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Methane discharge from a deep-sea submarine mud volcano into the upper water column by gas hydrate-coated methane bubbles ArchiMer
Sauter, Eberhard; Muyakshin, Sergey; Charlou, Jean-luc; Schluter, Michael; Boetius, Antje; Jerosch, Kerstin; Damm, Ellen; Foucher, Jean-paul; Klages, Michael.
The assessment of climate change factors includes a constraint of methane sources and sinks. Although marine geological Sources are recognized as significant, unfortunately, most submarine sources remain poorly quantified. Beside cold vents and coastal anoxic sediments, the large number of submarine mud volcanoes (SMV) may contribute significantly to the oceanic methane pool. Recent research suggests that methane primarily released diff-usively from deep-sea SMVs is immediately oxidized and, thus, has little climatic impact. New hydro-acoustic, Visual, and geochemical observations performed at the deep-sea mud volcano Hakon Mosby reveal the discharge of gas hydrate-coated methane bubbles and gas hydrate flakes forming huge methane plumes extending from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydro acoustics; Gas hydrates; Gas bubbles; Submarine mud volcanoes; Methane budget; Plume; Methane sources.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1345.pdf
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Free gas and gas hydrates from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey Chemical and structural characterization ArchiMer
Bourry, Christophe; Chazallon, Bertrand; Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Ruffine, Livio; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis; Cagatay, M. Namik; Inan, Sedat; Moreau, Myriam.
Gas hydrates and gas bubbles were collected during the MARNAUT cruise (May-June 2007) in the Sea of Marmara along the North Anatolian Fault system, Turkey. Gas hydrates were sampled in the western part of the Sea of Marmara (on the Western High), and three gas-bubble samples were recovered on the Western High, the Central High (center part of the Sea of Marmara) and in the Cinarcik Basin (eastern part of the Sea of Marmara). Methane is the major component of hydrates (66.1%), but heavier gases such as C-2, C-3, and i-C-4 are also present in relatively high concentration. The methane contained within gas hydrate is clearly thermogenic as evidenced by a low C-1/C-2 + C-3 ratio of 3.3, and carbon and hydrogen isotopic data (delta C-13(CH4) of -44.1 parts per...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Isotopes; Thermogenic gas; Gas bubbles; Gas hydrate; Sea of Marmara.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6844.pdf
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Multiple gas reservoirs are responsible for the gas emissions along the Marmara fault network ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Donval, Jean-pierre; Croguennec, Claire; Burnard, Pete; Lu, Hailong; Germain, Yoan; Legoix, Ludovic N.; Bignon, Laurent; Cagatay, M. Namik; Marty, Bernard; Madre, David; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis.
On continental margins, upward migration of fluids from various sources and various subsurface accumulations, through the sedimentary column to the seafloor, leads to the development of cold seeps where chemical compounds are discharged into the water column. MarsiteCruise was undertaken in November 2014 to investigate the dynamics of cold seeps characterized by vigorous gas emissions in the Sea of Marmara (SoM). A previous paper published by Bourry et al. (2009) presented the gas geochemistry of three seeps sampled along three different segments in the SoM. Their findings showed that the seeps were sourced by three different reservoirs. In this paper, seventeen seeps were investigated to determine the gas sources, unravel reservoir contributions, and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Abiotic CO2-source; Gas bubbles; Molecular and isotopic compositions; Primary and secondary methanogenesis; Sea of Marmara; Seeps; Thermogenic gases.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00411/52203/52926.pdf
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