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Registros recuperados: 8
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Ecophysiology of papaya: a review Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Campostrini,Eliemar; Glenn,David M..
Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a principal horticultural crop of tropical and subtropical regions. Knowledge of how papaya responds to environmental factors provides a scientific basis for the development of management strategies to optimize fruit yield and quality. A better understanding of genotypic responses to specific environmental factors will contribute to efficient agricultural zoning and papaya breeding programs. The objective of this review is to present current research knowledge related to the effect of environmental factors and their interaction with the photosynthetic process and whole-plant physiology. This review demonstrates that environmental factors such as light, wind, soil chemical and physical characteristics, temperature, soil water,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carica papaya; Environmental factors; Photosynthesis; Water relations; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202007000400010
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Ecophysiology of coconut palm under water stress Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Gomes,Fábio P.; Prado,Carlos H.B.A..
Coconut palm is of great social and economic importance for millions of people in the tropics and subtropics. Drought is one of the main environmental factors that limit coconut productivity. In this review, physiological and morphological data are presented in an integrated perspective to provide a holistic view of the behavior of coconut trees facing water deficit under both field and controlled conditions. Great capacity to produce homorhizic roots capable of searching continuously for water and nutrients and high protoplasmic tolerance in leaves allows the coconut tree to endure water deficit. High membrane stability, osmoprotection, osmoregulation and enhanced activity of antioxidant enzymes are characteristics often found in leaves of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cocus nucifera; Desiccation tolerance; Leaf gas exchange; Leaf water relations; Net photosynthesis; Osmotic potential; Water potential; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202007000400008
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Drip pulses and soil mulching effect on american crisphead lettuce yield REA
Almeida,Willian F. de; Lima,Luiz A.; Pereira,Geraldo M..
ABSTRACT An experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal University of Lavras cultivated with American lettuce, cv. Raider-Plus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of irrigation water depths applied by drip pulses and of soil coverage on crop yields and efficiency of water use. The experimental design used was randomized blocks with eight treatments and three replications, totaling twenty-four plots. The treatments consisted of soil with and without coverage (double-sided white and black plastic) associated with four irrigation management levels. Irrigation management consisted in reposition of irrigation depths based on crop evapotranspiration (ETc) with D1-100% of ETc, applied continuously (control), and D2 - 100% of ETc, D3 -...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Water-use efficiency; Greenhouse; Water depth.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162015000601009
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Bell pepper cultivation under different irrigation strategies in soil with and without mulching Horticultura Brasileira
Rocha,Pablo A; Santos,Marcelo R; Donato,Sérgio LR; Brito,Cleiton FB; Ávila,Joseani S.
ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate productive, physiological and phytotechnical characteristics of bell pepper under different irrigation strategies, in soil with mulch (polyethylene film, black on bottom, white on top) and without mulching. The experimental design was of randomized blocks with four replicates, arranged in split plot scheme; plots consisted of treatments with and without mulching, and in the subplots ten irrigation strategies = 1) 125% of crop evapotranspiration (ETc); 2) 100% of ETc; 3) 75% of ETc; 4) 50% of ETc, both in vegetative phase (FI) and production phase (FII); 5) regulated deficit irrigation (RDI); with 50% of ETc in FI and 100% of ETc in FII; 6) RDI with 100% of ETc in FI and 50% of ETc in FII; 7) RDI with 75% of ETc in FI...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Capsicum annuum; Water deficit; Mulching; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-05362018000400453
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Gas exchange rates, plant height, yield components, and productivity of upland rice as affected by plant regulators PAB
Alvarez,Rita de Cássia Félix; Crusciol,Carlos Alexandre Costa; Nascente,Adriano Stephan; Rodrigues,João Domingos; Habermann,Gustavo.
The objective of this work was to evaluate gas exchange rates, plant height, yield components, and productivity of upland rice, as affected by type and application time of plant growth regulators. A randomized block design, in a 4x2 factorial arrangement, with four replicates was used. Treatments consisted of three growth regulators (mepiquat chloride, trinexapac-ethyl, and paclobutrazol), besides a control treatment applied at two different phenological stages: early tillering or panicle primordial differentiation. The experiment was performed under sprinkler-irrigated field conditions. Net CO2 assimilation, stomatal conductance, plant transpiration, and water-use efficiency were measured four times in Primavera upland rice cultivar, between booting and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oryza sativa; Net photosynthesis; Stomatal conductance; Transpiration; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2012001000007
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Impact of Groundwater Over-draft on Farm Income and Efficiency in Crop Production AgEcon
Sharif, Mahin; Ashok, K.R..
In this study, the cost of groundwater extraction, impact of groundwater depletion on farm income, wateruse efficiency, technical efficiency in crop production and costs of groundwater depletion among different categories of farmers have been reported. The study has been conducted in the Chamarajanagar district of the Karnataka state, where groundwater is the major source of irrigation. Data have been collected from over-exploited, semi-critical and safe villages. The study has shown a wide difference between large and small farms in their access to groundwater resource in terms of cost. The functional analysis has revealed that farm income is lower in over-exploited and semi-critical villages compared to safe villages. The mean technical efficiency in...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Over-draft; Farm income; Water-use efficiency; Technical efficiency; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q15; Q25.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119382
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‘Prata-Anã’ banana under irrigation levels, planting densities and bunch trimming Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Donato,Sergio Luiz Rodrigues; Santos,Marcelo Rocha dos; Arantes,Alessandro de Magalhães; Ramos,Ariele Vaz.
Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the effect of planting densities, irrigation levels and bunch trimming on yield, fruit grading and water-use efficiency (WUE) of ‘Prata-Anã’ banana plants. The following factors were combined in a randomized block design: three irrigation levels (IL), 50, 75 and 100% crop evapotranspiration (ETc); four planting densities (PD)- 1,666; 2,083; 2,666 and 3,333 plants ha-1; and two bunch trimming treatments (BT), removal of either one or two hands from the bunch. The treatments were arranged in a split-split plot design. Irrigation level was assigned to main plots, PD to subplots and BT to sub-subplots, with four replicates. Measurements were made in the first production cycle. Removing two hands increased...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Musa spp.; Fruit grading; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452020000506001
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Leaf micronutrient concentrations and potential photosynthesis in Ochroma pyramidale established in a degraded land Acta Amazonica
MARENCO,Ricardo A.; VIEIRA,Gil; GONÇALVES,José F. de C..
In the Brazilian Amazon, large areas of abandoned lands may revert to secondary forest. In the process, pioneer tree species have an important role to restore productivity in old fields and improve environmental conditions. To determine potential photosynthesis (Apot), stomatal conductance (g), transpiration (E), and leaf micronutrient concentrations in Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban a study was carried out in the Brazilian Amazon (01o 51' S; 60o 04' W). Photosynthetic parameters were measured at increasing [CO2], saturating light intensity (1 mmol (photons) m-2 s-1), and ambient temperature. The rate of electron-transport (J), Apot,and water-use efficiency (WUE) increased consistently at increasing internal CO2 concentration (Ci). Conversely,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Balsa wood; Electron-transport rate; Reforestation; Stomatal conductance; Transpiration; Water-use efficiency.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672003000100023
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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