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Effect of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) silage and hay against gastrointestinal nematodes in lambs Organic Eprints
Heckendorn, Felix; Häring, Dieter Adrian; Maurer, Veronika; Zinsstag, Jakob; Langhans, Wolfgang; Hertzberg, Hubertus.
The objective of the studywas to examine the effect of dried and ensiled sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) on established populations of Haemonchus contortus (abomasum) and Cooperia curticei (small intestine) in lambs under controlled conditions. Twenty-four parasite naı¨ve lambs were inoculated with a single dose of infective larvae of these parasites 28 days prior to the start of the feeding experiment. Twenty-four days post-infection, 4 days prior to the start of the feeding experiment, animals were allocated to four groups according to egg excretion, liveweight and sex. GroupsAandBreceived sainfoin hay and control hay, respectively, for 16 days. Groups CandDwere fed on sainfoin silage or control silage for the same period. Feeds were offered ad...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Sheep and goats; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13141/1/heckendorn-etal-2006-vet_parasitol.pdf
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The role of price as a product attribute in the organic food context: An exploration based on actual purchase data (D.6.7) Organic Eprints
Marian, Livia; Chrysochou , Polymeros; Krystallis Krontalis, Athanasios; Thøgersen, John.
High prices are often reported as an obstacle that inhibits the purchase of organic food products. The aim of this paper is to investigate how organic food products perform at different price levels and whether high prices are an advantage or a disadvantage for consumers’ repeat purchase of organic food. Based on analyses of actual purchase data, this study explores the effect of two product attributes (production method and price) on repeat purchase. The analysis is based on purchase data for four product categories (red meat, chicken, milk and hard cheese) registered by the GfK panel in 2011 in Denmark. The results show that within product categories, repeat purchase is linked more to production method than to price, and it is more prevalent for organic...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/24590/19/24590.pdf
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Sortenmischungen bei Getreide: Eine Chance für die ökologische Qualitätsproduktion Organic Eprints
Finckh, Maria R..
Um eine hohe Backqualität vor allem auch für Weißmehlprodukte zu erreichen, muss der Weizen optimal mit Nährstoffen versorgt werden. Dies bedeutet im ökologischen Landbau, dass das N-Angebot erhöht werden muss. Während dies einerseits Erträge und/oder Qualität steigern kann, erhöht es andererseits auch die Anfälligkeit des Bestandes vor allem gegenüber obligaten Pathogenen, wie Rost und Mehltau. Außerdem nimmt der Fusariumbefall bei erhöhtem N-Angebot deutlich zu. Fusariumbefall beeinflusst die Qualität durch die Produktion von Mykotoxinen sowie durch eine unmittelbare Verminderung der Backqualität.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/1040/1/Finckh.pdf
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Wie sich reduzierte Bodenbearbeitung auswirkt Organic Eprints
Emmerling, Christoph; Hampl, Ulrich.
Im seit 1994 laufenden Projekt Ökologische Bodenbewirtschaftung zeigt sich, dass die Bodenbelebung und -stabilisierung mit intensiver Durchwurzelung im ökologischen Ackerbau relativ schnell verbessert werden kann. Allerdings sind bei konsequent nichtwendender Bearbeitung keine Höchsterträge zu erzielen. Abschnitte: - Pflug ja oder nein? - Standörtliche Variabilität - Nichtwendend – niedrigere Erträge - Bodenchemie – keine großen Veränderungen - Reduzierte Bearbeitung – höhere Humusgehalte - Mehr und aktivere Bodenmikroben - Bodenschonende Bearbeitung – mehr Regenwürmer - Schlussfolgerungen für die Praxis Tabellen und Abbildungen: Abb. 1: Im PÖB verwendete Grundbodenbearbeitungssysteme Abb. 2: Hektarerträge von Gerste und Winterweizen,...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil biology; Soil tillage.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/2073/1/2073%2Demmerling%2Dc%2Det%2Dal%2D2002%2Dpoeb%2Doel.pdf
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Organic Agriculture 3.0 is innovation with research Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Ardakani, M. Reza; Boehm, Herwert; Canali, Stefano; Chander, Mahesh; David, Wahyudi; Dengel, Lucas; Erisman, Jan Willem; Galvis-Martinez, Ana C.; Hamm, Ulrich; Kahl, Johannes; Köpke, Ulrich; Kühne, Stefan; Lee, Sang Beom; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Moos, Jan Hendrik; Neuhoff, Daniel; Nuutila, Jaakko; OLOWE, VICTOR; Oppermann, Rainer; REMBIAŁKOWSKA, EWA; Riddle, Jim; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Shade, Jessica; Sohn, Sang Mok; Tadesse, Mekuria; Tashi, Sonam; Thatcher, Alan; Uddin, Nazim; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Wibe, Atle; Wivstad, Maria; Wenliang, Wu; Zanoli, Raffaele.
Organic agriculture can and should play an important role in solving future challenges in producing food. The low level of external inputs combined with knowledge on sustainablity minimizes environmental contamination and can help to produce more food for more people without negatively impacting our environment. Organic agriculture not only includes farming as a production practice but it also includes processing, trade and consumption. Nevertheless, Organic agriculture must always evolve to overcome emerging challenges. Science-based knowledge attained through dedicated research is required to strengthen organic food and farming as a means to solve future challenges. In 2010, a global discussion about Organic 3.0 was initiated to address current problems...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification World Environmental aspects History of organics Knowledge management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31279/1/Rahmann%20et%20al%202017.pdf
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Hva gjør vi med slakteklare verpehøns? Organic Eprints
Løes, Anne-Kristin.
Spent laying hens are sometimes killed by gas and incinerated, due to a lack of rendering plants to produce meat and bone meal. An alternative could be to utilize the hens for fertilization purpose. This study was conducted to explore the decomposition of chopped complete hens in soil, and to measure the fertilization effect of residues after hydrolysation of grinded, slaughtered hens. Results are shown in this paper.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Poultry; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32488/1/%C3%98kologisk%20Landbruk%2003_2017_Verpeh%C3%B8ns.pdf
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Performance of roquette crop fertilized with cattle and green manure using two planting densities. Organic Eprints
Pimentel, Márcio Sampaio; Togun, Adeniyi Olumuyiwa; Guerra, José Guilherme Marinho; De-Polli, Helvécio.
This research was conducted to study the direct fertilization combining 0 and 160 kg N ha-1 of cattle manure and green manure as branches of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) and their residual effects on two population densities of roquette (Eruca sativa Miller) crop, in Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Yield, number of leaves plant-1, leaf area index, shoot fresh weight, stems dry matter, roots dry matter, leaves dry matter, total dry matter and plant height were measured. The experiment was a randomized block design set as a factorial 2 x 2 x 2, and three replications: 0 and 160 kg N ha-1 of cattle manure, 0 and 160 kg N ha-1 of branches of pigeon pea and 500,000 and 1,000,000 plants ha-1. The results indicate that the population density of 500,000...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Beef cattle; Social aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/24535/1/Pimentel_Performance.pdf
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Introduction of automatic milking system in Finland: effect on milk quality Organic Eprints
Salovuo, Heidi; Ronkainen, Pilvi; Heino, Antti; Suokannas, Antti; Ryhänen, Eeva-Liisa.
When an automatic milking system (AMS) is introduced on a farm the milking of cows and related work is changed in many ways compared to farms with traditional milking systems. The objective of this paper was to study the effect of the introduction of robotic milking in Finland on the composition and hygienic quality of milk. The study was carried out on three farms which were the first in Finland to introduce the automatic milking system (Volontary Milking System™). Main chemical composition, somatic cell count, total bacteria count, freezing point, free fatty acids, as well as Bacillus cereus, Clostridium spores, psychrotrophic bacteria and coliforms were determined. After the introduction of the automatic milking system an increase in somatic cell count...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/16843/1/salovuo.pdf
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Klimaneutraler Ackerbau ist möglich: Forschungsresultate Organic Eprints
Forster, Jacqueline.
Kann die reduzierte oder flache Bodenbearbeitung, kombiniert mit Gründüngung, eine Alternative zum traditionellen Einsatz des Pfluges sein? Seit Jahren untersucht das FiBL die Biotauglichkeit dieses klimafreundlichen Verfahrens. Am 8. Juni werden die Resultate in Aesch BL präsentiert.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil tillage; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20252/1/Seiten17_ba%2Dd%2D2011%2D05.pdf
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Ökoweinbau: Mit Qualität zum Erfolg! Organic Eprints
Kauer, Randolf.
Im Vorfeld der 13. IFOAM-Wissenschaftskonferenz fand vom 25.-26.August 2000 in Basel der 6. Internationale Kongress für ökologischen Weinbau statt. Organisiert vom Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL), dem Schweizerischen Bioweinbauverein (BIOVIN), ECOVIN/ Deutschland und der Stiftung Ökologie & Landbau (SÖL) sowie einem Expertengremium aus Deutschland und der Schweiz trafen sich ca. 180 Teilnehmer zum Erfahrungsaustausch im Kongresszentrum Basel. Der Kongress bot unter dem Titel „Mit Qualität zum Erfolg“ ein breites Informations- und Diskussionsforum zu anbautechnischen, oenologischen sowie vermarktungstechnischen Aspekten.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Viticulture.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/1171/1/Kauer%2D%C3%B6kowein.pdf
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Sommerzwischenfrüchte für verbessertes Stickstoff- und Beikrautmanagement in ökologischen Anbausystemen mit reduzierter Bodenbearbeitung in den gemäßigten Breiten Organic Eprints
Grosse, Meike; Heß, Jürgen.
Zwischenfrüchte spielen in ökologischen Anbausystemen mit reduzierter Bodenbearbeitung eine wesentliche Rolle. In dieser Übersichtsarbeit werden Ergebnisse aus einer ausführlichen Literaturrecherche hinsichtlich des N-Lieferungs- und Beikrautunterdrückungspotenzials von Zwischenfrüchten dargestellt. Die N-Aufnahme- und Biomasseertragsdaten verschiedener Zwischenfruchtarten und -artenmischungen werden tabellarisch wiedergegeben. Sie unterliegen – auch innerhalb einer Art – einer großen Spannbreite. Die N-Aufnahme ist dabei weitgehend – auch artübergreifend – vom Biomasseertrag abhängig. Gründe für ein gutes N-Aufnahmevermögen werden diskutiert. Die Steuerung der Mineralisierung durch die Wahl des Einarbeitungszeitpunkts wird erörtert. Mechanismen der...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Nutrient turnover; Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33427/1/jfk_2018_06_grosse_and_hess.pdf
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Forskning i økologisk jordbrug Organic Eprints
Andreasen, Claus Bo.
Nyhedsbrev fra Forskningscenter for Økologisk Jordbrug. Tema om økologisk kvægproduktion. Opfølgning på sommermøde om principper for økolgisk jordbrug.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/3010/1/04_01_.pdf
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Aspekte zur Unkrautregulierung im ökologischen Landbau [Aspects for weed management in organic farming] Organic Eprints
Schleuß, Uwe.
Ein zentrales Problem im ökologischen Pflanzenbau ist es, die Schwierigkeiten bei der Regulierung der Unkrautflora in den Griff zu bekommen. Neben den direkten Verfahren der Unkrautregulierung (biologische, thermische oder mechanische Maßnahmen), kommen im ökologischen Landbau vor allem indirekten Maßnahmen eine besondere Bedeutung zu. Neben der Fruchtfolge sind weitere indirekte Unkrautregulierungsmaßnahmen, wie Lichtentzug, Saatgutreinigung, Saatgutqualität, Bodenbearbeitung, Standraum der Kulturpflanzen und Sorteneigenschaften zu nennen.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Weed management; Soil tillage.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/852/1/852%2Dschleu%C3%9F%2D2003%2Dunkrautregulierung%2Dbb.pdf
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Impact of pyrochar and hydrochar on soybean (Glycine max L.) root nodulation and biological nitrogen fixation Organic Eprints
Scheifele, Michael; Hobi, Andrea; Buegger, Franz; Gattinger, Andreas; Schulin, Rainer; Boller, Thomas; Mäder, Paul.
The aim of this study was to identify effects of carbonized organic material (‘‘biochar’’) on soybean growth, root nodulation and biological nitrogen fixation, and to elucidate possible underlyingmechanisms.Soybean (Glycine max L.) was grown in four arable soils amended with carbonized organic material produced from wood or maize as feedstocks, by pyrolysis (‘‘pyrochar’’) or hydrothermal carbonization (‘‘hydrochar’’). Nodulation by Bradyrhizobium, biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) assessed by15N techniques, plant growth, nutrient uptake and changes in chemical soil propertiesafter soil amendment were determined. Data were analyzed by means of a three way ANOVA onthe factors soil, carbonization technique and feedstock. It turned out that soybean root...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover.
Ano: 2017
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Traditional Use of Herbal Remedies in Livestock by Farmers in 3 Swiss Cantons (Aargau, Zurich, Schaffhausen) Organic Eprints
Schmid, Kathrin; Ivemeyer, Silvia; Vogl, Christian; Klarer, Franziska; Meier, Beat; Hamburger, Matthias; Walkenhorst, Dr. Michael.
Background: This study investigated the extent of traditional knowledge and use of homemade herbal remedies for livestock by farmers in 3 Swiss cantons (Aargau, Zurich, Schaffhausen). The study focused on organic farms. Methods: At 21 farms, 24 farmers aged 36–83 years were interviewed with a semi-structured, detailed questionnaire. For each homemade herbal remedy, the plant species, mode of preparation, source of knowledge, and application were gathered. Satisfaction of the farmers with the application was estimated with the aid of a visual analogue scale. Results: Information on a total of 165 homemade remedies was collected of which 123 contained a single plant species only (homemade mono-species herbal remedies, HMHR). The 123 HMHR were selected for...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/26215/1/Schmid_etal_2012_herbal%20remedies.pdf
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Urschweizer Blauzungenarrest Organic Eprints
Schädeli, Alfred.
In den Urkantonen hat der Kantonstierarzt über 40 Betriebe, die ihre Tiere nicht gegen die Blauzungenkrankheit impfen wollen, eine Sperre verhängt. Ihre Rinder und Schafe stehen unter Arrest und dürfen den Hof nur noch in Richtung Schlachthof verlassen. Ein Teil der Höfe hat sich zusammengetan und wehrt sich mit einem Anwalt.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; Sheep and goats; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/21313/1/schaedeli%2D2009%2Dbioaktuell04_09_p15.pdf
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Fra restråstoff til verdifulle råvarer Organic Eprints
Tveit, Guro M.; Carvajal, Ana; Slizyte, Rasa; Rustad, Turid; Løes, Anne-Kristin.
Laying hens are commonly not slaughtered and utilized for food purpose. Slaughtered hens may be hydrolyzed (e.g. at 50°C for 1-2 hours, with additions of enzymes)to produce soluble proteins and oils. Sediments after such hydrolysis are valuable fertilizers, whereas the oil and proteins are valuable food ingredients of high quality.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Processing; Packaging and transportation Poultry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32486/1/Fj%C3%B8rfe%20nr%209%202017%20-%20Fra%20restra%CC%8Astoff%20til%20verdifulle%20ra%CC%8Avarer.pdf
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Sistemas agroflorestais como estratégia de desenvolvimento rural em diferentes biomas brasileiros. Organic Eprints
Paludo, Rafael; Costabeber, José Antônio.
Este trabalho resgata o significado do termo desenvolvimento sustentável e salienta as diferentes ideologias implícitas em duas correntes de pensamento, a ecotecnocrática e a ecossocial. A partir da análise destes enfoques de desenvolvimento, observa-se a insustentabilidade da agricultura convencional e destacam-se os princípios da Agroecologia no processo de construção de estilos de agricultura sustentável. Nessa perspectiva, aborda-se a utilização de sistemas agroflorestais como estratégia para a promoção do desenvolvimento rural sustentável. Com base na revisão bibliográfica são analisados três projetos de sistemas agroflorestais na agricultura familiar em distintos biomas brasileiros. Conclui-se que estes projetos possuem características que podem ser...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22937/1/Paludo_Sistemas%20agroflorestais.pdf
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Analysis of non-compliances in the organic certification system in Turkey Organic Eprints
Zanoli, Raffaele; Gambelli, Danilo; Bruschi, Viola.
Organic farming in Turkey is experiencing a strong growth in recent years, with a particular attention to export towards Europe. International and domestic trade opportunities require an efficient control system for organic products. In this paper we analyse the data from inspections of two European control bodies in Turkish farms to analyse risk patterns of non-compliance with the organic regulation. A proportion test is performed to identify the types of crops that are more likely related to non-compliant operators.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/27761/7/27761.pdf
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Online-Informationssystem für die Phytotherapie bei Tieren Organic Eprints
Kupper, J.; Walkenhorst, M.; Ayrle, H.; Mevissen, M.; Demuth, D..
Die Phytotherapie gewinnt auch in der Veterinärmedizin zunehmend an Beliebtheit. Um das therapeutische Potenzial der Arzneipflanzen auszuschöpfen und deren sicheren Einsatz zu gewährleisten, bedarf es aber besonderer Kenntnisse der wirksamen Pflanzenteile beziehungsweise Zubereitungen. Unsachgemässe Anwendungen und Überdosierungen von Arzneipflanzen können toxisch sein. Deshalb haben wir mit www.phytoarznei.ch eine Entscheidungshilfe geschaffen, die online einen raschen Zugriff auf das aktuelle Wissen zu Arzneipflanzen und deren Gebrauch bei Tieren erlaubt. Dieses ­Informationssystem basiert auf der verfügbaren Fach­literatur, die nach kritischer Auswertung in eine strukturierte Datenbank eingebracht wurde. Für jede Arz­neipflanze beziehungsweise...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34511/1/Kupper-etal-2018_SchweizArchivTierheilk_Band160_Heft10-p589%E2%80%93595.pdf
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