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Fishing Sea-bed Habitat Risk Assessment (A framework towards the quantitative assessment of trawling impact on the sea-bed and benthic ecosystem) ArchiMer
Rijnsdorp, A.d.; Bastardie, Francois; Bolam, S.g.; Buhl-mortensen, Lene; Eigaard, O.r.; Hamon, Katell G.; Hiddink, Jan Geert; Hintzen, N.t.; Ivanovic, Ana; Kenny, Andrew; Laffargue, Pascal; Nielsen, R.n.; O’neill, F.g.; Piet, G.j.; Polet, Hans; Sala, Antonello; Smith, Chris; Van Denderen, P.d.; Van Kooten, Tobias; Zengin, Mustafa.
A framework to assess the impact of mobile fishing gear on the seabed and benthic ecosystem is presented. The framework that can be used at regional and local scales considers the physical effects of trawl gears on the seabed, on marine taxa and the functioning of the benthic ecosystem. A reductionist approach is applied that breaks down a fishing gear in its components and distinguishes a number of biological traits that are chosen to determine the vulnerability of benthos for the impact of a gear component or to provide a proxy for their ecological role. The approach considers a wide variety of gear elements, such as otter boards, twin trawl clump and ground-rope, and, sweeps that herd the fish. The physical impact of these elements on the seabed,...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53642/54479.pdf
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Functional links between sea-bed habitats and demersal fish stocks (A generic model of benthic productivity, diversity and natural disturbance, and a dynamic food web model of benthic ecosystem function) ArchiMer
Rijnsdorp, A.d.; Van Kooten, T.; Van De Wolfshaar, K.; Eggleton, J.; Bolam, S.g.; Buhl-mortensen, Lene; Garcia, C.; Gonzalez, G.; Dinesen, Grete; Papadopoulou, Nadia; Smith, Chris; Gumus, A.; Bastardie, François; Eigaard, O.r.; Hiddink, Jan Geert; Sciberras, M.; Kenny, Andrew; Laffargue, Pascal; Piet, G.j.; Polet, Hans; Van Denderen, P.d.; Van Kooten, Tobias; Zengin, Mustafa.
An important consideration in assessing the impacts of fishing on seabed habitats is to understand the functional links (as trophic interactions) between populations of demersal fish species and potential benthic invertebrate prey (food) which live on or in the seabed. The type of sea-bed fauna has been shown to respond to both natural variation in habitat conditions and in response to different levels of fishing pressure. The extent to which different commercial fish species will depend on specific combinations of habitat type and fishing disturbance to feed will likely be species specific. It has been suggested that positive changes in growth rates of different demersal fish species are not only related to density-dependent processes, but may also be...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53641/54478.pdf
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