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Registros recuperados: 6
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Arachnids of medical importance in Brazil: main active compounds present in scorpion and spider venoms and tick saliva J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Cordeiro,Francielle A.; Amorim,Fernanda G.; Anjolette,Fernando A. P.; Arantes,Eliane C..
Arachnida is the largest class among the arthropods, constituting over 60,000 described species (spiders, mites, ticks, scorpions, palpigrades, pseudoscorpions, solpugids and harvestmen). Many accidents are caused by arachnids, especially spiders and scorpions, while some diseases can be transmitted by mites and ticks. These animals are widely dispersed in urban centers due to the large availability of shelter and food, increasing the incidence of accidents. Several protein and non-protein compounds present in the venom and saliva of these animals are responsible for symptoms observed in envenoming, exhibiting neurotoxic, dermonecrotic and hemorrhagic activities. The phylogenomic analysis from the complementary DNA of single-copy nuclear protein-coding...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Arachnid toxins; Scorpion venom; Spider venom; Tick saliva.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100211
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Arthropod venom Hyaluronidases: biochemical properties and potential applications in medicine and biotechnology J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Bordon,Karla C F; Wiezel,Gisele A.; Amorim,Fernanda G.; Arantes,Eliane C..
AbstractHyaluronidases are enzymes that mainly degrade hyaluronan, the major glycosaminoglycan of the interstitial matrix. They are involved in several pathological and physiological activities including fertilization, wound healing, embryogenesis, angiogenesis, diffusion of toxins and drugs, metastasis, pneumonia, sepsis, bacteremia, meningitis, inflammation and allergy, among others. Hyaluronidases are widely distributed in nature and the enzymes from mammalian spermatozoa, lysosomes and animal venoms belong to the subclass EC 3.2.1.35. To date, only five three-dimensional structures for arthropod venom hyaluronidases (Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris) were determined. Additionally, there are four molecular models for hyaluronidases fromMesobuthus...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hyaluronidase; Scorpion; Spider; Caterpillar; Hymenoptera; Insects; Cloning; Heterologous expression; PEGylation; Biotechnological applications.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100214
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Biological characterization of compounds from Rhinella schneideri poison that act on the complement system J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Anjolette,Fernando A. P.; Leite,Flávia P.; Bordon,Karla C. F.; Azzolini,Ana Elisa C. S; Pereira,Juliana C.; Pereira-Crott,Luciana S.; Arantes,Eliane C..
Background The skin secretions of toads of the family Bufonidae contain biogenic amines, alkaloids, steroids (bufotoxins), bufodienolides (bufogenin), peptides and proteins. The poison of Rhinella schneideri, formerly classified as Bufo paracnemis, presents components that act on different biological systems, including the complement system. The aim of this study was to isolate and examine the activity ofRhinella schneideri poison (RsP) components on the complement system.Methods The components active on the complement system were purified in three chromatographic steps, using a combination of cation-exchange, anion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The resulting fractions were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and screened for their activity in the hemolytic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Complement system; Hemolytic activity; Neutrophil chemotaxis; Rhinella schneideri; Terminal complement complex (SC5b-9); Toad poison.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100334
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Bordonein-L, a new L-amino acid oxidase from Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom: isolation, preliminary characterization and enzyme stability J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Bordon,Karla C. F.; Wiezel,Gisele A.; Cabral,Hamilton; Arantes,Eliane C..
BackgroundCrotalus durissus terrificus venom (CdtV) is one of the most studied snake venoms in Brazil. Despite presenting several well known proteins, its L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) has not been studied previously. This study aimed to isolate, characterize and evaluate the enzyme stability of bordonein-L, an LAAO from CdtV.Methods The enzyme was isolated through cation exchange, gel filtration and affinity chromatography, followed by a reversed-phase fast protein liquid chromatography to confirm its purity. Subsequently, its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined by Edman degradation. The enzyme activity and stability were evaluated by a microplate colorimetric assay and the molecular mass was estimated by SDS-PAGE using periodic acid-Schiff...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crotalus durissus terrificus; L-amino acid oxidase; Rattlesnake; Enzyme activity; Enzyme stability; Chromatography; Snake venom; Yellow venom; Stabilization.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100335
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First serine protease inhibitor isolated from Rhinella schneideri poison J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Shibao,Priscila Y T; Anjolette,Fernando A P; Lopes,Norberto P.; Arantes,Eliane C..
Background Toad secretions are a source of molecules with potential biotechnological application on a wide spectrum of diseases. Toads from theRhinella family have two kinds of poisonous glands, namely granular and mucous glands. Rhinella schneideritoads produce granular secretions that comprise a great number of molecules, including serine proteases inhibitors. Serine proteases, such as trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase, are enzymes that have a serine amino acid into its catalytic site and can be found in a large number of vertebrate species and pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, the present work aims to purify a serine protease inhibitor from Rhinella schneiderigranular secretions.Findings This study presents the protocol used to purify a serine...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bufadienolide; Rhinella schneideri; Serine protease inhibitor.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100501
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Partial purification and functional characterization of Ts19 Frag-I, a novel toxin from Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Lima,Priscila C.; Bordon,Karla C. F.; Pucca,Manuela B.; Cerni,Felipe A.; Zoccal,Karina F.; Faccioli,Lucia H.; Arantes,Eliane C..
Abstract Background The yellow scorpion Tityus serrulatus (Ts) is responsible for the highest number of accidents and the most severe scorpion envenoming in Brazil. Although its venom has been studied since the 1950s, it presents a number of orphan peptides that have not been studied so far. The objective of our research was to isolate and identify the components present in the fractions VIIIA and VIIIB of Ts venom, in order to search for a novel toxin. The major isolated toxins were further investigated for macrophage modulation. Methods The fractions VIIIA and VIIIB, obtained from Ts venom cation exchange chromatography, were rechromatographed on a C18 column (4.6 × 250 mm) followed by a reversed-phase chromatography using another C18 column (2.1 ×...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Β-KTx; Cytokine; Interleukin; Neurotoxin; Pro-inflammatory; Scorpion venom; Tityus serrulatus.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992015000100353
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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