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Registros recuperados: 332
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Institutional factors affecting irrigation performance in Pakistan: research and policy priorities AgEcon
Bandaragoda, Don Jayatissa; Firdousi, G.R..
The strong irrigation tradition has sustained the broad based community interest in irrigation. The result is a very complex institutional milieu in which a set of formally established irrigation rules and organizations exists side by side with an intricate set of social institutions. The two sets act like a dual system often in conflict with each other. The authors, while analyzing the present institutional barriers, have highlighted the importance of irrigation rules and procedures in the institutional framework.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Performance evaluation; Institutions; Poverty; Legislation; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113726
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Gender and Poverty: New Evidence from 10 Developing Countries AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Haddad, Lawrence James; Pena, Christine.
This paper presents new evidence on the association between gender and poverty based on an empirical analysis of 11 data sets from 10 developing countries. The paper computes income- and expenditure-based poverty measures and investigates their sensitivity to the use of per capita and per adult equivalent units. It also tests for differences in poverty incidence between individuals in male- and female-headed households using stochastic dominance analysis. Stochastic dominance analysis reveals that differences between male- and female-headed households among the very poor are not sufficiently large that one can conclude that one is unambiguously worse- or better-off, except for a few exceptions. When we use the method of endogenous bounds, persons in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender; Household resource allocation; Households; Poverty; Rural population; Developing Countries; Ghana; Bangladesh; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97310
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Groundwater policy: issues and alternatives in India AgEcon
Moench, Marcus.
This paper reviews policy-related issues discussed in recent conferences that will affect groundwater development and management efforts in South Asia. Emphasis is given to policy issues surrounding emerging groundwater depletion and quality concerns, and issues concerning the equitable development of groundwater for poverty alleviation. The paper outlines the range of services that depend on groundwater resources and outlines the range of services that depend on groundwater resources to provide these services, and the complications stemming from the fragmented approach taken to water management throughout the region. A range of responses dealing with the management of the physical system is identified. In conclusion , the paper discusses institutional...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Groundwater management; Groundwater extraction; Water policy; Monitoring; Environment; Poverty; Aquifers; Case studies; Salinity; Salt water intrusion; Water quality; Pollution; Water market; Water use efficiency; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113620
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A well of one's own: gender analysis of an irrigation program in Bangladesh AgEcon
Jordans, Eva H.; Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Groundwater irrigation; Gender; Women in development; Poverty; Households; Agricultural production; Privatization; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113611
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Impact of modern technology on rice production and its role in income distribution and poverty alleviation in Vietnam International Rice Research Institute
Tran Thi Ut.
xvii, 152 leaves : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Central Luzon State University
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; New technology; Agricultural economics; Technology transfer; Poverty; Income distribution; Vietnam.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/538
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Farm Productivity and Rural Poverty in India AgEcon
Datt, Gaurav; Ravallion, Martin.
To what extent do India’s rural poor share in agricultural growth? Combining data from 24 household sample surveys spanning 35 years with other sources, we estimate a model of the joint determination of consumption-poverty measures, agricultural wages, and food prices. We find that higher farm productivity brought both absolute and relative gains to poor rural households. A large share of the gains were via wages and prices, though these effects took time. The benefits to the poor were not confined to those near the poverty line.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm income; India; Rural poor; Prices; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97041
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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Saavedra, Jaime; Torero, Maximo.
Tanto la distribución del ingreso como los niveles de pobreza han registrado importantes modificaciones a lo largo de las últimas cuatro décadas en el Perú. Más allá de las diferencias metodológicas asociadas al cálculo de estos indicadores, la evidencia sugiere que en los últimos 40 años se habría reducido la dispersión en la distribución del ingreso. Asimismo, se habría producido una importante reducción en los niveles de pobreza, especialmente durante la década de los setenta. A pesar de ello, la tasa de pobreza continua siendo una de las más altas de América Latina. De otro lado, el análisis de la distribución de activos durante los últimos diez años revela en general una continuación de las tendencias de largo plazo. El nivel educativo medio sigue...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Distribucion del ingreso; Capital humano; Activos fijos; Poverty; Income distribution; Human capital; Fixed assets; Peru; I32; D33.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37815
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Poverty in India and Indian States: An Update AgEcon
Datt, Gaurav.
A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951–1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of the evolution of poverty in India are described.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; India; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97044
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The assets of the poor in Peru AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Saavedra, Jaime; Torero, Maximo.
The document analyzes the possession and access to assets on the part of the poor in Peru. It is found that during the last ten years the average level of access to education increased while and inequality of access to this asset decreased. The access to other public services has also increased, though the inequality levels are still very high. The same happens with the access to credit and other assets that can serve as collateral. The econometric analysis shows a positive effect of the access to public assets on the profitability of private assets. It is also found that changes in assets tenure are not sufficient to explain transitions toward and outside poverty, thought they are crucial to explain the permanency in poverty or the permanency out of this...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Distribucion del ingreso; Poverty; Income distribution; Peru; I32; D31.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37976
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Gender analysis and reform of irrigation management: concepts, cases, and gaps in knowledge; Proceedings of the Workshop of Gender and Water, 15-19 September 1997, Habarana, Sri Lanka AgEcon
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Gender; Privatization; Irrigation management; Women in development; Property rights; Water scarcity; Developing countries; Agricultural production; Water resources; Water rights; Poverty; Policy; Economic aspects; Land tenure; Legislation; Rice; Water users' associations; Irrigated farming; Planning; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118416
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Pathways of development in the hillsides of Honduras AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Scherr, Sara J.; Duron, Guadalupe.
"May 1999." Includes bibliographical references (p. 45-46). Published, in 2000, under same title, in D.R. Lee and C.B. Barrett, eds., Tradeoffs or Synergies? Agricultural Intensification, Economic Development and the Environment.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural resources; Poverty; Technical assistance; Agricultural development; Honduras; Land management; International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97465
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Poverty program participation and employment in timber-dependent counties AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Costello, Christopher; Hoffmann, Sandra A.; Fortmann, Louise.
This paper uses cointegrated time-series methods to evaluate the effect of timber employment on participation in a major poverty program-Aid to Families with Dependent Children-Unemployed Parent (AFDC-UP). The study is conducted for major timber-producing counties in California. It is shown that a two-sector structural model can be solved to produce an error-correction model. An error-correction model is estimated with time series on state and county AFDC-UP caseload, state employment, county nontimber employment, and county timber employment. Utilizing tests on the cointegrating space, it is shown that there is no long-run relationship between poverty and timber employment in 10 of the 11 counties studied.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Afdc; Economic conditions; Employment; Poverty; Timber; Time-series analysis; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43913
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Sen's Theory of Entitlement and the Deprivation of Females: An Assessment with Indian Illustrations AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Amartya Sen; Economic deprivation; Female; Poverty; Economic status of women; Tribal Santals; India.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91375
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Poverty and Economically Deprived Women and Children: Theories, Emerging Policy Issues and Development AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Family welfare; Welfare state; Poverty; Economic transition; Structural adjustment policies; Economic globalisation; Social services; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Public Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90632
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Comments on "Genetically Modified Crops: Risks and Promise" by Gordon Conway Ecology and Society
Gadgil, Madhav; Indian Institute of Science; madhav@ces.iisc.ernet.in.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Citizen science; Exclusion; Global development; Green revolution; New culture; Plant biotechnology; Poverty; Public participation.
Ano: 2000
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Gender, Rights And Poverty Issues:Lessons For The Sector OceanDocs
Harrison, E..
In its 1997 White Paper1, DFID establishes that poverty alleviation is central to its development strategy. The notions of gender and human rights figure strongly as part of this strategy. Gender equality is seen as key to poverty alleviation, as are mechanisms to ensure that basic human rights are met. These principles are also re-iterated by other international organisations in key policy documents such as the OECD s Shaping the 21st Century 2. The international interest in gender, poverty and rights reflects a number of related but not necessarily always compatible concerns. Because women often suffer most from poverty and a lack of ability to exercise their rights, it seems to make sense to consider these three issues together. But this may...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Socioeconomic aspects; Poverty; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6151.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/801
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The global groundwater situation: overview of opportunities and challenges AgEcon
Shah, Tushaar; Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Seckler, David.
Groundwater offers us few but precious opportunities for alleviating the misery of the poor; but it poses many—and daunting—challenges of preserving the resource itself. A big part of the answer is massive initiatives to augment groundwater recharge in regions suffering depletion; but, in the ultimate analysis, these cannot work without appropriate demand-side interventions. The water vision of a world that future generations will inherit will have to be the one in which groundwater plays its full developmental, productive and environmental role but in a sustainable manner; and the framework of action to realize this vision will mean eschewing the current free-for-all in groundwater appropriation and use, and promoting a more responsible management of this...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Groundwater resources; Groundwater depletion; Water scarcity; Water shortage; Poverty; Rural development; River basins; Sustainability; Waterlogging; Salinity; Aquifers; Water pollution; Pumps; Recharge; Water harvesting; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113506
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Poverty and Employment in Timber-Dependent Counties AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Costello, Christopher; Fortmann, Louise; Hoffmann, Sandra A..
One of the most controversial aspects of federal and state policies aimed at protecting old-growth ecosystems has been the potential impact of job losses on local economies. A fundamental question for historically timber-dependent communities is whether these policies will result in local economic stagnation and enduring pockets of poverty. In this paper, we examine the long-run impact of changes in timber-related employment on other types of employment and participation in major federal poverty programs. We use monthly, multi-county time series data to estimate a vector autoregressive model of the experience of northern California counties during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that employment base multiplier effects of timber employment on other types of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forest policy; Poverty; Employment; Time series; Food Security and Poverty; Q23; O15; R11; R15.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10831
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DISTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF U.S. FARM HOUSEHOLD INCOME AgEcon
Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Expenditures; Farm safety net; Household income; Poverty; Stochastic dominance; Wealth; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36517
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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THE WORLD FOOD SITUATION AgEcon
Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
Although world food and agricultural production, based on current trends, will be sufficient to meet demand in the decades ahead, the world still faces a serious food crisis, at least as perilous and life-threatening for millions of poor people as those of the past. To this end, the main objective of this paper is to illuminate the world food situation and to provide a critical analysis of the core causes of world food insecurity by identifying the various misconceptions surrounding our understanding of hunger, starvation, and poverty. A clear and deeper awareness of the real causes of hunger and malnutrition in poor countries is imperative to enable and challenge policy makers and planners to lay the groundwork at the grass-roots level for appropriate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food distribution; Food security; Food supply; Hunger; Malnutrition; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14663
Registros recuperados: 332
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