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臺灣綠蘆筍薊馬種類之調查 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
湯慶銓; Tong, Chung-Chuan.
[[abstract]]由本省中南部綠蘆筍專業區所採得的薊馬種類,有七種,為①褐腹薊馬Frankliniella intonsa Tryhom②禾花薊馬Frankliniclla tenuicornis Uzed③蔥薊馬Thrips tabaci Lindeman④花斑薊馬Thrips florus Kurosawa⑤腹帶薊馬Sericothrips abdominalis Kurosawa⑥茶黃薊馬Sericothrips dorsalis Hood⑦Pseudoden-drothrips mori Niwa。前4種在綠蘆筍園普遍發生,餘3種在綠蘆筍上發生甚少。以上七種薊馬之形態、分佈、寄主均有分別說明。由於此等薊馬對綠蘆筍的嗜好性,在乾燥季節,如有嫩莖、嫩芽生長即能找到棲息於綠蘆筍嫩芽與花瓣及幼筍嫩莖上之蟲體,因而污染蘆筍,影響品質及外銷。又由於薊馬對綠蘆筍取食與產卵的選擇性之關係,通常在田間的棲羣變動,是受綠蘆筍的生長所控制。且因蟲體劉濕度之抵抗較弱,降雨季節之6~9月間在田問發生密度亦受雨量所影響。 There were 7 species of thrips infesting green asparagus recorded from Taiwan, namely 1. Frankliniella intonsa Tryhom, 2. F. tenuicornis Uzed, 3. Thrips tabaci Lindeman, 4, T. florus Kurosawa, 5. Sericothrips abdominalis Kurosawa, 6. S. dorsalis Hood and 7. Pseudodendrothrips mori Niwa. The first 4...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]14.
Ano: 1976
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蔬菜殘留農藥之生物檢驗法研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李順連; 王清玲; Sung-Lien Lee; Chin-Ling Wang.
[[abstract]]本研究係以現行之直接餵食法(direct feeding method)與乾膜法(dry film method)對家蠅(Musca domestica L.)及小果蠅(Drosophila melano-gaster Meig.)進行比較試驗。由家蠅及小果蠅對不同處理所得之反應程度,評定其優劣,作為改進今後蔬菜殘留農藥生物檢驗之重要參考。 供試農藥計有甲基巴拉松、巴拉松、馬拉松、撲滅松、加保利等五種。試驗結果顯示,兩種生物檢驗方法各有其特殊之實用價值。直接餵食法之長處為操作簡便,但樣本中殘留農藥量若低於可測範圍,或農藥之殘留容許量低於其最低可測範圍,則將無法適用。乾膜法操作手續雖較餵食法複雜,唯樣本中所含之殘留農藥量超過或低於可測範圍時,仍可將抽出液按一般化學分析法予以稀釋或濃縮,使測定濃度調節至最適宜之可測範圍,故其可測範圍較直接餵食法為大。 In order to improve the current bioassay of insecticide residues On/in vegetables, the comparative studies of direct feeding method and dry film method tested by house fly (Musca doinestica L ) and drosophila (Drosophila melanogaster Meig. ) have been investigated. Five insecticides, such as methyl parathion, parathion, malathion, sumithion, and car baryl, were tested in...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]5.
Ano: 1976
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血液脳関門について : I. 中枢神経系における6-aminonicotinamide中毒下の蛍光色素(Evans blue)の分布 OAK
佐々木, 啓; Schneider, Hartmut; Cervos-Navarro, Jorgo; Sasaki, Satoshi; 鈴木, 直義; Suzuki, Naoyoshi.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1644
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調製法の異なるアルファルファ日乾乾草とキューブの飼料価値および乾草の養分収量の比較 OAK
橋爪, 徳三; 藤田, 裕; 松岡, 栄; 田中, 賢壹; 浦上, 清; HASHIZUME, Tokuzo; FUJITA, Hiroshi; MATSUOKA, Sakae; TANAKA, Kenichi; URAKAMI, Kiyoshi.
http://www.obihiro.ac.jp/~library/kenkyu.html
Ano: 1976 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3617
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豆類の圧縮強度に及ぼす温度と含水率の影響 : 大正金時の圧縮試験 OAK
東条, 衛; 岡村, 太成; 石橋, 憲一; TOJO, Mamoru; OKAMURA, Taisei; ISHIBASHI, Ken'ichi.
http://www.obihiro.ac.jp/~library/kenkyu.html
Ano: 1976 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3632
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長粒型秈稻不同苗齡耐寒性反應之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
楊遜謙; S.C. Yang.
[[abstract]]本研究目的為探求長粒型秈稻不同苗齡、不同溫度間耐寒性之反應,及品種之耐寒性檢定,以提供耐寒性育種親本以及耐寒性育種檢定之採用方法。 一、不同苗齡耐寒性之反應 8個品種,苗齡分為2葉、3葉、4葉、5葉、6葉等不同苗齡,採用冷水槽法,將供試品種分批播種於60×30×5cm之平盤,待秧苗長至各處理苗齡時,置放於10℃之冷水槽中,根據調查結果,品種間之反應雖不大一致,但仍顯示3葉苗齡以及5葉、6葉苗齡其反應較為敏感。 二、不同溫度與苗齡之感應 供試品種及播種方法與第一試驗相同,溫度分為6℃、8℃、10℃、12℃、14℃等5個不同處理,在幼苗長至3葉及5葉時分次置放於各處理中,結果顯示各不同溫度中苗齡之感應可分為10℃以內及12℃以上之不同感應性,即10℃以內者在級數上略高,12℃以上者約差0.5~1.0級,由此可知檢定用溫度以10℃較為適當。 三、品種耐寒性檢定 由IRRI引進122品種及本省新育成長粒型秈稻品系166個,播種於60×30×5cm平盤內,待幼苗長至3葉時置放於10℃之冷水槽內,調查其耐寒性。供試288品種(系)中,屬1級抗者只有12品種,2級者31品種(系),3級者54品種(系),4級者最多,達138品種(系),5級者53品種(系);在新育成長粒型166個品系中只有2個品系屬於2級抗者,由此可見今後對長粒型秈稻之耐寒性育種必須加強。 The purpose of this study was screening rice varieties as the same variety at the different seedling stage to cold tolerance, for selecting the tolerant cultivars as breeding...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]14.
Ano: 1976
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長粒型秈稻之休眠性與脫粒性研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
陳隆澤; 邱建中; L.C. Chen; C.C. Chiu.
[[abstract]]為明瞭新育成推廣之長粒型秈稻品種嘉農秈6.8.11號之種子休眠性,適當的稻種預措方法及脫粒性等以謀發揮其優越之生產潛力,減少損失,於63年二期作至64年一期作在本分所進行本試驗。結果摘錄如下: 1. 嘉農秈品種具有長短不同的短期休眠性,嘉農秈6號之休眠期最長,約為兩週左右,嘉農秈8號次之,約為7天前後,而嘉農秈11號似未具休眠性;故嘉農仙6.8號之稻種在收穫乾燥後至少須分別存放兩週或一週以上,而嘉農秈11號之稻種亦應充分乾燥後方可供下期作播種之用。 2. 稻穀收穫後,須充分乾燥至含水量在13度以下,一期作在播種前須浸種48~72小時,催芽24小時;而二期作應浸種24小時,催芽24小時,方能確保稻種之發芽車與發芽整齊度。 3. 嘉農秈三個品種均屬於較易脫粒之品種,尤以嘉農秈8號最易脫粒,嘉農秈11號次之,而以嘉農秈6號較難脫粒;又嘉農秈6.8號有隨著成熟度之增加而愈易脫粒之現象,應適時採收以減少田間損失率;但嘉農秈11號具有愈成熟愈不易脫粒特性,故其採收延誤時應無嚴重之損失。 This experiment was aimed to study the grain dormancy, seed pretreatments and shattering habit of new-improved long grain Indica rice varieties Chianung sen 6, 8 and 11 in order to exploit their full potentiality and reduce the possible losses. The trial was conducted from the second crop of 1974 to first...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]14.
Ano: 1976
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長角象鼻蟲(Araecerus fasciculatus)之生活史及防治試驗 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
林欉; Tsung Lin.
[[abstract]]長角象鼻蟲(Araecerus fasciculatus)之食性甚雜,如農產品或中藥材常受嚴重為害。該蟲在本省,年生6世代,每世代需282~86.6天,平均48.8天。卵期3~15天,平均6.1天。孵化率為98%以上。幼蟲期19~47天,平均35.6天。蛹期.天~10.天,平均71天。成蟲羽化後~6天脫離被害物外出自由活動,雌蟲1次產卵數1~3粒,最高可達7粒。每雌產卵總數21~45粒,平均334粒。成蟲壽命26~56天,平均37.0天。1對雌雄經5個月之繁殖蟲數;以玉米飼育者為136.2隻,甘藷簽為176隻,當歸136.7隻。經其消耗與為害之損失量玉米為22.3%,甘藷簽為31.4%,當歸為26.6%。蒜頭及當歸中各蟲期之冷藏致死溫度為5℃ 50天,0℃ 25天,-5℃ 10天,-20℃ 24小時。蒜頭如放置通風良好環境,用Panapfate板50g/M3藥量吊置頂面,即可燻殺蒜頭中及由外界侵入之成蟲。緊急處理用Phostoxin 3片/M3密閉燻蒸較為有效。 The coffee bean weevil, Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer) is a serious pest attacking various stored agricultural products, like corn, sweet potato and chiretta (a kind of herb, Ligusticum acutilobum Sieb. et Zucc., Umhel-liferae ) , especially at the store house. This weevil has been known as a world wide...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]5.
Ano: 1976
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馬伝染性貧血における血清蛋白質の電気泳動分析所見と末梢血のリンパ様細胞の電子顕微鏡的観察 OAK
田村, 俊二; 清水, 祥夫; 小石山, 好宏; 高橋, 良平; 大石, 秀夫; 山下, 忠幸; Tamura, Shunji; Shimizu, Yoshio; Koyamaishi, Yoshihiro; Takahashi, Ryohei; Oh-ishi, Hideo; Yamashita, Tadayuki.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1998
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高溫菇(Agaricus bitorquis)之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
宋細福; Si-Fu Song.
[[abstract]]為闡明高溫桔之菌絲生長、發菇等生理與栽培下種量、栽培適期及加工等有關資料,乃從事以下各種試驗,結果如下: (一) 菌絲生長以30℃最好,15℃以下及40℃以上,15天內不會生長,39℃為菌絲生長最高臨界溫度。 (二) 菌絲在PH5.1~7範圍均能生長良好,至PH4及PH10時,則生長顯著不良。 (三) 堆肥水份含量在56~79%範圍內,菌絲均能正常生長,其中以56%左右生長最快,46%以下則生長不良。 (四) 供試培養基中以馬鈴薯堆肥洋菜培養基生長最好,堆肥洋菜、玉米堆肥洋菜及玉米洋菜三種次之,Czapek培養基最差,菌絲亦稀弱,馬鈴薯洋菜培養基生長慢,但菌絲濃,且在菌絲上極易形成小桔體。 (五) 小子實體(Pinhead)或菇蕾(Primodium)之發生以30℃最多,25~35℃下亦可發生,但數量較少,20℃以下,則幾乎無法形成。 (六) 在25、30、35℃三種溫度下,相互變溫培養,在上述範圍內無論高溫培養後移於低溫培養,或反之,均能形成小子實體或菇蕾。 (七) 子實體之形成與光線之關係不大,在0-1000Lux下均能出拮,為管理方便以50-100Lux之光照較為合宜。 (八) 本試驗用糙米培製之菌種,每坪份折合用1、2、4、8、16瓶(350g)等處理,經栽培統計分析結果,除用1瓶/坪者,產量顯著較差外,其他均無顯著差異。在實用上似應用2瓶/坪較為經擠,但如為提早出菇,或減少害菌寄生機會,增加菌種用量,亦為一可行之方法。 (九) 本省氣候下,一般4~10月間均可栽培,與一般洋桔可以配合作週年栽培。 (十) 高溫菇據國內外學者之鑑定確屬Agaricus bitorquis,再經生物及加工食用有關試驗資料,確定可供食用。 (十一)...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]10.
Ano: 1976
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鶏気嚢に関する基礎的研究 : I 鶏胚子期における気嚢の発育 OAK
北沢, 作治郎; 淵名, 重海; 鈴木, 直義; Kitazawa, Sakujiro; Fuchina, Shigemi; Suzuki, Naoyoshi.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2001
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