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Pets at ecotourism destinations: cute mascot or trojan horse? ArchiMer
Bessa, Eduardo; Blumstein, Daniel T.; Samia, Diogo S. M.; Geffroy, Benjamin.
Alien species are threatening native fauna worldwide and cats and dogs have well-documented deleterious impacts on wildlife. Ecotourism operators often live and raise their pets in natural reserves. Here we discuss how pets add to the list of potential negative impacts of ecotourism and provide recommendations to control or attenuate such impacts.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cat; Conservation; Dog; Invasive species; Tourism.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61642/65655.pdf
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Histopathologicaltudies on the Effects of the Ethanolic Extract of the fruits of Garcinia kola on Selected Organs of the Dog International Journal of Morphology
Nottidge,H. O; Omobowale,T. O; Taiwo,V. O; Omotoso,M. A.
The ethanolic extract of Garcinia kola was administered to dogs to investígate the possible effects on selected organs of the dog. Two doses of the extract (500mg/Kg and lOOOmg/Kg) were daily administered to the test animals for a period of 6 weeks. A dose related response was observed in the severity of histopathological changes observed in the testes, liver, kidney and small intestine of animals in the test groups. Despite the reported potentially beneficial effects of Garcinia kola, its use as a medicinal plant should be with great caution.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Garcinia kola; Dog; Histopathological effects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000400044
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Variations of Celiac Artery in Dogs: Anatomic Study for Experimental, Surgical and Radiological Practice International Journal of Morphology
Abidu-Figueiredo,M; Dias,G. P.; Cerutti,S; Carvalho-De-Souza,B; Maia,R. S.; Babinski,M. A..
The purpose of this study is gain a better understanding of the anatomical variations of celiac artery and its branches in dogs. The celiac artery supply was analyzed in thirty dogs.The animals were injected with solution of Petrolatex S65 and dissected to evidence the celiac artery origin and its proximal ramifications. The celiac artery and its proximal branches were dissected and lengthen. The celiac artery more frequently emerged ahead of the first lumbar vertebra in one way form. The medium length of the celiac artery was of 0.98 cm. The gastrolienal trunk was the predominant morphological arrangement with medium length of 0.19 cm. The lienal artery emerged in one way form emitting more frequently 2 main branches. A branch emerging of the celiac...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Dog; Celiac artery; Anatomy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022005000100007
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Decalcification Dynamic of Dog Mineralized Tissue by Microwaves International Journal of Morphology
Pitol,Dimitrius Leonardo; Issa,Joáo Paulo Mardegan; Caetano,Flávio Henrique; Lunardi,Laurelúcia Orive.
The aim of this article is to present the decalcification process dynamic of mineralized tissue in dogs, teeth and jaw, comparing the traditional decalcification method, immersion, and microwave, immersion followed by irradiation using a domestic microwave oven, accompanying the liberation of calcium through spectrophotometer of atomic absorption. It was used as decalcified agent, EDTA solution or nitric acid. The results showed that with the use of nitric acid (5%), after 15 days, the irradiated fragments could be processed for histological analysis, otherwise the tooth not irradiated need to be submerged for 65 days. The EDTA decalcified action was slower than the nitric acid. The histological observations of the irradiated samples showed an excellent...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Dog; Mineralized tissue; Decalcification; Microwaves; Solution.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000200011
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Carotid Arteries in the Dog: Structure and Histophysiology International Journal of Morphology
Orsi,Antonio M.; Domeniconi,Raquel F.; Artoni,Silvana Martinez B.; Filho,Joffre G..
Light microscopy analysis of the mural structure of the common carotid artery, internal carotid artery and external carotid artery in mongrel dog revealed variability in the middle values of vascular diameter and thickness of the intimal plus medial coats and adventitial coat. The vascular diameter did not differ between the internal carotid artery and external carotid artery, but was significantly increased in the common carotid artery from which the other two arteries had origin. The increased thickness of the intimal plus medial coats of the common carotid artery revealed the constant mechanical adjustment of the arterial wall and local shearing stress that occurred among the arterial coats. The adventitial coat of the internal carotid artery was...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Carotid arteries; Histology; Histophysiology; Dog.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022006000300019
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A Biceps Muscle Latissimus dorsi in a Dog International Journal of Morphology
Gil,Julio; Olivares,Ricardo.
This article reports the finding of a twin unreported muscle begin. In one dog, both, left and right muscle latissimus dorsi were biceps. The thin second head of m. latissimus dorsi that we founded, could be an intermediate step of comparative anatomy changes from reptilian to mammal. Man breast surgery and cardiomyoplasty, use dog latissimus dorsi as experimental, to know this information can be useful to these situations.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle; M. Latissimus dorsi; Dog; M. Biceps; Arm.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000400053
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Structure and Histophysiological Considerations on the Arterial Wall of the Dog International Journal of Morphology
Orsi,Antonio M; Domeniconi,Raquel F; Mello,Josiane M. de; Spilla,Caio S. G.
This paper described the architecture of the dog aortic arterial wall focused in the ascendant; thoracic descendent, and abdominal parts of the aorta. Furthermore, in this study we analyzed the wall structure of the right external iliac artery and the left vertebral artery of dog aiming to compare their architectural patterns with the aortic wall mainly in abdominal aortic part, which was structured by a mixed muscular and connective matrix equilibrated elements. The variables analyzed were the thickness of each mural layer; the number of elastic lamellae, mainly localized into the medial layer structure, and the diameters of each aortic segment. The aortic structure showed a typical elastic pattern in the ascendant and descendant thoracic parts, but in...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Artery; Mural structure; Histophysiology; Dog.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000300013
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Comparative Morphometry of the Olfactory Bulb, Tract and Stria in the Human, Dog and Goat International Journal of Morphology
Kavoi,Boniface M; Jameela,Hassanali.
Morphometric parameters of olfactory brain components show species-dependent variations. However, the association of these parameters with olfactory function vis-à-vis ecological and evolutionary behaviors is poorly understood. In this study, a morphometric analysis of the olfactory bulb, tract and stria was carried out in three ecologically diverse animals comprising humans (primate), dogs (carnivore) and goats (herbivore) to elucidate differences in morphometry in relation to olfactory function. Using formalin-fixed brains, volumes and linear measurements of the olfactory structures were determined and correlated with those of cerebrum and the whole brain. The volume of the olfactory bulb was greatest in dogs, followed by goats and humans and constituted...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Morphometry; Olfactory brain; Human; Dog; Goat.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300047
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Cystadenocarcinoma Arising from Ovary in a Three Year Old Doberman Bitch International Journal of Morphology
Ajadi,A. Temitope; Antia,E. Richard; Akang,E. Effiong.
A three- year- old Doberman was presented with complaint of lethargy and weight- loss. Physical examination revealed a mass in the right abdomen. Laboratory abnormalities included anaemia, azotaemia and metabolic acidosis. Sonogram of the mass was an anaechoic area surrounded by hypoechoic tissue. The mass was located between the right kidney and ovary and showed papillary and tubular pattern of cystadenocarcinoma. Nephroureterectomy and ovariohysterectomy was performed; however bitch was euthanized owing to poor improvement, while necropsy of the left kidney revealed an end-stage kidney. It was concluded that the cystadenocarcinoma must have arisen secondary to a primary ovarian adenocarcinoma through stromal invasion.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ovary; Cystadenocarcinoma; Doberman; Dog.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300055
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MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL AND OBLIQUE LIGAMENTS OF THE ELBOW JOINT OF THE DOG (Canis familiaris) International Journal of Morphology
Oliveira,Daniela; Martinez Baraldi Artoni,Silvana; Marcos Orsi,Antonio; Roque Rodriguez,Anita Isabel.
The objective of the present study was to describe the sites of insertion of the medial collateral and oblique ligaments of the cubital joint of the dog and to evaluate their morphometry, in addition to the bones (humerus, radius and ulna) involved in the joint. The study was conducted on 20 adult dogs (10 males and 10 females). The distal part of the medial collateral ligament is divided into cranial and caudal portions, with the caudal portion being long and narrow, with a mean length of 3.30 ± 0.36 cm and a mean width of 0.26 ± 0.06 cm. This portion penetrates the interosseous space and attaches to the proximal caudolateral surface of the radius. The oblique ligament is capsular, with a mean length of 2.94 ± 0.30 cm and a mean width of 0.28 ± 0.08 cm...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Elbow joint; Dog; Oblique ligament; Collateral medial ligament; Morphometry.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022003000100004
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Morphological Features of the Apical Region in the Principal Cells of Mongrel Dog Epididymis International Journal of Morphology
Schimming,Bruno Cesar; Vicentini,Carlos Alberto.
The epithelial principal cells are the predominant cell type of the epididymis. These cells have been shown to be both secretory and endocytic cells. The apical region of the cytoplasm of principal cells in the mongrel dog are located close to the cell apex and tubular lumen, and shown microvilli at the luminal border and present a endocytic apparatus, that consists of coated pits and vesicles, endosomes of varying size, multivesicular bodies, and lysosomes. The endosomes, multivesicular bodies and lysosomes contained the electron-dense patches. These results suggest that principal cells of the epididymis in the dog as possess a highly developed endocytic apparatus play a role in endocytosis. These cells function are similarly to the related in other...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Epididymis; Dog; Principal cells; Ultrastructure.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000100025
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SPIDER ENVENOMING OF DOG - CASE REPORT J. Venom. Anim. Toxins
FERNANDES,H. S.; SAKATE,M.; CHERUBINI,A. L.; PADOVANI,A. F.; MENESES,A. M. C..
This report refers to a female Pinscher treated at the Veterinary Hospital of the Botucatu School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry (FMVZ)-São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, 14 hours after a suspected spider envenoming. The animal showed spastic limbs, dyspnea, salivation, hypothermia, muscular fasciculation, non-responsive mydriasis, and claudication of the right hindlimb. The spider was later identified by the Center for the Study of Venoms and Venomous Animals-CEVAP/UNESP, Botucatu as Phoneutria nigriventer. The treatment with potent analgesic was efficient.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Spider envenoming; Phoneutria nigriventer; Dog.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-79302002000100014
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Tissue necrosis after canine bothropic envenoming: a case report J. Venom. Anim. Toxins
FERREIRA JÚNIOR,R. S.; BARRAVIERA,B..
The authors report a case of bothropic envenoming in a male Cocker Spaniel. The animal was bitten in the ventral thoracic region, receiving treatment 4 hours later. Clinical examination revealed an extensive, painful and area of firm edema, absence of local or systemic hemorrhage, without evident neurological alterations. Clinical diagnosis was mild bothropic envenoming. Treatment consisted of 5 vials of polyvalent snake antivenom, two vials administered intravenously and three subcutaneously. Blood clotting time was always within normal values. Two days after envenoming, the animal showed hyperthermia and received enrofloxacin (5mg/kg/24h) for 10 days and ketoprofen (1mg/kg/24h) for 5 days. Seventy-two hours after envenoming, extensive subcutaneous,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Bothrops; Necrosis; Bothropic envenoming; Dog.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-79302001000200011
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Toad poisoning in three dogs: case reports J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Barbosa,CM; Medeiros,MS; Riani Costa,CCM; Camplesi,AC; Sakate,M..
Toad poisoning is frequent in dogs, but has been infrequently addressed in published case reports and review articles. Dogs can be poisoned when they bite a toad or otherwise ingest the venom. The venom effects manifest soon after the accident, since the toxin is rapidly absorbed by the mucous membrane of the digestive system. Hospital records of three dogs, diagnosed with toad poisoning, were retrospectively reviewed from January 2005 to July 2007. Poisoned dogs may present only local irritation or systemic signs in the gastrointestinal, cardiac and neurological systems. All three cases presented herein had clinical signs of gastrointestinal alterations including vomiting, sialorrhea and diarrhea. Two dogs developed abnormal cardiac rhythm and two...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Veterinary emergency; Poisoning; Toad venom; Bufotoxin; Bufo sp.; Dog.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992009000400016
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Canine visceral leishmaniasis in the Northeast Region of Brazil J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Brito,Flávio Gonçalves; Langoni,Helio; Silva,Rodrigo Costa da; Rotondano,Tereza Emmanuelle de Farias; Melo,Marcia Almeida de; Paz,Giselle Souza da.
Abstract Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis that affects dogs and other mammals, including humans. Contact with dogs is a major risk factor for humans. This disease is endemic in several regions of Brazil. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Leishmania spp. infection in dogs and to correlate it with possible risk factors. Methods Blood samples were collected from 391 dogs of different ages, breeds, and both genders, coming from Campina Grande, Paraíba state, Brazil. An epidemiological questionnaire was employed in order to identify risk factors associated with the disease. Serological tests were performed using indirect immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA S7®) and polymerase chain...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Kala-azar; Diagnosis; Dog; Zoonosis; Risk factors.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992016000100311
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Performance of IFAT, ELISA, direct parasitological examination and PCR on lymph node aspirates for canine visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Camargo,JB; Langoni,H; Troncarelli,MZ; Machado,JG; Lucheis,SB; Padovani,CR.
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is endemic in numerous Brazilian regions. The greatest difficulty in controlling the disease is the diagnostic limitation. In the present study, the most common tests employed for visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis were compared: immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT), immunoenzymatic assay (ELISA), direct parasitological examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Samples of lymph node aspirates and blood were collected from 100 dogs that lived in an endemic area (Bauru city, São Paulo state) and from 100 negative controls from a non-endemic area (Botucatu city, São Paulo state). Specificity of both IFAT and PCR was 100% whereas ELISA was 99%. Sensitivities were 97.77, 93.33 and 91.11% respectively for IFAT, ELISA...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Visceral leishmaniasis; Dog; Diagnosis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992010000300007
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Envenomation by scorpion in dog: case report J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Cardoso,M. J. L.; Sakate,M.; Ciampolini,P.; Moutinho,F. Q.; Cherubini,A. L..
A case admitted at the Small Animals Clinics Service, Veterinary Hospital, FMVZ - UNESP, in May, 1999 is described. A Brazilian Terrier dog, 3 years and 3 months old, weighing 1.7 kg was brought after 2 hours and a half from contact with a scorpion (Tityus bahiensis). The dog showed vocalization inserted with drowsiness. Physical examination showed slightly hyperemic mucous, pain, agressiveness, tachypnea, tachycardia, and discrete erythema on the right forelimb palmar face. An anesthetic block was performed around the stung area using 2% lidocaine hydrochloride without vasoconstrictor (10mL). The animal was asymptomatic, after 24 h treatment.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Scorpion; Dog; Envenomation; Poisoning; Tityus bahiensis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992004000100008
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Effect of snake venom derived fibrin glue on the tendon healing in dogs: clinical and biomechanical study J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Ferraro,G. C.; Moraes,J. R.; Shimano,A. C.; Pereira,G. T.; Moraes,F. R.; Bueno de Camargo,M. H..
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of snake venom derived fibrin glue on the strength oftendon healing in dogs. The deep digital flexor tendon of the 5th digit of 24 thoracic limbs was partially sectioned for adhesive application. On the 7th, 15th, and 30th postoperative day tendons segments were removed for the clinical and biomechanical study. Results indicated that 62.5% of the tendons showed stump retraction and 20.8% moderate to excessive adherence, which affected gliding. The biomechanical evaluation showed that, over time, tendon healing gained progressive resistance for maximum traction and permanent deformations with satisfactory results on the 15th day for rigidity and resilience compared to the other two studied periods. Snake...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dog; Fibrin glue; Mechanical properties; Snake venom; Healing; Tendon.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992005000300005
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American visceral Leishmaniasis: a case report J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Langoni,H.; Lucheis,S. B.; Da Silva,R. C.; Castro,A. P. B.; Paes,A. C..
Visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the Leishmania genus. Dog is the major source of infection to man, especially in urban areas. The authors report a case of visceral leishmaniasis in a pit bull female dog from Bocaina, São Paulo, Brazil. The animal presented clinical signs compatible with leishmaniasis, including skin lesions in the body and partial damage of the external ears. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) demonstrated a titer of 1280, and promastigote forms of Leishmania sp were isolated by the culture of bone marrow puncture. Cytological analysis of the lymph node and smear of the bone marrow puncture revealed macrophages containing amastigote forms of Leishmania sp in their inner region. The test of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Leishmania; Zoonosis; Dog; Diagnosis; Hemoculture; Serology; Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992005000300012
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Occurrence and risk factors associated with canine leptospirosis J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Kikuti,M; Langoni,H; Nobrega,DN; Corrêa,APFL; Ullmann,LS.
Leptospirosis is a globally distributed emerging zoonosis. Dogs are commonly affected and although other serovars can cause canine leptospirosis, Leptospira interrogans serovar Canicola is primary found in these animals. A retrospective study was conducted using a database of 1195 dogs tested for Leptospira infection from 2003 to 2010 at the Laboratory of Zoonosis Diagnosis at the Veterinary Hospital of São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. The seroprevalence of infected dogs was 20.08% (240/1195), and the most prevalent serovars were Canicola (6.7%), Copenhageni (5.0%), Icterohaemorrhagiae (2.9%), Autumnalis (2.9%), Pyrogenes (2.8%), Pomona (2.0%), Hardjo (2.0%), Australis (1.8%), Bratislava (1.6%), Cynopteri (1.4%),...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Leptospira spp.; Dog; Serology; Epidemiology.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992012000100016
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