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Registros recuperados: 57
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A DEBT SELECTION MODEL FOR BANKS OF THE COOPERATIVE FARM CREDIT SYSTEM AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Boehlje, Michael.
This article discusses the application of a quadratic programming model to the bond and note participation decision of a Cooperative Farm Credit Bank. The model generates an efficient frontier of bond and note portfolios from which a bank can choose. The composition of these portfolios depends upon the expected cost and variance-covariance of cost for the bond and note activities, debt needs, and the debt policy constraints of a bank. The results indicate that the interest rate risk of various bond and note issues should be considered when making debt participation decisions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32581
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THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BGH ON THE NEW YORK STATE DAIRY SECTOR: COMPARATIVE STATIC RESULTS AgEcon
Magrath, William B.; Tauer, Loren W..
The price and quantity effects of a forthcoming biotechnology product, bovine growth hormone (bGH), are explored in a simple partial equilibrium model. The model is based on previous theoretical work on technological change but is developed in terms of a sector output. A particular output curve is estimated using data from a random sample of New York State dairy farms. Information on the farm level production effects of bGH is used to shift the output curve and to solve for equilibrium levels of price and output. The model projects the bGH may lead to the exit of 5,400 New York dairy farms and a 20 percent reduction in herd size. Consumers will benefit from an approximately 30 percent drop in milk price. The effect on gradual diffusion of bGH on farm...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28882
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SUCCESSFUL DAIRY FARM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES INDENTIFIED BY STOCHASTIC DOMINANCE ANALYSES OF FARM RECORDS AgEcon
Kauffman, Jonas B. III; Tauer, Loren W..
First-degree and second-degree stochastic dominance were used to separate a panel of 112 dairy farms with ten annual observations per farm into successful and less successful groups using four different performance measures. Logit regression using 16 independent variables was then used to determine important farm characteristics leading to farm success. High milk production and controlling hired labor and purchased feed expenses were important. The selective adoption of new technologies was also important. Optimal debt-asset ratios varied over the 10-year period.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29046
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TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF NEW YORK DAIRY FARMS AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Belbase, Krishna P..
The technical efficiencies of New York dairy farms were estimated using a frontier production function. The average farm was 69 percent efficient. Individual farm efficiency was regressed on variables not considered inputs to explain why a farm was not on the frontier. Favorable location in the state and larger size (cows) as proxies for technology lead to greater efficiency. Participation in the Dairy Herd Improvement Cooperative and use of mail-in computerized records as proxies for management result in a reduction in efficiency. However, only 9 percent of variation in farm efficiency could be explained.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28894
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Optimal Equity Recovery for a Cooperative Financial Institution AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Weersink, Alfons.
A model is developed that shows the usefulness of dynamic optimization in deriving optimal equity recovery strategies for a cooperative lending institution. The objective is to minimize the cost of a member borrowing over time. An interest rate surcharge, above the cost of funds and operating cost, is the control variable to be determined. The financial position of the cooperative is described by equity and loan volume, which are the state variables. Applications show how the surcharge, loans, and equity change over time as model parameters are changed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46210
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The economic impact of future biological nitrogen fixation technologies AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
The economic impact of some future biological nitrogen fixation technologies are estimated using AGSIM, a dynamic, partial equilibrium, econometric model of the U.S. agricultural sector. Five separate scenarios were modeled: (1) legumes fix more nitrogen, (2) legumes fix more nitrogen with an increase in legumes yields of 10 percent, (3) nitrogen fertilization requirements on all crops are reduced 50 percent with no yield changes, (4) total elimination of nitrogen fertilization and (5) total elimination of nitrogen fertilization and non-legume yields decrease 10 percent. Results indicate that biological nitrogen fixation technologies have a high value to society. Increasing the efficiency of legumes to fix nitrogen may have an annual benefit of $1,067...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7271
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NEGATIVE MILK SUPPLY RESPONSE UNDER CONSTRAINED PROFIT MAXIMIZING BEHAVIOR AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Kaiser, Harry M..
A conceptual model is formulated that shows that a downward sloping supply function may exist for a profit maximizing firm facing a cash-flow constraint. The necessary requirement is that at least one factor must be a non-cash input. The model is tested using analysis of variance on two groups of producers from farm record data, one group facing a binding budget constraint the other group not. The results indicate that farms facing a cash flow constraint increase output more than farms not restricted by a cash flow constraint in response to a price decrease.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28844
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Ex-ante Economic Assessment of Agriculture Biotechnology AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121528
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How Diversified Is Your State's Agriculture AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Each state's agricultural production diversification is measured for 1984 and 1988. Very little difference existed between the type of index used or the year computed. Linear regressions of the coefficient of variation of receipts on diversification measures implies diversification among states have no impact on variability of receipts.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121537
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Optimal Agricultural Policy with Biotechnology: Bovine Somatotropin and the Dairy Sector AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Kaiser, Harry M..
A control model of the U.S. dairy sector was constructed to determine optimal policy when bovine somatotropin is released. Social welfare defined as consumer plus producer surplus minus adjustment and net government costs was maximized. Control variables were the milk support price and government purchases of cows. Compared to previous simulation research where government policy and adoption were modeled exogenously, the results show that policy not overly disruptive to the dairy sector is possible.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy Policy; Optimal Control; Bovine Somatotropin; Bovine Growth Hormone; Technology.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121536
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THE EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: INTRODUCTION AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28814
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The Causes of Economic Inefficiencies in New York Dairy Farms AgEcon
Thomas, Arthur C.; Tauer, Loren W..
Technical and overall cost efficiencies are measured for 125 New York dairy farms. Explanatory models of efficiencies are estimated to determine how farms can increase their efficiencies. Changes in efficiencies are explained by changes in both assets and prices. Efficiency levels are explained by farm and operator characteristics.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121482
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Farmer Productivity at Various Ages AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
The productivity of farmers at six different age cohorts was computed by estimating production functions using 1987 census data. The results suggest that farmers of different ages operate with slightly different technologies and use various inputs at different efficiencies. Compared with previous 1978 estimates, the productivity of middleaged farmers appears to be even greater than the productivity of younger and older farmers. The average age of U.S. farmers exceeds the age of highest productivity from these estimates.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121332
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The Skills and Training Needed by Farm Management Researchers in the Future AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121330
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AGRICULTURAL DIVERSITY AND CASH RECEIPT VARIABILITY FOR INDIVIDUAL STATES AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Seleka, Tebogo B..
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123013
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SHORT-RUN AND LONG-RUN EFFICIENCIES OF NEW YORK DAIRY FARMS AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Short-run and long-run technical and allocative efficiencies were computed for 395 New York dairy farms using data envelopment or nonparametric procedures on 1990 Dairy Farm Business Summary data. The farms were, on average, more allocatively efficient in the short run than in the long run, but were more technically efficient in the long run than in the short run. Stanchion barns were as efficient as milking parlors, and milking more than two times per day did not increase efficiency.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31637
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Segmenting the Milk Market into bST-Produced and Non-bST-Produced Milk AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
This paper discusses the value to milk producers and consumers of segmenting the milk market into bST-produced milk and non-bST-produced milk markets, versus losing milk consumption from consumers who will not consume bST-produced milk. Results indicate that both bST-using producers and non-bST-using producers benefit from a segmented market when compared to losing milk markets. Even if market loss does not occur, segmenting the market benefits producers not able to effectively use b~T and may even benefit bST users if the use of bST significantly shifts the supply curve for milk. Non-bST consuming consumers benefit from the availability of non-bST milk, and consumers who are indifferent to the use of bST pay about the same price in a segmented market.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121326
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Nonparametric Technical Efficiency with N Firms and M Inputs: A Simulation AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Hanchar, John J..
Simulation of nonparametric efficiency shows that even when the number of firms is large, defining ten or more inputs results in most firms being efficient. Comparison of empirical with simulated results suggests that the dimension of the problem rather than actual efficiencies has the greater effect for some empirical results.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121333
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Age and Farmer Productivity AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W..
Farmer productivity by age was estimated, allowing for differences because of efficiency and returns to scale. Using Census of Agriculture data, estimates vary by state, but returns to scale average 1.07. Efficiency increases average 4.5 percent every ten years of age, to the age interval 35 to 44, and then decreases at that same rate.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121316
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AGRICULTURAL DIVERSITY AND CASH RECEIPT VARIABILITY FOR INDIVIDUAL STATES AgEcon
Tauer, Loren W.; Seleka, Tebogo B..
Changes in individual states' agricultural production diversity and variance of cash receipts were measured over the 30-year period 1960 through 1989. Diversity was measured using a general index, of which the inverse Herfindahl and the Entropy are special cases. Cash receipt variability was measured using a heteroscedasticity correction process. Although 38 states experienced an increase in cash receipt variability, only 14 states also experienced a decrease in diversification. Thus, it appears that an increase in cash receipt variability was not due to reduction in diversification for most states.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14764
Registros recuperados: 57
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