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Registros recuperados: 5
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Regional Disparities in Ghana: Policy Options and Public Investment Implications AgEcon
Al-Hassan, Ramatu M.; Diao, Xinshen.
The development pattern in Ghana is characterised by a north-south divide in which the north lags far behind the south. Ghana has achieved sustained growth and poverty reduction during the 1990s, but such growth did not benefit the three poor northern regions and the development gap has increased between the south and north. One of the most important reasons is that much of the growth has been generated by export agriculture in which northern Ghana has little contribution if any. This paper sets out to identify avenues for pro-poor growth in Ghana, focussing on agricultural opportunities, particularly in northern Ghana. Using an economywide, multimarket model and based on time series production data between 1991 and 2000 and Ghana Living Standards Survey...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ghana; Regional inequality; Poverty reduction; Agricultural growth; Economywide modeling; International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42421
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Comparing the evolution of spatial inequality in China and India: a fifty-year perspective AgEcon
Gajwani, Kiran; Kanbur, Ravi; Zhang, Xiaobo.
In the second half of the last century, both India and China have undergone major transitions and have moved to more liberalized economies. This paper relates the observed patterns in regional inequality to major events during this period. Because of China’s institutional barriers to migration, regional inequality is much higher than in India. Also, China’s decentralization and opening up are closely related to the observed regional inequality - particularly the inland-coastal disparity - since the reform period. From the Green Revolution age to the period of economic liberalization in India, the evolution of regional comparative advantage has shifted from the quality of land to the level of human capital as India integrates with the international market....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Liberalization; Liberalized economics; Regional inequality; Migration; Decentralization; Green revolution; Economic conditions; International economic relations; Human capital; Spatial inequality; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55409
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DISPARIDADES REGIONAIS DA RENDA AGROPECUÁRIA PER CAPITA NOS ESTADOS BRASILEIROS: UMA ANÁLISE DE CONVERGÊNCIA AgEcon
Santos, Cristiane Marcia; Baptista, Antonio Jose Medina dos Santos.
O objetivo do artigo foi de buscar resposta sobre a existência de convergência de renda agropecuária para os Estados brasileiros no período entre 1991 e 2005, utilizou-se os testes de β-convergência e σ-convergência. Os resultados sugerem que existe uma dependência entre taxa de crescimento da renda agropecuária per capita e seu valor inicial, de forma que, em geral, as economias menos desenvolvidas no setor agropecuário crescem mais que os mais desenvolvidos. Desta forma, o crescimento da renda agropecuária per capita teria atuado positivamente no sentido de reduzir as disparidades entre os Estados, por influência de fatores indutores específicos ou políticas direcionadas para esse comportamento de convergência.---------------------------The purpose of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Estados brasileiros; Desigualdades regionais; Convergência de renda agropecuária per capita; Brazilian States; Regional inequality; Convergence of per capita agricultural income; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117274
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Evolution of Income and Fiscal Disparity in Rural China AgEcon
Yao, Yi; Fan, Shenggen.
This paper's goal is to increase the understanding of the income and fiscal inequality trends in rural China. Using a comprehensive county-level panel dataset between 1993 and 2002, we describe the dynamic changes in national, regional and provincial inequality measures for income, fiscal spending and local revenues respectively. We examine how the coastal-inland gap, the inter-province gap, and the gap between poor and non-poor counties contribute to the growth of inequality, and devise a decomposition approach to investigate the order of inter-group inequality's contribution to the overall inequality in a multi-tier hierarchical economy. Our major finding reveals that after a turning point, 1998, most income and fiscal inequality trends started to grow...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional inequality; Inequality decomposition; Fiscal equalization; Fiscal decentralization; Soft budget constraint; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D3; O18; H3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25671
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Resource Abundance and Regional Development in China AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo; Xing, Li; Fan, Shenggen; Luo, Xiaopeng.
Over the past several decades, China has made tremendous progress in market integration and infrastructure development. Demand for natural resources has increased from the booming coastal economies, causing the terms of trade to favor the resource sector, which is predominantly based in the interior regions of the country. However, the gap in economic development level between the coastal and inland regions has widened significantly. In this paper, using a panel data set at the provincial level, we show that Chinese provinces with abundant resources perform worse than their resource-poor counterparts in terms of per capita consumption growth. This trend that resource-poor areas are better off than resource-rich areas is particularly prominent in rural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Regional inequality; Resource curse; Dutch disease; Property rights; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42400
Registros recuperados: 5
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