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Registros recuperados: 71
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Prevalence of Surra in Dromedary Camels in Uganda OAK
Olaho-Mukani, W.; Kakaire, D.; Matovu, E.; Enyaru, J..
Palavras-chave: Surra; Dromedary camels; Uganda.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/286
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Proxy Means Tests for Targeting the Poorest Households -- Applications to Uganda AgEcon
Houssou, Nazaire; Zeller, Manfred; Alcaraz V., Gabriela; Schwarze, Stefan; Johannsen, Julia.
The motivation for this research stems from increasing interest showed for the issue of targeting. The paper explores the use of proxy means tests to identify the poorest households in Uganda. The set of indicators used in our model includes variables usually available in Living Standard Measurement Surveys (LSMS). Previous researches seeking to develop proxy means tests for poverty most often use Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) as regression method. In addition to the OLS, the paper explores the use of Linear Probability Model, Probit, and Quantile regressions for correctly predicting the household poverty status. A further innovation of this research compared to the existing literature is the use of out-of sample validation tests to assess the predictive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Uganda; Poverty assessment; Targeting; Proxy means test; Out-of-sample test; Bootstrap; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7946
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Quantitative impacts of invasive Senna spectabilis on distribution of welfare: a household survey of dependent communities in Budongo forest reserve, Uganda AgEcon
Mungatana, Eric D.; Ahimbisibwe, Peter Beine.
This paper presents the results of a household survey designed to qualitatively evaluate the impacts of the invasive alien species Senna spectabilis on the distribution of welfare across dependent communities in Budongo forest reserve (BFR) in Uganda. BFR is the largest forest reserve in Uganda with globally significant conservation values. The study establishes that households in BFR have high levels of knowledge on its conservation values, they are aware of the invasiveness of S. spectabilis and its potential to compromise the conservation values of BFR, and that S. spectabilis confers tangible benefits to dependent households, whose levels significantly vary with proximity to the reserve. The study concludes by evaluating strategies designed to manage...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Invasive Senna spectabilis; Distribution of impacts; Budongo forest reserve; Uganda; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97330
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Sectoral and welfare effects of the global economic crisis on Uganda: a recursive dynamic CGE analysis AgEcon
Twimukye, Evarist P.; Matovu, John Mary; Levine, Sebastian; Birungi, Patrick.
This paper analyses the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on Uganda notably on macro-economic aggregates, sectoral output and household welfare, and the potential role of fiscal policy and reform in mitigating the impacts. We find that second round effects from a reduction in financial inflows such as remittances, foreign direct investments and overseas development assistance, as well as reduction in international demand from cash crops such as cotton, tea and coffee, could lead to a reduction in economic growth by 0.6 percentage points on average annually over the period 2008- 2010 compared to a baseline reflecting pre-crisis conditions. A surge in regional exports and early counter-cyclical policies in particular are found to dampen the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sub-Saharan Africa; Uganda; Global economic and financial crisis; Computable general equilibrium (CGE); Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; Production Economics; Public Economics; C68; D58; E62; F15; H62; I32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113619
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SECURITY IS LIKE OXYGEN: EVIDENCE FROM UGANDA AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo.
Since the early 1990s, Uganda has been one of Africa’s fastest growing countries. However, at the sub-national level, growth has been uneven due to civil conflict in the northern region. Using a panel of household and community level data, this paper examines the links between security and economic growth. It is found that security is a pre-condition for successful economic development and that there is in fact a threshold level of security below which public investments in infrastructure and education have little impact on growth. Only when security exceeds this threshold do public investments stimulate economic growth. Economists and policy advisors living in peaceful countries often prescribe economic policies that hinge on the assumption of good...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Security; Civil Strife; Growth; Poverty; Uganda; Africa; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16172
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Smallholder group certification in Uganda – Analysis of internal control systems in two organic export companies JARTS
Preißel, Sara; University of Kassel, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, Institute for Socio-cultural Studies, Witzenhausen, Germany; Reckling, Moritz; University of Kassel, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, Institute for Socio-cultural Studies, Witzenhausen, Germany.
The organic agricultural sector of Uganda is among the most developed in Africa in terms of its professional institutional network and high growth rates of number of certified farmers and land area. Smallholder farmers are certified organic through contract production for export companies using a group certification scheme (internal control system - ICS). The ICS is a viable and well-accepted tool to certify small-scale producers in developing countries all over the world. Difficulties in certification are still stated to be among the main constraints for Uganda’s organic sector development. Therefore, this paper reports a qualitative case study comprising 34 expert interviews in two organic fresh-produce export companies in central Uganda,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Social sciences contract farming; Group certification; Internal control systems; Organic agriculture; Organic certification; Qualitative research; Uganda.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734312
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Some biological and ecological considerations for research in the management of the fisheries of Lakes Victoria and Kyoga OceanDocs
Twongo, T..
The total landings of fish from Lake Victoria (Ugandan sector) have increased after the explosive increase in stocks and the apparent abrupt increase of fishing effort. This paper analyses fish production during the last decade, capture methods, processing, and marketing and management policies.
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Uganda; Victoria L.; Uganda; Kyoga L. Catch statistics Fishery management Lake fisheries Landing statistics Fishery management Lake fisheries http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24026 http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4159.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1282
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SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD ENTERPRISES OF UGANDA COTTON PRODUCTION AgEcon
You, Liangzhi; Chamberlin, Jordan.
Because the conditions for agricultural development vary considerably across space, we need to develop methods that allow us to take such variability into account when evaluating development strategies for particular crops or farming systems. This paper addresses spatially varying characteristics in an evaluation of the potential economic benefits of three cotton development strategies for Uganda: area expansion, productivity improvement, and domestic consumption increase. We begin with a historical review of cotton production in Uganda. We then described the major challenges and opportunities for Ugandan cotton production, including farm-level production constraints. Household-level production data from the 2000 Uganda National Household Survey (UNHS) are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cotton; DREAM; Productivity; Spatial analysis; Development strategy; Development domains; Uganda; Cash crops; Export agriculture; Agricultural research; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60327
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SPATIAL INTEGRATION OF MAIZE MARKETS IN POST-LIBERALIZED UGANDA AgEcon
Rashid, Shahidur.
Using weekly price data for two sub-periods, this paper analyzes how Ugandan maize market performed in the years following agricultural market liberalization in the early 1990’s. For each time period, the extent of integration, causality among spatial locations, and relative importance of spatial locations in price formation are examined. The extent of integration, defined as a set of markets that shares common long-run price information, and the causal relationships among markets have been tested within Johansen’s cointegration framework. The relative importance of each market locations is examined by estimating the common trend coefficients with a dynamic vector moving average model. Results indicate that, while there has been an overall improvement in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Uganda; Market integration; Causality; Common trend; Multivariate cointegration; Crop Production/Industries; C32; P11; O38.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16135
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Staple food prices in Uganda AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven; Dewina, Reno.
Prepared for the Comesa policy seminar on “Variation in staple food prices: Causes, consequence, and policy options”, Maputo, Mozambique, 25-26 January 2010 under the African Agricultural Marketing Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Uganda; Food security; Food prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58553
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Strategic Marketing Problems in the Uganda Maize Seed Industry AgEcon
Larson, Donald W.; Mbowa, Swaibu.
Strategic marketing issues and challenges face maize seed marketing firms as farmers increasingly adopt hybrid varieties in a modernizing third world country such as Uganda. The maize seed industry of Uganda has changed dramatically from a government owned, controlled, and operated industry to a competitive market oriented industry with substantial private firm investment and participation. The new maize seed industry is young, dynamic, growing and very competitive. The small maize seed market is already crowded with six firms and the possibility of new entrants including more foreign firms. Maize seed firms must develop a marketing plan (marketing strategy and the 4Ps of product, price, place, and promotion) to analyze what each firm can do to improve...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Strategic marketing; Maize seed; Market reforms; Uganda; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8126
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Strategies for coping with feed scarcity among urban and peri-urban livestock farmers in Kampala, Uganda JARTS
Katongole, Constantine Bakyusa; Nambi-Kasozi, Justine; Lumu, Richard; Bareeba, Felix; Presto, Magdalena; Ivarsson, Emma; Lindberg, Jan Erik.
Livestock keeping is increasingly becoming more popular in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. However, lack of feed is a real challenge. Inadequate feed supply in urban areas is due to many interacting factors, which include among others land shortage, high cost of feeds, climate risks and poor quality of feeds. The objective of this study was to identify and examine the effectiveness of the strategies adopted by livestock farmers in urban and peri-urban areas of Kampala, Uganda to cope with feed scarcity. A total of 120 livestock farmers from Kampala were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Dairy cattle (48.3%) and chickens (37.5%) were the most common species, followed by pigs (34.2%), goats (26.7%) and sheep (3.3%). Farm size was generally...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry feed scarcity; Coping strategies; Urban livestock; Kampala; Uganda.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2012092441842
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Strategies for Sustainable Land Management and Poverty Reduction in Uganda AgEcon
Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Pender, John L.; Jagger, Pamela; Sserunkuuma, Dick; Kaizzi, Crammer; Ssali, Henry.
Poverty reduction is one of the overarching objectives of most of Sub-Saharan Africa and other low-income countries. Accordingly, one of IFPRI’s major research themes focuses on policies and strategies for poverty reduction. This research report contributes knowledge to that theme. It also contributes to IFPRI’s ongoing investigation of policies and strategies that foster broad-based and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development. In Uganda, where soil erosion and depletion of soil nutrients are widespread, land degradation is a major cause of declining productivity and increasing poverty. In this study, Ephraim Nkonya and his colleagues measure the relative merits of various household income strategies and land management practices in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land use; Government policy; Uganda; Food supply; Poor; Nutrition; Agriculture and state; Land capability for agriculture; Data processing; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37897
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STRATEGIES TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND REDUCE LAND DEGRADATION: EVIDENCE FROM UGANDA AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Jagger, Pamela; Sserunkuuma, Dick; Ssali, Henry.
This paper estimates a structural econometric model of household decisions regarding income strategies, participation in programs and organizations, crop choices, land management, and labor use, and their implications for agricultural production and land degradation; based upon a survey of over 450 households and their farm plots in Uganda. The results generally support the Boserupian model of population-induced agricultural intensification, but do not support the "more people-less erosion" hypothesis, with population pressure found to contribute to erosion in the densely populated highlands. Agricultural technical assistance programs have location-specific impacts on agricultural production and land degradation, contributing to higher value of crop...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Land degradation; Agricultural development strategies; Uganda; Farm size-productivity; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25816
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The Case of Smallholder Dairying in Eastern Africa AgEcon
Ngigi, Margaret.
Agriculture plays a crucial role in the economy of sub-Saharan Africa. A feature of particular significance about the region is that the majority of households are heavily dependent on agriculture as their major source of livelihood. Smallholder agriculture is the principal producer of staple foods and cash crops, accounting for very large shares of national production and marketed output. For the respective countries, therefore, the performance of smallholder agriculture has crucial implications for the overall economic development process including the alleviation of rural poverty. The demands created by steadily increasing populations, and the pressing need to increase agricultural productivity means that these countries must continuously adopt methods...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairying; East Africa; Uganda; Kenya; Livestock; Smallholders; Poverty alleviation; Population growth; Agricultural productivity; Small farmers; Rural poor; Livestock Production/Industries; Q1; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59246
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The differentiated effects of food price spikes on poverty in Uganda AgEcon
Boysen, Ole; Matthews, Alan.
This paper applies an integrated CGE-microsimulation model to analyse the impact of the 2006-08 increase in commodity prices on Uganda. Previous impact analysis studies suggested that the food price shock increased poverty in Uganda as there are more net food buyer than net food seller households. We show that the agriculture commodity price shocks were poverty-reducing, but the simultaneous increases in energy and fertiliser prices were poverty-increasing. Overall, poverty decreased in Uganda as a result of external price shocks in the 2006-08 period.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Food price shock; Uganda; Microsimulation; Poverty; International Development; Risk and Uncertainty; O55; Q18..
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122445
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The Impact of Coffee Price Changes on Rural Households in Uganda AgEcon
Bussolo, Maurizio; Godart, Olivier; Lay, Jann; Thiele, Rainer.
Based on household survey data, this paper investigates the impact on coffee and non-coffee households of the pronounced coffee price fluctuations in Uganda during the 1990s. As expected, the price boom of the early 1990s was associated with substantial poverty reduction for coffee farmers. More strikingly, their poverty incidence continued to go down when prices fell again. This may be explained by a combination of factors: first, coffee production increased after 1995, probably as a delayed response to improved price incentives; second, there is evidence of consumption smoothing among specialized coffee farmers; and third, coffee farmers diversified into alternative crops. Non-coffee farmers seem to have benefited from the income generated through the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coffee Price Changes; Price Transmission; Rural Households; Poverty Analysis; Uganda; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25345
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The Many Paths of Cotton Sector Reform in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons From a Decade of Experience AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Poulton, Colin; Boughton, Duncan.
With cotton sector reform in much of SSA a decade old, it is now possible to review the empirical record and begin drawing lessons from experience. This paper assesses the record of five countries in southern and eastern Africa: Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique. In four of these countries, cotton is the first- or second most important smallholder cash crop; only in Uganda does it substantially lag other cash crops. The focus on the course of reform in each – initial conditions, key elements of the reform, and institutional response to it – and attempt to draw lessons for policy makers, donors, and researchers. the paper begins by outlining the challenges faced by cotton production and marketing systems. Next a review the range of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cotton sector reform; Tanzania; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Zambia; Mozambique; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54477
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The paradox of household resource endowment and land productivity in Uganda AgEcon
Ainembabazi, John Herbert; Angelsen, Arild.
The paper investigates the conflicting findings in empirical studies linking land productivity to plot size, livestock ownership, investment in farm assets, and land improvement practices. The conflicting impacts found are partly as a result of different model specifications, the type of data used – panel or cross sectional data – and possibly due to imperfections in rural markets. We control for these problems using household and plot level panel data from rural farmers in Uganda. We find that ownership of cattle has a negative and significant impact on land productivity. Investment in farm related assets, land improvements and other small livestock, however, significantly increases productivity. The conflicting impacts are a result of measurement error....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Endogeneity; Assets; Investments; Land productivity; Uganda; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; C10; O12; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51691
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The potential gains from geographical targeting of anti-poverty programs in Uganda AgEcon
Kraybill, David S.; Bashaasha, Bernard.
Governments do not have enough resources to make anti-poverty programs available to everyone in many African countries. Targeting the poorest populations could increase the efficiency of available program resources. Anti-poverty programs could target either households or geographical areas. This study compares the potential poverty reduction impact of these two approaches in Uganda. The impact of various policy changes on the poverty rate in Uganda is simulated using the estimated parameters of an econometric model of household consumption. The policies examined are family-planning, increased primary school attendance, increased secondary school attendance, expansion of formal employment and micro-enterprise expansion. The results reveal gains in poverty...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poverty; Geographical targeting; Household targeting; Policy simulation; Uganda; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57020
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