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Visualisierung der genotypischen Struktur partiell allogamer Populationen und züchterische Konsequenzen Organic Eprints
Abel, Stefan; Link, Wolfgang.
Es wird die Populationsstruktur und daraus resultierende Konsequenzen für die Züchtung partiell allogamer Kulturpflanzen dargestellt.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/984/2/abel%2D2002%2Dzuechtung%2Dkulturpflanzen.pdf
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Concentrações de óleo de citronela no controle do carrapato de bovinos. Organic Eprints
Agnolin, Carlos Alberto; Olivo, Clair Jorge; Sangioni, Luis Antonio; Parra, Carla Lieda Cezimbra; Diehl, Michelle Schalemberg; Santos, Juliano Costa dos; Aguirre, Priscila Flores; Camillo, Giovana; Irgang, Deonise Mrozinski.
O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o efeito in vivo de diferentes concentrações de óleo de citronela no controle do carrapato bovino. Foram utilizadas 20 vacas da raça Holandês, distribuídas em quatro grupos de cinco animais cada um. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pelo controle negativo, amitraz a 0,025%, óleo de citronela a 3 e 4%. Para avaliação, foram contadas fêmeas ingurgitadas de carrapato antes (média dos dias -3, -2, -1) e após a aplicação dos produtos nos dias 3; 7 e 14. A média de eficácia no controle do carrapato foi de 93,8; 22,5 e 39,1% para o amitraz e óleo de citronela a 3 e 4%, respectivamente. O uso de diferentes concentrações de óleo de citronela apresenta controle parcial do carrapato.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Animal husbandry Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/24488/1/Agnolin_Concentra%C3%A7%C3%B5es.pdf
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Effect of annual self-reseeding legumes on subsequent crops in organic rotation programme Organic Eprints
Al-Bitar, Lina.
Soil fertility management is a critical issue in organic agriculture, and nitrogen supply is the most important aspect, especially in the Mediterranean region. Biological nitrogen fixation by legumes seems to be a successful strategy in that nitrogen-fixing legumes can provide most of the nitrogen used in Mediterranean agriculture in a form not readily leached. According to Pimentel et al., 1992, in the U.S., an estimated $50 billion worth of nitrogen is provided by biological N fixation. Thus, the inputs of nitrogen into Mediterranean agricultural systems by biological fixation in nodulated legumes are fundamental to obtain sustainable and economic production. This study aimed at evaluating the impact of annual self-reseeding legumes on subsequent crops...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4213/4/Albitar_etal_4p_revised%2Ded.doc
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Annual self-reseeding legumes effect on subsequent crops into a rotation program in Mediterranean organic farming systems Organic Eprints
Al-Bitar, Lina; Wehbé, Elias; Ayoub, Mohamed; Jamea, Mostafa.
Biological Nitrogen fixation (BNF) should be the most important means for N supply in organic agriculture. This study aimed at assessing the effect of fifteen legume cultivars on subsequent crops in three consecutive growing seasons to identify the most efficient and suitable ones as building crops in rotation programs under Mediterranean environment. T. subterraneum cv. York and T. glanduliferum cv. Prima, induced the best effects on wheat, particularly on total biomass, number of grains, dry matter production and increased yield by 670% and 567% respectively more than the control.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/12270/1/Albitar_12270_ed.doc
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Video: Anbau von Öllein (schweizerdeutsch) Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
Was gilt es bezüglich Standort, Sorten, Bodenbearbeitung, Düngung, Fruchtfolge, Pflege und Ernte zu beachten? Insbesondere die geringen Ansprüche an die Nährstoffversorgung und die gute Nachfrage am Markt machen den Lein zu einer interessanten Nischenkultur für Biobetriebe. Biolandwirt Thomas Frei fasst seine Erfahrungen aus zehn Jahren biologischem Leinanbau zusammen. Mit weiteren Statements von Hansueli Brassel und Hans-Georg Kessler, Biofarm sowie Leinproduzent Mischa Scherer. Der Film wurde am Schweizer Bioackerbautag in Brütten ZH produziert.
Tipo: Video Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2016
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Crop management of linseed Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
What should you bear in mind to successfully cultivate linseed in terms of location, varieties, tillage, fertilisation, crop rotation, maintenance and harvesting? In particular, its low nutrient demand and the high market demand make linseed an interesting specialty crop for organic farms. Thomas Frei sums up his experience of having cultivated organic linseed for ten years. Hansueli Brasselsberg and Hans-Georg Kessler (Biofarm) and linseed producer Mischa Scherer provide further statements. The film was realised in Brütten, Canton of Zurich, at the Swiss Bioackerbautag. The Bioackerbautag is an annual event in Switzerland including field visits, variety trials, information on cultivation and machinery demonstrations.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31127/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3D5SZ8M9gKI0k
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Vidéo: Les cultures associées de légumineuses à graines et de céréales Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Clerc, Maurice; Stöcklin, Milo.
Les cultures associées de légumineuses à graines et de céréales permettent de produire des protéines indigènes de manière économique et avec une efficience élevée des ressources. La céréale sert de tuteur et concurrence fortement les adventices. Elle sert donc d’assurance-risque au cas où la légumineuse à graine se développe peu. Depuis 2010, les surfaces consacrées au pois protéagineux bio et à la féverole bio ont considérablement augmenté grâce à la technique de la culture associée. Les moulins ont aussi contribué à cet essor en achetant les récoltes de cultures associées puis en en séparant les composants. Le conseiller bio Maurice Clerc, le producteur Nicolas Oppliger et Christian Rytz (du Moulin Rytz à Biberen BE) décrivent de manière simple et...
Tipo: Video Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2015
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Video: Anbau von Mischkulturen - Körnerleguminosen mit Getreide Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Clerc, Maurice; Stöcklin, Milo.
Mit Mischkulturen (Körnerleguminosen mit Getreide) lassen sich Proteinpflanzen wirtschaftlich und ressourceneffizient im Inland produzieren. Das Video zeigt den prakischen Anbau von der Saat bis zur Ernte sowie die Separierung der beiden Kulturen in der Mühle. Seit 2010 haben sich die Anbauflächen für Bioerbsen und Bioackerbohnen vervielfacht, meist wird in Mischkultur angebaut. Als standardisierte praxisreife Anbauverfahren wurden Mischkulturen mit Proteinerbsen/Gerste und Ackerbohnen/Hafer entwickelt, beide mit Mischungsverhältnissen von 80 % respektive 40 % der ortsüblichen Reinsaatstärke (sowohl für Winterungen als auch für Sommerungen). Das Getreide dient dabei als Stützfrucht, unterdrückt das Unkraut und bietet eine Risikoabsicherung, wenn sich die...
Tipo: Video Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Farm economics Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2015
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Densidades populacionais para cultivares alternativas de feijoeiro no norte de Minas Gerais. Organic Eprints
Alves, Anatércia Ferreira; Andrade, Messias José Bastos de; Rodrigues, João Roberto de Mello; Vieira, Neiva Maria Batista.
Com o objetivo de avaliar o comportamento agronômico de cultivares alternativas de feijoeiro na região Norte de Minas Gerais, ajustando as melhores populações de plantas para o seu cultivo irrigado, foram conduzidos dois experimentos de campo na safra do inverno-primavera de 2007, nas estações experimentais da EPAMIG em Jaíba e Mocambinho. Empregou-se o delineamento em blocos casualizados com três repetições, em esquema fatorial 4x5, envolvendo quatro cultivares (BRS Radiante, Ouro Vermelho, Bolinha e Novo Jalo) e cinco densidades populacionais (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 mil plantas ha-1). Por ocasião da colheita, foram avaliados o estande final e o rendimento de grãos com seus componentes primários: número de vagens por planta, número de grãos por vagem e...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/22355/1/Alves_Densidade.pdf
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Blaue Lupinen: 2015 top, 2016 passabel Organic Eprints
Arncken, Christine.
Süsslupinen enthalten hochwertiges Protein und können als kühletolerante, relativ standfeste und blütenreiche Kultur mit intensivem Wurzelwerk Fruchtfolge und Landschaft bereichern. 2016 hat das FiBL Blaue Süsslupinen zum dritten Mal in Folge in einem Kleinparzellenversuch getestet.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30885/1/bach-10-2016-arncken-garibay.pdf
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Sensory, yield and quality differences between organically and conventionally grown winter wheat Organic Eprints
Arncken, Christine; Mäder, Paul; Mayer, Jochen; Weibel, Franco P..
BACKGROUND: Consumers expect organic produce to have higher environmental, health and sensory related qualities than conventional produce. In order to test sensory differences between bio-dynamically, bio-organically and conventionally grown winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Runal), we performed double-blinded triangle tests with two panels on dry wholemeal flour from the harvest years 2006, 2007 and 2009 and from two field replicates of the ‘DOK’ long-term farming system comparison field trial near Basel, Switzerland. Yield and quality parameters were also assessed. RESULTS: Significant farming system effects were found for yield (up to 42% reduction in the organic system), thousand kernel weight, hectolitre weight and crude protein content across...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21155/1/accepted_early_view_Version_Juli_August_2012.pdf
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Performance of spring barley varieties and variety mixtures as affected by manure application and their order in an organic crop rotation Organic Eprints
Askegaard, M.; Thomsen, I.K.; Berntsen, J.; Hovmøller, M.S.; Kristensen, K..
In order to obtain a high and stable yield of organic spring barley, production should be optimized according to the specific environment. To test the performance of spring barley varieties under varying cropping conditions, a field experiment was carried out in 2003 and 2004 in a six-field mixed organic crop rotation. We investigated the choice of variety, the order in a rotation,and the application of manure (slurry and farm yard manure; 0 to 120 total-Nha�1) on grain yields of six selected varieties with different characteristics grown in either pure stands or in two spring barley mixtures, each consisting of three varieties. Average grain yield of the barley varieties varied between 3.3 t DM ha-�1 and 4.1 t DM ha-�1. Grain yields of the two...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/7853/2/7853.pdf
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Performance of spring barley in an organic mixed crop rotation Organic Eprints
Askegaard, Margrethe; Støvring, Mogens; Berntsen, Jørgen.
A two-year field experiment with spring barley in an organic mixed crop rotation showed contrasting results between the two years in the response to the tested factors: Variety, location in the crop rotation, and organic manure application. The yields of the varieties differed due to attacks of different airborne leaf diseases. In one of the years the “high fertility” position of the barley the 1st year after grass-clover gave unexpectedly lower grain yields than the position four years after grass-clover. Finally, the straw-based farmyard manure (FYM) resulted in higher grain yields in one of the years whereas slurry performed best in the other year, though the content of ammonia-N was less in FYM both years. We measured differences in the root...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7472/1/Paper_MA.doc
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Legume catch crops for reducing N leaching and substituting animal manure Organic Eprints
Askegaard, Senior scientist Margrethe; Eriksen, Senior scientist Jørgen.
Organic cereal production on coarse sandy soil is a challenge because of low soil fertility and a general limitation on the use of animal manure. The possible exclusion of conventional animal manure in organic crop production increases the challenge further. Two factorial experiments were carried out aiming at investigating the potential of legume catch crops with respect to residual effects and effects on N leaching. Legume catch crops were compared with non-legume catch crops in systems with spring barley as the main crop each year. Grain yields were determined and N leaching losses measured by means of installed ceramic suction cups. The legume catch crops, especially white clover and red clover, showed large residual effects in succeeding spring...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects Nutrient turnover Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11485/1/Askegaard_11485_ed.doc
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Bio-economic analysis of dual-purpose management of winter cereals in high and low input production systems Organic Eprints
Ates, S.; Cicek, H.; Gultekin, I.; Yigezu, Y. A.; Keser, M.; Filley, S. J..
Dual-purpose (DP) management of cereals holds promise to reduce the feed gap and to better integrate crop and livestock systems especially in drylands where forage deficit is severe. However, there is limited information on which cereal species and type of management would be most optimal for both forage and grain production in dry highland environments. A two-year field study (2013–2015) in the Central Anatolian plateau of Turkey investigated the effect of spring defoliation of barley, triticale and wheat varieties at tillering and stem elongation stages and a no-cut (grain-based) system under low- and high-input management on yield and quality of forage, straw and grain. Overall, barley had greater (P < 0.01) forage DM accumulation within the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34718/1/Ates-etal-2018-FieldCropsResearch-Vol227-p56-66.pdf
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Wurzelwachstum und Nodulation von Luzerne: Einfluss von Bioporendichte im Unterboden und Nährstoffgehalt im Oberboden Organic Eprints
Athmann, Miriam; Kautz, Timo; Köpke, Ulrich.
Das Ziel dieser Studie war, die Auswirkungen großlumiger Bioporen und Bodennährstoffgehalte auf Nodulation von Luzerne Wurzeln zu quantifizieren. In einem Feldversuch auf einem tiefgründigem Lössboden wurde Luzerne (Medicago sativa L.) angebaut (i) auf nativem, nährstoffreichem Boden oder in Parzellen, auf denen der native Boden entfernt und mit Boden aus ungedüngten Parzellen eines Dauerfeldversuchs ersetzt wurde sowie (ii) nach Anbau bioporen-generierenden Wegwarte (Cichorium intybus L.) mit Pfahlwurzelsystem oder nach Rohrschwingel (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) ohne Pfahlwurzeln. Wurzellängen-Dichte und Nodulation wurden mit der Profil-Wand-Methode und an Monolith Proben quantifiziert. Spross-Wachstum und Nährstoff-Aufnahme von Luzerne wurde durch...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36207/1/Beitrag_280_final_a.pdf
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Investigations on crude protein and amino acids in organically produced field pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties Organic Eprints
Aulrich, Karen; Böhm, Herwart; Witten, Stephanie.
The content of essential amino acids in grain legumes is of special interest for monogastric animal feeding in organic farming. Therefore, we investigated the influence of variety on the contents of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) as well as the relation between CP and AA in field peas. Samples of 73 peas of 5 varieties (Alvesta, Auckland, KWS La Manscha, Navarro, Salamanca) were collected from field trials of organically managed experimental sites in Germany in 2011 - 2013. The contents of CP and AA were analyzed with NIRS. Pearson correlation analyses and mixed procedures were conducted in SAS 9.4. Variety affected CP and AA in peas. Alvesta had the lowest content of CP (21%) and almost all AA per kg dry matter (p < 0.001). KWS La Manscha...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33384/1/Poster_Aulrich_Portugal_final.pdf
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Ekmeklik Buğdayda Organik Ve Konvansiyonel Yetiştiriciliğin Karşılaştırması Üzerine Bir Araştırma Organic Eprints
Aydın, Metin; Yılmaz, Mehmet; Kara, Çağrı; Soylu, Süleyman.
Bu araştırma, 2008-2009 vejetasyon döneminde Gerek – 79 Ekmeklik Buğday çeşidinin konvansiyonel, organik ve atık mantar kompostu (0-2400-4800-7200 kg/da) uygulama koşullarındaki verim, verim unsurları ve kalite üzerine etkilerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla Konya-Sarayönü koşullarında tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre 3 tekerrür olarak yürütülmüştür. Araştırmada her üç yetiştirme ortamında da tane verimi, başak boyu, başak ağırlığı, başakta tane sayısı, başakta tane ağırlığı, bitki boyu, başakçık sayısı, bindane ağırlığı, protein, gluten, hektolitre özellikleri incelenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, en yüksek tane verimi 371,63 kg/da ile atık mantar kompostu uygulamasının 7200 kg/da dozunda elde edilmiştir. Konvansiyonel uygulamada elde edilen tane...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/32156/1/Bu%C4%9Fday.pdf
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Agronomic performances of self-reseeding legumes on alkaline soil under Mediterranean climate Organic Eprints
Ayoub, Dr. Mohamed.
Self-reseeding legumes are an essential component of the Mediterranean natural resources. Germplasms collected from the Mediterranean region were introduced in Australia and subjected to an extensive breeding. Species were then re-introduced in their original habitat where they were object of different important researches. Despite all the efforts made to select appropriate species and varieties, well-adapted cultivars have not been yet identified for all situations. At the experimental farm of the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari, Italy, agronomic performances of 15 cultivars of self reseeding legumes were compared on an alkaline soil to evaluate their possible use in organic agriculture systems. 10-m2 plots were used in a complete randomised...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/1424/1/ayoub_master.doc
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Effect of Seeding Date of Wheat and Clover Plant Interactions in Cereal Systems with an Associated Cover Crop Organic Eprints
Baresel, Jörg Peter; Köckeis, M.; Weiner, J..
The success of the establishment of living mulch systems in cereals is, among other factors, dependent on the seeding time both of the main crop and the associated crop, which may be planted together or at different seeding times. In this contribution, the results of a series of experiments are summarized, where both the absolute and the relative seeding time of winter wheat as main crop and subterranean clover as associated crop has been varied. Early seeding favored the clover, later seeding the main crop. Competition can be regulated by anticipating the seeding time of one of the components. However, an equilibrated mixed canopy could be obtained by seeding both components together.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31617/1/Effect%20of%20Seeding%20Date%20of%20Wheat%20and%20Clover%20Plant%20Interactions.pdf
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