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Precios, costos y desequilibrio monetario: la experiencia peruana 1981-1988 AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Saavedra Chanduvi, Jaime.
Este documento analiza el proceso inflacionario en el Perú durante el período 1981-1988. Los resultados de este trabajo muestran la necesidad de profundizar el estudio de los distintos mecanismos que lo impulsan. Asimismo, se evalúa la importancia de las presiones de costos y de demanda en distintos momentos del ciclo económico y se discute la importancia de los procesos inerciales.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Inflacion; Precios; Costos; Modelos econometricos; Inflation; Prices; Costs; Econometric models; Peru; Financial Economics; E31; R15.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42286
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Poverty and Employment in Timber-Dependent Counties AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Costello, Christopher; Fortmann, Louise; Hoffmann, Sandra A..
One of the most controversial aspects of federal and state policies aimed at protecting old-growth ecosystems has been the potential impact of job losses on local economies. A fundamental question for historically timber-dependent communities is whether these policies will result in local economic stagnation and enduring pockets of poverty. In this paper, we examine the long-run impact of changes in timber-related employment on other types of employment and participation in major federal poverty programs. We use monthly, multi-county time series data to estimate a vector autoregressive model of the experience of northern California counties during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that employment base multiplier effects of timber employment on other types of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forest policy; Poverty; Employment; Time series; Food Security and Poverty; Q23; O15; R11; R15.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10831
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Public Expenditure and International Specialisation AgEcon
Brulhart, Marius; Trionfetti, Federico.
It is widely recognised that public-sector purchasers tend to discriminate in favour of domestic suppliers. We study the consequences of home-biased public procurement on international specialisation. In the theoretical analysis we find two effects. First, a country will specialise in the sector for which it has relatively large home-biased procurement (the "pull" effect). Second, home-biased procurement can counter agglomeration forces and thereby attenuate the overall degree of international specialisation (the "spread" effect). Our empirical analysis, conducted on input-output data for the European Union, yields supporting evidence for the pull effect and some support for the spread effect. Es ist hinlänglich bekannt, dass Käufer aus dem öffentlichen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public expenditure; International specialisation; Economic geography; European Union; Input-output analysis; Public Economics; H5; F1; R3; R15.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26299
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Agriculture and Income Distribution: Insights from a SAM of the Italian Economy AgEcon
Rocchi, Benedetto; Romano, Donato; Stefani, Gianluca.
The paper presents the results of the first SAM analysis of the agricultural sector in Italy. A SAM of the Italian economy has been properly modified in order to focus the analysis on agriculture. Two type of analysis have been carried out: (i) a multiplier analysis, and (ii) an assessment of the distributive impacts of different agricultural policies. This paper proposes also a new method for disaggregating the institutional sectors and production factors in order to analyze income distribution within the economy, with special emphasis on the agricultural sector. Main results are: (i) "fully" decoupled income supporting schemes (transfers to agricultural households) are the most equitable interventions and determine a perfect targeting of the distributive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social accounting matrix; Agriculture; Income distribution; Italy; Labor and Human Capital; R13; R15; Q18; E25.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24919
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Determinants of Land-Use Change In the United States 1982-1997 AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Stavins, Robert N..
Changes in the use of land in the United States produce significant economic and environmental effects with important implications for a wide variety of policy issues, including protection of wildlife habitat, management of urban growth, and mitigation of global climate change. In contrast to previous descriptive and qualitative analyses of the trends in national land use, this paper uses an econometric approach to isolate the importance of historical changes in land-use profits and key government policies in determining national land-use changes from 1982 to 1997. The policies we examine are the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and total government payments to crop producers. We estimate a national-level discrete choice model of changes among the major...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Econometric model; Counterfactual simulation; Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); Land Economics/Use; C53; Q1; Q24; R14; R15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10714
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Regional Integration and International Trade in the Context of EU Eastward Enlargement AgEcon
Paas, Tiiu.
The paper aims to explore international trade flows of the countries involved in the EU eastward enlargement processes - the current EU members (EU15) and the candidate countries (CC12). The empirical results of the study allow us to conclude that the behaviour of bilateral trade flows within the countries involved in EU eastward enlargement accords to the normal rules of gravitation, having statistically significant spatial biases caused by the trade relations, between the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) countries (the BSR bias), the border countries (the border bias) and the EU member and candidate countries (the East-West bias). The East-West trade relations are still rather weakly developed and there is a statistically significant difference in international...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; The Baltic Sea Region; Integration; International trade; Gravity models; International Relations/Trade; F15; C5; R15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26223
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Dynamic Spatial Modelling of Regional Convergence Processes AgEcon
Kosfeld, Reinhold; Lauridsen, Jorgen.
Econometric analysis of convergence processes across countries or regions usually refers to a transition period between an arbitrary chosen starting year and a fictitious steady state. Panel unit root tests and panel cointegration techniques have proved to belong to powerful econometric tools if the conditions are met. When referring to economically defined regions, though, it is rather an exception than the rule that coherent time series are available. For this case we introduce a dynamic spatial modelling approach which is suitable to trace regional adjustment processes in space instead of time. It is shown how the spatial error-correction mechanism (SEC model) can be estimated depending on the spatial stationarity properties of the variables under...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional convergence; Dynamic spatial models; Spatial unit roots; Spatial error-correction; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C21; R11; R15.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26211
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Is There a Link between the Changing Skills of Labor Used in U.S. Processed Food Trade and Rural Employment? AgEcon
Schluter, Gerald E.; Lee, Chinkook.
Between the 1970s and the 1990s, processed food exports switched from using more skilled labor per unit of output than imports to the opposite. Processed food trade also expanded during this period. More meat and poultry products in processed food trade could explain this switch in skill intensity. Growing meat trade paralleled an urban-to-rural shift in meat processing. Although this could have been a win-win situation for rural areas, many of the jobs related to expanded meat trade benefited commuter and migrant workers because late-1990s jobs slaughtering livestock and processing meat did not appeal to domestic rural workers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consolidation in the meat industry; Factor content of trade; Input-output analysis; International meat trade; Processed food trade; Rural development; Rural labor demand; Skill intensity; C67; D24; F14; F16; J61; L66; O18; Q17; R15.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43465
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Determinants of Timberland Use by Ownership and Forest Type in Alabama and Georgia AgEcon
Nagubadi, Rao V.; Zhang, Daowei.
Land use changes and timberland use by ownership and forest type in Alabama and Georgia between 1972 and 2000 are analyzed using a modified multinomial logit approach. Low average land quality, federal cost-share incentives, and favorable returns to forestry relative to agriculture were the main factors associated with timberland increase. Higher forestry returns helped increase industrial timberland but not nonindustrial private forests. An increase in hardwood forests at the expense of softwood and mixed forests was driven by increasing hardwood returns. Increasing softwood returns and tree planting assistance programs alleviated declines in softwood forests. Because factors influencing timberland use changes differ by ownership and forest type,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Forest type; Land use determinants; Modified multinomial logit; Timberland ownership; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q23; R15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43726
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The Impact of EU Accession in Romania: An Analysis of Regional Development Policy Effects by a Multiregional I-O Model AgEcon
Bonfiglio, Andrea.
The objective of this article is to assess labour income and employment effects in Romania coming from rural development and structural policies defined in the proposed 2007-09 EU accession financial package. The methodology used is based on a multiregional I-O model derived by a three-stage estimation procedure. Main results show that EU accession will lead to large positive effects in Romania, which vary according to the region considered. In this connection, the South and the North- East regions are those on which benefits tend to concentrate. Finally, policy would seem to reduce regional and sectoral income disparities, leading to more balanced development. On the contrary, in terms of employment, policy would increase divergences, albeit, from an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU accession; Rural development; Structural actions; Policy impact; Multiregional I-O model; International Relations/Trade; C82; R15; R58.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24492
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Zoning, TDRs, and the Density of Development AgEcon
McConnell, Virginia D.; Walls, Margaret; Kopits, Elizabeth.
Many communities on the urban fringe are implementing a range of policies to preserve farmland and open space, cluster residential development, and guide development to areas with existing infrastructure. These efforts are an attempt to control overall growth and the concomitant loss in open space and also to counter a trend toward the so-called large lot development that often takes place in these areas. Planners have argued that policies to manage density are the most important local policy focus for urban areas in the coming years. It is possible that large lot development and sprawl are themselves the result of government policy. Most local governments use zoning to establish minimum acreage requirements for each residential dwelling unit; in ex-urban...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Housing density; Zoning; Transferable development rights; Public Economics; R14; R15; R52.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10490
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The Impact of CAP and EU Cohesion Support on Growth and Convergence of the Eastern Slovenia Region in the Period 2007-2013 AgEcon
Juvancic, Luka; Kuhar, Ales; Sila, Urban; Erjavec, Emil.
The paper investigates economic performance of the Eastern Slovenia region in the changed economic and policy environment after the accession to the EU. The likely impacts of public expenditure in the field of cohesion and agricultural policy in the period of the Community financial perspective 2007-2013 are analysed by the regional Input–Output model estimated with modified GRIT methodology. Results of the impact analysis carried out by application of various policy scenarios suggest that: (i) the analysed funds can significantly contribute to the overall output growth of the regional economy; (ii) EU budgetary inflows contribute to economic convergence of the region; (iii) differences between the projected impacts primarily depend on the regional...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional input-output model; Slovenia; Common Agricultural Policy; EU cohesion policy; International Relations/Trade; R11; R15; R58; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24766
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Who Replaces Agriculture's Contribution to Settlement in Lagging Rural Areas? An Integrated Input-Output and Dynamic Simulation Analysis AgEcon
Kopainsky, Birgit; Buser, Benjamin; Rieder, Peter.
This paper develops an integrated model for analysing regional economic development and structural change in agriculture. The input-output method allows the detailed description of a regional economy. Based on this description, regional growth pole sectors can be identified that are potential leverage points for growth oriented development strategies. Dynamic simulation tests the long term effects of such a development strategy. Model results show that external demand is the main driving force behind regional economic growth. However, development strategies for lagging rural areas have to be coupled to development strategies for regional centres. Only if the rural areas surrounding regional centres become an important asset for the development of these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural regions; Economic development; Input-output; Dynamic simulation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C6; R11; R15; R23; R58.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24586
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Economic Competitiveness of Bioenergy Production and Effects on Agriculture of the Southern Region AgEcon
English, Burton C.; Torre Ugarte, Daniel de la; Walsh, Marie E.; Hellwinckel, Chad M.; Menard, R. Jamey.
The economic competitiveness of biobased industries is discussed by comparing the South relative to other regions of the United States and biomass as a feedstock source relative to fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum. An estimate of the biomass resource base is provided. Estimated changes in the agricultural sector over time resulting from the development of a large-scale biobased industry are reported, and a study on the potential to produce electricity from biomass compared with coal in the southern United States is reviewed. A biobased industry can increase net farm income and enhance economics development and job creation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biobased industries; Biomass; Cofire; Energy; Ethanol; Lignocellulosic; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; Q41; R15; Q11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43775
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China's New Rural Income Support Policy: Impact on Grain Production and Rural Income Inequality AgEcon
Heerink, Nico; Kuiper, Marijke H.; Xiaoping, Shi.
The impact of China's new rural income support policy and recent price trends on grain production and rural income inequality is assessed for two villages with different degrees of market access in Northeast Jiangxi Province. Two village-level general equilibrium models are used to analyze household decision making and interactions between households within these villages. Parameter estimation and model calibration is based on data collected during an extensive survey held in these villages in the year 2000. The household classification used in these models allows us to draw conclusions that are relevant for many other villages and regions in China. Simulation results show that the income support policy does not reach its goal of promoting grain...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income policy; Grain production; Income inequality; Villages; CGE model; China; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; O20; Q12; R15.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25625
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The Economic Impacts of a Foot-And-Mouth Disease Outbreak: A Regional Analysis AgEcon
Pendell, Dustin L.; Leatherman, John C.; Schroeder, Ted C.; Alward, Gregory S..
Contagious animal diseases like foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) are often referred to as economic diseases because of the magnitude of economic harm they can cause to producers and to local communities. This study demonstrates the local economic impact of a FMD outbreak in southwest Kansas. The expected economic impact of the disease hinges heavily on where the incidence of the disease occurs. Disease surveillance, management strategies, mitigation investment, and overall diligence clearly need to be much greater in concentrated cattle feeding and processing areas at large feeding operations in the region.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Foot-and-mouth disease; Invasive species; Livestock; Regional analysis; Q11; Q13; R15.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37093
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Bayesian Model Averaging in the Context of Spatial Hedonic Pricing: An Application to Farmland Values AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Stobbe, Tracy; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Since 1973, British Columbia created an Agricultural Land Reserve to protect farmland from development. In this study, we employ GIS-based hedonic pricing models of farmland values to examine factors that affect farmland prices. We take spatial lag and error dependence into explicit account. However, the use of spatial econometric techniques in hedonic pricing models is problematic because there is uncertainty with respect to the choice of the explanatory variables and the spatial weighting matrix. Bayesian model averaging techniques in combination with Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition are used to allow for both types of model uncertainty.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian model averaging; Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition; Spatial econometrics; Hedonic pricing; GIS; Urban-rural fringe; Farmland fragmentation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; R11; R15; C50; R14.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37046
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Economic Impacts of Carbon Taxes and Biomass Feedstock Usage in Southeastern United States Coal Utilities AgEcon
English, Burton C.; Jensen, Kimberly L.; Menard, R. Jamey; Walsh, Marie E.; Brandt, Craig; Van Dyke, Jim; Hadley, Stanton.
The Southeastern United States depends on coal to supply 60% of its electricity needs. The region leads in CO2 emissions and ranks second in emissions of SO2 and NO2. Compared with coal, biomass feedstocks have lower emission levels of sulfur or sulfur compounds and can potentially reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. This study examines the economic impacts of cofiring level scenarios. Economic impacts are estimated for producing, collecting, and transporting feedstock; retrofitting coal-fired utilities for burning feedstock; operating cofired utilities; and coal displaced from burning the feedstock.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; R15.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6634
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Costs of Creating Carbon Offset Credits via Forestry Activities: A Meta-Regression Analysis AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna; Wang, Yichuan.
The main focus of efforts to mitigate climate change is on the avoidance of fossil fuel emissions. However, the Kyoto rules permit the use of forestry activities that create carbon offset credits. These could obviate the need for lifestyle-changing reductions in fossil fuel use. It is necessary for policy purposes, therefore, to determine the cost effectiveness of creating forest sink carbon credits. In this study, meta-regression analyses with 1047 observations from 68 studies are used to determine factors that affect carbon sequestration costs. Results indicate that soil carbon is not very important, but that forest plantations and use of biomass for energy make forestry activities more attractive. It also turns out that forestry activities are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate mitigation; Forest carbon offset credits; Meta-regression analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q54; R15; Q23; Q27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37039
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems as a Strategy for Mitigating Climate Change AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Wang, Yichuan; Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna.
Under Kyoto, forestry activities that sequester carbon can be used to create CO2 offset credits that could obviate the need for lifestyle-changing reductions in fossil fuel use. Credits are earned by storing carbon in forest ecosystems and wood products, although CO2 emissions are also mitigated by delaying deforestation, which accounts for one-quarter of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Non-permanent carbon offsets from forest activities are difficult to compare with each other and with mitigation strategies because they differ in how long they prevent CO2 from entering the atmosphere. In this paper, we investigate issues of carbon sequestration in detail, but in particular we expand in comprehensive fashion on earlier work comparing carbon mitigation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Carbon offset credits from forestry activities; Meta-regression analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q54; R15; Q23; Q27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9931
Registros recuperados: 42
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