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Registros recuperados: 9
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A Framework to Analyze the Robustness of Social-ecological Systems from an Institutional Perspective Ecology and Society
Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Janssen, Marco A; Indiana University; maajanss@indiana.edu; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University; ostrom@indiana.edu.
What makes social-ecological systems (SESs) robust? In this paper, we look at the institutional configurations that affect the interactions among resources, resource users, public infrastructure providers, and public infrastructures. We propose a framework that helps identify potential vulnerabilities of SESs to disturbances. All the links between components of this framework can fail and thereby reduce the robustness of the system. We posit that the link between resource users and public infrastructure providers is a key variable affecting the robustness of SESs that has frequently been ignored in the past. We illustrate the problems caused by a disruption in this link. We then briefly describe the design principles originally developed for robust...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Institutions; Resilience; Robustness; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2004
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Aligning Key Concepts for Global Change Policy: Robustness, Resilience, and Sustainability Ecology and Society
Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Folke, Carl; Beijer Institute for Ecological Economics; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Walker, Brian; CSIRO Ecosystem Science; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University; ostrom@indiana.edu.
Globalization, the process by which local social-ecological systems (SESs) are becoming linked in a global network, presents policy scientists and practitioners with unique and difficult challenges. Although local SESs can be extremely complex, when they become more tightly linked in the global system, complexity increases very rapidly as multi-scale and multi-level processes become more important. Here, we argue that addressing these multi-scale and multi-level challenges requires a collection of theories and models. We suggest that the conceptual domains of sustainability, resilience, and robustness provide a sufficiently rich collection of theories and models, but overlapping definitions and confusion about how these conceptual domains articulate with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Fragility; Global change; Governance; Institutions; Resilience; Robustness; Sustainability.
Ano: 2013
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Collapse and Reorganization in Social-Ecological Systems: Questions, Some Ideas, and Policy Implications Ecology and Society
Abel, Nick; CSIRO; nick.abel@csiro.au; Cumming, David H. M.; University of Zimbabwe; dcumming@science.uz.ac.zw; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Key words: resilience collapse; Recovery; Social-ecological systems; Adaptive cycle; Natural capital; Social capital; Human capital; Zimbabwe; Australia.
Ano: 2006
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Fifteen Weddings and a Funeral: Case Studies and Resilience-based Management Ecology and Society
Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Walker, Brian H; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Kinzig, Ann P; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Resource management.
Ano: 2006
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G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, and the ABC Research Group. 2000. Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Ecology and Society
Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Ano: 2001
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Governance and the Capacity to Manage Resilience in Regional Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Lebel, Louis; Chiang Mai University; llebel@loxinfo.co.th; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Campbell, Bruce; Northern Territory University; b_campbell@site.ntu.edu.au; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Hatfield-Dodds, Steve; CSIRO; Steve.Hatfield.Dodds@csiro.au; Hughes, Terry P; James Cook University; terry.hughes@jcu.edu.au; Wilson, James; University of Maine; jwilson@maine.edu.
The sustainability of regional development can be usefully explored through several different lenses. In situations in which uncertainties and change are key features of the ecological landscape and social organization, critical factors for sustainability are resilience, the capacity to cope and adapt, and the conservation of sources of innovation and renewal. However, interventions in social-ecological systems with the aim of altering resilience immediately confront issues of governance. Who decides what should be made resilient to what? For whom is resilience to be managed, and for what purpose? In this paper we draw on the insights from a diverse set of case studies from around the world in which members of the Resilience Alliance have observed or...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Governance; Resilience; Adaptive capacity; Institutions; Accountability; Deliberation; Participation; Social justice; Polycentric institutions; Multilayered institutions.
Ano: 2006
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Resilience Management in Social-ecological Systems: a Working Hypothesis for a Participatory Approach Ecology and Society
Walker, Brian; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Carpenter, Stephen R; University of Wisconsin-Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Abel, Nick; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; nick.abel@csiro.au; Cumming, Graeme; University of Florida; cummingg@wec.ufl.edu; Janssen, Marco A; Indiana University; maajanss@indiana.edu; Lebel, Louis; Unit for Social and Environmental Research; llebel@loxinfo.co.th; Norberg, Jon; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University; jon.norberg@ecology.su.se; Peterson, Garry D; McGill University; garry.peterson@mcgill.ca; Pritchard, Rusty; Emory University; lpritc2@emory.edu.
Approaches to natural resource management are often based on a presumed ability to predict probabilistic responses to management and external drivers such as climate. They also tend to assume that the manager is outside the system being managed. However, where the objectives include long-term sustainability, linked social-ecological systems (SESs) behave as complex adaptive systems, with the managers as integral components of the system. Moreover, uncertainties are large and it may be difficult to reduce them as fast as the system changes. Sustainability involves maintaining the functionality of a system when it is perturbed, or maintaining the elements needed to renew or reorganize if a large perturbation radically alters structure and function. The...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Ano: 2002
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Toward a Network Perspective of the Study of Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Elmqvist, Thomas; Stockholm University; thomase@ecology.su.se; Ernstson, Henrik; Stockholm University; henrik@ecology.su.se; McAllister, Ryan R. J.; CSIRO; ryan.mcallister@csiro.au; Olsson, Per; Stockholm University; per@ctm.su.se; Ryan, Paul; CSIRO; paul.ryan@csiro.au.
Formal models used to study the resilience of social-ecological systems have not explicitly included important structural characteristics of this type of system. In this paper, we propose a network perspective for social-ecological systems that enables us to better focus on the structure of interactions between identifiable components of the system. This network perspective might be useful for developing formal models and comparing case studies of social-ecological systems. Based on an analysis of the case studies in this special issue, we identify three types of social-ecological networks: (1) ecosystems that are connected by people through flows of information or materials, (2) ecosystem networks that are disconnected and fragmented by the actions of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Network topology; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social-ecological networks.
Ano: 2006
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Weak feedbacks, governance mismatches, and the robustness of social-ecological systems: an analysis of the Southwest Nova Scotia lobster fishery with comparison to Maine Ecology and Society
Barnett, Allain J. ; Arizona State University; ajbarnet@asu.edu; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu.
The insights in Governing the Commons have provided foundational ideas for commons research in the past 23 years. However, the cases that Elinor Ostrom analyzed have been exposed to new social, economic, and ecological disturbances. What has happened to these cases since the 1980s? We reevaluated one of Ostrom’s case studies, the lobster and groundfishery of Port Lameron, Southwest Nova Scotia (SWNS). Ostrom suggested that the self-governance of this fishery was fragile because the government did not recognize the rights of resource users to organize their own rules. In the Maine lobster fishery, however, the government formalized customary rules and decentralized power to fishing ports. We applied the concepts of feedback, governance...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Atlantic Canada; Collective choice; Institutional analysis; Lobster; Maine; Polycentricity; Robustness.
Ano: 2014
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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