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Aqueous Electrolyte Ionization over Extreme Ranges as Simple Fundamental Relation with Density and Believed Universal; Sodium Chloride Ionization from 0^o^ to 1000^o^C and to 1000 MPa (10000 Atm.) Nature Precedings
William L. Marshall.
The chemical nature of aqueous electrolyte ionization is illustrated by a simple relationship with water as a reactant believed to correlate ionization of aqueous sodium chloride approaching infinite dilution over the entire range of temperature and pressure [0 to 1000^o^C; 0.1 to 1000 MPa (10000 Atm)]. The derived equation accurately and smoothly describes the ionization constant of sodium chloride [_K_(NaCl)] in both water and water strongly diluted by inert solvent. Effects of water density on ionization are quantitatively and simply described that oppose conventional theory that ionization is a function only of dielectric constant, and theorists should apply this simplicity with density in understanding aqueous electrolyte ionization. There appears...
Tipo: Manuscript Palavras-chave: Chemistry; Earth & Environment.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/2476/version/1
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Dielectric Constant of Liquids (Fluids) Shown to be Simple Fundamental Relation of Density over Extreme Ranges from - 50^o^ to + 600^o^C, Believed Universal Nature Precedings
William L. Marshall.
Examinations of past complex theoretical equations describing isothermal dielectric constants (_[epsilon]_) of liquids show that none describe experiments throughout and that only a two-constant equation of density is required. The dielectric susceptibility (_[epsilon]_ – 1) as a simple exponential function of density is shown here to describe _[epsilon]_ for both polar and non-polar organic liquids over all available experimental ranges from 0.50 to 1.2 g cm^-3^ and temperatures to 400^o^C. For water above 0.25 g cm^-3^, the equation describes the excellent dielectric-constant formulation of Fernández, et al., (1997) throughout its experimental range [-35 to +600^o^C; to 1000 MPa (10000 Atm)] and even when diluted by...
Tipo: Manuscript Palavras-chave: Chemistry; Earth & Environment.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/2474/version/1
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