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An automated photo-oxidation method for the determination of dissolved organic phosphorus in marine and fresh water ArchiMer
Aminot, Alain; Kerouel, Roger.
A segmented flow automated method with on-line photo-oxidation for the determination of dissolved organic phosphorus + soluble reactive phosphorus (DOP + SRP) in seawater and fresh water is described here. A low-power lamp was used for a compact, easy-to-handle and low-ozone-producing manifold. The influence of seawater matrix components was studied in detail using natural seawater and salt solutions spiked with DOP model compounds. Bromide was found to be the most inhibitory species in seawater. The work shows that most salt solutions referred to as artificial seawater are not satisfactory model matrices to test the actual seawater matrix effect. Since DOP recovered in undiluted seawater samples was about half that obtained in fresh water samples, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Measurement; Fresh water; Seawater; Total dissolved phosphorus; Dissolved organic phosphorus.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-1678.pdf
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The determination of total dissolved free primary amines in seawater: Critical factors, optimized procedure and artefact correction ArchiMer
Aminot, Alain; Kerouel, Roger.
The paper reviews the methods described in the literature for the determination of total dissolved free primary amines (TDFPA) by fluorescence. A wide set of reaction conditions can be found, but they rely on few experiments for their validation. Among fluorogenic compounds, o-plithaldialdehyde (OPA) is more sensitive than fluorescamine and was thus examined here. However, the use of mercaptoethanol (ME) in the reaction (as ail additional derivatization compound) is able to generate unreliable results, in particular when standardization relies on glycine. We suggest replacing ME with 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) which induces more stable and comparable fluorescence among amine Compounds. A systematic study was therefore undertaken to define reagent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fluorescence; Determination; Seawater; Total dissolved free primary amines.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2274.pdf
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Sulfide determination in hydrothermal seawater samples using a vibrating gold micro-wire electrode in conjunction with stripping chronopotentiometry ArchiMer
Aumond, Virginie; Waeles, Mathieu; Salaun, Pascal; Gibbon-walsh, Kristoff; Van Den Berg, Constant M. G.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Riso, Ricardo D..
A rapid electrochemical stripping chronopotentiometric procedure to determined sulfide in unaltered hydrothermal seawater samples is presented. Sulfide is deposited at -0.25 V (vs Ag/AgCl, KCl 3 M) at a vibrating gold microwire and then stripped through the application of a reductive constant current (typically -2 mu A). The hydrodynamic conditions are modulated by vibration allowing a short deposition step, which is shown here to be necessary to minimize H2S volatilization. The limit of detection (LOD) is 30 nM after a deposition step of 7s. This LOD is in the same range as the most sensitive cathodic voltammetric technique using a mercury drop electrode and is well below those reported previously for other electrodes capable of being implemented in situ....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sulfide; Stripping chronopotentiometry; Vibrating electrode; Gold; Seawater; Hydrothermal.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00111/22222/20065.pdf
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Estudios sobre factores que afectan la calidad de la merluza fresca OceanDocs
Avdalov, Nelson.
Among other results, it was found that when hake is handied property it maintains good quality levels up to 10 days after catch, irrespective of season. Its total storage life in boxes with ice is approximately two weeks. Although total storage life remained unchanged, it was found that quality levels tended to be significantly higher if overfilling of boxes was avoided, if the fish was gutted immediately after catch, or if hake was stored in containers with seawater.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Quality control; Fish storage; Seawater; Gutting; Cold storage.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4903
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Determination of the copper isotope composition of seawater revisited: A case study from the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Baconnais, Isabelle; Rouxel, Olivier; Dulaquais, Gabriel; Boye, Marie.
A new technique for the determination of dissolved copper isotope composition (δ65Cu) of seawater was applied to examine copper sources and internal cycling in the Mediterranean Sea. A succession of chelating resin with nitrilotriacetic acid functional groups and strong base anion exchange resin, together with optimization of the multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry set-up allowed to isolate copper from seawater matrix and to measure the 65Cu/63Cu ratios in seawater with an external precision of 0.06‰ (2 s.d.). This method was first applied for inter-comparison measurements to surface and deep waters sampled at station BATS in the North Atlantic Ocean. Disparities in δ65Cu reported here and in the literature over these samples...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Copper isotope; Seawater; Mediterranean Sea; Geotraces; Isotope fractionation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56880/58742.pdf
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TRANSMER, un modèle hydrodynamique rapide et précis pour la simulation à moyen et long terme des transferts de radionucléides en Manche et dans le sud de la Mer du Nord ArchiMer
Bailly Du Bois, Pascal; Dumas, Franck.
TRANSMER hydrodynamic model simulates dispersion of dissolved substances in seawater at the scale of the English Channel and the south of the North Sea with a mesh size of one kilometre and a time step of 30 minutes. It has been qualitatively and quantitatively validated by 1400 measurement of 125Sb in seawater. This model evaluates the medium- and long-term consequences of releases of soluble pollutants in the marine ecosystem under normal or accidental conditions, at a very low computation cost (it takes less than one hour to simulate one year).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: English Channel; North Sea; Radionuclide; Concentration; Dispersion; Dissolved substances; Seawater; Hydrodynamic model; Modèle; Sb 125; Dispersion; Mer du Nord; Manche.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-563.pdf
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Multi-Element Determination of Trace Elements in Natural Water Reference Materials by ICP-SFMS after Tm Addition and Iron Co-precipitation ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Birot, Dominique; Bollinger, Claire; Barrat, Jean Alix.
We report on an improved method for determining trace element abundances in seawater and other natural waters. The analytical procedure involves co-precipitation on iron hydroxides after addition of a Tm spike, and measurement by inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS). The validity of the method was assessed through a series of co-precipitation experiments, using ultra-diluted solutions of a certified rock reference material (BIR-1). Results obtained for four natural water reference materials (NASS-5, CASS-4, SLEW-3, SLRS-4) are in agreement with published working values for rare earth elements, yttrium, vanadium and, when available, for hafnium, zirconium, thorium and scandium. A set of proposed values with uncertainties...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seawater; Reference material; ICP-MS; Trace elements; Rare earth elements; Eau de mer; Materiau de reference; ICP-MS; Elements traces; Terres Rares.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14189/18000.pdf
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Evidence for intense REE scavenging at cold seeps from the Niger Delta margin ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Birot, Dominique; Ruffine, Livio; Caprais, Jean-claude; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Bollinger, C.; Donval, Jean-pierre; Charlou, Jean-luc; Voisset, Michel; Grimaud, S..
For many trace elements, continental margins are the location of intense exchange processes between sediment and seawater, which control their distribution in the water column, but have yet to be fully understood. In this study, we have investigated the impact of fluid seepage at cold seeps on the marine cycle of neodymium. We determined dissolved and total dissolvable (TD) concentrations for REE and well-established tracers of fluid seepage (CH4, TDFe, TDMn), and Nd isotopic compositions in seawater samples collected above cold seeps and a reference site (i.e. away from any fluid venting area) from the Niger Delta margin. We also analyzed cold seep authigenic phases and various core-top sediment fractions (pore water, detrital component, easily leachable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rare earth elements; Neodymium isotopes; Seawater; Cold seeps; Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides; Benthic fluxes.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00066/17754/15571.pdf
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Air-sea CO2 flux variability in frontal regions of the Southern Ocean from CARbon Interface OCean Atmosphere drifters ArchiMer
Boutin, Jacqueline; Merlivat, L.; Henocq, C.; Martin, Nicolas; Sallee, Jean-baptiste.
Nine CARbon Interface OCean Atmosphere (CARIOCA) drifters were deployed in the Southern Ocean (south of the subtropical front, STF) between 2001 and 2006. They recorded 65 months of measurements in all seasons between 57 degrees S and 40 degrees S. Hydrological fronts detected by altimetry indicate that one buoy explored the polar zone (PZ) of the Atlantic Ocean and the western Indian Ocean; the remaining buoys explored the northern and southern parts of the subantarctic zone (SAZ) from the mid-Indian Ocean (73 degrees E) to the eastern Pacific Ocean (112 degrees W). The air-sea CO2 fluxes along the buoy trajectories are primarily driven by the spatial variability of the fugacity of CO2 in seawater, fCO(2): in the SAZ, they vary between -1.1 and -4.2 mol...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antarctic circumpolar current; Northwestern mediterranean sea; Atlantic sector; Surface water; Gas exchange; Polar front; Temperature; Seawater; Transport.
Ano: 2008 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00204/31483/29880.pdf
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Lessons learned from an intercalibration exercise on the quantification and characterisation of microplastic particles in sediment and water samples ArchiMer
Cadiou, Jean-francois; Gerigny, Olivia; Koren, Š.; Zeri, C.; Kaberi, H.; Alomar, C.; Panti, C.; Fossi, M.c.; Adamopoulou, A.; Digka, N.; Deudero, S.; Concato, M.; Carbonell, A.; Baini, M.; Galli, M.; Galgani, Francois.
An intercalibration exercise on the characterisation of microplastics in marine sediment and water samples was carried out among five laboratories involved in the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in their country. The samples were prepared by mixing cleaned natural sediment and sea water with microplastics sets made of particles of various polymers, shapes and colours. Overall, the errors on total counts were under 25% in absolute value. The risk of non-detection and loss of particles is greater than the risk of contamination during sample analysis. Significant differences are observed among particle types. It appears difficult to obtain reliable and comparable data on the colour of microplastics. A comparison of the errors...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Intercalibration; Protocols; Sediment; Seawater.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00622/73397/72812.pdf
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Patterns of trace metal bioaccumulation and trophic transfer in a phytoplankton-zooplankton-small pelagic fish marine food web ArchiMer
Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Strady, Emilie; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Radakovitch, Olivier; Brach-papa, Christophe; Crochet, Sylvette; Knoery, Joel; Rozuel, Emmanuelle; Thomas, Bastien; Tronczynski, Jacek; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois.
Trace metal contamination in the European sardine and anchovy food web was investigated in the Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean Sea, including seawater and size fractions of plankton. The results highlighted: i) higher and more variable concentrations in the smaller plankton size classes for all metals except cadmium; ii) higher concentrations in anchovy versus sardine for all elements except lead; iii) different patterns of metal bioaccumulation through the food web: cobalt, nickel, copper, silver, lead and zinc displayed continuously decreasing concentrations (with the exception of increased zinc in fish only), while mercury concentrations dropped considerably in larger plankton size classes and rose significantly in fish. Lastly, cadmium concentrations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Inorganic elements; Seawater; Size-classed plankton; Sardina pilchardus; Engraulis encrasicolus; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62286/67906.pdf
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Biofilms en mileu marin ArchiMer
Compere, Chantal.
Introduction: Almost all submerged surfaces in the marine environment are subject to developing an organic film, with the exception of some living organisms, such as sponges, which do not undergo any great colonization, for no currently-known scientific reason. The presence of this biofilm is at the source of many problems in the oceanographic field and for marine business. This article introduces some drawbacks relating to the existence of this fouling and elaborates upon the main studies conducted at IFREMER concerning the most-used methods for combating it. However, the anti-fouling agents that are generally used for protecting facilities are toxic and can have disastrous consequences on the marine environment's fauna and flora. Moreover, the use of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofilm; Seawater.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-1698.pdf
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Kinetics of conditioning layer formation on stainless steel ArchiMer
Compere, Chantal; Bellon Fontaine, M.-n.; Bertrand, P; Costa, D; Marcus, P; Poleunis, C; Pradier, C.m.; Rondot, B; Walls, M.g..
Adhesion of micro-organisms to surfaces in marine environments leads to biofouling. The deleterious effects of biofilm growth in the marine environment are numerous and include : energy losses due to increased fluid frictional resistance or to increased heat transfer resistance, risk of corrosion induced by micro-organisms, loss of optical properties, quality control and safety problems. Antifouling agents are generally used to protect surfaces from being affected by such a biofilm. These agents are toxic and can be persistent, causing harmful environmental and ecological effects. Moreover, the use of biocides and regular cleaning considerably increase the maintenance costs of marine industries. An improved knowledge of the biofilm adhesion mechanisms is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofilm; Surface characterisation; Carbohydrates; Protein; Seawater; Conditioning layer.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-1701.pdf
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A re-examination of matrix effects in the segmented-flow analysis of nutrients in sea and estuarine water ArchiMer
Coverly, Stephen; Kerouel, Roger; Aminot, Alain.
Modern instruments together with the use of standard reference materials have improved the accuracy and long-term reproducibility of the analysis of nutrients (ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and silicate) in sea water using segmented-flow analysis, so that errors arising from matrix effects become more significant. Colorimetric detectors with bubble-through flowcells have become widely used for seawater analysis in recent years and their associated matrix effects are described. A re-examination of all categories of matrix effects, whose main origin is salinity, was thus undertaken to assess how much they are liable to alter the data. Interferences were classified into four types, each of which was examined in order to show its influence on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nutrient; Determination; Seawater; Estuarine water; Segmented-flow analysis; Matrix effects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16843/14530.pdf
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Pasteurization: A reliable method for preservation of nutrient in seawater samples for inter-laboratory and field applications ArchiMer
Daniel, Anne; Kerouel, Roger; Aminot, Alain.
Following previous work, the production of reference material for nutrients in seawater, using pasteurization as a preservation method, was carried out seven times between 2006 and 2010 in the framework of inter-laboratory exercises. The preparation of samples from natural seawater allowed to become depleted in nutrients then spiked, bottled and pasteurized, is described. Five main nutrients are involved in this study: ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate and silicate. Bottles are in glass for the ammonium samples and in plastic for the other nutrients. Pasteurization was performed at 80 ± 3 °C for 2 h. Samples were controlled for homogeneity and stability at 3–5 month interval, before and after the period allocated for each exercise and a third time...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pasteurization; Nutrients; Seawater; Inter-laboratory exercises.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00058/16905/15066.pdf
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Environmental degradation of composites for marine structures: new materials and new applications ArchiMer
Davies, Peter.
This paper describes the influence of seawater ageing on composites used in a range of marine structures, from boats to tidal turbines. Accounting for environmental degradation is an essential element in the multi-scale modelling of composite materials but it requires reliable test data input. The traditional approach to account for ageing effects, based on testing samples after immersion for different periods, is evolving towards coupled studies involving strong interactions between water diffusion and mechanical loading. These can provide a more realistic estimation of long-term behaviour but still require some form of acceleration if useful data, for 20 year lifetimes or more, are to be obtained in a reasonable time. In order to validate extrapolations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seawater; Immersion; Durability; Damage; Coupling.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00340/45167/44603.pdf
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Fatigue Behaviour of Acrylic Matrix Composites: Influence of Seawater ArchiMer
Davies, Peter; Arhant, Mael.
The recent introduction of liquid acrylic thermoplastic matrix resins which can impregnate fibre reinforcements using traditional infusion moulding offers significant potential for future composite structures in marine applications, such as marine energy devices. However, to date very few results are available to evaluate the long term durability of these composites in a marine environment. This paper describes results from a series of cyclic loading tests on glass and carbon fibre reinforced acrylic composites under both tension and four point flexural loading. Tests were performed before and after aging in natural seawater. The results were compared to results for a glass/epoxy used today in marine structures, and show a lower loss of both static and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acrylic; Fatigue; Immersion; Seawater.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55596/57249.pdf
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Influence of Sea Water Aging on the Mechanical Behaviour of Acrylic Matrix Composites ArchiMer
Davies, Peter; Le Gac, Pierre-yves; Le Gall, Maelenn.
A new matrix resin was recently introduced for composite materials, based on acrylic resin chemistry allowing standard room temperature infusion techniques to be used to produce recyclable thermoplastic composites. This is a significant advance, particularly for more environmentally-friendly production of large marine structures such as boats. However, for such applications it is essential to demonstrate that composites produced with these resins resist sea water exposure in service. This paper presents results from a wet aging study of unreinforced acrylic and glass and carbon fibre reinforced acrylic composites. It is shown that the acrylic matrix resin is very stable in seawater, showing lower property losses after seawater aging than those of a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acrylic; Thermoplastic; Infusion; Seawater; Immersion.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45815/45541.pdf
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Evaluation of Basalt Fibre Composites for Marine Applications ArchiMer
Davies, Peter; Verbouwe, W..
Basalt fibres offer potential for use in marine structures, but few data exist to evaluate the influence of seawater immersion on their mechanical behaviour. This paper provides the results from a study in which basalt fibre reinforced epoxy composites were aged in natural seawater at different temperatures. Tests were performed under quasi-static and cyclic loading, first in the as-received state then after saturation in natural seawater. Results are compared to those for an E-glass reinforced composite with the same epoxy matrix. They indicate similar mechanical performance for both materials after seawater saturation.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seawater; Aging; Fatigue; Basalt fibre; Epoxy; Unidirectional; Flexure.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50385/51111.pdf
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Natural Degradation and Biodegradation of Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) in Liquid and Solid Marine Environments ArchiMer
Deroine, Morgan; Cesar, Guy; Le Duigou, Antoine; Davies, Peter; Bruzaud, Stephane.
In this study, natural degradation and biodegradation of poly(3-hydroxybuyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) films were followed in different marine environments. First of all, ageing of PHBV films was investigated in natural seawater for 180 days and degradation was followed by means of weight loss measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry and steric exclusion chromatography. In a second part, biodegradation tests were performed on PHBV powder, by following carbon dioxide (CO2) release(,) to highlight the PHBV bioassimilation of marine microorganisms. Three different marine environments were considered for biodegradation tests: a solid inoculum with foreshore sand, a solid-liquid inoculum with sand and seawater and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PHBV; Natural ageing; Degradation; Biodegradation; Seawater.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00296/40735/42020.pdf
Registros recuperados: 62
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