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Emissions inventory of greenhouse gases and ammonia from livestock housing and manure management CIGR Journal
Samer, Mohamed.
An emission inventory is a database on the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere.  The anthropogenic emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases are detrimental to the environment and the ecosystems.  Therefore, reducing emissions is crucial. One key issue is to inventory these emissions, and consequently databases on anthropogenic emissions will be available for making decisions on implementing suitable mitigation strategies.  Such investigations aim at developing national emissions inventory for domestic livestock and to identify possible abatement techniques in order to reduce these emissions.  Therefore, the objectives of this study are to introduce and define the emissions inventories, review the emission inventory guides, introduce...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural engineering; Agricultural buildings and bioenvironmental engineering emissions inventory; Greenhouse gases; Methane; Nitrous oxide; Ammonia; Particulate matter; Livestock buildings; Manure; Emission factors; Emissions abatement techniques.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/2449
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Etude de la structure des communautés bactériennes du sédiment et de l'écologie de Vibrio aestuarianus pathogène de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas dans deux sites ostréicoles ArchiMer
Azandegbe, Afi.
Since several years, the French oyster farming copes with high mortality affecting juveniles and some adults of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Studies conducted in the framework of a multidisciplinary project (MOREST) showed that mortality was related to several factors like physiological and genetic status of oyster, pathogens including bacteria of the genus Vibrio, and revealed that the sediment, on which the oyster cages are installed, might play a particular role. This has been suggested because of the concomitance of the mortalities and increased toxic compounds like ammonia and sulphides in the sediment. Moreover, the presence of Vibrio bacteria in the sediment indicates a dual role of sediment in the mortality onset. The physico-chemical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Bactéries; Vibrio aestuarianus; Écologie; Sédiment; Ammonium; Sulfures; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Bacteria; Vibrio aestuarianus; Ecology; Sediment; Ammonia; Sulphide.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14277/11561.pdf
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Evaluation of preprandial and postprandial serum bile acids and plasma ammonia concentrations in healthy dogs, and the effects of frozen storage on plasma ammonia concentrations Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
KOGIKA,Márcia Mery; MATSUURA,Shinobu; HAGIWARA,Mitika Kuribayashi; MIRANDOLA,Regina Mieko Sakata; ORTOLANI,Enrico Lippi.
Preprandial and postprandial (2 and 4 hours) serum bile acids (SBA) and pre and postprandial (2 hours) plasma ammonia concentrations were evaluated. Additionally, the effects of freezing (for 24 and 48 hours at -20ºC) were observed on plasma ammonia concentrations in 22 healthy dogs. The preprandial SBA concentration was 2.1 ± 0.3 mmol/l and 7.5 ± 1.2 mmol/l and 7.8 ± 1.4 mmol/l for samples obtained 2 and 4 hours after feeding, respectively. Fasting and postprandial (2 hours) plasma ammonia concentrations were significantly different when measurement was performed within 30 minutes after blood collection (118.2 ± 13.2 mg/dl or 67.3 ± 7.5 mmol/l and 227.9 ± 59.2 mg/dl or 129.9 ± 33.7 mmol/l), but the difference between pre and postprandial concentrations...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bile acids; Ammonia; Dogs.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95961999000100005
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Evaluation of preprandial and postprandial serum bile acids and plasma ammonia concentrations in healthy domestic cats and the effects of frozen storage on plasma ammonia concentrations Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
KOGIKA,Márcia Mery; IMAGAWA,Viviane Higuchi; LUCAS,Silvia Regina Ricci; MIRANDOLA,Regina Mieko Sakata; HAGIWARA,Mitika Kuribayashi.
The evaluation of hepatic diseases in cats requires many laboratorial tests, and those routinely used are less conclusive. Considering the little availability of data and controversies related to the subject, we decided to study the preprandial and postprandial serum bile acids and plasma ammonia levels, and the effects of storage on these values. Preprandial (fasting) and postprandial serum bile acid (SBA) levels of 20 adult, healthy cats were determined using the enzymatic method. The measured values were 0.5 ± 0.1 and 3.6 ± 1.0 µmol/L, respectively. The preprandial and postprandial plasma ammonia (PA) levels, obtained 30 minutes after blood collection, 157.0 ± 18.7 µg/dL or 89.5 ± 10.7 µmol/L and 295.3 ± 28.2 µg/dL or 165.2 ± 17.3 µmol/L, were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bile acids; Ammonia; Cats.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95961999000300001
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Experimental evaluation of co-culture of juvenile sea cucumbers, Holothuria scabra (Jaeger), with juvenile blue shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) ArchiMer
Purcell, S; Patrois, Jacques; Fraisse, N.
The co-culture of juvenile sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Jaeger), or 'sandfish', with juvenile blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) was tested by growing groups in co-culture and monoculture for 3 weeks in tanks with enriched sand substratum. Feed was supplied on trays, accessible only to shrimp. Survival of shrimp and sandfish was high in all treatments (73-100%). Growth of shrimp did not differ between monoculture and co-culture, but sandfish grew significantly slower in co-culture (P=0.03), although their sand burying and surface foraging were apparently unaffected by shrimp (P=0.76). However, shrimp increased the levels of total ammonia-N in tanks, which related inversely with sandfish growth (P=0.04). Conversely, sandfish did not appear...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Burying behaviour; Ammonia; Sandfish; Holothurian; Polyculture.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1356.pdf
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Fate of 15N-urea applied to wheat-soybean succession crop Bragantia
Boaretto,Antonio Enedi; Spolidorio,Eduardo Scarpari; Freitas,José Guilherme de; Trivelin,Paulo Cesar Ocheuze; Muraoka,Takashi; Cantarella,Heitor.
The wheat crop in São Paulo State, Brazil, is fertilized with N, P and K. The rate of applied N (0 to 120 kg.ha-1) depends on the previous grown crop and the irrigation possibility. The response of wheat to rates and time of N application and the fate of N applied to irrigated wheat were studied during two years. Residual N recovery by soybean grown after the wheat was also studied. The maximum grain productivity was obtained with 92 kg.ha-1 of N. The efficiency of 15N-urea utilization ranged from 52% to 85%. The main loss of applied 15N, 5% to 12% occurred as ammonia volatilized from urea applied on soil surface. The N loss by leaching even at the N rate of 135 kg.ha-1, was less than 1% of applied 15N, due to the low amount of rainfall during the wheat...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nitrogen fertilization; Efficiency; Ammonia; Volatilization.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87052004000200011
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Filmes de polianilina (pani) eletropolimerizados sobre superfície de ito para uso como indicador colorimétrico para detecção da amônia; polimerização de filmes de pani como indicador da presença de amõnia. Repositório Alice
OLIVEIRA, R. C. DE; ROMERO, F. B.; ALVES, C. R.; BISWAS, A.; CHENG, H. N.; FURTADO, R. F..
bitstream/item/208776/1/ART19077.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Anilina; Indicador; Mudança de cor; Color change; Polimerização; Amônia; Ammonia; Polymerization; Aniline.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1118758
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GRAZING MANAGEMENT, AMMONIA AND NITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS: A GENERAL VIEW R.C. Suelo Nutr. Veg.
Núñez,Pedro; Demanet,Rolando; Matus,Francisco; Mora,Maria de la Luz.
The grazing management of grassland has a direct effect on nitrogen (N) recycling. This is an important reason why management has become an alternative to improve the grassland production and quality, in turn to make it more suitable for the environment. However, the livestock system intensification induces changes in the natural dynamics of the N cycle, accelerating gas emmisions (e.g. ammonia, NH3 and nitrous oxide, N(2)0) and leaching losses from soil under grazing. When the amount of N in the environment increases, there is an impact on smog episodes, global warming, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain and eutrophication of fresh water. There are different techniques to evaluate the gases emitted from the soil. This klonowledge is useful to design...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Grazing; Management; Nitrogen; Nitrous oxide; Livestock.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27912007000300006
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HYDROPHOBIC MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR AMMONIA EXTRACTION FROM WASTEWATERS REA
KUNZ,AIRTON; MUKHTAR,SAQIB.
ABSTRACT Total Ammoniacal Nitrogen - TAN (NH3 + NH4+) in wastewaters cause environmental degradation concerns due to their negative impacts on air, soil and water. Several technologies are available for TAN removal from the wastewaters. One emerging technology is the use of hydrophobic membrane as non-destructive NH3 extraction. In this paper the authors discuss the uses of gas permeable membrane (GPM) and its physicochemical characteristics that influence gas mass transfer rate, diffusion and recovery mechanisms of NH3 from liquid sources (e.g. animal wastewater). Several aspects of NH3 extraction from liquid manure and other TAN generation sources using GPM technology as well as its applicability for NH3 mitigation from liquid effluents and possible...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Separation; Wastewater; Nutrient recovery.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162016000200377
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Impact du sédiment sur les mortalités estivales de naissain d'huîtres creuses Crassostrea gigas en baie de Quiberon ArchiMer
Bedier, Edouard; Knoery, Joel Radford; Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Quiniou, Francoise; Langlade, Aime; Cozic, Amandine; Delesmont, Edith; Delesmont, Régis; Caisey, Xavier; Lecureuil, Laetitia.
The phenomenon of summer mortalities of the Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas is observed in France since the beginning of the 90's. These mortalities are classically associated to younger stages and summer temperatures and occur during the reproduction period of the animal. The studies undertaken during the project Morest (2001-2005), showed that a number of biological and environmental risks, the interaction of them induces lethal stresses for animals in physiological weakness, exists in summer. Among these risks, that which is withstood by the oysters bred close to the sediment proved to be significant in intertidal areas. In Quiberon bay (southern Brittany, France), the breeding practices of sowing oysters in deep water is thus likely to expose...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Mortalité; Sédiment; Composé réduit; Flux; Sulfure; Ammonium; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Mortality; Sediment; Reduced compound; Flux; Sulphide; Ammonia.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00108/21956/19550.pdf
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Impact from a cattle waste lagoon rupture on a downstream fish farm: a case study Ecología austral
De la Torre,Ana; Domínguez,Lucas; González,Miguel; Aguayo,Sonia; Carballo,Matilde; Muñoz,María Jesús.
A retrospective diagnosis of a massive fish mortality in an aquaculture facility was performed following a cattle waste effluent spill to a river used as source for the fish farm. The level of suspended solids and non-ionised ammonia (NH3) reaching the farm were estimated based on concentrations in the animal waste and the dilution factor in the river. The calculations indicate that both concentrations were higher in the fish farm after the leakage than the lethal concentrations reported in water quality criteria for freshwater fish. Therefore, these calculations tie the cattle waste leakage to the fish kills observed.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diagnose; Rainbow trout kill; Ammonia; Suspended solids; Non ionised ammonia; Animal waste.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2004000200005
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Influence of Covering Reused Broiler Litter with Plastic Canvas on Litter Characteristics and Bacteriology and the Subsequent Immunity and Microbiology of Broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Mesa,D; Lourenço,M; Souza,A; Bueno,A; Pereira,A; Sfeir,M; Santin,E.
ABSTRACT In broiler production, the litter is reused for consecutives flocks, and it is treated during down time between flocks to reduce its microbial load. Although covering the litter with a plastic canvas is a common litter treatment in the field, there is little scientific information available on its efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of covering broiler litter with a plastic canvas for eight days on litter microbiological, physical, and chemical parameters, and on the intestinal microbiota and immunity of broilers. In the first trial, reused litter from a previous flock was distributed into three treatments, with six replicates each: L1 (negative control, litter free from Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) and Eimeria maxima (EM)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Cytokines; Lactobacillus; Macrophages; Salmonella.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000400563
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Intake, nutrient apparent digestibility and ruminal constituents of sheep fed diets with canola, sunflower or castor oils R. Bras. Zootec.
Maia,Michelle de Oliveira; Susin,Ivanete; Ferreira,Evandro Maia; Nolli,Cristine Paduan; Gentil,Renato Shinkai; Pires,Alexandre Vaz; Mourão,Gerson Barreto.
The objective in this experiment was to determine the effects of feeding diets with canola, sunflower or castor oils on intake, nutrient apparent digestibility and ruminal constituents of crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês sheep. Four rumen-cannulated animals of 90.2±11.4 kg average body weight were assigned to a 4 × 4 latin square. Animals remained individually in cages for the metabolism assay and were fed diets containing roughage at 500 g/kg and concentrate based on ground corn and soybean meal also at 500 g/kg. No oil was added to the control diet, whereas the others had canola, sunflower or castor oils at 30 g/kg (DM basis). There was no difference for the intake of DM and nutrients, except for ether extract, which was greater when animals received oil....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Lipids; Metabolism; Short-chain fatty acids.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012001100008
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Inventory of Ammonia Emissions from Livestock Production in Los Lagos and Los Ríos Regions, Chile Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Martínez-Lagos,Josué; Salazar,Francisco; Alfaro,Marta; Misselbrook,Tom  H.
This paper presents the first inventory of ammonia emissions from livestock production in Los Lagos and Los Ríos Regions of Chile. The inventory was focused in this area because is where cattle production is concentrated. This study aimed to quantify the amount of N losses due to ammonia volatilization from livestock production in these regions of the country, and to provide its spatial representation identifying their main sources. Calculations have been carried out for 1997 and 2007, and also projections to 2017 and 2027 were obtained. Calculated emissions were 6097 and 6206 t NH3-N for 1997 and 2007, respectively. Major sources of NH3-N emissions were cattle accounting for more than 85%, followed by horses and pigs. Farm management practices as grazing,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Inventory; Livestock production; Emissions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392010000100010
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Levedura ou monensina na dieta de bovinos e bubalinos sobre a fermentação ruminal e eficiência microbiana - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i4.11264 Animal Sciences
Zeoula, Lúcia Maria; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Beleze, Juliano Ricardo Fontanini; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Maeda, Emilyn Midori; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Simioni, Fabiano Luís; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Geron, Luiz Juliano Valério; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Rigolon, Luiz Paulo; Universidade Estadual de Maringá.
Objetivou-se avaliar o uso da monensina sódica (Rumensin®) e da levedura viva (Saccharomyces cerevisiae - Beef - sacc®) sobre a concentração de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta (AGCC), amônia e pH ruminal, e eficiência microbiana em bubalinos e bovinos, alimentados com dietas com 50% de concentrado. Foram utilizados três búfalos e três bovinos portadores de cânulas no rúmen e no duodeno, distribuídos em dois quadrados Latinos, com arranjo fatorial 3 x 2. As concentrações de AGCC, amônia e o pH ruminal foram determinados a cada 2h. Os fluxos de digesta e proteína microbiana no duodeno foram determinados, respectivamente, por meio dos indicadores cinza insolúvel em ácido e as bases purinas. Não houve efeito dos aditivos e das espécies para a...
Tipo: Pesquisa aplicada Palavras-chave: Ciências Agrárias Zootecnia Ácidos graxos voláteis; Amônia; Ionóforo; Saccharomyces cerevisiae short chain fatty acids; Ammonia; Ionophore; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/11264
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Management of nitrogen fertilizer to reduce nitrous oxide (N2O) emission and ammonia (NH3) volatilization from coffee plantation. Repositório Alice
PACKER, A. P. C.; RAMOS, N. P.; CABRAL, O. M. R.; SILVA, L. R. da; MOLTOCARO, R. C. R.; BETTANIN, V. C.; MORASI, I. M.; AMARO, A. R. F. V. B. de L.; TEIXEIRA, W. G..
Coffee is a key global crop and the second most valuable commodity exported by developing countries, worth around US$19 billion in 2015. Counting with the world\'s largest production of coffee, Brazil is the most important player in the area and in 2016 hit the record, reaching a volume of 51.37 million bags, combining Arabica (43.24 million bags) and Robusta (7.98 million bags). For coffee production, nitrogen (N) fertilization is an important practice because it influences directly the productivity and the coffee quality. However, an efficient N fertilization is important economically and environmentally, aiming a reduction in nutrient losses to the environment, while providing optimal crop yield. The main pathways of N losses from the application of...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Emissão de gases; Óxido nitroso; Fertilizer losses; Nitrogênio; Fertilizante nitrogenado; Amônia; Café; Nitrogen fertilizers; Ammonia; Nitrous oxide; Gas emissions.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1085625
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MANAGING MANURE TO IMPROVE AIR AND WATER QUALITY AgEcon
Aillery, Marcel P.; Gollehon, Noel R.; Johansson, Robert C.; Kaplan, Jonathan D.; Key, Nigel D.; Ribaudo, Marc.
Animal waste from confined animal feeding operations is a potential source of air and water quality degradation from evaporation of gases, runoff to surface water, and leaching to ground water. This report assesses the potential economic and environmental tradeoffs between water quality policies and air quality policies that require the animal agriculture sector to take potentially costly measures to abate pollution. A farm-level analysis of hog farms estimates the economic and environmental tradeoffs that occur when policies are designed to address pollutant flows to one environmental medium without considering flows to another medium. A national analysis addresses the broader impacts of coordinated (water and air) policies, including long-term structural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Animal waste; Nitrogen; Ammonia; Water quality; Nutrient management plan; Manure management costs; Price and quantity adjustments; CAFO; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33593
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Mimicking Indoor Climate Dynamics and Ammonia Emissions in a Pig Housing Compartment Using Artificial Pigs and an Automatic Urea Spraying Installation CIGR Journal
Tabase, Raphael Kubeba.
The study aims to develop a test platform (TP) compartment that could mimic diurnal variations in indoor climate and NH3 emission in a real pig compartment and to compare diurnal indoor climate and NH3 production between two TP compartments and a real compartment. The objectives were achieved by using a real and TP compartment followed by an ad hoc test that used two TP compartments and another real compartment. The TP had two compartments equipped with mock-up pigs as heat source and automatic urea solution spraying installation to mimic pig urination at the pen floor. The study evaluated indoor climate and NH3 production in a 4-day comparative test between a TP and a real compartment followed by a 3-day comparative test between two TP compartments and a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Emission; Modeling; Pig housing; Test platform; Ventilation; Belgium.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/5216
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Nitrate respiration and nitrification in estuarine sediments. ArchiMer
Herbert, R.
Seasonal data and depth profiles using super(15)N-labelled NO sub(3)u- show that denitrification (77-90% of NO sub(3)u- respired) rather than NO sub(3)u- dissimilation to NH sub(4)u+ was the principal route of nitrate reduction in Kingoodie Bay sediments. Populations of both groups of NO sub(3)u- reducing bacteria were highest in the 0-20 mm horizon in those sediments where highest rates of NO sub(3)u- respiration were recorded (28.56 mu g N.d super(-1) dry wt. sediment super(-1)). Autotrophic nitrification rates shared a marked seasonality with highest rates (0.92 mu g N.d super(-1).g dry wt. sediment super(-1)) occurring during the summer. Maximum populations of autotrophic nitrifying bacteria were also found in the 0-20 mm sediment horizon and these...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variations; Bacteria; Estuaries; Sediment chemistry; Biogeochemistry; Ammonia; Nitrates; Nitrogen cycle.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-971.pdf
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Nitrogen availability in an apple orchard with weed management Ciência Rural
Brunetto,Gustavo; Oliveira,Bruno Salvador; Ambrosini,Vítor Gabriel; Couto,Rafael da Rosa; Sete,Paula Beatriz; Santos Junior,Elano dos; Loss,Arcângelo; Silva,Lincon Oliveira Stefanello da; Gatiboni,Luciano Colpo.
ABSTRACT: Weed management in apple orchards (Malus domestica) can affect the leaching of nitrogen (N) in soil. The study aimed to evaluate the potential leaching of N forms in soil of an apple orchard with different weed management treatments. The experiment was conducted in an apple orchard implanted in 2008. In October 2011, 80 plants were selected and the following treatments were implemented: no weed management (NM), desiccation of weeds on the tree row with herbicide use (DR) and mechanical mowing of weeds on the tree row (MR). Yield was evaluated in the 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 crop seasons. In May 2012 porous cup lysimeters were installed in the NM, DR and MR treatments. In the solution collected at 0.20m, NH4 +-N and NO3 --N were analyzed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mineral N; Nitrate; Ammonia; Malus domestica.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782018000500251
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