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Final Report for the CORE Organic II funded project "Restrictive use of antibiotics in organic animal farming – a potential for safer, high quality products with less antibiotic resistant bacteria - SafeOrganic" Organic Eprints
Aabo, Søren.
• The level of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from organic vs. conventional pigs has been compared for approximate 25 herds of each production system in DK, FR, IT and SE, by sampling faeces at farm or colon content at slaughterhouse from two pigs per herd. • An E. coli isolate was obtained from each sample and subjected to analysis of MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values for comparison of the resistance towards 10 antibiotics between production systems. Resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulphonamides, tetracycline and trimethoprim was most common – ranging from 14% to 75% of E. coli isolates from conventional pigs and from 1% to 46% of isolates from organic pigs. The resistance towards these five antibiotics varied markedly between...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29009/7/29009.pdf
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フィリピンにおける豚感染症の影響と対策に隠する経済分析 OAK
Abao, Lary Nel Bilba.
Doctoral Program in Animal and Food Hygiene Graduate School of Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3921
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Morphology of the Physiological Apical Foramen in Maxillary and Mandibular First Molars International Journal of Morphology
Abarca,J; Zaror,C; Monardes,H; Hermosilla,V; Muñoz,C; Cantin,M.
Information regarding the anatomy of the physiological apical foramen is limited. Knowing its diameter and shapes contributes to clinical work, specifically to the cleaning and shaping of the apical third. The aim of this ex vivo study was to determine the minimum and maximum diameters and shape of the physiological apical foramen in the roots of maxillary and mandibular first molars. A descriptive study was conducted on 89 recently extracted first molars. Roots 3-5 mm from the apex were sectioned and prepared for analysis at 40x magnification. The minimum and maximum diameters of each physiological foramen were measured using the program Motic Images plus 2.0 ML. The shape of the foramina, classified as round, oval or irregular, was determined by the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Physiological Foramen; Apical constriction; Root apex; Apical diameter; Foraminal morphology; Permanent first molar.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000200048
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Etude sur les contaminants émergents dans les eaux françaises - Rapport de l'étude prospective sur les contaminants émergents dans les eaux littorales de la métropole et des DOM ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain; Bocquene, Gilles; Champin, Maryline; Durand, Gaetane; Gonzalez, Jean-louis; Le Moigne, Morgan; Masson, Jean-claude; Priou, Pierre; Tixier, Celine.
This study contributes to inventory programme on emerging pollutants in French waters and to the general reflection which will enable to update the list of relevant substnaces to be included in the new monitoring programmes to come. This work concerns the coastal part of the inventory programme on marine waters and sediments of France and five overseas french departments (OFD). In this goal, passive sampling techniques and direct extraction techniques have been tested through the implementation of in situ systems integrators POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) and the extraction by SBSE bars (Stir bar sorptive extraction) directly in the waters sampled. Finally, analyzes of sediment completed the acquisition of data. Arount 40 stations were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eaux littorales; Eaux côtières; Sédiment; Métropole; DOM; Pollution; Substances chimiques; POCIS; SBSE; Coastal waters; Sediment; France; Overseas french departments; Pollution; Chemicals contaminants; POCIS; SBSE.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00259/36994/35483.pdf
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Armored invaders in patagonia: recent southward dispersion of armadillos (Cingulata, Dasypodidae) Mastozool. neotrop.
Abba,Agustín M; Poljak,Sebastián; Gabrielli,Magali; Teta,Pablo; Pardiñas,Ulyses F. J.
Patagonia, al sur de los 40° S, está actualmente habitada por Chaetophractus villosus y Zaedyus pichiy. Con el objeto de reconstruir la historia de estos armadillos en la porción austral de América del Sur durante el Pleistoceno tardío-Holoceno, compilamos y discutimos datos de registros zooarqueológicos, observaciones de naturalistas y viajeros, especímenes de museos y datos de campo. Encontramos que ambas especies experimentaron una considerable expansión de su distribución hacia el sur. De acuerdo a la evidencia obtenida concluimos que: (a) Patagonia austral estuvo básicamente libre de armadillos durante el Pleistoceno tardío- Holoceno temprano; (b) durante los últimos 10 ka, Z. pichiy invadió progresivamente el sur de la Patagonia desde el norte...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Chaetophractus; Holoceno; Impacto del hombre; Pleistoceno; Zaedyus.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832014000200010
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Effects of different levels of dietary crude protein and threonine on performance, humoral immune responses and intestinal morphology of broiler chicks Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Abbasi,MA; Mahdavi,AH; Samie,AH; Jahanian,R.
The present study aimed at investigating the effects of different dietary crude protein (CP) and threonine (Thr) levels on the performance, immune responses and jejunal morphology of broiler chicks. A total of 432 broiler chicks were randomly assigned to a 3×3 factorial arrangement of treatments including three different CP dietary levels (90, 95, and 100% of Ross 308 recommendations) and Thr (100, 110, and 120% of Ross specifications) dietary levels. Performance parameters were recorded for the starter (1-12 days), grower (13-24 days) and finisher (25-42 days) periods. Birds were subjected to different antigen inoculations to evaluate antibody responses. At day 42 of age, two randomly-selected birds per replicate were slaughtered to measure carcass...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Body weight gain; Broilers; Immunocompetence; Jejunal histological morphology; Protein and threonine.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000100005
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Isolation and characterization of arsenic resistant bacteria from wastewater BJM
Abbas,Syed Zaghum; Riaz,Mehwish; Ramzan,Naseem; Zahid,M. Tariq; Shakoori,Farah R.; Rafatullah,Mohd..
The present study proposed the isolation of arsenic resistant bacteria from wastewater. Only three bacterial isolates (MNZ1, MNZ4 and MNZ6) were able to grow in high concentrations of arsenic. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of arsenic against MNZ1, MNZ4 and MNZ6 were 300 mg/L, 300 mg/L and 370 mg/L respectively. The isolated strains showed maximum growth at 37 ºC and at 7.0 pH in control but in arsenite stress Luria Bertani broth the bacterial growth is lower than control. All strains were arsenite oxidizing. All strains were biochemically characterized and ribotyping (16S rRNA) was done for the purpose of identification which confirmed that MNZ1 was homologous to Enterobacter sp. while MNZ4 and MNZ6 showed their maximum homology with Klebsiella...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Arsenite oxidizing bacteria; Bioremediation; Enterobacter sp.; Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000400022
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Effect of buctril super (Bromoxynil) herbicide on soil microbial biomass and bacterial population BABT
Abbas,Zafar; Akmal,Muhammad; Khan,Khalid Saifullah; Fayyaz-ul-Hassan,.
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of bromoxynil herbicide on soil microorganisms, with the hypothesis that this herbicide caused suppression in microbial activity and biomass by exerting toxic effect on them. Nine sites of Punjab province (Pakistan) those had been exposed to bromoxynil herbicide for about last ten years designated as soil 'A' were surveyed in 2011 and samples were collected and analyzed for Microbial Biomass Carbon (MBC), Biomass Nitrogen (MBN), Biomass Phosphorus (MBP) and bacterial population. Simultaneously, soil samples from the same areas those were not exposed to herbicide designated as soil 'B' were taken. At all the sites MBC, MBN and MBP ranged from 131 to 457, 1.22 to 13.1 and 0.59 to 3.70 µg g-1 in the contaminated...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biomass; Buctril super; Bacteria; Effect; Population.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132014000100002
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Influence of digestion methods on the recovery of Iron, Zinc, Nickel, Chromium, Cadmium and Lead contents in 11 organic residues Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Abbruzzini,Thalita Fernanda; Silva,Carlos Alberto; Andrade,Daniela Aparecida de; Carneiro,Waldete Japiassú de Oliveira.
There are currently many devices and techniques to quantify trace elements (TEs) in various matrices, but their efficacy is dependent on the digestion methods (DMs) employed in the opening of such matrices which, although "organic", present inorganic components which are difficult to solubilize. This study was carried out to evaluate the recovery of Fe, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cd and Pb contents in samples of composts and cattle, horse, chicken, quail, and swine manures, as well as in sewage sludges and peat. The DMs employed were acid digestion in microwaves with HNO3 (EPA 3051A); nitric-perchloric digestion with HNO3 + HClO4 in a digestion block (NP); dry ashing in a muffle furnace and solubilization of residual ash in nitric acid (MDA); digestion by using aqua...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aqua regia; Heavy metals; Manure; Sewage sludge; Compost; Degree of humification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832014000100016
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Feeding mastitis milk to organic dairy calves: effect on health and performance during suckling and on udder health at first calving Organic Eprints
Abb-Schwedler, Katharina; Maeschli, Ariane; Boss, Renate; Graber, Hans U.; Steiner, Adrian; Klocke, Peter.
Background Infection pathways of S. aureus udder infections in heifers are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that calves become infected with S. aureus via feeding mastitis milk. Especially on small-scale farms, pasteurisers are not economic. The purpose of this randomised comparative study was to investigate the influence of feeding milk containing S. aureus genotype B (SAGTB) on the health and development of calves and udder health of the respective heifers. Additionally, a method reducing the bacterial load to obtain safer feeding milk was tested. Thirty-four calves were fed mastitis milk from cows with subclinical SAGTB mastitis. One group was fed untreated milk (UMG). For the other group, milk was thermised at 61°C for one minute (heat...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/28099/1/s12917-014-0267-7.pdf
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Delimitation of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. from Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae Juss.) based on leaf morphology Phyton
Abdel-Hameed,Usama K.
In Egypt there are two different species that are commercially marketed under the same trade name of Neem: one is Azadirachta indica A. Juss., and the other is Melia azedarach L. In this paper, leaf morphological characters (e.g., lamina architecture, stomatography, petiole and blade micromorphology) of both taxa were described and illustrated to aid in the identification and differentiation between the two misidentifed taxa. The obtained results concluded that leaf morpho-anatomical characters will not only provide criteria for their correct taxonomic authentication, but would also serve as future standard data for the quality assessment of the pharmaceutical preparation of botanical drugs.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Morphology; Leaf architecture; Stomatography; Azadirachta indica; Melia azedarach; Meliaceae.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572014000200019
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Optimal design of the tractor-front-mounted sugarcane grab loader CIGR Journal
Abdel-Mawla, Hassan Abdel-Razek.
Abstract: The percent of sugarcane mechanical sugarcane loading (in Egypt) has not been exceeded 10% because of the poor finance-ability of the farmers to by the imported self-propelled loaders.  The local workshops have been attempting to fabricate a sugarcane loader attached to the farm tractors as a cheap alternative.  Farmers did not accept the tractor-mounted loaders fabricated locally because of the problems concerning poor efficiency and poor balance of the tractor-mounted loader while operation.  The main objective was to overcome the problems concerning precise fabrication of the tractor-front-mounted loader and to develop an efficient dynamically balanced machine.  Fabricating a sugarcane grab loader for the tractor faces difficulties due to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/2532
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Étude Taxonomique et Écophysiologique des dinoflagellés toxiques du Golfe de Gabès: Alexandrium minutum, Prorocentrum lima, Coolia spp. & Ostreopsis ovata. OceanDocs
Abdennadher, M..
Cette thèse a pour objectif principal la caractérisation taxonomique, physiologique et écologique d’espèces de dinoflagellés associées à des alertes de toxicité dans le golfe de Gabès à savoir : Alexandrium minutum, Prorocentrum lima, Coolia monotis et Ostreopsis ovata. L’optimisation des conditions de culture des espèces de dinoflagellés et la mise en place d’une phytothèque composée d’une collection de cultures de microalgues toxiques étaient notre priorité dans cette investigation. Une analyse de la base des données REPHY a été effectuée dans le cadre de cette thèse. L’étude taxonomique moyennant la microscopie électronique en transmission et à balayage nous a permis de déceler les importantes caractéristiques morphologiques de distinction pour chaque...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Physiology; Taxonomy; Ecology; Phytoplankton culture.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5924
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Desarrollo Embrionario del Pargo Colorado Lutjanus colorado (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) International Journal of Morphology
Abdo-de la Parra,María Isabel; García-Aguilar,Noemí; Rodríguez-Ibarra,L. Estela; Velasco-Blanco,Gabriela; Ibarra-Castro,Leonardo.
El pargo colorado (Lutjanus colorado) es una especie con un alto valor comercial en el mercado mexicano, con potencial para su cultivo. Hasta la fecha no existen estudios sobre su reproducción, cultivo larvario y engorda en cautiverio. El presente trabajo es el primer reporte sobre la descripción a detalle del desarrollo embrionario de la especie bajo condiciones de cultivo. Los huevos fertilizados viables del pargo colorado son pelágicos, esféricos, transparentes y con una sola gota de aceite. Midieron 0,77±0,09 mm de diámetro y la gota de aceite 0,14±0,01 mm. La primera división ocurrió a las 0,05 horas post fertilización (HPF). La eclosión se llevó a cabo a las 17,22 HPF bajo las condiciones del presente estudio. Las larvas recién eclosionadas midieron...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Blástula; Gástrula; Organogénesis; Eclosión; Lutjanus colorado.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000300025
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A phylogenetic study of Dothiorella and Spencermartinsia species associated with woody plants in Iran, New Zealand, Portugal and Spain Naturalis
Abdollahzadeh, J.; Javadi, A.; Zare, R.; Phillips, A.J.L..
Dothiorella and Spencermartinsia are two botryosphaeriaceous genera with dark 2-celled conidia and found in parasitic, saprophytic or endophytic association with various woody host plants. Based on ITS and EF1-α sequence data and morphology, eight new species are described from Iran, New Zealand, Portugal and Spain. Of these, five species are placed in Dothiorella, namely D. iranica, D. parva, D. prunicola, D. sempervirentis and D. striata, and three species belong to Spencermartinsia named as S. citricola, S. mangiferae and S. plurivora. An identification key to the species of each genus is provided.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Botryosphaeriaceae; Dothiorella; ITS; Phylogeny; Spencermartinsia; Systematics; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532314
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Rapid detection of Salmonella Typhi by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method BJM
Abdullah,J.; Saffie,N.; Sjasri,F.A.R.; Husin,A.; Abdul-Rahman,Z.; Ismail,A.; Aziah,I.; Mohamed,M..
An in-house loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction was established and evaluated for sensitivity and specificity in detecting the presence of Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi) isolates from Kelantan, Malaysia. Three sets of primers consisting of two outer and 4 inner were designed based on locus STBHUCCB_38510 of chaperone PapD of S. Typhi genes. The reaction was optimised using genomic DNA of S. Typhi ATCC7251 as the template. The products were visualised directly by colour changes of the reaction. Positive results were indicated by green fluorescence and negative by orange colour. The test was further evaluated for specificity, sensitivity and application on field samples. The results were compared with those obtained by gold standard culture...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP); Salmonella Typhi.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000400032
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Surveillance écologique et halieutique du site électronucléaire de Flamanville - Année 2013 - Rapport scientifique annuel ArchiMer
Abernot-le Gac, Chantal; Antajan, Elvire; Devreker, David; Dreves, Luc; Lamort, Laure; Martin, Jocelyne; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Schapira, Mathilde; Schlaich, Ivan.
The monitoring report (n° 31) of the nuclear power plant located in Flamanville (France) takes into account studies carried out between March and september 2013. Environmental effects and potential impacts of the aquatic system are reported through different chapters : hydrology, microbiology, phytoplankton, zooplankton, fisheries, intertidal phytobenthos and zoobenthos. This power plant has been in operation for twenty eight years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Centrale nucléaire; Flamanville; Surveillance; Benthos; Halieutique; Pelagos; Flamanville; Monitoring; Nuclear power plant; Benthos; Fisheries; Pelagos.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30033/28519.pdf
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Preliminary studies on nutritive and organoleptic properties in processed fish fillets obtained from Iran Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Aberoumand,Ali.
The effects of boiling, frying, and roasting methods on nutrients and properties some of marine fishes were studies. AOAC official methods were used for the analyses of the samples. Frying reduced the protein content of Nemipterus japonicas, while roasting reduced the protein content of Carangoides malabaricus and Saurida undosquamis. Fresh and fried C. malabaricus had 71.2% and 57.05% protein content, respectively, while N. japonicas had 57.39% and 47.51%, respectively. The highest oil content in C.malabaricus was 16.80%, followed by N.japonicus 12.80%; while the lowest oil content in S.undosquamis was 5.88%. N.japonicusis protein content reduced with frying. Some cooking methods used in the processing can have an effect on of fish nutrient composition....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cooking methods; Fish fillets; Nutritive composition.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612014000200010
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Substituição parcial do farelo de soja pela farinha de carne e ossos em dietas para juvenis de tilápia-do-nilo PAB
Abimorad,Eduardo Gianini; Castellani,Daniela; Gonçalves,Giovani Sampaio; Romera,Daiane Mompean; Garcia,Fabiana; Nascimento,Thiago Matias Torres do.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos da substituição parcial do farelo de soja pela farinha de carne e ossos em dietas para juvenis de tilápia-do-nilo na digestibilidade, na saúde, no desempenho e no custo de arraçoamento. O experimento foi conduzido durante 14 semanas, com 400 juvenis (4,9±0,6 g) distribuídos ao acaso em 16 tanques. Os peixes foram alimentados com quatro dietas contendo 0, 15, 30 e 45% de substituição da proteína do farelo de soja pela proteína da farinha de carne e ossos. Foram avaliados parâmetros de desempenho, digestibilidade, hematologia e custo de arraçoamento. Os melhores resultados para ganho em peso e conversão alimentar aparente foram observados com 40 e 32% de substituição, respectivamente. O menor custo de...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oreochromis niloticus; Alimento alternativo; Digestibilidade aparente; Fontes proteicas; Hematologia; Nutrição..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2014001100836
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Poly R decolorization and APPL production by Streptomyces violaceoruber and Streptomyces spiroverticillatus BJM
Abou-Dobara,M.I.; Omar,N.F..
Two mesophilic streptomycetes (S. violaceoruber and S. spiroverticillatus) were selected to study their Poly R-478 decolorization ability and lignocellulose solubilizing activity. Both strains were able to degrade Poly R-478 dye and ferulic acid during growth on a minimal salts medium. The Poly R-478 decolorizing activities of both strains were induced by adding different carbon sources to the culture media. S. violaceoruber could decolorize 63% of Poly R-478 after 24 h. Both strains could solubilize straw and produce acid-precipitable polymeric lignin (APPL) with different efficiency. From the major extracellular enzymes recovery of both strains on rice and wheat straw, we can predicate that the biodegradation process was partial indicating a possible...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Streptomyces; APPL; Poly-R decolorization; Ferulic acid degradation.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000400008
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