important factors when dividing net farm income among unpaid factors of production. Empirical estimates of allocating dairy farm partnership income to equity,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy; Opportunity costs; Unpaid factors production; Net farm income; Operators’ labor; Capital; Management.; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102116
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Understanding the Entrepreneur: An Index of Entrepreneurial Success AgEcon
Fried, Harold O.; Tauer, Loren W..
A measure of entrepreneur success is important to identify current and future successful ventures, to further our understanding of the entrepreneurial process and to guide public policies to improve the success rate of start-ups. In this paper we propose an index of entrepreneur success that accommodates multiple inputs and outputs, that is predicated on inputs and that mitigates the impact of outliers. We relate the index to characteristics of the entrepreneur and the venture: age, experience, gender, race, competitive advantage, education, and birthplace. The data are from the Kauffman Firm Survey. The index is calculated for 2,863 firms in 2006.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Entrepreneur; Kauffman Survey; Financial Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55933
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The Impact of Age on the Ability to Perform under Pressure: Golfers on the PGA Tour AgEcon
Fried, Harold O.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper is about aging and the ability to perform under pressure on the PGA tour. Performance increases with golfing skill, but may first increase and then decrease with age as experience interacts with changes in physical condition. Similarly, mental fortitude or the ability of a golfer to perform under pressure may first increase and then decrease with age as experience interacts with changes in the ability to concentrate. Net performance on the tour is the result of both physical golfing skill and the ability to perform under pressure. We control for changes in physical skill and focus on the mental side of the game. The role of experience suggests an inverted U shaped relationship between age and mental performance that could vary significantly...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Age; Efficiency; Order-m FDH; Golf; Performance under pressure; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51103
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Explaining Changes in the Distribution of Annual Dairy Farm Income over Time AgEcon
Hung-Hao, Chang; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper identifies factors affecting the distribution of farm income among dairy producers over time. Using data from participants in Cornell's Dairy Farm Record Program, we decompose differences of farm income distributions into those due to: differences in means of observable farm characteristics, differential marginal effects of characteristics and unobserved random error. The distribution of farm income is affected by factors reflecting the operators' experience and investment in human capital and indicators of management efficiency and level of capital investment. The marked changes in marginal contributions of these factors explain most of the total change in the distribution of income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farm income distribution; Decomposition; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6544
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Empirical Analysis of Stanchion and Parlor Milking Cost on New York Dairy Farms AgEcon
Katsumata, Kentaro; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper empirically estimates cost functions for two milking technologies, stanchion and parlor, using farm level data from New York dairy farms for the years 1993 through 2002. A translog cost function was estimated along with input cost share equations for each milking technology by Iterative Seemingly Unrelated Regression. Any pair of inputs among feed, hired Labor, and cows had some degree of substitutability except for a pair of feed and hired labor evaluated by the Allen elasticity, and that of hired labor and feed evaluated by the Morishima elasticity. Additionally, economies of scale were found to exist over the entire range of output levels of the samples. The cost of stanchion technology was lower than that of parlor technology over the sample...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Milking Costs; Stanchion; Parlor; New York Dairy Farms; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51129
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Empirical Analysis of Stanchion and Parlor Milking Cost on New York Dairy Farms AgEcon
Katsumata, Kentaro; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper empirically estimates cost functions for two milking technologies, stanchion and parlor, using farm level data from New York dairy farms for the years 1993 through 2002. A translog cost function was estimated along with input cost share equations for each milking technology by Iterative Seemingly Unrelated Regression. Any pair of inputs among feed, hired Labor, and cows had some degree of substitutability except for a pair of feed and hired labor evaluated by the Allen elasticity, and that of hired labor and feed evaluated by the Morishima elasticity. Additionally, economies of scale were found to exist over the entire range of output levels of the samples. The cost of stanchion technology was lower than that of parlor technology over the sample...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6886
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SUCCESSFUL DAIRY FARM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES INDENTIFIED BY STOCHASTIC DOMINANCE ANALYSES OF FARM RECORDS AgEcon
Kauffman, Jonas B. III; Tauer, Loren W..
First-degree and second-degree stochastic dominance were used to separate a panel of 112 dairy farms with ten annual observations per farm into successful and less successful groups using four different performance measures. Logit regression using 16 independent variables was then used to determine important farm characteristics leading to farm success. High milk production and controlling hired labor and purchased feed expenses were important. The selective adoption of new technologies was also important. Optimal debt-asset ratios varied over the 10-year period.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29046
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Factors Related to the Adoption of rBST Among a Population of Farmers in Ontario County, New York AgEcon
Lyson, Thomas A.; Tauer, Loren W.; Welsh, Rick.
A population of 50 dairy farms in Upstate New York was surveyed in 1993 to collect data on the organizational and structural characteristics of their farm businesses and households, including information about their attitudes towards rBST. In the fall of 1994, six months after rBST was approved for general use, this same population of farmers was resurveyed. Findings show that in 1994 one-half of the farmers were using rBST or planned to use it within one year. Compared to non-adopters, farmers who adopted rBST were generally larger, used more advanced dairy technologies, and reported higher production herd averages. Differences in attitudes and goals were also observed. Implications of rBST for the future organizational structure of New York dairies are...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121200
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THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BGH ON THE NEW YORK STATE DAIRY SECTOR: COMPARATIVE STATIC RESULTS AgEcon
Magrath, William B.; Tauer, Loren W..
The price and quantity effects of a forthcoming biotechnology product, bovine growth hormone (bGH), are explored in a simple partial equilibrium model. The model is based on previous theoretical work on technological change but is developed in terms of a sector output. A particular output curve is estimated using data from a random sample of New York State dairy farms. Information on the farm level production effects of bGH is used to shift the output curve and to solve for equilibrium levels of price and output. The model projects the bGH may lead to the exit of 5,400 New York dairy farms and a 20 percent reduction in herd size. Consumers will benefit from an approximately 30 percent drop in milk price. The effect on gradual diffusion of bGH on farm...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28882
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MEASURING THE RISKS OF NEW YORK DAIRY FARMERS AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
Decomposition methods suggest major contributors to variability in returns to New York dairy farms are purchased feed quantities and milk production; milk price variability contributes substantially less. Decomposing the Gini measure of income inequality indicates that milk revenues and purchased feed expenditures contribute most to farm return inequality over time.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Variance decomposition; Gini income inequality; Dairy farm net returns; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21549
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Quantifying the Contributions to Dairy Farm Business Risk: Implications for Producer's Risk Management Strategies AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
The major sources of variability in net farm income on New York dairy farms over the past 10 years are identified using Dairy Farm Business Summary records. The most important source of income variability is the fluctuation in milk prices, followed closely by year-to-year variation in the quantity of purchased feeds. These results suggest that forward pricing of milk and feed purchases may be effective risk reduction strategies. Since a few farms have large cull cow sales, probably due to disease or other production problems, new insurance products to insure against disease may be useful to dairy farmers. It appears that older farmers are more successful in engaging in activities that increase diversification and reduce the variability in reductions in...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121879
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Ethanol Plant Investment using Net Present Value and Real Options Analyses AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Luo, Jianchuan; Tauer, Loren W..
A real option analysis of dry-grind corn ethanol plants compared to a standard net present value analysis (NPV) shows that the option values increase entry prices and lower exit prices of investment and disinvestment considerably. For a large plant, the gross margin of ethanol price over the corn price for a gallon of ethanol using NPV shows that entry will occur with a $0.45 margin and shutdown will occur at a $0.38. Under a real options framework, the margins for entry and exit become $1.33 and $0.13, respectively. Under baseline conditions, a large operating plant would become mothballed at $0.18 and reactivate if margins rebounded to $0.66. Growth in the variability of ethanol margins will delay new plant investments, as well as exits of currently...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ethanol; Net Present Value; Real Options Analyses; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D21; D81; Q4.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51145
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ESTIMATING INDIVIDUAL FARM SUPPLY AND DEMAND ELASTICITIES USING NONPARAMETRIC PRODUCTION ANALYSIS AgEcon
Stefanides, Zdenko; Tauer, Loren W..
Nonparametric production methods are used to estimate individual supply response and input demand elasticities for a group of New York dairy farm businesses. The ranges of estimates from the upper and lower bounds are extremely large, probably because only nine observations (years) are available for each farm.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14743
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