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Protective effect of maternal prenatal melatonin administration on rat pups born to mothers submitted to constant light during gestation BJMBR
Cisternas,C.D.; Compagnucci,M.V.; Conti,N.R.; Ponce,R.H.; Vermouth,N.T..
We studied the effects of adverse conditions such as constant light (LL) on the circadian rhythm of malate (MDH, EC 1.1.1.37) and lactate (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27) dehydrogenase activities of the testes of male Wistar rats on postnatal day 28 (PN28), anxiety-like behavior (elevated plus-maze test) at PN60 and sexual behavior at PN120. The rats were assigned to mother groups on day 10 of pregnancy: control (12-h light/dark), LL (light from day 10 to 21 of pregnancy), and LL+Mel (LL and sc injection to the mothers of a daily dose of melatonin, 1 mg/kg body weight at circadian time 12, from day 17 to 21 of pregnancy). LL offspring did not show circadian rhythms of MDH (N = 62) and LDH (N = 63) activities (cosinor and ANOVA-LSD Fisher). They presented a 44.7%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pineal hormone; Constant light; Entrainment; Copulatory behavior; Anxiety-like behavior.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2010000900010
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Chronic dietary exposure to pyrolytic and petrogenic mixtures of PAHs causes physiological disruption in zebrafish—part II: behavior ArchiMer
Vignet, Caroline; Le Menach, Karyn; Lyphout, Laura; Guionnet, Tiphaine; Frere, Laura; Leguay, Didier; Budzinski, Helene; Cousin, Xavier; Begout, Marie-laure.
In the last 10 years, behavior assessment has been developed as an indicator of neurotoxicity and an integrated indicator of physiological disruption. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) release into the environment has increased in recent decades resulting in high concentrations of these compounds in the sediment of contaminated areas. We evaluated the behavioral consequences of long-term chronic exposure to PAHs, by exposing zebrafish to diets spiked with three PAH fractions at environmentally relevant concentrations. Fish were exposed to these chemicals from their first meal (5 days postfertilization) until they became reproducing adults (at 6 months old). The fractions used were representative of PAHs of pyrolytic (PY) origin and of two oils...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Danio rerio; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; Heavy oil; Light crude oil; Anxiety-like behavior; Photomotor responses; Maze; Novel tank.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29910/28380.pdf
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Altération de la physiologie des poissons exposés à des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP). Comportement et reproduction ArchiMer
Vignet, Caroline.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) which are found in complex mixtures in the environment including aquatic ecosystems. They adsorb on particles, accumulate in sediment and in the first link of the food web. The aim of this study was to measure long term effects of PAH scontamination on a vertebrate model: the zebrafish. In a first study, embryos were exposed on natural sediment spiked with 3 individual PAH (phenanthrene, pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene) during the first four days of their development. In a second study, to evaluate the consequences of long-term chronic exposure to PAHs, zebrafish were exposed, from their first meal (5 days post fertilisation) until they became reproducing adults, to diets spiked...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Danio rerio; Lifecycle; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; Heavy oil; Light crude oil; Alkylated PAH; Lifecycle; Delayed effect; Anxiety-like behavior; Offspring; Photomotor responses; Maze; Novel tank..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30598/29052.pdf
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Long-term disruption of growth, reproduction, and behavior after embryonic exposure of zebrafish to PAH-spiked sediment ArchiMer
Vignet, Caroline; Devier, Marie-hélène; Le Menach, Karyn; Lyphout, Laura; Potier, Jeremy; Cachot, Jerome; Budzinski, Helene; Begout, Marie-laure; Cousin, Xavier.
A natural sediment spiked with three individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs; pyrene, phenanthrene and benzo[a]pyrene) was used to expose zebrafish embryos and larvae during 4 days. The total PAH concentration was 4.4 μg g−1 which is in the range found in sediment from contaminated areas. Quantification of metabolites in the larvae after exposure confirmed the actual contamination of the larvae and indicated an active metabolism especially for pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene. After a transfer in a clean medium, the larvae were reared to adulthood and evaluated for survival, growth, reproduction, and behavior. Measured endpoints revealed a late disruption of growth (appearing at 5 months) and a trend toward a lower reproductive ability. Adults of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Danio rerio; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; Lifecycle; Anxiety-like behavior; Offspring.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29909/28497.pdf
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Exposures of zebrafish through diet to three environmentally relevant mixtures of PAHs produce behavioral disruptions in unexposed F1 and F2 descendant ArchiMer
Vignet, Caroline; Joassard, Lucette; Lyphout, Laura; Guionnet, Tiphaine; Goubeau, Manon; Le Menach, Karyn; Brion, Francois; Kah, Olivier; Chung, Bon-chu; Budzinski, Helene; Begout, Marie-laure; Cousin, Xavier.
The release of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) into the environment has increased very substantially over the last decades. PAHs are hydrophobic molecules which can accumulate in high concentrations in sediments acting then as major secondary sources. Fish contamination can occur through contact or residence nearby sediments or though dietary exposure. In this study, we analyzed certain physiological traits in unexposed fish (F1) issued from parents (F0) exposed through diet to three PAH mixtures at similar and environmentally relevant concentrations but differing in their compositions. For each mixture, no morphological differences were observed between concentrations. An increase in locomotor activity was observed in larvae issued from fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Danio rerio; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; Offspring; Transgenerational effect; Heavy oil; Light crude oil; Locomotor activity; Photomotor response; Anxiety-like behavior.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00259/37030/35688.pdf
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