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Database for ecological pest management Organic Eprints
Dufour, Rex.
Ecological Pest Management Database for Biorationals is a simple and fast research engine. If a meaningful or alternative biorational is needed, a farmer can use the database by selecting Pest Type, Pest Name, Active Ingredient or Beneficial Organism or Pesticide Trade Name. As result, biorationals are listed alphabetically by trade name, indicating the active ingredient, supplier and product information. By clicking on the trade name in the result list, more detailed information is given on the beneficial organisms and controlled pests besides the label summary and manufacturer in the US. The active ingredient in the result list can be also checked to get a short description of its use.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://orgprints.org/30583/1/30583.png
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Visual soil assessment: field guide for cropping Organic Eprints
Shepherd, Graham.
Visual assessments provide an immediate diagnostic tool to evaluate soil quality, as many physical, biological (and to a lesser degree chemical) soil characteristics show up as visual characteristics. Results are easy to interpret and understand. The Visual Soil Assessment (VSA) method has been developed to help land managers assess soil quality easily, quickly, reliably and cheaply on a paddock scale. It requires little equipment, training or technical skills. Part I, “VSA of soil quality under cropping” uses a score card for soil indicators and for plant indicators. The different indicators and states of condition are shown in photos which enables a direct and qualitative on-field scoring and assessment. Assessing and monitoring soil quality on your...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/30582/1/VSA_Volume1_smaller.pdf
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Organic Weed Management: A Practical Guide Organic Eprints
Merfield, Charles.
This technical guide provides an overview of strategies to manage weeds in organic productions such as crop rotation, soil management, crop management, and weeding machinery. The tool provides weed management recommendations for both annual and perennial crops. The guide is designed specifically for organic farmers providing an overview of weed management methods.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Soil quality Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/31940/1/organic-weed-management-2003-merfield.pdf
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Soil quality test kit guide Organic Eprints
In the first section, the Soil Quality Test Kit Guide describes multiple test procedures to measure the physical, chemical, and biological properties of a soil. This includes biological activity, infiltration rate, soil compaction, salt concentration, acidity/ alkalinity, nitrate levels, aggregate stability, number of earthworms, soil structure and soil texture. The interpretive guide in the second section helps to explain the obtained results of each test described in Section I in the context of soil quality. In the testing section a preliminary site characterization and sampling guideline is presented. This is followed by step-by-step instructions for the tests, using pictures to allow a qualitative assessment of soil respiration, infiltration, bulk...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/30581/1/nrcs142p2_050956.pdf
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DSS "Weed Control in Organic Winter Wheat Production" Organic Eprints
Neuhoff, Daniel.
This tool is a decision support system (DSS). It is designed to optimise weed control in organic winter wheat production based on expert knowledge and experimental results. To start the tool JavaScript needs to be enabled in the browser. The tool requires the insertion of basic information regarding climate, type of soil and crop rotation. Requires more detailed information regarding weeds (species, relative abundance). The information provided about site conditions are evaluated to produce appropriate options for managing weeds. Indications are given on farming practices like, among others, soil tillage, seed population and wheat varieties phenotype. It is useful for organic farmers and advisers, both newcomers and skilled. The information it...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/32579/3/32579.png
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The Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating (SQR) Organic Eprints
Mueller, Lothar; Schindler, Uwe; Behrendt, Axel; Eulenstein, Frank; Dannowski, Ralf.
The Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating (M-SQR) is a simple and fast semi-quantitative method, which can be used by farmers and advisors. This field scoring method is used to analyse soil properties that limit crop yields and crop productivity potentials. Potential applications of the method are soil resource planning, guiding land purchase, and assessment of sustainability and environmental impacts of land use. Ratings of soil quality are made during common soil survey mainly by applying visual methods of soil quality. Only a minimum of equipment is required for the field assessment. A field manual provides rating tables based on response curves and thresholds for basic indicators and different hazard indicators (such as risk of drought). Finally, overall...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/30579/1/field_mueller.pdf
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ROTOR: organic crop rotation planner Organic Eprints
ROTOR is a long-term planning tool at field level of organic crop rotations for farmers and advisors. The tool assists in the rotation planning for food and fodder provision, and considers furthermore weed management, phytosanitary restrictions in the rotation, helping to maximise N-fixation by legumes and to avoid N-losses by leaching. The newest version includes new crops such as soybean and new management options. ROTOR operates with two interfaces for data entry form and report of results. Basic and advanced data entry is possible. For a basic query site characteristics, the selection of crop sequences and organic fertilizers is needed. The query can be refined through the modification of advanced settings concerning, yield, manure type, soil...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/30580/1/30580.png
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Simple building blocks for improved soil fertility – Look and judge yourself Organic Eprints
Danckaert, Freya; Delanote, Lieven.
The guide describes in a practical way and in four steps how farmers can evaluate their soilfertility and soilmanagement: (1) Look to the field and (2) soilsurface, (3) dig a small pit and look and if interested, do (4) some small and simple additional tests such as pricker-test and counting earthworms The tool is relevant for all people that want to be aware of their soil and it can be used by farmers individually or in discussion with their adviser. With some experience doing these tests becomes second nature.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/32814/1/32814.png
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Organic Weed Management Organic Eprints
Brown, Sarah.
You can manage weeds in many ways such as through careful planning and planting and by using mulches. Weeds can be beneficial, attracting pollinators, and improving the soil (i.e. adding nutrients when composted). This webpage provides links to a huge wealth of information regarding weed management. Whilst aimed at organic farmers and growers, it has a wider relevance. It outlines ways you can remove weeds without using toxic chemicals, and why glyphosate should be avoided. It provides links to: detailed information about the occurrence, biology, persistence, and organic management of more than 100 individual weeds; descriptions of cultural control methods (looking at how practices such as crop rotation and tillage can control weeds); direct control...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Weed management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/32535/1/32535.png
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Soil protection and Crop Rotation Organic Eprints
Böhler, Daniel; Koller, Martin; Lichtenhahn, Martin; Schmutz, Res.
For Bio Suisse farms, especially the ones with little or no livestock, it is often difficult to meet the requirements regarding soil protection and crop rotation. A summary of these requirements is given in the leaflet. The leaflet contains a flow chart, which divides the farms according to their arable land and share of grassland. For each category, specific practical tips and examples on how to meet the requirements are given. The goal is to support the farms in meeting the requirements. Therefore, the topics cultivation period, soil cover and share of grassland are covered. The leaflet is made for Bio Suisse farms with little or no livestock. However, it can also be used by any other farm that wants to improve its soil protection and crop rotation.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Soil.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/31997/1/1432-bodenschutz.pdf
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Nutrient management in farms in conversion to organic Organic Eprints
Kolbe, Hartmut.
This report, adapted for Saxony, serves converting farmers supported by local advisors as a guideline for a balanced nutrient management at farm level. Essentials of nutrient supply and management measures to consider during the conversion are described to guarantee a successful farming with a naturally based nutrient management. Especially for the conversion phase it is recommended to calculate nitrogen balance after each crop rotation with the help of advisors. This report shows the methodology and frequency for assessing parameters, which result in an overall input-output nitrogen balance. The farmers will get estimations on long-term yielding, optimization potentials in crop rotation and improvements of fertilization strategies. To implement...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/30591/1/Naehrstoffmanagement_im_Umstellungsbetrieb.pdf
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Cereal Disease Encyclopaedia Organic Eprints
Kelly, Clare; Clark, Bill; Bryson, Rosie; Jellis, Graham; Tonguç, Lindy.
This online version of the encyclopaedia of cereal diseases illustrates and describes the symptoms and life cycle of both common and less frequently found diseases of cereal crops. A photo gallery is also available. In organic farming systems, where curative methods are limitate, the correct diagnostic of the diseases are crucial to plan correct crop rotations and to deploy other preventive practices. The encyclopaedia addresses to any farmer, organic or conventional, who wants to improve his/her cereal diseases identification skills.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/32575/2/Cereal%20Disease%20Encyclopedia.png
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A farmer’s guide to organic fruit and vegetable production Organic Eprints
Little, Tony; Frost, David.
This guide is aimed at farmers who are considering diversification into horticulture. It assumes a sound and system-based understanding of agricultural systems, but limited knowledge of fruit and vegetable production. It gives a general introduction on organic systems and soil fertility components including factors and examples of successful crop rotation. For the main pests and diseases simple and system-based measures are highlighted, as e.g. considering the right timing of control measures, crop rotations and tillage. For weed management weeding machinery is briefly explained. Basic questions on how to choose the right variety and the equipment for weeding, harvest, and storage are discussed. Additionally, the guide gives a rough overview and...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Vegetables; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/30578/1/hortguide_eng.pdf
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Plant protection in organic farming Organic Eprints
Studzińska, Beata.
This brief presentation is devoted to an innovative development plan of plant protection measures in organic farming of a Polish municipality. It serves as a source of inspiration, listing overall points to consider in planning and suggests basic plant protection measures. Solutions, such as the right variety selection, crop rotation, nutrient management, pest control through homemade infusions, mechanical and biological control are presented, but need further reading and deeper knowledge when it comes to planning and implementation.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/31999/1/Agroekologia_B.Studzinska.pdf
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Organic maize Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Anken, Thomas; Hiltbrunner, Jürg; Kessler, Willy; Mayer, Jochen; Strasser, Fredi; Schmutz, Res.
Maize cultivation provides a valuable addition to the feed ration in farms with dairy cows. However, the cultivation of organic maize is challenging and posing risks regarding erosion, leaching of nutrients and soil compaction. Not all sites are suitable for maize cultivation. Therefore, it is important to first study the site before the cultivation. This leaflet provides some general information on how to cultivate organic maize optimally. Different topics about the needs of maize, the sowing, the right crop rotation and pest management are covered. Finally, there is also some information about economic aspects. This leaflet was made for farmers that want to begin cultivating organic maize, but it might also be of use to conventional maize farmers. The...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Root crops.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/31993/1/1017-mais.pdf
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Roughage for organic laying hens Organic Eprints
Volmar, Jan.
Growing protein-rich roughage/silage can help increase self-sufficiency and improve the crop rotation on organic poultry farms. Different types of silage can be fed to layers daily and contribute to the poultry's nutrient requirements. The roughage/silage is allocated several times a day with a mechanical suspension system. It also keeps the layers occupied and provides activity, minimising the risk of feather pecking. The method is considered a new concept of producing protein rich roughage that can be used in feed formulation. Target groups are organic farmers, but it is also valuable for advisors and scientists.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Poultry.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/36473/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DBp_pwgz9G80
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Organic field peas Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Böhler, Daniel; Hiltbrunner, Jürg; Kessler, Willy; Schmutz, Res.
Field peas are an invaluable preceding crop because they bring a good amount nitrogen into the soil. Unfortunately, they need a lot of water and are susceptible to weeds and aphids. This leaflet provides a summary on what to consider in order to cultivate organic field peas successfully from seed to delivery. It contains information on the plants, their needs and on how they should be cultivated. It also shows how to protect the field peas from weed, diseases and pests. In addition, some information about profitability and possible uses are provided. This leaflet was made for farmers that want to begin cultivating organic field peas, but it might also be of use to conventional farmers. The information about economic aspects is specific to Switzerland.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/31056/1/1007-bioeiweisserbsen.pdf
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Organic field beans Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Böhler, Daniel; Hiltbrunner, Jürg; Kessler, Willy; Schmutz, Res.
Field beans provide high-protein fodder and, as a legume, provide the soil with nitrogen. In the organic rotation, they are a welcome change from cereals. This leaflet provides a summary on what to consider in order to cultivate organic field beans successfully from seed to delivery. It contains information on the plants, their needs and on how they should be cultivated and harvested. It also shows how to protect the field beans from weed, diseases and pests. In addition, some information about profitability and possible uses is provided. This leaflet was made for farmers that want to begin cultivating organic field beans, but it might also be of use to conventional farmers. The information about economic aspects is specific to Switzerland.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/31182/1/1000-bioackerbohnen.pdf
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Soil fertility - manure treatment Organic Eprints
Berner, Alfred; Messerli, Niklaus.
Well-treated manure is crucial for good soil fertility. However, the treatment requires effort that not all farmers are willing to make. The leaflet first lists some reasons why it is worth the effort. There is a short overview of different types of manure and of how they are formed. Additionally, their advantages and disadvantages are listed. The leaflet also contains a theoretical part about the stages in the composting process. Finally, there is a list of tips for treating manure on a farm. The information helps making rotted manure or manure compost. The leaflet might be interesting for all farmers who want to start or improve manure treatment. It can be used by organic and conventional farmers.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring; Soil.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/31996/1/Merkblatt_Bodenfruchtbarkeit_-_Mist_aufbereiten.pdf
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Organic soya Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Horisberger, André; Clerc, Maurice; Schmutz, Res.
There is a strong demand for organic tofu. However, the demand for Swiss organic soya cannot be supplied currently. Therefore, this leaflet provides information on what to consider during the whole soya production process. First, it provides an overview on soya and its use. In the main part, the cultivation is explained. Different topics about soya varieties and their needs, the right crop rotation and weed as well as disease management are covered. Finally, there is also some information about economic aspects. This leaflet was made for organic farmers that want to begin cultivating organic soya, but it might also be of use to conventional farmers. The information about economic aspects is specific to Switzerland.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/31995/1/1023-biosoja.pdf
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