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Plantas medicinais no controle fitossanitário: um resgate do conhecimento tradicional. Repositório Alice
MORAIS, L. A. S. de; CHAVES, F. C. M..
2008
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: ; Plantas medicinais.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/16195
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Comparative evaluation of the performance of motorized and pole and Knife oil palm fruit bunch harvester CIGR Journal
Aramide, Basiru Philip; Owolarafe, Oseni Kehinde; Adeyemi, Nabeel A.
In this study the performance of a motorized palm fruit bunch harvester (MBH) was evaluated in comparison with the bamboo-pole-and-knife harvester (BPK). The MBH was first tested on Nigerian plantations for the palm trees it could reach. The average time taken to harvest a bunch and the time taken per hectare of plantation were determined. The best orientation and the cutting angle for the harvester were also determined. The exact height which the harvester could reach was also determined on the plantations. The harvester was later used in comparison with (BPK) method on palms of moderate height and the average time of harvest per bunch, field capacity, as well as cost of operation was determined for the two methods. Time study (TS) of the two methods was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Engineering; Farm Machenery and Processing oil palm harvesting; Motorized-harvester; ; Pole-and-knife; Efficiency.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3347
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Formulation and evaluation of CFC free inhalers for beclomethasone dipropionate BJPS
Talasila,Gopala Krishna Murthy; Mukkala,Bala Vishnu Priya; Vattikuri,Satyanarayana.
Beclomethasone dipropionate CFC free inhalation formulations were developed with a view to treat asthma prophylactically. Dry powder inhalers (DPI) for beclomethasone dipropionate were prepared with different grades of lactose monohydrate. The influence of carrier and overages on performance of DPI was studied. Metered dose inhalers (MDI) with HFA based propellants were formulated with various doses, overages and different concentrations of alcohol. Formulated DPI and MDI were evaluated for various official and unofficial quality control tests. The influence of over doses on valve delivery, effect of overages on emitted dose and influence of alcohol on spray pattern from MDI were studied. The better fine particle fraction and emitted dose were obtained...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beclomethasone dipropionate Dry powder inhalers Metered dose inhalers; ; Emmited dose Fine particle fraction; Overages.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502013000200004
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Antioxidant Capacity, Anthocyanins, and Total Phenols of Wild and Cultivated Berries in Chile Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Guerrero C,Jaime; Ciampi P,Luigi; Castilla C,Andrea; Medel S,Fernando; Schalchli S,Heidi; Hormazabal U,Emilio; Bensch T,Emma; Alberdi L,Miren.
It is possible to incorporate a lot of natural antioxidants into the human organism by consuming berries which can prevent diseases generated by the action of free radicals. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals and thus protect the organism from the oxidative damage of lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Berries stand out as one of the richest sources of antioxidant phytonutrients among various fruits and vegetables. The objective of this research was to determine antioxidant capacity (AC), total anthocyanins (TA), and total phenols (TP) of wild and cultivated berries in different localities of La Araucanía and Los Ríos Regions in Chile. These parameters were analyzed by using the free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH) method,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: ; 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl antioxidant potential.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392010000400002
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Growing into Interdisciplinarity: How to Converge Biology, Economics, and Social Science in Fisheries Research? Ecology and Society
Kulmala, Soile; Marine Research Centre, Finnish Environment Institute; MTT Agrifood Research, Finland; Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute; soile.kulmala@ymparisto.fi; Kuikka, Sakari; Fisheries and Environmental Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki; sakari.kuikka@helsinki.fi.
It has been acknowledged that natural sciences alone cannot provide an adequate basis for the management of complex environmental problems. The scientific knowledge base has to be expanded in a more holistic direction by incorporating social and economic issues. As well, the multifaceted knowledge has to be summarized in a form that can support science-based decision making. This is, however, difficult. Interdisciplinary skills, practices, and methodologies are needed that enable the integration of knowledge from conceptually different disciplines. Through a focus on our research process, we analyzed how and what kind of interdisciplinarity between natural scientists, environmental economists, and social scientists grew from the need to better understand...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Baltic Sea salmon fisheries; Bayesian belief networks; Bioeconomic modeling; Integrated model; Interdisciplinarity interdisciplinary learning; Fisheries research; Methodological epochè ; Multidisciplinarity.
Ano: 2012
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Trust: the Critical Element for Successful Watershed Management Ecology and Society
Flitcroft, Rebecca; USDA Forest Service Research Lab ; becky.flitcroft@oregonstate.edu; Dedrick, Dana C; Long Tom Watershed Council Executive Director; coordinator@longtom.org; Smith, Courtland L; Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University; csmith@oregonstate.edu; Thieman, Cynthia A; Long Tom Watershed Council Restoration Director ; restoration@longtom.org; Bolte, John P; Department of Biological and Ecological Engineering; boltej@engr.orst.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Community; Management; ; Social structure; Watersheds.
Ano: 2010
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Uncommon among the Commons? Disentangling the Sustainability of the Peruvian Anchovy Fishery Ecology and Society
Arias Schreiber, Milena; Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Bremen, Germany; milena@uni-bremen.de; Halliday, Andrew; Freelance Writer and Researcher;.
The term "commons" refers to collectively exploited resources and their systems of usage; a synonymous term is common pool resources. Fisheries are typical common pool resources and also one of the most conspicuous examples of unsustainable use of natural resources. We examine one of the few globally important fisheries that is held to be sustainable, the Peruvian anchovy fishery, and considers the extent to which the institutional characteristics of the fishery conform to design principles that are considered prerequisites for long-term, successful, community-based common pool resources. Results showed that greater conformity to the principles was found in the sustainable phase of the fishery, compared to its unsustainable phase. For this case study, the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Anchovy fishery; Common pool resources; Design principles; Peru; Sustainabilityanchoveta peruana; Recursos comunes; Diseñ O de principios; Perú ; Sostenibilidad.
Ano: 2013
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Elasticity in ecosystem services: exploring the variable relationship between ecosystems and human well-being Ecology and Society
Daw, Tim M.; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; tim.daw@su.se; Hicks, Christina C.; Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, UK; Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, Monterey, California, USA; ARC Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia; christina.c.hicks@gmail.com; Brown, Katrina; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, UK; katrina.brown@exeter.ac.uk; Chaigneau, Tomas; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, UK; T.W.B.Chaigneau@exeter.ac.uk; Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser A.; Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK; f.a.hartley@gmail.com; Cheung, William W. L.; Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada; w.cheung@oceans.ubc.ca; Crona, Beatrice; Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere, Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; beatrice.crona@su.se; Coulthard, Sarah; Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; sarah.coulthard@northumbria.ac.uk; Sandbrook, Chris; United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; chris.sandbrook@unep-wcmc.org; Perry, Chris; Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK; C.Perry@exeter.ac.uk; Muthiga, Nyawira A.; Wildlife Conservation Society, Marine Program, Bronx, New York, USA; Wildlife Conservation Society, Marine Program Kenya, Mombasa, Kenya; nmuthiga@wcs.org; Bosire, Jared; WWF Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; jbosire@wwfkenya.org; McClanahan, Tim R.; Wildlife Conservation Society, Marine Program, Bronx, New York, USA; tmcclanahan@wcs.org.
Although ecosystem services are increasingly recognized as benefits people obtain from nature, we still have a poor understanding of how they actually enhance multidimensional human well-being, and how well-being is affected by ecosystem change. We develop a concept of “ecosystem service elasticity” (ES elasticity) that describes the sensitivity of human well-being to changes in ecosystems. ES Elasticity is a result of complex social and ecological dynamics and is context dependent, individually variable, and likely to demonstrate nonlinear dynamics such as thresholds and hysteresis. We present a conceptual framework that unpacks the chain of causality from ecosystem stocks through flows, goods, value, and shares to contribute to the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Coastal ecosystems; Conceptual framework; East Africa; Environmentalists’ ; Fisheries; Mangroves; Paradox.
Ano: 2016
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Mapping future changes in livelihood security and environmental sustainability based on perceptions of small farmers in the Brazilian Amazon Ecology and Society
Diniz, Fabio H.; Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Dairy Cattle, Brazil; fabio.homero@embrapa.br; Kok, Kasper; Soil Geography and Landscape Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Kasper.Kok@wur.nl; Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke A.; Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Marjanke.Hoogstra@wur.nl; Arts, Bas; Forest and Nature Conservation Policy, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; bas.arts@wur.nl.
Deforestation is a widely recognized problem in the Brazilian Amazon. Small farmers play a key role in this process in that they earn their livelihood by ranching and farming. Many studies have addressed the link between deforestation and livelihood strategies adopted by small farmers. Most have focused on advanced monitoring systems, simulation models, and GIS approaches to analyze the interaction of both dimensions, i.e., livelihoods and forest cover change. Although the current toolbox of methods has proved successful in increasing our understanding of these interactions, the models and approaches employed do not consider small farmers’ perspectives. On the assumption that local small farmers are agents of land-cover change, understanding how...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Brazil; Deforestation; Fuzzy cognitive maps; Mental model; Pará ; Scenarios.
Ano: 2015
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Brief predator sound exposure elicits behavioral and neuronal long-term sensitization in the olfactory system of an insect Inra
Anton, S.; Evengaard, K.; Barrozo, R.; Andreson, P.; Skals, N..
Modulation of sensitivity to sensory cues by experience is essential for animals to adapt to a changing environment. Sensitization and adaptation to signals of the same modality as a function of experience have been shown in many cases, and some of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these processes have been described. However, the influence of sensory signals on the sensitivity of a different modality is largely unknown. In males of the noctuid moth, Spodoptera littoralis, the sensitivity to the femaleproduced sex pheromone increases 24 h after a brief preexposure with pheromone at the behavioral and central nervous level. Here we show that this effect is not confined to the same sensory modality: the sensitivity of olfactory neurons can also be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BAT SOUND; ; PLANT ODOR; ; SEXUAL BEHAVIOR; ; INTRACELLULAR RECORDING.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20111e28651a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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Défaut de maturation et déficience fonctionnelle des iMACS chez la souris NOD : implication dans la pathogénie du diabète de type 1 ? Inra
Ferret-Bernard, S.; Saï, P.; Bach, J.M..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: DIABETE DE TYPE 1; CELLULE; ;  .
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201088718ca&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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Évaluer la biodiversité et les services écosystémiques : pour quoi faire ? Inra
Salles, J.M.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
L’évaluation de la biodiversité et des services liés aux écosystèmes est actuellement l’objet de nombreux travaux et d’un large débat. Pour dépasser des blocages de principe, il importe de comprendre ce que signifie vraiment l’évaluation économique pour en cerner l’intérêt et les limites. Le nécessaire élargissement de la notion de valeur qu’implique une analyse appropriée de ces services a donné lieu à une pluralité de méthodes, parfois durement contestées. L’objet de cet article est de préciser certains termes de ces débats, tant conceptuels que méthodologique, ainsi que sur le choix des objets à évaluer, en les resituant par rapport aux objectifs très différents que peuvent poursuivre les évaluations.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: SERVICE ECOSYSTEMIQUE; VALEUR; CHOIX COLLECTIFS; EVALUATION ECONOMIQUE; POLITIQUES DE CONSERVATION BIODIVERSITY; ; COLLECTIVE CHOICES; ECONOMIC VALUATION; CONSERVATION POLICIES; ECOSYSTEM SERVICES.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2011826b213&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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L-band emission of rough soil surface covered with a grass litter layer including a moisture gradient: comparison between experimental data and a numerical modeling approach Inra
Lawrence, H.; Demontoux, F.; Wigneron, J.P.; Mialon, A.; Duffour, C.; Kruszewski, A.; Mironov, V. L.; Kosolapova, L.; Kerr, Y..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  MISSION SMOS;  L BAND EMISSIVITY; SOIL-LITTER SYSTEM; ; ROUGH SURFACES; ; MOISTURE GRADIENT.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20108ff51f7d&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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Convergence and divergence between two multibeam sonars (SIMRAD SM20 and RESON SeaBat 6012) used to extract the spatial, morphologic and energy parameters of fish schools Inra
Perrot, Y.; Guillard, J.; Josse, E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: SONAR MULTIBANDES; BANC ANIMAL AQUATIQUE; STRUCTURE EN 3D; SEABAT 6012; SM20 MULTIBEAM SONAR; ; FISH SCHOOLS; 3D STRUCTURE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201025d789e9&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Verification and assimilation of the SMOS data Inra
Calvet, J.-C.; Albergel, C.; Mahfouf, J.-F.; Barbu, A.; Lafont, S.; Wigneron, J.P.; Walker, J.; Kerr, Y..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  MISSION SMOS; ; RADIOMETRE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010c1bb6295&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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Association between competition and obligate mutualism in a chemostat Inra
El Hajji, M.; Harmand, J.; Chaker, H.; Lobry, C..
In this paper, we consider a simple chemostat model involving two obligate mutualistic species feeding on a limiting substrate. Systems of differential equations are proposed as models of this association. A detailed qualitative analysis is carried out. We show the existence of a domain of coexistence, which is a set of initial conditions in which both species survive. We demonstrate, under certain supplementary assumptions, the uniqueness of the stable equilibrium point which corresponds to the coexistence of the two species.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: SURVIE DES ESPECES; COMPORTEMENT ASYMPTOTIQUE; EQUATION DIFFERENTIELLE; INTERACTION MICROBIOLOGIQUE MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS; MICROBIAL ECOLOGY; YEAST; SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; CHEMOSTAT; COMPETITION; MUTUALISM; ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR; COEXISTENCE; DULAC CRITERION; THIEME’S RESULT; ;  .
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201035ecf34a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
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On the current status of flow modelling for applications to advection Inra
Brunet, Y.; Dupont, S..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  MECANIQUE DES FLUIDES; ; MODELES ATMOSPHERIQUES; ; LISIERE;  LARGE EDDY SIMULATION; ; LES.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010948c6d97&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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MISTIGRI: a new mission in the thermal infrared Inra
Lagouarde, J.P.; Bach, M.; Boulet, G.; Briottet, X.; Cherchali, S.; Dadou, I.; Dedieu, G.; Hagolle, O.; Jacob, F.; Nerry, F.; Olioso, A.; Ottlé, C.; Pascal, V.; Roujean, J.-L.; Sobrino, J.A.; Tintó Garcia-Moreno, F..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  PROJET MISTIGRI; ; INFRAROUGE THERMIQUE; ; BIOSPERE CONTINENTALE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010f08d9160&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/05/
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Genetic control of protein, oil and fatty acids content under partial drought stress and late sowing conditions in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Inra
haddadi, P.; Yazdi-Samadi, B.; Langlade, N.; Naghavi, M.R.; Berger, M.; Kalantari, A.; Calmon, A.; Maury, P.; Vincourt, P.; Sarrafi, A..
The purpose of the present study was to map quantitative trait locus (QTLs) associated with percentage of seed protein, oil and fatty acids content under different conditions in a population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of sunflower. Three independent field experiments were conducted with well-, partial-irrigated and late-sowing conditions in randomized complete block design with three replications. High significant variation among genotypes is observed for the studied traits in all conditions. Several specific and non-specific QTLs for the aforementioned traits were detected. Under late-sowing condition, a specific QTL of palmitic acid content on linkage group 6 (PAC-LS.6) is located between ORS1233 and SSL66_1 markers. Common chromosomic regions...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CONTROLE GENETIQUE; AMELIORATION DES PLANTES; ACIDE GRAS; ENVIRONNEMENT; QTL; ACIDE LINOLEIQUE; ACIDE OLEIQUE; GENE; SANTE DES PLANTES; ANALYSE CHROMOSOMIQUE; ;   SUNFLOWER; QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCUS; SIMPLE SEQUENCE REPEATS; OIL CONTENT; PROTEIN CONTENT; FATTY ACIDS.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201123377941&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Les pollinisateurs: indispensables mais menacés Inra
Sarthou, J.P..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: POLLINISATEUR; INSECTE; ESPECE VEGETALE; HYMENOPTERE; RAVAGEUR; AGROBIODIVERSITE; ;  .
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009bcb62826&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/05/
Registros recuperados: 52
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