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Development of the shrimp industry in the Western Indian Ocean - a holistic approach of vertical integration, from domestication and biosecurity to product certification ArchiMer
Le Groumellec, Marc; Rigolet, Vincent; Panchayuthapani, Duraisamy; Vandeputte, Marc; Rao, Vemulapalli Manavendra.
The shrimp farming industry in the western Indian Ocean started with Aqualma’s project in 1989, and now several companies farm shrimp in the Mozambique Channel. Despite the remoteness of these projects and their high investment and operating costs, they compete in the global marketplace by efficiently producing high value quality products. To address sustainability and biosecurity issues, Aqualma developed domesticated specific pathogenfree (SPF) broodstock of Penaeus monodon from western Indian Ocean stocks, which have been its exclusive source of post-larvae since 2003. Specific molecular diagnostic tools have been developed for each endemic pathogen detected since 1996, and these are used for routine surveillance of Aqualma’s shrimp stocks along with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Madagascar; Domestication; Biosecurity; Certification.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00099/20980/18604.pdf
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Combining Individual Phenotypes of Feed Intake With Genomic Data to Improve Feed Efficiency in Sea Bass ArchiMer
Besson, Mathieu; Allal, Francois; Chatain, Beatrice; Vergnet, Alain; Clota, Frederic; Vandeputte, Marc.
Measuring individual feed intake of fish in farms is complex and precludes selective breeding for feed conversion ratio (FCR). Here, we estimated the individual FCR of 588 sea bass using individual rearing under restricted feeding. These fish were also phenotyped for their weight loss at fasting and muscle fat content that were possibly linked to FCR. The 588 fish were derived from a full factorial mating between parental lines divergently selected for high (F+) or low (F–) weight loss at fasting. The pedigree was known back to the great grand-parents. A subset of 400 offspring and their ancestors were genotyped for 1,110 SNPs which allowed to calculate the genomic heritability of traits. Individual FCR and growth rate in aquarium were both heritable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Feed conversion ratio; Fine phenotyping; Genomic selection; Individual feed intake; Restricted feeding; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00486/59799/62927.pdf
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Response to selection for growth in an interspecific hybrid between Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus in two distinct environments ArchiMer
De Verdal, Hugues; Rosario, Westly; Vandeputte, Marc; Muyalde, Nerafe; Morissens, Pierre; Baroiller, Jean-francois; Chevassus, Bernard.
The development of a saline tolerant tilapia strain able to grow fast is of importance in the Philippines, where 240 000 ha of brackish water ponds are available. To this end, founder hybridization between Oreochromis niloticus (with favorable growth traits) and O. mossambicus (with favorable salinity tolerance traits) was performed and followed by backcrossing with O. mossambicus to develop a strain highly tolerant to saline environments. Genetic selection for growth performance was subsequently conducted. The aim of the present study was to estimate growth performance and survival of the hybrid in two rearing environments following four generations of genetic selection. A comparison between the hybrid and an internal reference line was performed in two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salinity tolerance; Selection; Hybridization; Genetic gain; Heritability; Survival rate.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00187/29836/28287.pdf
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Domestication of new species and sustainable development in fish culture ArchiMer
Fontaine, Pascal; Legendre, Marc; Vandeputte, Marc; Fostier, Alexis.
How may fish domestication participate in sustainable development of aquaculture? The development of fish farming currently compensates for the stagnation of fishery catches while the market demand continues to increase. The development of fish farming relies on an active diversification of farmed fish species. A diversification based on the farming of native species could reduce the environmental impact of fish culture and could better fit to needs of local markets. Such development could also favour a more integrated local economy. In this context, the building of a generic approach for multi-species domestication is required to optimise the use of the technical and financial means available for fish culture diversification.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Fish culture; Domestication; Diversification.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6557.pdf
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Selection for Adaptation to Dietary Shifts: Towards Sustainable Breeding of Carnivorous Fish ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Vandeputte, Marc; Kerneis, Thierry; Goardon, Lionel; Labbe, Laurent; Chatain, Beatrice; Bothaire, Marie Josee; Larroquet, Laurence; Medale, Francoise; Quillet, Edwige.
Genetic adaptation to dietary environments is a key process in the evolution of natural populations and is of great interest in animal breeding. In fish farming, the use of fish meal and fish oil has been widely challenged, leading to the rapidly increasing use of plant-based products in feed. However, high substitution rates impair fish health and growth in carnivorous species. We demonstrated that survival rate, mean body weight and biomass can be improved in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after a single generation of selection for the ability to adapt to a totally plant-based diet (15.1%, 35.3% and 54.4%, respectively). Individual variability in the ability to adapt to major diet changes can be effectively used to promote fish welfare and a more...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21845/19429.pdf
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An accurate formula to calculate exclusion power of marker sets in parentage assignment ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc.
In studies on parentage assignment with both parents unknown, the exclusion power of a marker set is generally computed under the hypothesis that the potential families tested are independent and unrelated samples. This tends to produce overly optimistic exclusion power estimates. In this work, we have developed a new formula that gives almost unbiased results at the population level.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22804/20610.pdf
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Genetic improvement of fish: Achievements and challenges for tomorrow ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc; Baroiller, Jean-francois; Haffray, Pierrick; Quillet, Edwige.
Genetic improvement is a major contributing factor in developing efficient aquaculture, as it is in other forms of animal production. Moreover, as most fish species are only slightly domesticated, the potential gains are very large. Many of the current methods, developed during the XXth century, are classically used in livestock rearing (choice of breeds, crossbreeding, selective breeding). Others are much more specific to aquatic organisms (genetic control of sex, sterilization through triploidization). The spread of selected lines in aquaculture has been effective only since the 1990s, with lines selected essentially on growth and producing some impressive results. Transgenesis, although technically feasible on growth rate, is not used in practice and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selection; Genomics; Fishes; Breeding; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6564.pdf
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Dynamic epimarks in sex-related genes predict gonad phenotype in the European sea bass, a fish with mixed genetic and environmental sex determination ArchiMer
Anastasiadi, Dafni; Vandeputte, Marc; Sanchez-baizan, Nuria; Allal, Francois; Piferrer, Francesc.
The integration of genomic and environmental influences into methylation patterns to bring about a phenotype is of central interest in developmental epigenetics, but many details are still unclear. The sex ratios of the species used here, the European sea bass, are determined by genetic and temperature influences. We created four families from parents known to produce offspring with different sex ratios, exposed larvae to masculinizing temperatures and examined, in juvenile gonads, the DNA methylation of seven genes related to sexual development by a targeted sequencing approach. The genes most affected by both genetics and environment were cyp19a1a and dmrt1, with contrasting sex-specific methylation and temperature responses. The relationship between...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Early development; Environmental temperature; DNA methylation; Sex determination; Aromatase; Cyp19a1a; Dmrt1; Epigenetic marks; DNA methylation threshold; Epigenetic inheritance.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58123/61657.pdf
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First Evidence of Realized Selection Response on Fillet Yield in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, Using Sib Selection or Based on Correlated Ultrasound Measurements ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc; Bugeon, Jérôme; Bestin, Anastasia; Desgranges, Alexandre; Allamellou, Jean-michel; Tyran, Anne-sophie; Allal, Francois; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Haffray, Pierrick.
Fillet yield, the proportion of edible fillet relative to body weight, is a major trait to improve in fish sold processed, as it has a direct impact on profitability and can simultaneously decrease the environmental impact of producing a given amount of fillet. However, it is difficult to improve by selective breeding, because it cannot be measured on live breeding candidates, its phenotypic variation is low, and, as a ratio, it is not normally distributed and a same change in fillet yield can be the result of different changes in fillet weight and body weight. Residual headless gutted carcass weight (rHGCW) is heritable and highly genetically correlated to Fillet% in rainbow trout, and can be predicted by the ratio of abdominal wall thickness to depth of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Fillet yield; Selective breeding; Selection response; Production efficiency; Heritability.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71121/69423.pdf
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Sex dimorphism in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): New insights into sex-related growth patterns during very early life stages ArchiMer
Faggion, Sara; Vandeputte, Marc; Vergnet, Alain; Clota, Frederic; Blanc, Marie-odile; Sanchez, Pierre; Ruelle, Francois; Allal, Francois; Wang, Hanping.
The European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) exhibits female-biased sexual size dimorphism (SSD) early in development. New tagging techniques provide the opportunity to monitor individual sex-related growth during the post-larval and juvenile stages. We produced an experimental population through artificial fertilization and followed a rearing-temperature protocol (~16°C from hatching to 112 days post-hatching, dph; ~20°C from 117 to 358 dph) targeting a roughly balanced sex ratio. The fish were tagged with microchips between 61 and 96 dph in five tagging trials of 50 fish each; individual standard length (SL) was recorded through repeated biometric measurements performed between 83 to 110 dph via image analyses. Body weight (BW) was modelled using the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00691/80288/83391.pdf
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Combining vitassign and colony for pedigree reconstruction in a case of factorial mating with missing parental genotypes ArchiMer
Allal, Francois; Doan, Q.k.; Chatain, Beatrice; Vergnet, Alain; Vandeputte, Marc.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00306/41694/40971.pdf
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In search for indirect criteria to improve feed utilization efficiency in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Part II: Heritability of weight loss during feed deprivation and weight gain during re-feeding periods ArchiMer
Grima, Laure; Chatain, Beatrice; Ruelle, Francois; Vergnet, Alain; Launay, Amandine; Mambrini, Muriel; Vandeputte, Marc.
Selective breeding to improve residual feed intake (RFI) in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a major goal that would optimize economic gain while minimizing the environmental impact of production. Due to the difficulty in accurately measuring individual feed intake, no selective breeding program has yet been started. In a previous study, we identified a criterion phenotypically related to RFI variations: the loss of weight during feed deprivation, FD. Moreover, an additional composite criterion (CC) integrating both FD and weight gain during subsequent re-feeding (RF) was closely related to RFI, even though the relationship was only close to significance (P=0.06). The aim of the present study was to estimate the heritability of these two traits, in order...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European sea bass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Feed efficiency; Heritability; Genetic parameters; Residual feed intake; Feed deprivation; Compensatory growth; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00004/11529/8213.pdf
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Estimation of Genetic Parameters of Fatty Acids Composition in Flesh of Market Size Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and Their Relation to Performance Traits Revealed that Selective Breeding Can Indirectly Affect Flesh Quality ArchiMer
Prchal, Martin; Vandeputte, Marc; Gela, David; Dolezal, Marek; Blichtova, Hana; Rodina, Marek; Flaishans, Martin; Kocour, Martin.
Fish are a rich source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) and thus, they should be an integral part of human diet at least twice a week. As a result, high attention has been devoted to the improvement of fatty acids (FA) content in the flesh of farmed fish through nutrition. Conversely, there are very few data on the potential of selective breeding to improve FA composition in fish. We estimated genetic parameters of fillet fatty acid content and performance traits in market size common carp cultured under semi-intensive pond conditions. The experimental stock arose through factorial mating of 7 dams and 36 sires. All families were reared communally. Pedigree was reconstructed with microsatellite markers, and 158 individuals were dressed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetic correlations; Genetic improvement; Growth; Heritability; Slaughtering traits; Supplemental feeding.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56043/57558.pdf
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Negative genetic correlations between production traits and head or bony tissues in large all-female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Haffray, Pierrick; Bugeon, Jerome; Pincent, Cedric; Chapuis, Herve; Mazeiraud, Emmanuel; Rossignol, Marie-noelle; Chatain, Beatrice; Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde.
Genetic parameters of production traits (growth, carcass yield, fillet yield) and bony tissues (head and vertebral axis) were estimated for large all-female rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss reared in freshwater. Genetic parameters were estimated using REML at 16 months of age (1636 g) on 1962 DNA-assigned progenies from a partial factorial mating design with 60 dams and 100 sex-reversed sires. Most traits presented medium to high heritability (0.37 to 0.54). A high genetic correlation (r(A)=0.97) was found between fillet yield and headless gutted carcass yield (or HGCarc%). Due to its higher heritability and high genetic correlation with fillet yield, selection on HGCarc% should result in a 50% increase in selection efficiency on fillet yield by reducing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Resource allocation; Fillet yield; Head; Salmonids; Aquaculture; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/22042/19801.pdf
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Improving feed efficiency in fish using selective breeding: a review ArchiMer
De Verdal, Hugues; Komen, Hans; Quillet, Edwige; Chatain, Beatrice; Allal, Francois; Benzie, John A. H.; Vandeputte, Marc.
Improving feed efficiency (FE) is key to reducing production costs in aquaculture and to achieving sustainability for the aquaculture industry. Feed costs account for 30–70% of total production costs in aquaculture; much work has been done on nutritional and husbandry approaches to improve FE but only a limited amount of research has been devoted to using genetics, despite its potential. This paper reviews past work to improve FE in fish using selective breeding and assess future directions. Direct selection on FE traits requires methods to measure individual feed consumption and estimate FE efficiently and accurately. This is particularly difficult to do in fish because of the environment in which they live. Many of the published studies on FE were found...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed conversion ratio; Feed efficiency; Feed intake; Fish; Genetics; Selection.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00415/52675/53771.pdf
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CRYOAQUA. Centralisation de la cryoconservation et du stockage des ressources génétiques aquacoles françaises ArchiMer
Labbe, Catherine; Suquet, Marc; Michel, Gildas; Duclos, Delphine; Lemarchand, Alain; Le Hellec, Catherine; Vandeputte, Marc; Quittet, Benjamin; Goardon, Lionel; Pincent, Cedric; Haffray, Pierrick.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00099/20979/18602.pdf
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Genetic variation for growth at one and two summers of age in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): Heritability estimates and response to selection ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc; Kocour, M; Mauger, S; Rodina, M; Launay, A; Gela, D; Dupont Nivet, M; Hulak, M; Linhart, O.
We estimated the heritability of growth-related traits (weight and length at ages one summer, first spring and two summers) in a synthetic mirror carp strain (HSM) in the Czech Republic. The four generation pedigree was obtained from parentage assignment of three factorial mating designs with microsatellite markers, and included 195 fish without phenotypes (48 G0, 147 G1) and 1321 fish with phenotypes (674 G2, 647 G3). Animal model heritability estimates over generations were in the range 0.21-0.33 for length and in the range 0.31-0.44 for weight. The genetic correlation between length and weight was high (0.97). The correlations between growth measurements in the first and in the second summer of age were moderate to low (0.34-0.67). Divergent selection...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Quantitative genetics; Performance; Microsatellites; Parentage assignment; Realized heritability; Selection response; Selection; Growth; Heritability; Cyprinus carpio; Common carp.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4076.pdf
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Genetic relationship between koi herpesvirus disease resistance and production traits inferred from sibling performance in Amur mirror carp ArchiMer
Zhao, Jinfeng; Prchal, Martin; Palaiokostas, Christos; Houston, Ross D.; Kause, Antti; Vandeputte, Marc; Vergnet, Alain; Bugeon, Jérôme; Bestin, Anastasia; Veselý, Tomáš; Pokorová, Dagmar; Piačková, Veronika; Pojezdal, Lubomír; Genestout, Lucie; Gela, David; Kroupová, Hana K.; Kocour, Martin.
Koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD) is currently the most serious threat to global carp farming. Prevention is a sensible strategy for tackling this disease and improved genetic resistance of carp strains is a desirable breeding goal. To study the potential for multitrait selection, the objective of the current study was to estimate the genetic correlations between KHVD resistance and production traits in Amur mirror carp. A total of 1500 fingerlings from four factorial crosses of five dams and ten sires were challenged with Koi herpesvirus (KHV). Juvenile growth-related traits were collected on the same individuals before the challenge test. Production traits were measured on siblings of the challenged population at different life stages (yearling to market...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Common carp; KHVD; Body shape traits; Slaughter yields; Heritability; Genetic correlation.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00604/71623/70066.pdf
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A first insight into genotype x diet interactions in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1756) in the context of plant-based diet use ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Quillet, Edwige; Mazurais, David; Robin, Jean; Vergnet, Alain; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Chatain, Beatrice.
This preliminary study assessed genotype x diet interaction in late growth of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed with either a fish meal (FM)- or a fish oil (FO)-based diet (M) or an all-plant-based (PB) diet. A total of 550 fish from 224 families were reared together and tagged. DNA was sampled and microsatellites were used to assign parentage. When fish weight was 192 +/- 54 g, two tanks were fed with M (FM: 100%; FO: 100%) and two others with PB (FM: 0% and FO: 0%). Body weight (BW), fork length (FL) and fillet lipid content (CorrFat) were analysed with a linear model and with REML methodology. We observed no significant differences between groups, but a slightly lower (P=0.03) daily growth coefficient in sea bass fed PB than in those fed M....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genotype by diet x environment interaction; European sea bass; Plant diet; Genetic correlation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14335/12374.pdf
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Heritability of Boldness and Hypoxia Avoidance in European Seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Horri, Khaled; Allal, Francois; Vergnet, Alain; Benhaim, David; Vandeputte, Marc; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
To understand the genetic basis of coping style in European seabass, fish from a full factorial mating (10 females x 50 males) were reared in common garden and individually tagged. Individuals coping style was characterized through behavior tests at four different ages, categorizing fish into proactive or reactive: a hypoxia avoidance test (at 255 days post hatching, dph) and 3 risk-taking tests (at 276, 286 and 304 dph). We observed significant heritability of the coping style, higher for the average of risk-taking scores (h2 = 0.45 ± 0.14) than for the hypoxia avoidance test (h2 = 0.19 ± 0.10). The genetic correlations between the three risk-taking scores were very high (rA = 0.96–0.99) showing that although their repeatability was moderately high (rP =...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00362/47278/47239.pdf
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