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Antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius on mice BJMBR
Abdon,A.P.V.; Leal-Cardoso,J.H.; Coelho-de-Souza,A.N.; Morais,S.M.; Santos,C.F..
Croton nepetaefolius Baill., is an aromatic plant native to the northeast of Brazil where it is extensively used in folk medicine as a sedative, orexigen and antispasmodic agent. In the present study the antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of C. nepetaefolius (EOCn), administered orally, were evaluated in male Swiss mice (20-25 g). In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, EOCn (100 and 300 mg/kg; N = 14 and N = 12, respectively) was effective at the highest dose. In the hot-plate test, EOCn at 30 and 300 mg/kg, but not at 3 mg/kg, significantly increased the latency at all observation times up to the 180th min (N = 12 for each dose). In the formalin test, EOCn significantly reduced paw licking in the second phase of the test at 100 mg/kg (N =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Croton nepetaefolius; Essential oil; Analgesic; Antinociception; Formalin test; Hot-plate test.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2002001000015
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Antinociceptive activity of Hypericum caprifoliatum and Hypericum polyanthemum (Guttiferae) BJMBR
Viana,A.F.; Heckler,A.P.; Fenner,R.; Rates,S.M.K..
The aim of the present study was to assess the analgesic activity of the aerial parts of two Hypericum species native to Southern Brazil, H. caprifoliatum and H. polyanthemum. The antinociceptive effect of the H. polyanthemum cyclohexane extract (POL; 180 mg/kg) and of the H. caprifoliatum methanol (MET) and cyclohexane (CH) extracts (90 mg/kg) was evaluated in the hot-plate (ip and po) and writhing (po) tests using male Swiss CF1 mice weighing 22-27 g (N = 10 per group). All extracts displayed antinociceptive effects in the hot-plate test (MET ip = 48%, MET po = 39%, CH ip = 27%, CH po = 50%, POL ip = 74%, and POL po = 49% compared to control). Pretreatment with naloxone (2.5 mg/kg, sc) abolished the effects of CH and POL, and partially prevented the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Hypericum caprifoliatum; Hypericum polyanthemum; Analgesia; Antinociception; Hot-plate test; Writhing test.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000500011
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Antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of Croton zehntneri in mice BJMBR
Oliveira,A.C.; Leal-Cardoso,J.H.; Santos,C.F.; Morais,S.M.; Coelho-de-Souza,A.N..
Croton zehntneri is an aromatic plant native to Northeastern Brazil, where it is often used in folk medicine. In the present study the antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of Croton zehntneri (EOCz) were evaluated in mice. EOCz administered orally at doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg reduced paw licking time in the second phase of the formalin test from the control value of 41.61 ± 8.62 to 12.01 ± 7.97 and 6.57 ± 3.42 s, respectively. During the first phase of the formalin test only 300 mg/kg induced a significant alteration (from 58.2 ± 7.02, control, to 28.7 ± 4.73 s). The number of contortions in response to intraperitoneal injections of acetic acid did not differ significantly between controls (80.6 ± 9.01) and experimental (300 mg/kg body weight)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Croton zehntneri; Essential oil; Analgesic; Antinociception; Formalin test; Hot-plate test.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001001100016
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