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Registros recuperados: 7
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Perspectives d'évolution et stratégies du bassin ostréicole de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Mourrieras, Olivier; Nerriere, Frédéric; Heral, Maurice.
Nous avons voulu que ce travail réponde à un double objectif. Tout d'abord, nous souhaitions nous intéresser à une activité primordiale en Charente-Maritime et développer notre savoir sur l'ostréiculture dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron dont l'histoire est riche en événements, Ce travail nous permettait également de faire découvrir au lecteur non initié une forme de culture peu ou mal connue et qui est pourtant une importante source d'emplois et de revenus pour cette région, Nous désirions ensuite mettre à profit notre acquis théorique afin d'apporter des éléments de réponse aux divers problèmes organisationnels de production ou de commercialisation que peut rencontrer la communauté ostréicole de Marennes-Oléron aujourd'hui, si possibilité de réponse il y...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostréiculture; Enquête; Production; Commercialisation; Bassin de Marennes Oléron.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00050/16158/13641.pdf
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Commercialisation of Agriculture in Kenya: Case Study of Urban Bias on Food Availability in Farm Households AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This study investigates the effect of cash cropping on food availability and examines the determinants of the proportion of income allocated for food expenditures in the Nyeri district in Kenya. Using a Tobit model, the results suggest that in general food expenditure allocations suffer due to cash cropping in Kenya as the lump-sum income flows from this may be used for purchases other than food. Food expenditure also suffers when remittances are irregular. On the other hand, earnings from outside employment for married women living with husbands are positively associated with food expenditure allocations. Amounts of non-cash food output as well as ownership of livestock are negatively associated with food expenditure allocations. These findings indicate...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialisation; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Food availability; And non-cash food crops.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102262
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Les petites pêches côtières et estuariennes Françaises du sud du golfe de Gascogne. Typologie des flottilles et approche socio-économique et commerciale ArchiMer
Leaute, Jean-pierre; Caill-milly, Nathalie.
The European contract PECOSUDE (Small inshore fisheries of the south of Europe) accepted in 2000 for 2 years concerns French, Spanish and Portuguese partners. The aim is to assess the inshore and estuarine fisheries from Loire estuary to Portugal. Three levels of study are considered : fisheries (data 1999), socioeconomy and marketing (data 1999 or 2000). Exploitation in the 12 miles area for France and on continental shelf for northern Spain and Portugal (within 1000 m depth), as well as the fishing period lower than 96 hours was determined as the definition of this fishery for the study. Socioeconomic analyses are made only on boats smaller than 15 m. The fisheries part analyses the activity of the fishing vessels taking into account gears used, landed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Commercialisation; Indicateur économique; Pêcherie; Flottille de pêche côtière et estuarienne; Enquête socio économique; Typologie; Golfe de Gascogne; Marketing; Economic indicator; Fishery; Coastal and estuarine fishing fleet; Socioeconomic inquirie; Typology; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-1572.pdf
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Commercialisation of Agriculture in Kenya: Case Study of Policy Bias and Food Purchases by Farm Households AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This study considers the effect of cash cropping on food availability and investigates the determinants of household food expenditure as a proportion of gross income relying on a sample of rural households in the Nyeri district of Kenya. Results from an application of a Tobit model suggest that household food purchases and food availability may suffer as a consequence of increasing cash cropping in Kenya. Husbands favour commercial crops and, it seems, favour non-food purchases. Married women living with their husbands use proportionately less of their gross income to purchase food compared to unmarried women and to those women not living with their husbands. Male bias in food purchased is present, and is exacerbated when payment for cash crops is lumpy....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialisation; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Food availability; And non-cash food crops.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105584
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Economics of Smallholder Rubber Production in Northern Laos AgEcon
Manivong, Vongpaphane; Cramb, Rob A..
In response to demand from China, rubber smallholdings are being established by shifting cultivators in Northern Laos, encouraged by government land-use policy. We examine the economics of smallholder rubber production in an established rubbergrowing village and model the likely expansion of smallholder rubber in Northern Laos. Data were obtained from key informants, group interviews, direct observation, and a farm-household survey. Latex yields were estimated using the Bioeconomic Rubber Agroforestry Support System (BRASS). A financial model was developed to estimate the net present value for a representative rubber smallholding. This model was then combined with spatial data in a Geographical Information System (GIS) to predict the likely expansion of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Smallholder rubber; Laos; Commercialisation; Bioeconomic modelling; Land-use change; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10380
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Subsistence and Semi-subsistence Farming in Selected EU New Member States AgEcon
Davidova, Sophia; Fredriksson, Lena; Bailey, Alastair.
Factor and cluster analysis are used to analyse the attitudes and perceptions of agricultural households in five EU New Member States towards farming, commercialisation, and barriers to and drivers for an increased integration in agricultural markets. The contribution of unsold output to the total household income is valued. A stepwise linear regression is employed to detect important variables explaining the degree of agricultural market integration of farm households. The analysis indicates that subsistence farming is of utmost importance for the rural poor, and particularly in Bulgaria and Romania. The proportion of consumption from own production, manual cultivation techniques and distance to an urban centre negatively affect output sales. Rural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Incomes; Cluster analysis; Stepwise regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52801
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Rural livelihoods in the EU new member states: subsistence production versus market integration AgEcon
Fredriksson, Lena; Davidova, Sophia; Bailey, Alastair.
Commercialisation of small farmers, of which many are subsistence farmers producing mainly for own consumption needs, is an important policy objective for the restructuring process of the farm structure in the EU New Member States (NMS). Drawing on primary survey data from five EU NMS, this paper first assesses the importance of subsistence farming in the NMS through the valuation of subsistence production at market prices. Secondly, the paper analyses the differences between subsistence and commercial households. Where previous studies normally classify households as subsistence or commercial based on a pre-defined threshold, the use of latent class regression in this paper represents a way to systematically analyse heterogeneous groups of households in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Market integration; Latent class regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94902
Registros recuperados: 7
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