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AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO DEFINING AND ASSESSING POVERTY THRESHOLDS AgEcon
Blaylock, James R.; Smallwood, David M..
This paper introduces a new method for defining poverty lines based on an individual' s self-evaluation of the household's present situation. The proposed method focuses on the minimum household income necessary to purchase food supplies evaluated by society to be barely adequate. The method is especially useful for evaluation and comparing poverty thresholds derived from different methods. It is also valuable for comparing the official U.S. poverty guidelines across households of different sizes. The approach can be extended to include estimation of thresholds differentiated by various household characteristics and comparison of thresholds across these characteristics.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32536
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An Analysis of Food Safety Events on Consumers’ Confidence and Consumers Attitude towards Preparedness of U.S. Food System AgEcon
Hill, Jessica I.; Bharad, Abhishek Bhagwat; Harrison, R. Wes; Kinsey, Jean D.; Degeneffe, Dennis J..
Every year hundreds of food recalls are made due to contamination. The main focus of this paper is to examine the effects of specific food events on consumers’ confidence in food safety as well as their preparedness regarding the United States food system. The food events studied in this are major food-borne illnesses outbreaks and recalls that have occurred since May 2008. The three events chosen included: the salmonella outbreak in jalapeno and Serrano peppers occurring in 2008, the salmonella outbreak in peanut butter occurring in 2009, and the E.coli outbreak in Nestle cookie dough occurring in 2009. An ordered probit model was used to measure the effects that these specific foodborne illnesses had on consumers’ confidence. The results revealed that...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Food system; Food recalls; Ordered probit; Consumer confidence; Consumer attitudes; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123174
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An Analysis of Major Determinants of Poverty in Agriculture Sector in Pakistan AgEcon
Jan, Dawood; Chishti, Anwar F.; Eberle, Phillip R..
Replaced with revised version of paper 05/21/08.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6241
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE MARKET FOR FOOD STAMPS AgEcon
Bryant, W. Keith.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13566
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An Analysis of the Recent Evolution of Mali’s Maize Subsector AgEcon
Diallo, Amadou Sekou.
In most developing countries, historically, the main strategy for improving the food sector has focused on increasing farm-level production. But in recent years, with the emphasis on value chain analysis, there has been much more focus on subsector studies, demand-driven approaches, and improving vertical coordination to assure product quality to final consumption markets. Millet, sorghum, and later rice were the traditional leading three cereal crops produced and consumed in Mali. Maize has trailed them for more than two decades, but from mid 1990s on, it has been produced and consumed in much larger quantities. Given the potentials of maize, developing and better organizing its subsector has the potential to not only increase revenues for maize farmers,...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Maize; Value chain; Mali; Cereals; Food security; Agricultural marketing; Livestock feed; Industrial organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing; L11-Production; Pricing; And Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms; N57-Africa; Oceania; O17-Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements; O33-Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes; Q12-Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; And Farm Input Markets; Q13-Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Q18-Agricultural Policy; Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101316
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE RETIREMENT-CONSUMPTION PUZZLE FOR FOOD-AT-HOME AND AWAY-FROM-HOME EXPENDITURES IN GERMANY AgEcon
Drescher, Larissa S.; Roosen, Jutta.
According to Ando and Modigliani (1957), consumers pass different stages of a lifecycle with different impact on demand. The criticism that the life-cycle theory neglects generational effects and concentrates on ageing effects only has led to the application of the cohort analysis which decomposes not only age, but also period and cohort effects. Following these ideas, this paper presents results of a cohort analysis on food-at-home and away-from-home consumption covering 25 years of German consumption data. Special attention is given to the retirement-consumption puzzle which is the unanticipated drop in consumption after retirement. Results of seemingly unrelated regressions indicate that there are significant age, period and cohort effects of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cohort analysis; Retirement-consumption puzzle; Food-at-home expenditures; Food-away- from-home expenditures; Germany; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D91; E21; J10.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116441
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AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW AND SYNTHESIS OF PREFERRED RESEARCH METHODS IN THE MSU FOOD SECURITY PROJECT AgEcon
Tefft, James F..
The purpose of this study was to review the design and implementation of food security research in Mali, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Zimbabwe during the first and selected later phases of the Food Security in Africa Cooperative Agreement between Michigan State University and the U.S. Agency for International Development. This paper discusses principles and techniques for designing research, formulating questions and developing questionnaires, conducting the field work, and disseminating the findings. The primary objective was to learn from the experiences of prior researchers and to synthesize the research methods that this project has found to be effective and which may be useful to future researchers in the development and execution of policy-relevant...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10966
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An assessment of crop water productivity in the Indus and Ganges River Basins: current status and scope for improvement AgEcon
Cai, Xueliang; Sharma, Bharat R.; Matin, Mir Abdul; Sharma, Devesh; Gunasinghe, Sarath.
The Indus and Ganges River Basin, being the most populous in the world, is under extreme pressure to sustain food security. Production resources including water are being exploited to various levels from underdevelopment to heavy overexploitation. This report provides a bird’s eye view of the basin and focuses on the nexus between agricultural production and water consumption, making it possible to pinpoint the areas with high/low water productivity and identify the factors behind this, which helps to promote informed decision making in light of environmental sustainability.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water productivity; Crops; Yields; Rice; Wheat; River basins; Models; Remote sensing; Evapotranspiration; Mapping; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112970
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An assessment of the casual relationship between poverty and HIV/AIDS in Uganda AgEcon
Denis, Akankunda Bwesigye.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Health systems; Uganda; EPRC; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113625
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF A FOOD SECURITY COMMODITY RESERVE: COMMODITY VS. CASH AgEcon
Young, C. Edwin; Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Lin, William W.; Rosen, Stacey L..
The cost of operating the Food Security Commodity Reserve as a commodity reserve was compared with the cost of a cash reserve to purchase food aid supplies only in the period of need. Preliminary simulation results reveal the cash reserve to be less costly in almost all cases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food aid; Agricultural policy; Stocks; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21622
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF POVERTY AND INCOME INEQUALITY IN RURAL WEST VIRGINIA AgEcon
de Sousa, Semoa C.B.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Smith, Dennis K.; Colyer, Dale.
Ordinary and two-stage least square regressions were used to examine the major determinants of poverty and income inequality with cross-sectional data of 38 rural counties of West Virginia. The empirical findings confirm the possibility of simultaneity between poverty and income inequality and poverty level is the main determinant of increased levels of income inequality. The proportions of population in welfare, population of age 65 or older, female-headed households, people unemployed, and the level of inequality contributed to increased poverty levels. The proportion of employment shares in finance, insurance and real estate, and per capita income contributed to reduced poverty levels. But, per capita income, the proportion of human capital stock, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20536
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AN ECONOMIC MODEL OF WIC, THE INFANT FORMULA REBATE PROGRAM, AND THE RETAIL PRICE OF INFANT FORMULA AgEcon
Prell, Mark A..
This report develops an economic model that provides the theoretical framework for the econometric analyses presented in the report's companion volume, WIC and the Retail Price of Infant Formula (FANRR-39). The model examines supermarket retail prices for infant formula in a local market area, and identifies the theoretical effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and its infant formula rebate program. Special attention is given to the rebate program's sole-source procurement system by which a single manufacturer becomes a State's "contract brand"-the State's one supplier of formula to WIC infants-in exchange for paying rebates to WIC. When a manufacturer's brand is designated a State's contract brand,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WIC program; Infant formula; Cost containment; Rebates; Food package costs; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women; Infants; Children; Child nutrition; Food assistance; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33879
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An Empirical Analysis of County-Level Determinants of Small Business Growth Poverty in Appalachia: A Spatial Simultaneous-Equations Approach AgEcon
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Schaeffer, Peter V..
In this paper we develop an autoregressive spatial simultaneous equations model to investigate the county-level determinants of small business growth and median household income in Appalachia during the period 1990-2000. Our GS2SLS and GS3SLS estimation results indicate significant spatial spillover effects and conditional convergence in counties of Appalachia during the study period.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35465
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF POVERTY AND INCOME INEQUALITY IN WEST VIRGINIA AgEcon
Desousa-Brown, Semoa; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
OLS and 2SLS regressions and cross-sectional county data are used to examine the major determinants of poverty and income inequality in rural counties of West Virginia. The empirical findings confirm the possibility of simultaneity between poverty and income inequality. Poverty is the main determinant of increased levels of income inequality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20223
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF JOINT DECISIONS ON FOOD STAMP PROGRAM, TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES, AND LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION AgEcon
Huffman, Sonya Kostova; Jensen, Helen H..
This study examines the interaction between Food Stamp Program (FSP) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program participation, provides a model of joint decisions made by households on FSP, TANF, and labor force participation, and explains why households choose different alternatives. We use the first Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD) longitudinal data and the 1998 SPD experimental data files. The modeling component consists of estimating equations to predict the probability of particular choices made by households. The households choose the alternative that gives the highest utility. The results show that the program parameters do matter. Variations across states in payment standards, benefit reduction rates, and income disregards help to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor force participation; Food Stamp Program; FSP; TANF; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18638
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AN EVALUATION OF ETHNICITY AND LINGUISTIC BACKGROUNDS AS WIC FOOD SELECTION DETERMINANTS AgEcon
Matthews, James R..
The federally funded Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program issues redeemable food instruments (or vouchers) to low-income mothers and their small children who demonstrate nutritional need. Not all such food instruments are actually redeemed. Both ethnicity and home language preferences were found to be significantly correlated with individuals’' WIC food instrument redemption likelihood. However, these correlations provided little indication that any food type (except cheese for Asians) is more or less culturally acceptable to any particular ethnic or language group. Regardless of ethnicity, persons who show English as their family language preference tend to have lower food instrument redemption rates than do those who prefer to speak any other...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27408
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AN EVALUATION OF THE DISTRIBUTIONAL POWER OF PROGRESA'S CASH TRANSFER IN MEXICO AgEcon
Coady, David P..
Using both national-sample and program-level census survey data, we evaluate the distributional power of Mexico's Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) transfers using the so-called distributional characteristic. These transfers are targeted both geographically at marginal localities and at poor households within these localities. Transfers are also conditioned on household members attending school and health clinics. We show that the program has a relatively high distributional power compared to a range of alternatives considered. Although geographic targeting has a relatively large effect on the distributional power of the program, the demographic structure of transfers is more important than household targeting. However, the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16428
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AN EVALUATION OF THE USDA FOOD SECURITY MEASURE WITH GENERALIZED LINEAR MIXED MODELS AgEcon
Opsomer, Jean D.; Jensen, Helen H.; Pan, Suwen.
Over the last decade, new information has been developed and collected to measure the extent of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. Common measurement of the phenomenon of hunger and food insecurity has become possible through efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to develop a set of survey questions that can be used to obtain estimates of the prevalence and severity of food insecurity. This paper takes a closer look at the measurement of food insecurity and the effect of household variables on measured food insecurity. The effects of demographic and survey-specific variables on the food insecurity/hunger scale are evaluated using a generalized linear model with mixed effects. Data come from the 1995, 1997, and 1999 Food...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Household hunger; Rasch model; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18507
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An Illustrated Guide to Research Findings from USDA's Economic Research Service AgEcon
Economic Research Service.
This book contains a sampling of recent ERS research illustrating the breadth of the Agency’s research on current policy issues: from biofuels to food consumption to land conservation to patterns of trade for agricultural products. What you won’t find in this collection is any mention of economists’ favorite analytic tools (regression analyses, for example, and coefficients of variation). We wanted this guide to highlight results, not process. Even so, the findings on display here are all based on rigorous and robust application of such tools as well as use of the latest econometric techniques.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm Policy; Risk Management; Food Consumption; Food Nutrition Assistance; Conservation Policy; Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs; Food Security; Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.; Farm Structure; Rural Population; Environmental Interactions; Invasive Species Management; Bioenergy; Global Food Markets; NAFTA; Organic Agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58341
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AN INTEGRATED ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ANALYSIS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF VEGETABLE AND FISHPOND TECHNOLOGIES ON POVERTY IN RURAL BANGLADESH AgEcon
Hallman, Kelly K.; Lewis, David J.; Begum, Suraiya.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15940
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