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Registros recuperados: 57
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Explaining Changes in the Distribution of Annual Dairy Farm Income over Time AgEcon
Hung-Hao, Chang; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper identifies factors affecting the distribution of farm income among dairy producers over time. Using data from participants in Cornell's Dairy Farm Record Program, we decompose differences of farm income distributions into those due to: differences in means of observable farm characteristics, differential marginal effects of characteristics and unobserved random error. The distribution of farm income is affected by factors reflecting the operators' experience and investment in human capital and indicators of management efficiency and level of capital investment. The marked changes in marginal contributions of these factors explain most of the total change in the distribution of income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farm income distribution; Decomposition; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6544
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Exploring the Role of Managerial Ability in Determining Firm Efficiency AgEcon
Byma, Justin P.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper explores the role of management ability in explaining efficiency on New York dairy farms. Using an unbalanced panel of farm data from 1993 through 2004, we estimate input and output-oriented technical efficiencies, cost efficiencies and revenue efficiencies using stochastic frontier functions. We include various input variables as efficiency effects and find lagged net farm income is a preferred measure of management ability over farmers' own estimates of the value of their labor and management. We also find increasing efficiency with operator education, farm size, and extended participation in a farm management program and decreasing efficiency with operator age.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Management and Efficiency; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9792
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Exploring the Role of Managerial Ability in Influencing Dairy Farm Efficiency AgEcon
Byma, Justin P.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper explores the role of managerial ability in determining efficiency in New York dairy farms. Using an unbalanced panel of farm data from 1993 through 2004, we estimate output-oriented technical efficiencies using stochastic distance frontier functions. We find that both lagged net farm income and farmers’ own estimates of the value of their labor and management as proxies for managerial ability impact measured efficiency. Efficiency increases with operator education, farm size, and extended participation in a farm management program, but decreases with operator age.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Distance function; Management and efficiency; Stochastic frontier analysis; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95594
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Factors Related to the Adoption of rBST Among a Population of Farmers in Ontario County, New York AgEcon
Lyson, Thomas A.; Tauer, Loren W.; Welsh, Rick.
A population of 50 dairy farms in Upstate New York was surveyed in 1993 to collect data on the organizational and structural characteristics of their farm businesses and households, including information about their attitudes towards rBST. In the fall of 1994, six months after rBST was approved for general use, this same population of farmers was resurveyed. Findings show that in 1994 one-half of the farmers were using rBST or planned to use it within one year. Compared to non-adopters, farmers who adopted rBST were generally larger, used more advanced dairy technologies, and reported higher production herd averages. Differences in attitudes and goals were also observed. Implications of rBST for the future organizational structure of New York dairies are...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121200
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FARMER EFFICIENCY AND TECHNOLOGY USE WITH AGE AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Lordkipanidze, Nazibrola.
Productivity of U.S. farmers by age is measured by non-parametric programming using 1992 Census data, decomposed into efficiency and technology Malmquist index components. Productivity increases slightly with age and then decreases. In most states productivity variations are from technology use rather than efficiency differences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31337
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Farmer Productivity at Various Ages AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
The productivity of farmers at six different age cohorts was computed by estimating production functions using 1987 census data. The results suggest that farmers of different ages operate with slightly different technologies and use various inputs at different efficiencies. Compared with previous 1978 estimates, the productivity of middleaged farmers appears to be even greater than the productivity of younger and older farmers. The average age of U.S. farmers exceeds the age of highest productivity from these estimates.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121332
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How Diversified Is Your State's Agriculture AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Each state's agricultural production diversification is measured for 1984 and 1988. Very little difference existed between the type of index used or the year computed. Linear regressions of the coefficient of variation of receipts on diversification measures implies diversification among states have no impact on variability of receipts.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121537
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INVESTMENT ANALYSIS IN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Recent developments in investment analysis and their relevancy in agricultural investment assessment are discussed. The Net Present Value model can be modified to incorporate the value of strategic management of an investment into the initial evaluation of that investment. Since these decisions can be modeled as call and put options, the mathematics of financial options has been applied to these investment decisions, and referred to as real options analysis. It is shown how contingent claims analysis can be used to value these real options. Contingent claims analysis uses a risk-free discount rate, since risk is incorporated into option valuation using computed risk-neutral probabilities obtained from a replicating portfolio correlated to the discounted...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14763
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Life Insurance Funding of Buy-Sell Arrangements in Small Businesses AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Buy-sell arrangements for the death of a co-owner may be funded with life insurance. The mechanisms and details of buy-sell arrangements were discussed. The decision whether to use life insurance was modeled using the expected utility theorem. State dependent utility was used since a surviving partner may become more (or less) risk averse upon the death of a co-owner. Life insurance funding is preferred at relatively low amounts of risk aversion, especially if the surviving partner becomes more risk averse after the co-owner's death. A lower percentage of life insurance would be used if insurance premiums are significantly above actuarially fair premiums. Given currently available insurance rates, most closely held small businesses probably should fund...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14733
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MEASURING THE RISKS OF NEW YORK DAIRY FARMERS AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
Decomposition methods suggest major contributors to variability in returns to New York dairy farms are purchased feed quantities and milk production; milk price variability contributes substantially less. Decomposing the Gini measure of income inequality indicates that milk revenues and purchased feed expenditures contribute most to farm return inequality over time.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Variance decomposition; Gini income inequality; Dairy farm net returns; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21549
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NEGATIVE MILK SUPPLY RESPONSE UNDER CONSTRAINED PROFIT MAXIMIZING BEHAVIOR AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Kaiser, Harry M..
A conceptual model is formulated that shows that a downward sloping supply function may exist for a profit maximizing firm facing a cash-flow constraint. The necessary requirement is that at least one factor must be a non-cash input. The model is tested using analysis of variance on two groups of producers from farm record data, one group facing a binding budget constraint the other group not. The results indicate that farms facing a cash flow constraint increase output more than farms not restricted by a cash flow constraint in response to a price decrease.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28844
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NONPARAMETRIC TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY WITH K FIRMS, N INPUTS, AND M OUTPUTS: A SIMULATION AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Hanchar, John J..
Monte-Carlo simulation of nonparametric efficiency shows that even when the number of firms is large, defining ten or more inputs results in most firms being measured as efficient. Comparison of the simulated results with any empirical results may suggest that the dimension of the problem, rather than actual efficiencies, determines computed efficiencies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31590
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Nonparametric Technical Efficiency with N Firms and M Inputs: A Simulation AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Hanchar, John J..
Simulation of nonparametric efficiency shows that even when the number of firms is large, defining ten or more inputs results in most firms being efficient. Comparison of empirical with simulated results suggests that the dimension of the problem rather than actual efficiencies has the greater effect for some empirical results.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121333
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Optimal Agricultural Policy with Biotechnology: Bovine Somatotropin and the Dairy Sector AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Kaiser, Harry M..
A control model of the U.S. dairy sector was constructed to determine optimal policy when bovine somatotropin is released. Social welfare defined as consumer plus producer surplus minus adjustment and net government costs was maximized. Control variables were the milk support price and government purchases of cows. Compared to previous simulation research where government policy and adoption were modeled exogenously, the results show that policy not overly disruptive to the dairy sector is possible.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy Policy; Optimal Control; Bovine Somatotropin; Bovine Growth Hormone; Technology.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121536
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Optimal Equity Recovery for a Cooperative Financial Institution AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Weersink, Alfons.
A model is developed that shows the usefulness of dynamic optimization in deriving optimal equity recovery strategies for a cooperative lending institution. The objective is to minimize the cost of a member borrowing over time. An interest rate surcharge, above the cost of funds and operating cost, is the control variable to be determined. The financial position of the cooperative is described by equity and loan volume, which are the state variables. Applications show how the surcharge, loans, and equity change over time as model parameters are changed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46210
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Optimal Levels of Inputs to Control Listeria monocytogenes Contamination at a Smoked Fish Plant AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Nightingale, Cameron; Ivanek, Renata; Wiedmann, Martin.
Reducing the incidence of listeriosis from contaminated food has significant social health benefits, but reduction requires the use of additional or higher quality inputs at higher costs. We estimate the impact of three inputs in a food processing plant on the prevalence of L. monocytogenes contaminated finished cold smoked salmon. These three inputs were non-contamination of the raw fish fillets, non-contamination of the plant environment, and rate of glove changes on workers. We then estimate the levels of these inputs to use such that the marginal cost of these inputs become equal to the increased social health benefit of reduction in human listeriosis. Since the costs of these inputs are borne by the food processing plant, which may not be able to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19423
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PRODUCTIVITY OF DAIRY PRODUCTION IN INDIVIDUAL STATES AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Lordkipanidze, Nazibrola.
In a competitive market dairy production will shift to that region which is the most productive. Thus, this paper reports the measurement of productivity of dairy production in the various states of the U.S. using recent Census data and non-parametric Malmquist index techniques. These are total factor productivity measures that do not require the assumption of cost or profit maximization behavior for aggregation. Individual state estimates of changes in efficiency, technology, and productivity from 1987 to 1992 were computed, divided by 1987 values. Over these states the average increase in productivity was 3.6 percent, or about 0.7 percent per year. Almost all of the productivity increase occurred from technological change, since the average increase in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy Productivity; Malmquist Index; Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21670
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Quantifying the Contributions to Dairy Farm Business Risk: Implications for Producer's Risk Management Strategies AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
The major sources of variability in net farm income on New York dairy farms over the past 10 years are identified using Dairy Farm Business Summary records. The most important source of income variability is the fluctuation in milk prices, followed closely by year-to-year variation in the quantity of purchased feeds. These results suggest that forward pricing of milk and feed purchases may be effective risk reduction strategies. Since a few farms have large cull cow sales, probably due to disease or other production problems, new insurance products to insure against disease may be useful to dairy farmers. It appears that older farmers are more successful in engaging in activities that increase diversification and reduce the variability in reductions in...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121879
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Revealing an Equitable Income Allocation among Dairy Farm Partnerships AgEcon
Dressler, Jonathan B.; Tauer, Loren W..
We formulate a method to determine an equitable division of dairy farm partnership income when partners provide unequal amounts of capital, labor, and management and empirically estimate this relationship. New York dairy farm financial data are used within fixed effects and random coefficient panel regression models to reveal a systematic division of dairy farm partnership income among operators’ labor, capital, and management while controlling for heterogeneity arising from differing herd size. Results indicate that controlling for time and heterogeneity across farms due to herd size are important factors when dividing net farm income among unpaid factors of production. Empirical estimates of allocating dairy farm partnership income to equity,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy; Opportunity costs; Unpaid factors production; Net farm income; Operators’ labor; Capital; Management.; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102116
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Segmenting the Milk Market into bST-Produced and Non-bST-Produced Milk AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
This paper discusses the value to milk producers and consumers of segmenting the milk market into bST-produced milk and non-bST-produced milk markets, versus losing milk consumption from consumers who will not consume bST-produced milk. Results indicate that both bST-using producers and non-bST-using producers benefit from a segmented market when compared to losing milk markets. Even if market loss does not occur, segmenting the market benefits producers not able to effectively use b~T and may even benefit bST users if the use of bST significantly shifts the supply curve for milk. Non-bST consuming consumers benefit from the availability of non-bST milk, and consumers who are indifferent to the use of bST pay about the same price in a segmented market.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121326
Registros recuperados: 57
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