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Registros recuperados: 9
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Gender, Marital Status, Farm Size and other Factors Influencing the Extent of Cash Cropping in Kenya: A Case Study AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This article examines the effects of commercialisation of agriculture on land use and work patterns by means of a case study in the Nyeri district in Kenya. The study uses cross sectional data collected from small-scale farmers in this district. We find that good quality land is allocated to non-food cash crops, which may lead to a reduction in non-cash food crops and expose some households to greater risks of possible famine. Also the proportion of land allocated to food crops declines as the farm size increases while the proportion of land allocated to non-food cash crops rises as the size of farm increases. Cash crops are also not bringing in as much revenue commensurate with the amount of land allocated to them. With growing commercialisation, women...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural commercialisation; Gender inequality; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Non-cash food crops; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102261
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Globalisation, Institutions and Empowerment of Women in Africa: Kenya's Experience AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
In male dominated societies like Kenya, men's superior status leading to power over women and control of valued resources, is supported by laws and policies that spell out and legitimise men's privileged and dominant status and is justified by religious, traditional, moral, and/or pseudo-scientific ideologies and beliefs. Such mechanisms and beliefs help to perpetuate gender inequality even in the face of structural changes that ought to diminish, if not completely undermine the strength of its operation. Institutionalised gender inequality limits women's participation in institutions and this reinforces their lack of empowerment. Women are unable to take advantage of the opening up of new markets and competition because they lack property rights;...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; Kenya; Empowerment of women; Globalisation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100209
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The Socio-Economic Situation of Female Heads and Poor Heads of Households in Rural Botswana: A Village Case Study AgEcon
Moepeng, Pelotshweu T.; Tisdell, Clement A..
This article explores the socio-economic situation of female heads and poor heads of household in rural Botswana by means of a case study of the village of Nshakazhogwe, a village considered to be typical for rural east Botswana. It examines the extent to which the occurrence of poverty of household heads is related to their gender, varies with the numbers in that household, and depends on whether or not they have paid employment. The number of sources and types of sources of income that household heads have are considered and are found to be related to whether they are poor or not. Transfers of income (private and from government) are given particular attention as a potential means of reducing the incidence of poverty. In this regard, poor heads of...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Botswana; Gender inequality; Poverty; Female-headed households; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123544
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Poverty and Social Deprivation in Botswana: A Rural Case Study AgEcon
Moepeng, Pelotshweu T.; Tisdell, Clement A..
Poverty and social deprivation in Botswana are rising in rural areas while they are declining in urban towns and villages. Revenue from diamond mining is thought to have made a significant contribution to reducing poverty levels in cities and urban villages. However, the benefits from diamond revenue are perceived to have not reversed trends in rural poverty. In this study, contingency tables and chi-square tests are used to determine whether there is an association between the gender, educational status, and age of household heads and whether or not they believe their household is in the 20% of the least well-off households, in their selected rural village, Nshakashogwe. Such less well-off households if not in absolute poverty, are likely to be in...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; Botswana; Gender inequality; Education; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123455
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Gender Inequality in India: Evidence from a Rural Survey in West Bengal AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Notes the unfavourable female-male ratio in India and its declining trend. In addition, the convergence of this ratio for the scheduled castes towards that of the general casts is noted as well as the slight decline in this ratio for scheduled tribals. A reason for this trend is suggested. Gender inequality is explored by summarising the results of survey of wives in the Midnapore area of West Bengal. Wives in four villages were interviewed so as to include tribals (Santals) and non-tribals, all of whom were Hindus. The socio-economic characteristics of those interviewed are first summarised and general information provided about the survey. The results are then used to consider several aspects of inequality in relation to sons and daughters, to gauge the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; Castes; Santal; West Bengal; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100037
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Asset-Poor Women in India and the Relevance of Amartya Sen's Analysis AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Amartya Sen; Gender inequality; India; Poverty; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91377
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Economic Social and Cultural Influences on the Status and Wellbeing of Indian Rural Wives AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Regmi, Gopal.
Examines the status and well being of wives in rural India using results from interviews. Surveys were conducted in three villages in the southwest of West Bengal and in three villages in the west of Orissa. The survey in West Bengal contained a large proportion of Santal tribals and the Oriyan survey was dominated by Kondh tribals. The relationships between variables representing economic, social and cultural factors are compared with ‘dependent’ variables representing the status of wives within their family and their wellbeing. Wellbeing is indicated by whether the basic needs of wives for food and medical care are met. Status of wives is indicated by their ‘control’ over family resources, whether or not they are restricted in joining social groups...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Santal; Kondh; Wives; India; Gender inequality; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/106952
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The Socio-Economics of Gender Issues in Rural India: Results of Interviews in Three Villages and a Forest Meeting in Eastern India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Reports responses to interviews conducted in three rural villages in Eastern India in January 2000 as well as replies to questions to asked at a forest meeting of groups/persons interested in rural women and development. The questions were designed to provide information on gender-bias and possible reasons for it, especially any economic reasons. These interviews are intended to supplement detailed questionnaires directed to wives in these villages. Interviews were conducted with Kondhs and scheduled caste villages in a village west of Dashapalla in Orissa, with Santals in all Santal villages, Bandhgora, in the Midnapore region of West Bengal and with Santals and scheduled caste Hindus in a mixed village, Sanandapur, in the same region. The results...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; India; Caste system; Tribal groups; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100030
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Economic Theories of the Family and Discrimination in a Social Context: Entitlements of Kondh Tribal Females in India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Economic theories of the family and gender discrimination within the family are examined in the context of Kondh dominated tribal villages in rural western Orissa, India, drawing on results from a survey of 106 wives. The survey involved direct interviews using a structured questionnaire. This article examines the relevance of economic unitary and bargaining theories of the family in this social context, drawing on background literature. Using the survey results, socioeconomic influences on the status of wives within their families are analysed and the entitlements of female and male children are compared and analysed. Because of cultural embedding, it is suggested that the relevance of economic theories of the family depend significantly on cultural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic theories of family; Gender inequality; Human capital; Poverty; Resource endowments; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100214
Registros recuperados: 9
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