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A Comparison of Grassland Management Systems for Beef Cattle Using Self-Contained Farmlets: Effects of Contrasting Nitrogen Inputs and Management Strategies on the Farm Economy AgEcon
Laws, J.A.; Williams, Robert J.; Pain, B.F..
The financial implications of manipulating nitrogen (N) inputs and management strategies for beef production systems were assessed. One-hectare grassland farmlets were grazed to a target sward height by beef steers; herbage surplus to grazing requirements was cut for silage. Three systems were compared: ‘CN’, conventional mineral N application to a grass monoculture and broadcast slurry; ‘TN’, tactical mineral N application at fortnightly intervals to a grass monoculture with slurry injection and the early housing of cattle; ‘GC’, a mixed grass/white clover sward with no mineral N addition and slurry injection. Comparisons were made on two contrasting soil types: a freely-draining sandy loam (site 1) and a poorly drained clay (site 2). Financial budgets...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmlets; Systems; Beef cattle; Nitrogen; Slurry; Animal production; Economics; UK; Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6962
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A COMPARISON OF MINNESOTA'S FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION MEMBERS AND THE USDA'S FARM COSTS AND RETURNS SURVEY AgEcon
Andersson, Hans; Olson, Kent D..
Many states have farm record associations which collect individual farm data. This data are used for research, extension, and teaching purposes. However, since membership in the associations is voluntary, the question arises whether the members are representative of the population of all farmers in that area. This study compares farm record data collected through the Southeastern and Southwestern Minnesota Farm Business Management Associations (FBMA) and data obtained through the USDA's Farm Costs and Returns Survey (FCRS). Both data sets were for 1987. By design, the FCRS survey is not subject to the self-selection bias that may occur in the FBMA data. The objectives of this study are to: (1) determine which farm characteristics are statistically the same...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13084
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A COMPARISON OF SUSTAINABLE AND CONVENTIONAL FARMERS IN NORTH DAKOTA AgEcon
Sell, Randall S.; Goreham, Gary A.; Youngs, George A., Jr.; Watt, David L..
Interviews and mail-out/mail-back surveys were conducted in 1992 with 38 conventional and 41 sustainable North Dakota farmers. The results emphasize the differences and similarities of these two types of farmers. Sustainable farms had more diverse cropping practices and were more likely to raise alternative crops like alfalfa, buckwheat, hay, millet, oats, and rye than conventional farmers. Conventional farmers were more likely to raise traditional crops like barley, sugar beets, sunflowers, and spring wheat. Conventional farmers averaged substantially higher crop yields than sustainable farmers. Three-fourths of the sustainable farmers raised livestock compared with one-half of the conventional farmers. Conventional farmers had greater equity, assets,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainable farms; Conventional farms; Organic; North Dakota; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23104
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A Comparison of Technical Efficiency in Alabama’s Nursery and Greenhouse Sector from 2003 to 2008 AgEcon
Reynolds-Allie, Kenesha; Fields, Deacue; Hartarska, Valentina M..
Replaced with revised version of paper 02/10/10
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; Green industry; Horticulture; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56516
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A comparison of the economic and environmental performances of conventional and organic farming: evidence from financial statements AgEcon
Argiles, Josep M.; Brown, Nestor Duch.
While conventional farming systems face serious problems of sustainability, organic agriculture is seen as a more environmentally friendly system since it favours renewable resources, recycles nutrients, uses the environment’s own systems for controlling pests and diseases, sustains ecosystems, protects soils, and reduces pollution. At the same time organic farming promotes animal welfare, the use of natural foodstuffs, product diversity and the avoidance of waste, among other practices. However, the future of organic agriculture will depend on its economic viability and on the determination shown by governments to protect these practices. This paper performs panel regressions with a sample of Catalan farms (Spain) to test the influence of organic farming...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Conventional farming; Social/environmental/financial performance; Social and environmental accounting; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Q01; Q12; Q51; M41.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118577
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A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Using Futures, Options, LRP Insurance, or AGR-Lite Insurance to Manage Risk for Cow-calf Producers AgEcon
Feuz, Dillon M..
A comparative analysis was performed looking at using cash, futures, options, or insurance to manage the price of calves for cow-calf producer. Risk can be reduced with the futures market and with options or LRP insurance. Options and LRP insurance are equivalent in the amount of risk that is reduced. AGR-Lite does not appear to be an effective policy at reducing risk for cow-calf producers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cow-calf risk; Feeder cattle futures; Options; LRP Feeder Cattle; AGR-Lite; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53046
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A COMPETITIVENESS STUDY OF FOUR RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO AgEcon
Seecharan, Denny; Jacque, Andrew Eliel.
Rice imports into Trinidad and Tobago in 2005 represented approximately 95% of domestic demand. Local production has been declining since reaching a peak of 21,000 tonnes in 1992. Present production is 3,500 tonnes. Rice is produced under a variety of production systems and on farms of varying sizes, productivity and quality of output. This paper examines the competitiveness of four production systems used in Trinidad and Tobago, viz.: the transplanting system (ST), the broadcast seeded system (SB)(both being small farms and highly labour intensive), the partially mechanized system of medium sized farms (MM) and a fully mechanized large farm utilizing aerial technology in the production system (CRP). The methodology involved the collection of data on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Policy analysis matrix; Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Production systems; Trinidad and Tobago; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36948
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A Computer Simulation Model of Knowledge Management in Small and Medium Agri-Food Enterprises AgEcon
Martinez Soto, Moises E.; Monroy, Carlos Rodriguez; Fuentes-Pila, Joaquin; Morris Diaz, Anne; Araujo, M. Gil.
System dynamics is an appropriate tool to build management models due to its ease of application in solving unstructured problems. In the twenty-first century the sustainability of organizations is influenced by the way it manages its knowledge. In this sense, knowledge management (KM) represents a strategy that contributes to improving the production supply chain (SC) of the agri-food industry (AFI). The objective of this research is to develop a computer model to simulate the effect of KM on the production of AFI. The methodology applied was that of the system dynamics by using the Vensim PLE ® v. 5.10 software, whose determining indicators were selected through an empirical study of KM in the SC of precooked corn flour industry in Venezuela. The study...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Small and Medium Enterprises; System Dynamics; Supply Chain; Knowledge Management; Food Industry.; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122029
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A Conceptual Framework for the Management of Farm Businesses AgEcon
Milligan, Robert A.; Hutt, Guy K..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121542
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A CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING FOR INDIVIDUAL FARMS; Proceedings of the 4th Minnesota Padova Conference on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment, September 4-10, 1994, Wayzata, MN AgEcon
Olson, Kent D.; Destro, Stefano.
The objective of this paper is to provide a framework of accounting to allow the evaluation and comparison of both conventional and traditional agriculture by accounting for both traditional market transactions and the environmental resources and changes in those resources. Even if a study estimates the value of the change in the resource inventory, the correction to the farmer's financial condition is not made in an explicit way. Again, the study by Faeth et al. makes a strong contribution to the need to have such an accounting system for farms. Farmers should be interested in this information because it is their own backyard where they are working, living and using their own assets. We start with a brief review of the work done with national accounts...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14369
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A CONFIGURAÇÃO DOS ESPAÇOS INSTITUCIONAIS DE PARTICIPAÇÃO SOCIAL E A REPRESENTAÇÃO DOS AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES NO TERRITÓRIO SUDOESTE DO PARANÁ AgEcon
Kiyota, Norma; Silva, Marcelo Kunrath; Perondi, Miguel Angelo.
O estudo visa compreender a representação dos agricultores familiares em espaços institucionais de participação social através de uma pesquisa junto aos Conselhos Municipais de Desenvolvimento Rural e Grupo Gestor do Território Sudoeste do Paraná. Esses espaços, oriundos do processo de descentralização das instituições do Estado e da aposta na aproximação da sociedade civil da gestão estatal, determinam um processo diferenciado de representação protagonizados pelos representantes dos diferentes grupos sociais. A representação é analisada a partir da representatividade e da capacidade de intervenção dos representantes nos espaços. A pesquisa demonstra que diferentes configurações dos espaços alteram o processo de representação a partir da distinção dos...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Representação; Espaços institucionais de participação social; Agricultores familiares; Representation; Institutional social participation spaces; Family farms; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114143
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A convivência com o semi-árido e as transformações socioprodutivas na região do sisal – Bahia: por uma perspectiva territorial do desenvolvimento rural AgEcon
Nascimento, Humberto Miranda.
As transformações produtivas ocorridas na área sisaleira do Estado da Bahia, nos últimos dez anos, trazem novas perspectivas de inserção econômica para a agricultura familiar do semi-árido baiano. Não só o sisal se recuperou sua importância econômica, outras atividades agrícolas e não-agrícolas começam a ganhar destaque, como a caprino-ovinocultura. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as transformações produtivas na Região do Sisal tendo como foco de análise a noção de Convivência com o Semi-Árido. Ressalta-se, na conclusão, que a noção de Convivência com o Semi-Árido não é somente a resposta a uma característica peculiar das áreas semi-áridas nordestinas, a estiagem, ela incorpora modos e técnicas de saber-fazer capitaneadas por governos, organizações e...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Convivência com o Semi-árido; Território do Sisal; Desenvolvimento rural. Living strategies with the Semi-Arid; Sisal Territory; Rural Development.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107882
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A Critique of the Use of the Balanced Scorecard in Multi-Enterprise Family Farm Businesses AgEcon
Shadbolt, Nicola M.; Beeby, N.; Brier, B.; Gardner, John W.G..
Business strategy is very important to small and medium family businesses as many are both fragile and vulnerable; strategy provides a solid foundation for survival. Various studies have identified that businesses that engage in strategic management outperform those that do not. Despite this knowledge the uptake of many aspects of strategic management by farm businesses has been slow. Although the development of business plans is now common there is often a disconnect between monitoring and strategy. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) was applied to case study farms during both the planning process and as they implemented and controlled their strategic choices to determine areas of difference that restrict or enhance it as a management tool for both family and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24380
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A Cross Country Comparison of the Development of the Organic Sector in Denmark, Germany, United Kingdom and the Netherlands AgEcon
Goddijn, Silvia T.; Meeusen, Marieke J.G..
The aim of this article is to test the thesis "commitment of retail chains as well as favourable policy conditions are the main drivers of the steady market growth of organic agriculture in Europe." (Yussefi and Willer, 2003). Therefore, the role of government policy and of retail chains in four European countries -– Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands - are analysed. It seems that the collaboration between government, chain participants and NGOs is of considerable importance, in which active stimulation and the provision of guidance to the channel from the retail chains, in combination with an active and stimulating government policy, can cause an impulse in growth. It should be noted that other factors must also be present in order...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24331
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A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABLE FARMING AgEcon
Ikerd, John E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28824
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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A DISCUSSANT'S VIEWS OF COMPUTERIZED BUDGET DEVELOPMENT, DISTRIBUTION AND USE AgEcon
Brant, William L..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29658
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A DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE FARMING SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Wicks, Santhi; Howitt, Richard E.; Klonsky, Karen.
The economic viability of alternative and more sustainable agriculture farming systems depend on the value of farm profits. These values may be estimated through short or long-run of profit maximization, but there is a difference in these methods. In short-run profit maximization the instantaneous marginal benefits are equated to the marginal costs of production. Where as in the long-run maximization of profits the capital value of soil resources are quantify in addition to the direct revenues and costs of each system over time. A long-run approach is fundamental to capture the value of capital improvements in soil resources. In this study we use short-run experimental data from SAFS's rotations to calibrate the crop simulation model EPIC, and obtain a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21444
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A dynamic dual model under state-contingent production uncertainty AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Stefanou, Spiro E.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M..
In this paper we assess how production costs and capital accumulation patterns in agriculture have evolved over time, by paying special attention to the influence of risk. A dynamic state-contingent cost minimization approach is applied to assess production decisions in US agriculture over the last century. Results suggest the relevance of allowing for the stochastic nature of the production function which permits to capture both the differences in the costs of producing under different states of nature, the differences in the evolution of these costs over time, as well as the differential impacts of different states of nature on investment decisions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; State-contingent; Dynamic model; Investment decisions; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; D21.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61353
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A Dynamic Optimisation Model of Weed Control AgEcon
Cacho, Oscar J.; Jones, Randall E..
It is argued in this paper that static approaches to weed management, where the benefits and costs are only considered within a single season, are inappropriate for assessing the economic benefits of weed control technologies. There are carryover effects from weed management as weeds that escape control in one season may reproduce and replenish weed populations in following seasons. Consequently, it is appropriate to view weed control in the context of a resource management problem where the goal is to determine the optimal inter-temporal level of weed control that maximises economic benefits over some pre-determined period of time. A dynamic optimisation model for weed control is presented. Using the tools of comparative static analysis and Pontryagin's...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Weed control; Resource economics; Optimal control; Dynamic programming; Wild oats; Farm Management.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12902
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