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Registros recuperados: 241
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Feeling the heat: Financial crises and their impact on global climate change AgEcon
Giedraitis, Vincentas Rolandas; Girdenas, Sarunas; Rovas, Adomas.
This interdisciplinary paper uses world-systems analysis as a theoretical framework to argue that both the 1870s, 1930’s economic depressions reduced mean global temperatures. As global consumer demand fell, factories worldwide began producing less commodities and, as a result, emitted less greenhouse gasses. We find that in both instances there is evidence to support the hypothesis that financial crises lead to cooler temperatures.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Kondratiev waves; Schumpeter; World-systems analysis; Environmental economics; Global climate change; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; N22; N50; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94609
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Final Estimates of Arkansas Crop Losses from Poor Harvest Conditions in 2009--January 25, 2010 AgEcon
Hignight, Jeffrey A.; Stiles, Scott; Wailes, Eric J.; Watkins, Brad; Miller, Wayne P..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Arkansas; Crops; Disaster; Revenue; Loss; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Financial Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q10; Q11; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57087
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Flood risk – Prevention and Impact on Agricultural Lands AgEcon
Wagner, Klaus; Neuwirth, Julia; Janetschek, Hubert.
Recent extreme weather events have resulted in an ongoing discussion on the issues of land use and compensation payments within Austrian agriculture. Building on a functional evaluation system for agricultural lands as developed within the Interreg IIIB project “ILUP”, the national project “Agriculture and Flooding” has as its goal to classify the flood-protection contribution and flood sensitivity of agricultural lands. This, in turn, enables the recommendation of targeted measures for potentially improving flood situations, as well as an estimate of their implementation costs. In addition to the digital soil map, other fundamental sources used for the project are the digital flood risk map, IACS land-use data and works by the Institute for Land and Water...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Multifunctionality; Sustainability; Flood Risk; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q24; Q25; Q54; Q56.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50942
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FLOODING RISK AND HOUSING VALUES: AN ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD AgEcon
Daniel, Vanessa; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; Rietveld, Piet.
Climate change, the ‘boom and bust’ cycles of rivers, and altered water resource management practice have caused significant changes in the spatial distribution of the risk of flooding. Hedonic pricing studies, predominantly for the US, have assessed the spatial incidence of risk and the associated implicit price of flooding risk. Using these implicit price estimates and their associated standard errors, we perform a meta-analysis and find that houses located in the 100-year floodplain have a –0.3 to –0.8% lower price. The actual occurrence of a flooding event or increased stringency in disclosure rules causes ex ante prices to differ from ex post prices, but these effects are small. The marginal willingness to pay for reduced risk exposure has increased...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Valuation; Environmental risk; Meta-analysis; Hedonic pricing; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; D81; Q51; Q54.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7333
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Fossil Fuel Extraction and Climate Policy: A Review of the Green Paradox with Endogenous Resource Exploration AgEcon
Osterle, Ines.
Policies aimed at reducing emissions from fossil fuels may increase climate damages. This “Green Paradox” emerges if resource owners increase near-term extraction in fear of stricter future policy measures. Hans-Werner Sinn (2008) showed that the paradox occurs when increasing resource taxes are applied within a basic exhaustible resource model. This article highlights that the emergence of the Green Paradox within this framework relies on the non-existence of a backstop technology and fixed fossil fuel resources. In doing this, it initially presents a basic exhaustible resource model which includes a backstop technology and shows that the implementation of a specific sales tax path is effective in mitigating global warming. Secondly, it considers the case...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Green Paradox; Supply-side dynamics; Climate Policy; Exhaustible Resources; Fossil Fuels; Exploration; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q31; Q54; Q58; H23; H32.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122010
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Future Climate of the Continental United States AgEcon
North, Gerald R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Q54.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94493
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GHG Mitigation Policies in Livestock Sectors: Competitiveness, Emission Leakage and Food Security AgEcon
Golub, Alla A.; Henderson, Benjamin B.; Hertel, Thomas W..
Recent research on livestock’s role in climate change has raised awareness about contribution that livestock climate policies can make to global mitigation efforts, and has increased the likelihood that mitigation policies will eventually be imposed on the sector. This study investigates effects of GHG mitigation policies on livestock sectors emissions and production by regional sector under a range of global mitigation polices that are broadly aligned with the different responsibilities of developed and developing countries under the UNFCCC. The study also examines emission leakage effects, impacts on food security in developing countries, and the implications of large informal livestock sectors in regions such as Sub Saharan Africa.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; C68; Q15; Q54.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103425
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Global Climate Policy Architecture and Political Feasibility: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets to Attain 460 ppm CO2 Concentrations AgEcon
Bosetti, Valentina; Frankel, Jeffrey.
Three gaps in the Kyoto Protocol most badly need to be filled: the absence of emission targets extending far into the future, the absence of participation by the United States, China, and other developing countries, and the absence of reason to think that members will abide by commitments. To be politically acceptable, any new treaty that fills these gaps must, we believe, obey certain constraints regarding country-by-country economic costs. We offer a framework of formulas that assign quantitative allocations of emissions, across countries, one budget period at a time. The two-part plan: (i) China and other developing countries accept targets at BAU in the coming budget period, the same period in which the US first agrees to cuts below BAU; and (ii)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Climate Agreements; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q; Q40; Q54.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55291
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Global Food Production under Alternative Scenarios AgEcon
Huan-Niemi, Ellen; Niemi, Janne; Niemi, Jyrki S..
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Global food production; Agriculture trade liberalisation; Climate policy; EU agricultural subsidies; Economic recession; Agribusiness; Q17; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96333
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Greenhouse emissions and economic recessions: Did industrial economies “Stay Cool” during the 1930s economic crisis? AgEcon
Giedraitis, Vincentas Rolandas; Girdenas, Sarunas; Rovas, Adomas.
In this historical economic interdisciplinary research we investigate the impact of the 1930s economic crisis and their relationship to global warming. We investigate two consecutive hegemonic powers: the United Kingdom and the United States. Our assumption was that a reduction in demand would lead to a decrease in mean global temperatures during depressions. We find that in fact reduced carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from lowered production does not result in cooling temperatures.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Historical economic sociology; Kondratiev wave theory; World-systems analysis; Economic crises; Global climate change; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; International Development; B23; B52; N50; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95939
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Stabilization and the Inevitability of Adaptation: Challenges for U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Rose, Steven K.; McCarl, Bruce A..
Outstanding Choices Article Award, 2009
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q54; Q58.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94498
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Groundwater Management in the Presence of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Incentives for Agriculture AgEcon
Baker, Justin Scott; Murray, Brian C..
This study explores the interactions of groundwater extraction, quality, and greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions within a productive agricultural region. Two conceptual models are proposed. In the first, GHG emissions are managed at the local level, and an efficient level of abatement is solved for endogenously to the system. Here, regional management of GHG emissions offers an alternative policy tool for managing quantity/quality by internalizing the costs of a common externality associated with both groundwater extraction and nitrogen fertilizer application. A simple numerical simulation is used to illustrate the potential groundwater co-benefits of managing agricultural GHG emissions within the system. The second model reflects the reality that GHG...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Groundwater; GHG Mitigation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q25; Q53; Q54.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49481
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Group Rewards and Individual Sanctions in Environmental Policy AgEcon
Dijkstra, Bouwe R.; Rubbelke, Dirk T.G..
We examine an incentive scheme for a group of agents, where all agents are rewarded if the group meets its target. If the group does not meet its target, only the agents that meet their individual target are rewarded. In environmental policy, the EU burden sharing agreement and the UK Climate Change Agreements feature this incentive scheme. There is only a difference in outcome between group and individual rewards if emissions are stochastic. Group rewards generally lead to higher expected emissions than individual rewards. The attraction of the group reward scheme may lie in its fairness and its tough-looking targets.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Team Incentive Scheme; Stochastic Pollution; UK Climate Change Agreements; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q54; Q58.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9333
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How A Cap-and-Trade Policy of Green House Gases Could Alter the Face of Agriculture in the South: A Spatial and Production Level Analysis. AgEcon
Nalley, Lawton Lanier; Popp, Michael P.; Fortin, Corey.
With the Waxman-Markey Bill passing the House and the Obama administration’s push to reduce carbon emissions, the likelihood of the implementation of some form of a carbon policy is increasing. This study estimates the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the six largest crops produced in Arkansas using 63 different production practices as documented by University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service. From these GHG estimates a baseline state “carbon footprint” was estimated and a hypothetical cap-and-trade carbon reduction of 5, 10, and 20% was levied on Arkansas agriculture. Results show that while a modest reduction in GHG emissions (5%) would only affect crop allocations amongst certain crops while marginally reducing state net returns, a 20%...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cap-and-Trade; Carbon; Sustainability; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q28; Q52; Q54; Q56.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55717
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How a National Carbon Policy Could Affect Grain Variety Selection: The Case of Rice in Arkansas AgEcon
McFadden, Brandon R.; Nalley, Lawton Lanier; Popp, Michael P..
This study conducts a life cycle assessment (LCA) of carbon emissions and estimates the carbon sequestered in 14 commonly sown rice varieties across the Arkansas Delta. Given the uncertainty regarding future carbon legislation, and increased consumer and industry demand for “greener” products, this study estimates how potential carbon policies would affect rice cultivar selection Hybrid rice varieties, given their higher yield and higher yield per unit of green house gas (GHG) emission, are better positioned to take advantage of any increase in consumer demand for “greener” products and/or absorb any government policy better than conventional rice cultivars.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Carbon Policy; Cap and Trade; Carbon Offset; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q52; Q54; Q58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97827
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How Ambitious are China and India’s Emissions Intensity Targets? AgEcon
Stern, David I.; Jotzo, Frank.
As part of the negotiating process for a post-Kyoto climate policy regime, several developing economies have announced carbon emission targets for 2020. China and India’s commitments are framed as emissions intensity reductions by 40 to 45 per cent and 20 to 25 per cent respectively between 2005 and 2020. But how feasible are these proposed emissions intensity reductions, and how do they compare with the targeted reductions in the United States and the European Union? In this research report we use a stochastic frontier model to explain the variation in countries’ energy intensities. We use the model to produce emissions projections for China and India under a number of scenarios that consider various rates of technological change and changes in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Carbon emissions; Climate change; Developing countries; Projections; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O13; Q54; Q56; Q58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94947
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Hurricanes and Possible Intensity Increases: Effects on and Reactions from U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Chen, Chi-Chung; McCarl, Bruce A..
Hurricanes have caused substantial damage in parts of the U.S. Damages are increasing, perhaps as part of a natural cycle or perhaps in part related to global warming. This paper examines the economic damages that hurricanes cause to U.S. agriculture, estimates the increased damage from an increase in hurricane frequency/intensity, and examines the way that sectoral reactions reduce damages. The simulation results show that hurricanes and associated adjustments cause widespread damage and redistribute agricultural welfare. We find that crop mix shifts of vulnerable crops from stricken to nonstricken regions significantly mitigate hurricane damages.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop mix; Hurricane intensity; Stochastic agricultural sector model; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q24; Q54; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48758
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Identification of stochastic processes for an estimated icewine temperature hedging variable AgEcon
Cyr, Don; Kusy, Martin.
Weather derivatives are a relatively new form of financial security that can provide firms with the ability to hedge against the impact of weather related risks to their activities. Participants in the energy industry have employed standardized weather contracts trading on organized exchanges since 1999 and the interest in non-standardized contracts for specialized weather related risks is growing at an increasing rate. The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential use of weather derivatives to hedge against temperature related risks in Canadian ice wine production. Specifically we examine historical data for the Niagara region of the province of Ontario, Canada, the largest icewine producing region of the world, to determine an appropriate...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wine market; Weather derivatives; Weather hedging; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; G13; G32; Q14; Q51; Q54.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37298
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IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND INTERNATIONAL PRICES UNCERTAINTY ON THE SUDANESE SORGHUM MARKET: A STOCHASTIC APPROACH AgEcon
Sassi, Maria.
The paper simulates the possible sorghum price change and the related probability of occurrence under different rainfall scenarios and in a context of price uncertainty on international markets. The empirical investigation is based on the stochastic approach. Results underline an expected increase in sorghum price under the effect of the high level of uncertainty in precipitation and in international market price; the most intense likely change produced by the international market price of sorghum uncertainty; the need to overcome the agricultural view in policy making in order to include a market perspective.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Drought; Food prices; Stochastic approach; Sudan; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124111
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Impact of climate change on wheat market and food security in Sudan: stochastic approach and CGE model and CGE Model AgEcon
Sassi, Maria; Cardaci, Alberto.
The paper aims at analysing the impact of the likely change in rainfall on food availability and access to food in Sudan. The empirical investigation is based on an integrated approach consisting of a stochastic method and CGE model. The former provides the likely changes in sorghum, millet and wheat productivity and their probability of occurrence according to rainfall predictions based on historical data. These results are at the basis of the shocks simulated in a standard CGE model augmented with a stochastic component. Achievements underline the negative impact on the two dimensions of food security taken into consideration, mainly due to a reduction in cereal supply, a marked cereal inflation pressure and income contraction; the grater negative effect...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Food security; Stochastic approach; Cge; Sudan; Environmental Economics and Policy; C68; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124110
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