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Seedling emergence and yield performance of wheat cultivars depending on seed vigor and sowing density. Repositório Alice
ABATI, J.; BRZEZINSKI, R.; FOLONI, J. S. S.; ZUCARELI, C.; BASSOI, M. C.; HENNING, F. A..
bitstream/item/176530/1/2017-Seedling-Journal-of-Seed-Science-final.docx.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Trigo; Semente; Plântula; Qualidade; Produtividade; Rendimento; Triticum Aestivum; Wheat; Seed quality; Seedlings; Yield components; Grain yield.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1091276
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Jornalismo: ferramenta para divulgação científica e tecnológica. Repositório Alice
ABBÁ, G. G. M.; BOLFE, V. F.; PEREIRA, N. R..
Resumo: Neste trabalho será abordada a importância da comunicação, em especial a jornalística, para divulgação científica e tecnológica, com o objetivo de informar a sociedade sobre os resultados de pesquisas, tecnologias e serviços desenvolvidos pela Embrapa Informática Agropecuária. Serão apresentadas técnicas e ferramentas comunicacionais, incluindo assessoria de imprensa e veículos de comunicação organizacionais, que auxiliam o comunicador na interação entre a comunidade científica e a sociedade. Assim, o jornalismo científico contribui para tornar público o conhecimento produzido na Embrapa, levar os resultados à população e prestar contas sobre os recursos públicos investidos nas pesquisas.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Divulgação científica; Ciência; Ferramenta; Comunicação; Jornalismo; Tecnologia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1084877
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Population ecology of Chaetophractus vellerosus: the first report for an armadillo in South America Rev. Bras. Zool.
Abba,Agustín M.; Benitez,Veronica V.; Doyle,Santiago R..
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to obtain the first estimates of survival rates (S), capture probability (p) and life expectancy for armadillos in South America by analyzing capture-mark-recapture data obtained from a population of Chaetophractus vellerosus (Gray, 1865) located in Magdalena, Buenos Aires, Argentina. From June 2006 to June 2011, we conducted 16 field surveys that resulted in 365 capture events of 152 adult C. vellerosus. For the survival analysis we used a Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) modelling framework. Interannual variation in S made an important contribution to overall variation in the survival rate of C. vellerosus. The average life expectancy for females and males after attaining sexual maturity was estimated at 1.70 and 1.65 years...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Argentina; Capture probability; CMR; Screaming hairy armadillo; Survival rates.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702017000100332
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ALLELOPATHIC INFLUENCE OF AQUATIC WEEDS ON AGRO-ECOSYSTEMS: A REVIEW Planta Daninha
ABBAS,T.; NADEEM,M.A.; TANVEER,A.; SYED,S.; ZOHAIB,A.; FAROOQ,N.; SHEHZAD,M.A..
ABSTRACT Aquatic weeds are higher plants found in the aquatic ecosystem and in anaerobic rice fields, where they have no economic benefits. The continuance of aquatic weeds is more widespread than terrestrial weeds because in aquatic ecosystems there is very little fluctuation in the environmental conditions compared with terrestrial ecosystems. Scientists have been working to address the harmful allelopathic effects of aquatic weeds on the aquatic ecosystem, but limited information is available on the allelopathic influence of aquatic weeds on agro-ecosystems through the release of phytotoxic compounds. Phytotoxic chemicals released by different aquatic weeds into irrigation water and/or directly into rice ecosystems might have a significant inhibitory...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Aquatic ecosystem; Ecosystem interactions; Herbicides resistance management; Organic weed control; Phenolics; Weed invasion.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100301
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Elevated CO2 atmospheric condition increasing the production of brachiaria brizantha grass. Repositório Alice
ABDALLA FILHO, A. L.; SAKITA, G. Z.; SILVA, T. P. D.; DINESHKUMAR, D.; FARIA, L. A.; IEDA, E. H.; GHINI, R.; ABDALLA, A. L.; PICCOLO, M. C..
bitstream/item/165496/1/RA-GhiniR-2ndAgriculture...Conference-2017-P1.012-PA....pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Elevated CO2; Climate Change; Pasture; Livestock.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078084
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Retrofitting multi-span dairy buildings to improve indoor environment CIGR Journal
Abdelbary, Khaled M..
Several dairy farms still have old multi-span barns which are encountering several problems in summer and they are: low ventilation rates, non-uniformed air distribution, heat stress and high indoor concentrations of harmful gases. A solution has been suggested, in this study, which is refurbishing the roofs of old multi-span dairy barns by modifying the roof design, increasing the cowshed height and the roof slope angle. In order to implement this new roof design, rigorous experimental measurements and theoretical calculations were carried out to evaluate the indoor environment before and after refurbishment which was determined by measuring and estimating the following parameters: air exchange rate, indoor temperature, gaseous concentrations (NH3, CH4,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Engineering Farm Buildings dairy buildings; Roof refurbishment; Natural ventilation; Indoor environment; Air quality; Gaseous emissions.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/4228
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Evaluation of recombinant antigens in combination and single formula for diagnosis of feline toxoplasmosis OAK
Abdelbaset, Abdelbaset Eweda; Alhasan, Hend; Salman, Doaa; Karram, Mohamed Hassan; Rushdi, Mahmoud Abd Ellah; Xuan Xuenan; Igarashi, Makoto.
Cats are the only definitive hosts of Toxoplasma gondii and constitute an essential source of infection to all warm blooded animals and humans. Diagnosis of T gondii infection in cats is fundamental for proper management and control of infection in humans and animals. In the current study, we have evaluated the diagnostic performance of tachyzoite lysate antigen (TLA) and different T. gondii recombinant antigens including surface antigen 2 (SAG2), dense granule proteins 2, 6, 7, 15 (GRA2, GRA6, GRA7, GRA15) and microneme 10 protein (MIC10) in immunoglobulin G enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay (IgG ELISA) using cat serum samples, with reference to latex agglutination test (LAT). Remarkably, TLA showed better performance than other recombinant antigens in...
Palavras-chave: ELISA; Recombinant proteins; Serodiagnosis; Toxoplasmosis.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4574
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Lactate dehydrogenase in Toxoplasma gondii controls virulence, bradyzoite differentiation, and chronic infection OAK
Abdelbaset, E. Abdelbaset; Fox, Barbara A.; Karram, Mohamed H.; Abd Ellah, Mahmoud R.; Bzik, David J.; Igarashi, Makoto.
In the asexual stages, Toxoplasma gondii stage converts between acute phase rapidly replicating tachyzoites and chronic phase slowly dividing bradyzoites. Correspondingly, T. gondii differentially expresses two distinct genes and isoforms of the lactate dehydrogenase enzyme, expressing LDH1 exclusively in the tachyzoite stage and LDH2 preferentially in the bradyzoite stage. LDH catalyzes the interconversion of pyruvate and lactate in anaerobic growth conditions and is utilized for energy supply, however, the precise role of LDH1 and LDH2 in parasite biology in the asexual stages is still unclear. Here, we investigated the biological role of LDH1 and LDH2 in the asexual stages, and the vaccine strain potential of deletion mutants lacking LDH1, LDH2, or both...
Ano: 2017 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4451
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Comparative metabolomics of xylose-fermenting yeasts by UHPLC-MS/MS: effects of oxygen levels on fermentation performance. Repositório Alice
ABDELNUR, P. V.; CAMPOS, C.; RIBEIRO, J. A. de A.; COSTA, P. P. K. G.; VERAS, H.; RODRIGUES, C. M.; PARACHIN, N.; ALMEIDA, J. R. M. de.
2017
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Xylose fermentation; Mass spectrometry; Metabolomics; Biofuels; Biotechnology; Second generation ethanol; Xylose-fermenting yeast.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1072103
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The Impact of Proximol (Cymbopogon proximus) Intakeon Pregnant Albino Ratsand their Fetuses During Gestation Period International Journal of Morphology
Abdelrahman,Heba A; Omar,Amel R; Salah EL-Din,Eman Y.
Halphabarol, the active principle of Proximol, is the most potent of the four antispasmodics present in the national desert weed Cymbopogon proximus or ''Halfa Bar''. Halphabarol is of great value for the management of renal colic and in the expulsion of ureteric calculi as it causes dilation of the ureter below the site of calculus while active propulsion is maintained. Evaluation the congenital malformation of proximol in pregnant albino rats during gestation period. The virgin female rats were mated with male rats and the pregnant rats were orally administered a human equivalent dose (0.05 mg/kg) of Proximol from 5th-20th gestation day. At day 20 of pregnancy, all rats were anesthetized to obtained maternal and fetal data. The treatment group displayed...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cymbopogon proximus; Halfa Bar; Malformation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000200019
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Statistical Modelling and Optimization of Fermentation Medium for Lincomycin Production by Streptomyces lincolnensis Immobilized Cells BABT
Abdelwahed,Nayera A.M.; Gomaa,Eman Zakaria; Hassan,Amira A..
ABSTRACT Response surface methodology was used to optimize lincomycin production by Streptomyces lincolnensis NRRL ISP-5355 in submerged fermentation. Screening of fermentation medium components to find their relative effect on lincomycin production was done using Plackett-Burman design. Malt extract, dextrin, soluble starch and (NH4)2SO4 were the most significant nutrient influenced on lincomycin production. Central composite design was applied to determine optimal concentrations of these factors and the effect of their mutual interactions. The interaction between soluble starch and (NH4)2SO4 was found to enhance the production, whereas malt extract and dextrin exhibited an influence independent from the other two factors. Using this statistical...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Optimization; Lincomycin; Streptomyces lincolnensis; Response surface methodology; Immobilization.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132017000100405
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Antifungal Potential of Indigenous Medicinal Plants against Myrothecium Leaf Spot of Bitter Gourd ( Momordica charantia L.) BABT
Abid,Muhammad; Chohan,Sobia; Mehmood,Mirza Abid; Naz,Safina; Naqvi,Syed Atif Hasan.
ABSTRACT Bitter gourd is of great importance due to its usage against the treatment of numerous ailments in human beings. A comprehensive survey at four localities of Southern Punjab, Pakistan was carried out to determine the severity of Myrothecium leaf spot. Maximum disease severity was at C1 (Chak 11/NP) and least at C2 (Kot Mehtab). Among isolated species Myrothecium roridum was found more prevalent and pathogenic as compared to M. verrucaria. Antifungal activity using solvent extracts of five medicinal plants (Mangifera indica, Melia azedarach, Nicotiana tabacum, Moringa oleifera and Eucalyptus globosum) were evaluated against isolated species by agar well diffusion method at various concentrations (0.01, 0.10, 1.0 and 10.0 µg / mL). N. tabacum...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Momordica charantia L.; Secondary compounds; Solvent plant extracts.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132017000100421
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The paralytic shellfish toxin, saxitoxin, enters the cytoplasm and induces apoptosis of oyster immune cells through a caspase-dependent pathway ArchiMer
Abikhalil, Celina; Finkelstein, Darren S.; Conejero, Genevieve; Du Bois, Justin; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Rolland, Jean-luc.
Exposure of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella (A. catenella) was previously demonstrated to cause apoptosis of hemocytes in the oyster species Crassostrea gigas. In this work, a coumarin-labeled saxitoxin appeared to spread throughout the cytoplasm of the hemocytes. PSTs, including saxitoxin, were also shown to be directly responsible for inducing apoptosis in hemocytes, a process dependent on caspase activation and independent of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. A series of in vitro labeling and microscopy experiments revealed that STX and analogs there of induced nuclear condensation, phosphatidylserine exposure, membrane permeability, and DNA fragmentation of hemocytes. Unlike in vertebrates, gonyautoxin-5 (GTX5), which...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shellfish; Toxin; Harmful algae; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50272/50905.pdf
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Recuperação de um reator em batelada sequencial após falhas operacionais. Repositório Alice
ABILHÔA, H. C. Z.; ANTES, F. G.; CHINI, A.; BOLSAN, A. C.; BARIZON, F.; KUNZ, A..
bitstream/item/169625/1/final8661.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Recuperação do sistema; Nitritração parcial; Reator SBR.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1083301
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Enhancement of abdominal wall defect repair using allogenic platelet-rich plasma with commercial polyester/cotton fabric (Damour) in a canine model OAK
Abouelnasr, Khaled; Hamed, Mohamed; Lashen, Samah; El-Adl, Mohamed; Rasha, Eltaysh; Tagawa, Michihito.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has an important role in musculoskeletal surgery; however, it has been underutilized for accelerating the healing of abdominal wall defects in veterinary practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the use of commercial polyester/cotton fabric (Damour) as a new composite mesh for the repair of experimentally induced abdominal wall defects in canine models, and to investigate the possible role of PRP for improving such repair and reducing allied complications. For this purpose, abdominal wall defects were created in 24 healthy mongrel dogs and then repaired with mesh alone (control group) or mesh and allogenic PRP (PRP group). Dogs were euthanized after 2 or 4 months for gross examination of implantation site,...
Palavras-chave: Abdominal wall defect; Damour; Dog; Platelet-rich plasma.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4542
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First report of Epibiont ciliates (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) living on larvae of Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera) from Brazil BABT
Abrahão,Daniel Peroni; Mello,José Leonardo; Gorni,Guilherme; Corbi,Juliano José.
ABSTRACT Epibiosis was understood as a commensalism relation between two or more organisms. However, some studies have shown that epibionts can cause deleterious effects to their host. Here, we reported the first report of epibiosis between protozoa Epibiont ciliates (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) living on larvae of Ephemeroptera from Brazil.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Epibiosis; Protozoa; Ephemeroptera.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132017000100401
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The climate of the Common Era off the Iberian Peninsula ArchiMer
Abrantes, Fatima; Rodrigues, Teresa; Rufino, Marta; Salgueiro, Emilia; Oliveira, Dulce; Gomes, Sandra; Oliveira, Paulo; Costa, Ana; Mil-homens, Mario; Drago, Teresa; Naughton, Filipa.
The Mediterranean region is a climate hot spot, sensitive not only to global warming but also to water availability. In this work we document major temperature and precipitation changes in the Iberian Peninsula and margin during the last 2000 years and propose an interplay of the North Atlantic internal variability with the three atmospheric circulation modes (ACMs), (North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), east atlantic (EA) and Scandinavia (SCAND)) to explain the detected climate variability. We present reconstructions of sea surface temperature (SST derived from alkenones) and on-land precipitation (estimated from higher plant n-alkanes and pollen data) in sedimentary sequences recovered along the Iberian Margin between the south of Portugal (Algarve) and the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00417/52833/53750.pdf
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Honeybee venom: influence of collection on quality and cytotoxicity Ciência Rural
Abrantes,Allyson Fortunato; Rocha,Thayse Cavalcante da; Lima,Amanda Beatriz Sales de; Cavalcanti,Mônica Tejo.
ABSTRACT: Apitoxin is the venom produced by bees. It is a complex chemical compound, rich in protein substances and with pharmacological effects. This study was carried out with the objective of comparing the quality of apitoxin extracted in an apiary in different parts of the collector in relation to moisture content, protein analysis and cytotoxicity assay with Artemia salina L. Type 1 apitoxin was collected from glass slabs at the entrance to the hive, while type 2 apitoxin was collected from the waste accumulated in the collection rods and treated by rinsing in distilled water. Both apitoxins presented significant differences (P>0.05) in relation to protein profile, with type 1 showing a higher content (77.8%) than type 2 (51.9%), and presented...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bees; Beekeeping; Bee venom; Artemia salina L.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017001000401
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INFLUÊNCIA DAS CONDIÇÕES AMBIENTAIS NO CRESCIMENTO DE DOIS GRUPOS ARBÓREOS EM FLORESTA COM ARAUCÁRIA BIOFIX
Abrão, Simone Filipini; Rizzi, Nivaldo Eduardo; Pelissari, Allan Libanio; Machado, Sebastião do Amaral.
O crescimento da vegetação está relacionado com a disponibilidade de recursos naturais e a capacidade de cada espécie em utilizá-los. Por isso, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o crescimento de dois grupos arbóreos: Grupo 1, correspondente a espécie Araucaria angustifolia; e Grupo 2, representado pelas dez espécies com maior valor de importância em uma Floresta Ombrófila Mista. Para isso, as seguintes hipóteses foram formuladas: a Araucaria angustifolia apresenta crescimento diferenciado das espécies mais representativas em função de características ambientais em que está localizada? e quais locais podem ser prioritários para o manejo dessa espécie? Este estudo foi realizado na Floresta Nacional de São Francisco de Paula, estado do Rio Grande do Sul,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conservação da Natureza; Manejo Florestal Araucaria angustifolia; Incremento; Características edáficas..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://revistas.ufpr.br/biofix/article/view/53634
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Prevalência sorológica de linfadenite caseosa em rebanhos de caprinos e ovinos dos estados do Maranhão e Alagoas. Repositório Alice
ABREU, A. R. A.; CAVALCANTE, A. C. R.; LIMA, A. M. C.; FARIAS, A. E. M. de; ALVES, F. S. F.; FACCIOLI MARTINS, P. Y..
O presente projeto teve como objetivo determinar a prevalência sorológica de LC em rebanhos de caprinos e ovinos dos estados do Maranhão e Alagoas. Foram utilizados 416 soros caprinos e 545 soros de ovinos dos estados supracitados, os quais foram analisados por meio do teste sorológico ELISA indireto.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Maranhão; Alagoas; Caprino; Ovino; Doença Animal; Linfadenite Caseosa; Teste ELISA; Bactéria; Pseudotuberculose; Goats; Sheep; ELISA; Small ruminants; Animal diseases; Caseous lymphadenitis; Bacterial diseases; Brazil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1084917
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