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Bem-estar animal: a ave não é uma máquina. Infoteca-e
ABREU, P. G. de; MAZZUCO, H.; SILVA, I. J. O. da.
bitstream/item/166199/1/final8581.pdf
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bem-estar animal; Ambiência; Ave.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1079015
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Modelagem da eficiência, fator importante na rentabilidade da ovinocaprinocultura, dos produtores do Semiárido. Repositório Alice
ABREU, U. G. P. de; LIMA, L. D. de; ALBUQUERQUE, F. H. M. A. de.; SOUZA, J. D. F..
Propõe-se utilizar abordagem DEA para avaliar o desempenho de sistemas de ovinocaprinocultura no semiárido do Brasil. Por meio de questionário com 127 variáveis, foram coletadas informações de 254 produtores do município de Tauá - CE, as varáveis de input número de ovinos e número de bovinos, e a variável output receita com produção animal. Foi realizada a modelagem DEA de orientação produto com retornos constantes a escala (RCE), e com retornos variáveis a escala (RVE). Os modelos RCE e RVE cujas medidas de eficiência técnica médias foram 9,72% e 23,65%, e que apenas 2 e 8 produtores obtiveram eficiência igual a um, respectivamente. Observamos que a grande maioria dos produtores operam na faixa de retorno crescente, e são ineficientes. Ou seja, a maioria...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ovino; Ovinocultura; Caprinocultura; Caprino; Sistema de Produção; Análise Estatística; Goats; Sheep; Animal production; Statistics.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1076717
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Modelagem da eficiência, fator importante na rentabilidade da ovinocaprinocultura, dos produtores do Semiárido. Repositório Alice
ABREU, U. G. P. de; LIMA, L. D. de; ALBUQUERQUE, F. H. M. A. de.; SOUZA, J. D. F..
Resumo: Neste artigo propõe-se utilizar abordagem DEA para avaliar o desempenho de sistemas de ovinocaprinocultura no semiárido do Brasil. Por meio de questionário com 127 variáveis, foram coletadas informações de 254 produtores do município de Tauá - CE, as varáveis de input número de ovinos e número de bovinos, e a variável output receita com produção animal. Foi realizada a modelagem DEA de orientação produto com retornos constantes a escala (RCE), e com retornos variáveis a escala (RVE). Os modelos RCE e RVE cujas medidas de eficiência técnica médias foram 9,72% e 23,65%, e que apenas 2 e 8 produtores obtiveram eficiência igual a um, respectivamente. Observamos que a grande maioria dos produtores operam na faixa de retorno crescente, e são...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Semiárido; Retorno constante; Retorno Variável; Production System; Constant returns; Variable returns; Ovino; Ovinocultura; Caprinocultura; Caprino; Sistema de Produção; Análise Estatística; Goats; Sheep; Animal production; Statistics; Brazil; Semiarid zones.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1083700
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Avaliação da produção e estratégia de comercialização de ovinos de corte no Mato Grosso do Sul - a experiência da PDOA. Infoteca-e
ABREU, U. G. P. de; REIS, F. A.; BEZERRA, A. C.; LIMA, L. D. de; ALBUQUER, F. H. M. A. R. de.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi estabelecer tipologias, por meio da análise de variáveis de comercialização, de produtos gerados e de tecnologias usadas nos sistemas de produção de ovinos, dos criadores envolvidos na PDOA em MS.
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Controle financeiro; Atividade; Indicadores zootécnicos; Ovinocultura de corte.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1078099
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Diversidade de artrópodes-praga e inimigos naturais em lavouras de arroz irrigado. Repositório Alice
ABREU, W. R. de; BRANDÃO, G. C.; BARRIGOSSI, J. A. F..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi monitorar e identificar os artrópodes-praga e seus inimigos naturais na cultura do arroz em ambiente irrigado
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Arroz irrigado; Praga de planta; Inimigo natural.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1084384
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Urban solid waste in the production of Lafoensia pacari seedlings AGRIAMBI
Abreu,Alan H. M. de; Marzola,Leticia B.; Melo,Lucas A. de; Leles,Paulo S. dos S.; Abel,Elton L. S.; Alonso,Jorge M..
ABSTRACT This study aimed to verify the potential of urban solid wastes as substrate for production of seedlings of Lafoensia pacari. Five treatments were tested, four with solid wastes and one standard substrate, namely: sewage sludge from Alegria Wastewater Treatment Plant (WTP); sewage sludge from Ilha do Governador WTP; sewage sludge from Sarapuí WTP; domestic garbage compost (Fertlurb); and a commercial substrate made of biostabilized pine bark (standard substrate). The wastes received 20% (in volume) of shredded coconut fiber. At 105 days after sowing, the seedlings were evaluated for different quality parameters. Seedlings produced with Sarapuí WTP sewage sludge showed the best results in all the parameters, followed by seedlings produced with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sewage sludge; Urban waste; Biosolid.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000200083
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Simultaneous optimization of coffee quality variables during storage AGRIAMBI
Abreu,Giselle F. de; Rosa,Sttela D. V. F. da; Cirillo,Marcelo A.; Malta,Marcelo R.; Clemente,Aline C. S.; Borém,Flávio M..
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to use methodology of simultaneous optimization of multiple responses applied to an experimental design to determine the best combination of storage period and conditions for preservation of coffee beans. Coffea arabica L. fruits were harvested in the ripe stage of maturation, processed using wet and dry methods, and dried to 11% (wet basis) moisture content. Part of the beans was hulled, while the other part was hulled only after the beans were stored under two different environmental conditions: cooled air at 10 ºC with 50% relative humidity; and at 25 ºC without controlling the relative humidity. Samples were taken at 3, 6, and 12 months intervals in order to evaluate quality. The data were submitted to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coffea arabica L.; Processing; Hulling.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000100056
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Virological suppression in children and adolescents is not influenced by genotyping, but depends on optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy BJID
Abreu,Juliana Costa de; Vaz,Sara Nunes; Martins Netto,Eduardo; Brites,Carlos.
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the virological outcomes in children and adolescents infected with HIV-1 in Salvador, Bahia according to genotyping results. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the rates of virological suppression of children and adolescents submitted to HIV-1 genotyping test from January/2008 to December/2012. The participants were followed in the two referral centers for pediatric AIDS care, in Salvador, Brazil. Resistance mutations, drug sensitivity profiles, and viral subtypes were analyzed using the Stanford HIV-1 Drug Resistance Database. Adherence was estimated by drugs withdrawal at pharmacies of the two sites. Results: 101 subjects were included: 35 (34.6%) were drug-naïve, and the remaining 66 were failing ART. In drug-naïve...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Children; Virological suppression; Genotyping; Adherence.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702017000300219
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CLOACAL AND SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF BROILERS SUBJECT TO THERMAL STRESS REA
Abreu,Lucas H. P.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki; Campos,Alessandro T.; Bahuti,Marcelo; Fassani,Édison J..
ABSTRACT: The cloacal and surface temperatures are important physiological parameters to quantify the thermal comfort of animals, its variations may occur as a function of thermal variables. In this context, the goal of the present study was to evaluate the cloacal (tclo) and surface (tsur) temperatures of Cobb 500® broilers, in the second week of life, subjected to different air dry-bulb temperature (24, 27, 30 and 33 °C) and stress durations (1, 2, 3 and 4 days). The experiment was carried out in four climate-controlled wind tunnels. Air relative humidity and air velocity were set at 60% and 0.2 m s-1, respectively. The tclo and tsur were measured daily through digital thermometer and thermographic camera, respectively. Analysis of variance and Scott...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal environment; Aviculture; Thermal comfort; Thermographic image; Physiologic parameters.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162017000500877
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MORPHOANATOMY OF Garcinia madruno (KUNTH) HAMMEL (CLUSIACEAE) UNDER WATERLOGGED CONDITIONS Rev. Bras. Frutic.
ABREU,NATÁLIA DO COUTO; BARBOSA,SUZANA MARQUES; GURGEL,ELY SIMONE CAJUEIRO; CARVALHO,WENDELL VILHENA DE.
ABSTRACT Garcinia madruno (Kunth) Hammel is a neotropical tree that naturally occurs in terra firme forests and is important as a source of income and medicine for Amazonian populations. This study describes and compares the morphoanatomical responses of plants under conditions of stress and normoxia. Young plants of Garcinia madruno were subjected to two water regimes: daily controlled irrigation and waterlogged for 84 days. Hypertrophic lenticels, adventitious roots and anatomical characteristics of the roots and leaves were evaluated on days 0, 21, 42, 63 and 84. There were no changes in leaf structure, but cracks and hypertrophic lenticels appeared on the stems, there was an increase in blackness of the roots and the plants formed adventitious roots to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon; Bacurizinho; Stress; Fruit; Histochemistry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452017000500201
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Passalid (Insecta: Coleoptera: Passalidae) collected from trunks of Scleronema micranthum (Malvaceae) Acta Amazonica
ABREU,Raimunda Liege Souza de; RONCHI-TELES,Beatriz; VIANEZ,Bazilio Frasco; FONSECA,Claudio Ruy Vasconcelos da; GOUVEIA,Fernando Bernardo Pinto; SILVA,Ediene Borges da.
ABSTRACT Some beetles can attack the wood immediately after the tree is felled, but there are those that start their attack at different stages of wood degradation. Beetles of the family Passalidae belong to this latest category. The objective of this study was to assess the occurrence of beetles of this family in wood samples taken from trunks of Scleronema micranthum, a forest species from Central Amazon. The samples were exposed to biodegradation for 24 months on the forest ground of the Experimental Station of Tropical Silviculture of the National Institute for Amazonian Research, in Manaus, Amazon State, Brazil. During that period, 15 samples were removed from the experiment, every two months, for insect collection and evaluation of infestation. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Amazon wood; Beetle; Passalidae; Degradation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672017000100071
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Histochemical changes during the ontogeny of malagueta and biquinho pepper seeds Agronomy
Abud, Haynna Fernandes; Araújo, Eduardo Fontes; Araujo, Roberto Fontes; Picoli, Edgard Augusto de Toledo; Gallão, Maria Izabel.
This study aimed to evaluate the structural changes and reserve deposition of malagueta and biquinho pepper seeds and to determine their chemical composition during ontogeny. The fruits were collected 25, 40, 55, 70, 85, and 100 days after anthesis (DAA). After collection, the seeds were extracted and fixed in FAA 50 and then stored in 70% ethanol. Subsequently, the seeds were embedded in methacrylate (Historesin) and sectioned with a microtome. The sections were stained with Toluidine blue O for anatomical analysis and Xylidine Ponceau, Periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and Lugol’s iodine solution for histochemical analysis. Sections were made using a cryomicrotome for acid phloroglucinol staining and Sudan III tests. Progressive lignification of the seed coat...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Capsicum frutescens; C. chinense; Chemical composition; Histochemistry; Reserves..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/32492
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Polimorfismo do Exon 20 do gene do receptor da leptina e concentrações séricas de leptina em novilhas nelore criadas a pasto. Repositório Alice
ABUD, L. J.; ABUD, C. O. G.; FIORAVANTI, M. C. S.; MELO, E. de O.; ARNHOLD, E.; PAULINI, F.; SERENO, J. R. B..
bitstream/item/174042/1/Sci.-Agrar.-Parana.-2017-v-164-p-443-4481.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bos taurus indicus; Bovino de corte; Idade a puberdade; Precocidade sexual; Reprodução; Beef cattle; Age of puberty; Sexual precocity; Reproduction.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1089283
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Polymorphism of exon 20 of the leptin receptor gene and serum leptin concentrations of Nellore heifers raised on pasture Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
Abud, Lucas Jacomini; Abud, Cátia Oliveira Guimarães; Fioravanti, Maria Clorinda Soares; Melo, Eduardo de Oliveira; Arnhold, Emmanuel; Paulini, Fernanda; Sereno, José Robson Bezerra.
The physiological changes that occur at puberty in heifers are objectives of study in order to better understand this phenomenon and to identify alternatives to achieve greater sexual precocity. Among the most important factors that influence puberty the leptin hormone and its receptor can be highlighted, as they are factors that perform communication between the nutritional status and the reproductive axis, and its participation in reproductive physiology is not fully understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the serum profile of the leptin hormone, to identify polymorphisms at exon 20 of the leptin receptor and associate them with the occurrence of puberty in heifers raised on pasture. We followed 56 heifers for 17 months and carried...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bos taurus indicus; Bovino de corte; Hormônio; Idade a puberdade; Precocidade sexual; Reprodução..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/15112
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Effects of Hen Age and Egg Weight Class on the Hatchability of Free Range Indigenous Chicken Eggs Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Abudabos,AM; Aljumaah,RS; Algawaan,AS; Al-Sornokh,H; Al-Atiyat,RM.
ABSTRACT In total, 806 eggs of free-range Hassawi indigenous chickens were collected from local farm in Saudi Arabia. Eggs were weekly collected for 11 weeks. Initial egg weight (IEW) was recorded, and eggs were graded into four classes (A: 35-40 g, B: 40-45 g, C: 45-50 g, and D: 50-55 g). Eggs were stored for seven days at 75-80% relative humidity and 14-16 C, after which egg weight losses (WL0) were calculated. During incubation, eggs were weighed on days 7 (W7) and 14 (W14), and egg weight losses on days 7 (WL7) and 14 (WL14), and total loss (WL0-14) were calculated. Hatchling weight (CW) was measured. The proportion of CW relative to egg weight loss (WL) on days0, 7 and 14 days of incubation (CW:WL0; CW:WL7 and CW:WL14, respectively), and break out...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Egg weight; Embryo mortality; Hassawi chicken; Hatchability; Hen age.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000100033
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Gill Morphology in Two Bottom Feeder Mediterranean Sea Fishes: Grey Gurnard Fish (Eutrigla gurnardus, Linnaeus, 1758) and Striped Red Mullet Fish (Mullus barbatus surmuletus, Linnaeus, 1758) by Scanning Electron Microscopy International Journal of Morphology
Abumandour,Mohamed M. A; El-Bakary,Neveen E. R.
The purpose of the current investigation was to describe the gill morphology of two bottom feeders Mediterranean Sea fishes: Striped red mullet fish (M. surmuletus) and grey gurnard fish (E. gurnardus) that showed the same feeding habits. The gill system of the grey gurnard consisted of four pairs of gill arches while consisted of three pairs of gill arches in the striped red mullet. Our study focused on the scanning electron microscopical (SEM) features of the gills, where some differences in the gill arches and gill rakers surface in both species were observed. Our results marked that there was an interbranchial septum carrying a four transverse elevated crest in grey gurnard while in striped red mullet carrying a median longitudinal elevated crest....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Grey gurnard fish; Striped red mullet fish; Scanning electron microscopy; Gill raker; Gill arch; Gill filament.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000100014
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Morphological and Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies of the Stomach of the Egyptian Fruit Bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus) International Journal of Morphology
Abumandour,Mohamed M. A; Pérez,William.
This study was performed to investigate the histomorphological characters of the Egyptian fruit bat stomach using the light and scanning electron microscope. The stomachs of fourteen adult normal healthy Egyptian fruit bats of both sexes were used. Stomach was tubular with an elongated fundic part and a long narrow pyloric part. Internally, the superficial epithelium was disposed in filiform form, the longitudinal rugaes extended throughout the length of the stomach, their numbers were high but they were thin and branched in the fundic region, while in the cardiac and pyloric region reached to 3 or 4 thick longitudinal and not branched rugaes. Under the scanning electron microscopy, we found differences in the appearance of middle part with the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anatomy; Chiroptera; Digestive system; SEM.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000100040
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Mapeamento do uso e cobertura das terras do Semiárido pernambucano. Infoteca-e
ACCIOLY, L. J. de O.; SILVA, E. A. da; CAVALCANTI JUNIOR, E. de A.; ALVES, E. da S.; PEREIRA, A. G. de S.; SILVA, R. S. da; RAMOS, R. R. D.; SILVA, R. R. da..
O uso e a cobertura da terra respondem pelos efeitos maléficos e benéficos que o homem causa ao meio ambiente. Mudanças no uso e na cobertura estão associados a alterações no clima local e regional, no ciclo hidrológico, na degradação das terras e nos estoques de carbono do solo e da vegetação. Portanto, o conhecimento da distribuição espacial dos tipos de cobertura é imprescindível em qualquer ação que envolva o estudo desses temas. Este trabalho objetivou mapear, na escala 1:100.000, o uso e a cobertura das terras do Semiárido pernambucano como parte de um projeto que estuda os estoques de carbono na vegetação e nos solos desta região. A área de estudo, 86.135 km2, é a região semiárida conforme limites presentes no Zoneamento Agroecológico do Estado de...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Solo; Mapa; Cobertura do solo; Caatinga; Agricultura; Pastagem.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1079144
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Review of Stantonia Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Orgilinae) from Vietnam, China, Japan, and Russia, with descriptions of six new species Naturalis
Achterberg, C. van; Long, K.D.; Chen, X.-X..
The genus Stantonia Ashmead, 1904 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Orgilinae) is reviewed for Vietnam, China, Japan, and Russia. Six new species of the genus Stantonia are described and illustrated: Stantonia brevicaudata van Achterberg, sp. n., S. dickyyui van Achterberg & Long, sp. n., S. granulata Long & van Achterberg, sp. n., S. robustifemur van Achterberg & Long, sp. n., S. stilpnosoma Long & van Achterberg, sp. n., and S. vietnamica van Achterberg, sp. n. A new subgenus (Planitonia subg. n.: type species Stantonia robustifemur van Achterberg & Long, sp. n.) is proposed for the species with a flat clypeus and face, and reduced vein r-m of the fore wing. Three species are newly recorded from Vietnam: Stantonia gracilis van Achterberg,...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; China; Japan; Russia; Key; Stantonia; New species; Orgilinae; Vietnam.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/644351
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A revision of the tribe Planitorini van Achterberg (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Euphorinae), with description of a new genus from Australia Naturalis
Achterberg, C. van; Quicke, D.L.J.; Boring, C.A..
The tribe Planitorini van Achterberg (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Euphorinae) is revised. One new genus Paramannokeraia gen. n. (type species: P. gibsoni sp. n.) and five new species from Australia are described and illustrated: Mannokeraia albipalpis van Achterberg, sp. n., M. nigrita van Achterberg, sp. n., M. punctata van Achterberg, sp. n., Paramannokeraia gibsoni van Achterberg & Quicke, sp. n. and P. juliae van Achterberg, sp. n. The tribe Mannokeraiini van Achterberg, 1995, is synonymized with the tribe Planitorini (syn. n.).
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; Euphorinae; Planitorini; Mannokeraiini; Paramannokeraia; Mannokeraia; Planitorus; Key; New genus; New species; Distribution; Australia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/644330
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