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A new species of Trileptium (Nematoda: Thoracostomopsidae) from Bahia, Brazil Rev. Bras. Zool.
Vilas-Boas,Ana C.; Silva,Maria C. da; Alves,Orane F. de Souza; Castro,Francisco J.V. de; P. Pinheiro-Junior,Eraldo.
ABSTRACT A new species of a free-living marine nematode found in Brazil is described: Trileptium ribeirensis sp. nov. The type material is deposited in the Nematoda collection of the Museu de História Natural da Bahia, located at the Universidade Federal da Bahia. Trileptium includes eleven valid species of nematodes that have teeth and jaws positioned forward. The species was collected with the help of corers (3.5 cm in diameter and 30 cm long) on a sandy beach in Bahia. This species is distinguished from its congeners based on a combination of characters of the male (cuticle, buccal cavity, supplement and gubernaculum). An updated taxonomic key to the genus is presented.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nematode; Salvador; Sandy beach; Trileptiinae.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000103000
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A New species of Tripartiella (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from Aequidens tetramerus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in north Brazil. Repositório Alice
MARTINS, M. L.; MARCHIORI, N.; BITTENCOURT, L. S.; TAVARES-DIAS, M..
A new species of Tripartiella is described from the gills of the wild saddle cichlid Aequidens tetramerus in north Brazil. Wet smears of skin and gills of examined fish were air-dried at room temperature and impregnated with Klein?s dry silver method for examination of the adhesive disc?s structures and denticles. Total prevalence of parasitism was 65%. This ciliate is characterized as a small-sized trichodinid, body diameter 37.03 ± 4.9 μm, adhesive disc 30.50 ± 2.71 μm, denticulate ring 13.28 ± 0.8 μm and 24 ± 2.0 denticles. Taxonomic and morphometric data for the new species are discussed.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Peixe de água doce; Parasito de animal; Protozoário; Morfologia; Freshwater fish; Parasite animal; Protozoan; Morphology.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1045165
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A NEW SPECIES OF XYLOCOPA (NANOXYLOCOPA) FROM BRAZIL (HYMENOPTERA, APIDAE) Pap. Avulsos de Zool. (São Paulo)
MELO,GABRIEL A.R..
ABSTRACT Xylocopa bella sp. nov., the second known species of the subgenus Xylocopa (Nanoxylocopa) Hurd & Moure, is newly described from the Espinhaço mountain range, in the state of Minas Gerais, and the Chapada Diamantina, in the state of Bahia, in eastern Brazil. It differs from X. ciliata Burmeister, the type species of X. (Nanoxylocopa), mainly by the possession, by females, of pale hairs intermixed with the black pubescence on the head and metasoma, the more abundant pubescence on mesoscutum and the much denser tergal pilosity, and the possession, by the male, of weakly infumated wing membrane, entirely dark scape, a patch of finely plumose pubescence on the anterior corners of the mesoscutum, narrower face, and shorter distance between the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carpenter bees; Neotropical; New species; Xylocopini.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492016000900103
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A new sward management strategy to mitigate the methane (CH4) emissions by grazing ruminants. Repositório Alice
SAVIAN, J. C.; SCHONS, R. M. T.; SCHNEIDER, E. A. N.; PENSO, J. F.; CAETANO, L. A. M.; MARCHI, D. E.; MEZZALIRA, J. C.; BERNDT, A.; BAYER, C.; Carvalho, P. C. F..
2016
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sward; Management strategy; Mitigate; Methane; Grazing ruminants.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1050720
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A new system for integral juice grape production. Repositório Alice
GUERRA, C. C..
The brazilian industry of grape juice have a great economic and social importance. In the last 30 years, it has increased continuously and strongly.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Integral juice grape; Integral juice; System for integral juice grape production.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1113044
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A new system for integral juice grape production. Repositório Alice
GUERRA, C. C..
The brazilian industry of grape juice have a great economic and social importance. In the last 30 years, it has increased continuously and strongly. Around the country, there is a very large number of small producers which production is sold in local markets. They used the technique called extraction by drag steam, which results in the addition of 10 to 20% of water in the juice during grapes processing.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Suco de uva; Produção de suco de uva; Produção brasileira; Brasil; Suco.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1063527
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A non-archimedean dea model to assess group comparisons. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, G. da S. e; GOMES, E. G..
We consider the use of the non-Archimedean infinitesimal epsilon in DEA-CCR models. The application of interest is defined by the performance measure of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation research centers. We characterize an assurance region for the non-Archimedean element and suggest a value for it. Types of DMUs are compared using fractional regression models and quasi maximum likelihood inference. We conclude that the research centers aimed at studying specific agricultural products are dominant. The classic DEA-CCR performance measures and the solution provided by non-Archimedeanmodel have Spearman correlation over 90%.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Non-zero weights; Fractional regression.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1066629
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A novel approach in mucoadhesive drug delivery system to improve zidovudine intestinal permeability BJPS
Pedreiro,Liliane Neves; Cury,Beatriz Stringhetti Ferreira; Chaud,Marco Vinícius; Gremião,Maria Palmira Daflon.
ABSTRACT Zidovudine (AZT) mucoadhesive solid dispersions (SD) were prepared using a sodium starch glycolate (SSG) and hypromellose phthalate (HPMCP) mixtures as carrier to enhance the intestinal permeability and bioavailability of zidovudine. SDs were prepared using the co-precipitation method followed by solvent evaporation and characterized according to their physicochemical properties such as particle size, crystallinity, thermal behavior, and liquid uptake ability. In vitro drug dissolution, mucoadhesiveness and AZT intestinal permeability were also determined. Thermal behavior and X-ray diffraction patterns demonstrated the amorphous state of AZT in SD systems. The HPMCP polymer restricted the liquid uptake ability in the acid medium; however, this...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zidovudine; Solid dispersion; Mucoadhesion; P-glycoprotein; Intestinal permeability..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502016000400715
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A novel cythorhabdorivirus in arracacha (Arracacia Xanthorrhiza). Repositório Alice
GOMES, S. S. V. S. F.; BLAWID, R.; COSTA, G. A.; NAGATA, T.; MADEIRA, N. R.; INOUE-NAGATA, A. K. I.; RESENDE, R. O.; ORÍLIO, A. F..
2016
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Mandioquinha-salsa; Virus; Arracacia xanthorrhiza.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1064995
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A novel effective method for the assessment of microvascular function in male patients with coronary artery disease: a pilot study using laser speckle contrast imaging BJMBR
Borges,J.P.; Lopes,G.O.; Verri,V.; Coelho,M.P.; Nascimento,P.M.C.; Kopiler,D.A.; Tibirica,E..
Evaluation of microvascular endothelial function is essential for investigating the pathophysiology and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Although laser speckle contrast imaging technology is well accepted as a noninvasive methodology for assessing microvascular endothelial function, it has never been used to compare male patients with coronary artery disease with male age-matched healthy controls. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether laser speckle contrast imaging could be used to detect differences in the systemic microvascular functions of patients with established cardiovascular disease (n=61) and healthy age-matched subjects (n=24). Cutaneous blood flow was assessed in the skin of the forearm using laser speckle...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ischemic heart disease; Cutaneous vascular conductance; Microvascular flowmetry; Endothelial function; Post-occlusive reactive hyperemia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016001000703
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A novel homozygous mutation in the solute carrier family 12 member 3 gene in a Chinese family with Gitelman syndrome BJMBR
Zhang,Y.; Zhang,F.; Chen,D.; Lü,Q.; Tang,L.; Yang,C.; Lei,M.; Tong,N..
Loss of function of mutated solute carrier family 12 member 3 (SLC12A3) gene is the most frequent etiology for Gitelman syndrome (GS), which is mainly manifested by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. We report the genetic characteristics of one suspicious Chinese GS pedigree by gene sequencing. Complete sequencing analysis of the SLC12A3 gene revealed that both the proband and his elder sister had a novel homozygous SLC12A3 mutation: c.2099T>C and p.Leu700Pro. Moreover, the SLC12A3 genes of his mother and daughter encoded the same mutated heterozygote. It was noted that in this pedigree, only the proband complained about recurrent episodes of bilateral lower limb weakness over 8 years, while his elder sister, mother and daughter did not...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gitelman syndrome; SLC12A3 gene; Homozygous mutant; Pedigree.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016001100701
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A novel neuropeptide Y neuronal pathway linking energy state and reproductive behavior OAK
Muroi, Yoshikage; Ishii, Toshiaki.
Animals consume energy for reproduction, as well as survival. Excess or insufficient energy investment into reproduction, respectively, threatens the survival of parents or leads to the failure of reproduction. Management of energy consumption in reproduction is important, not only for the success of the process, but also for the survival of the parents. Reproductive behaviors, such as mating and parental behavior, are indispensable for achieving each event of reproduction including gametogamy, parturition, and lactation. Therefore, reproductive behavior is one of the important factors in managing energy consumption for reproduction. Orexigenic and anorexigenic molecules in the hypothalamus have been implicated in the regulation of reproductive functions....
Palavras-chave: Neuropeptide Y; Hypothalamus; Dorsal raphe nucleus; Reproductive behavior.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4530
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A novel pH-stable, endoglucanase (JqCel5A) isolated from a salt-lake microorganism, Jonesia quinghaiensis Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Lin,Ling; Liu,Xiaozhou; Zhou,Yating; Guan,Linyan; Jiajia,He; Huang,Weiqian.
Background: Endoglucanase, one of three type cellulases, can randomly cleave internal p-1,4-linkages in cellulose polymers. Thus, it could be applied in agricultural and industrial processes. Results: A novel endoglucanase gene (JqCel5A) was cloned from Jonesia quinghaiensis and functionally expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3). It contained 1722 bp and encoded a 573-residue polypeptide consisting of a catalytic domain of glycoside hydrolase family 5 (GH5) and a type 2 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM2), together with a predicted molecular mass of 61.79 kD. The purified JqCel5A displayed maximum activity at 55°C and pH 7.0, with 21.7 U/mg, 26.19 U/mg and 4.81 U/mg towards the substrate carboxymethyl cellulose, barley glucan and filter paper,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Protein modeling Site-directed mutagenesis Cellulases Recombinant endoglucanase gene Catalytic domain ofglycoside hydrolase Carbohydrate-binding module High pH stability Tolerance to deleterious chemicals; Tolerance to heavy metals Tolerance to detergents.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582016000600009
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A numerical model for the entire Wadden Sea: skill assessment and analysis of hydrodynamics ArchiMer
Graewe, Ulf; Floeser, Goetz; Gerkema, Theo; Duran-matute, Matias; Badewien, Thomas H.; Schulz, Elisabeth; Burchard, Hans.
A baroclinic three-dimensional numerical model for the entire Wadden Sea of the German Bight in the southern North Sea is first assessed by comparison to field data for surface elevation, current velocity, temperature, and salinity at selected stations and then used to calculate fluxes of volume and salt inside the Wadden Sea and the exchange between the Wadden Sea and the adjacent North Sea through the major tidal inlets. The model is simulating the reference years 2009–2011. An overview of tidal prisms and residual volume fluxes of the main inlets and their variability is given. In addition, data from an intensive observational campaign in a tidal channel south of the island of Spiekeroog as well as satellite images and observations of sea surface...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Wadden Sea; GETM; Coastal ocean modeling; Tidal straining; Estuarine circulation; Total exchange flow.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45832/45487.pdf
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A numerical scheme for coastal morphodynamic modelling on unstructured grids ArchiMer
Guerin, Thomas; Bertin, Xavier; Dodet, Guillaume.
Over the last decade, modelling systems based on unstructured grids have been appearing increasingly attractive to investigate the dynamics of coastal zones. However, the resolution of the sediment continuity equation to simulate bed evolution is a complex problem which often leads to the development of numerical oscillations. To overcome this problem, addition of artificial diffusion or bathymetric filters are commonly employed methods, although these techniques can potentially over-smooth the bathymetry. This study aims to present a numerical scheme based on the Weighted Essentially Non-Oscillatory (WENO) formalism to solve the bed continuity equation on unstructured grids in a finite volume formulation. The new solution is compared against a classical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Morphodynamic modelling; Unstructured grid; WENO; Diffusion; Coastal environments; Exner equation.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00606/71851/70480.gif
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A oferta da produção da agricultura familiar no mercado de Manaus/AM. Repositório Alice
SOUSA NETA, N. L. de; SOUSA, S. G. A. de; ARAUJO, M. I. de.
O mercado de Manaus oferece diversos produtos da horticultura regional, que podem ser comercializados como produtos orgânicos. Entretanto, não existe informação sobre a oferta e a procura destes produtos em Manaus/AM. Objetivou-se neste trabalho, efetuar o levantamento periódico dos principais produtos provenientes da agricultura familiar, comercializados no mercado de Manaus-AM.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Horticultura; Produção Orgânica; Feiras.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1057408
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A organização da pesquisa em moscas-das-frutas na Embrapa e o Projeto Moscasul. Repositório Alice
KOVALESKI, A.; PARANHOS, B. A. J..
2016
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Moscas-das-frutas; Manejo integrado; Anastrepha fraterculus; Técnica do Inseto Estéril; Fruticultura; Controle biologico; Biological control.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1058059
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A partial braincase and other skeletal remains of Oligocene angel sharks (Chondrichthyes, Squatiniformes) from northwest Belgium, with comments on squatinoid taxonomy Naturalis
Mollen, F.H.; Bakel , B.W.M. van; Jagt, J.W.M..
A detailed redescription of a chondrocranium from the basal Boom Clay Formation (Rupelian, Upper Oligocene) at the SVK clay pit, Sint-Niklaas (province of Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium), previously assigned to the sawshark Pristiophorus rupeliensis, is presented. The chondrocranium is re-identified as that of an angel shark (Squatinidae), based on comparative anatomy of extant Squatina, inclusive of CT scans of Squatina africana, S. australis, S. dumeril, S. guggenheim and S. squatina, with different geographic distributions and representing all four angel shark clades as defined in a previous molecular study. Differential characters for chondrocrania listed in earlier accounts to discriminate angel shark species from the southwest Atlantic proved to be even...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Chondrocranium; CT scanning; Neurocranium; Pristiophorus; Squatina; Vertebrae.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/607684
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A participatory approach to design monitoring indicators of production diseases in organic dairy farms Organic Eprints
Duval, Julie; Fourichon, Christine; Madouasse, Aurélien; Sjöström, K.; Emanuelson, Ulf; Bareille, Nathalie.
Production diseases have an important negative effect on the health and welfare of dairy cows. Although organic animal production systems aim for high animal health levels, compliance with European organic farming regulations does not guarantee that this is achieved. Herd health and production management (HHPM) programs aim at optimizing herd health by preventing disease and production problems, but as yet they have not been consistently implemented by farmers. We hypothesize that one reason is the mismatch between what scientists propose as indicators for herd health monitoring and what farmers would like to use. Herd health monitoring is a key element in HHPM programs as it permits a regular assessment of the functioning of the different components of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Technology transfer; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33562/1/Duval16PVM.pdf
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A partnership between science and industry for a monitoring of anchovy & sardine in the Bay of Biscay: When fishermen are actors of science ArchiMer
Masse, Jacques; Sanchez, Florence; Delaunay, Damien; Robert, J. M.; Petitgas, Pierre.
Anchovy and sardine are small pelagic species occupying similar geographic areas in the Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic). Their biomass is strongly dependent on recruitment, making the annual assessment of TAC (Total Allowable Catch) a risky strategy due to uncertainty in predicting the magnitude of recruitment. Monitoring these resources more often and throughout their life cycle could allow management strategies to be adjusted based on observations which indicate the level of recruitment. In order to achieve a more frequent monitoring, an innovative data collection strategy involving a partnership between fishermen and scientists, was developed in 2009 and 2010 called “pilot sentinel surveys”. This paper details the partnership, the information such a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sporadic acoustic surveys; Bay of Biscay; Small pelagic monitoring; Recruitment indicators; Fishermen's surveys.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41214/41006.pdf
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