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Improved tolerance of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) to drought stress and rewatering by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus claroideum: effect on growth and cell membrane stability Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Beltrano,José; Ronco,Marta G..
The aim of this paper was to investigate the contribution of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus claroideum to drought stress tolerance in wheat plants grown under controlled conditions in a growth chamber, and subjected to moderate or severe water stress and rewatering. Water stress tolerance was determined through total dry weight, leaf relative water content, leakage of solutes and leaf chlorophyll and protein concentrations in mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal wheat plants. Total dry weight and leaf chlorophyll concentrations were significantly higher in mycorrhizal plants after moderate or severe water stress treatments compared with non-mycorrhizal ones. Electrolyte leakage was significantly lower in water-stressed inoculated plants. Compared to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mycorrhizae; Relative water content; Rewatering; Solute leakage; Water deficit.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202008000100004
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Inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi modifies proline metabolism and increases chromium tolerance in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.) Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Ruscitti,Marcela; Arango,María; Ronco,Marta; Beltrano,José.
In general, heavy metals interfere with several physiological processes and reduce plant growth. Plants naturally establish symbiotic associations with soil microorganisms, such as mycorrhizal fungi. The aim of this research was to determine if inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi increases tolerance to Cr, evidenced by growth and biochemical parameters and the effect on roots membranes in Capsicum annum. Plants were either non-inoculated or inoculated with Glomus mosseae or Glomus intraradices, and grown in the presence of different concentration of Cr (K2Cr2O4) in soil. Pepper plants grown without Cr behaved as mycotrophic species. At the highest concentration (200 μM K2Cr2O4), Cr reduced root colonization by G. mosseae or G. intraradices (to 23 and 20%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Electrolytes leakage; Glomus intraradices; Glomus mosseae; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202011000100004
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Plant architecture of Paspalum vaginatum schwartz modified by nitrate and ammonium nutrition PAB
Beltrano,José; Ronco,Marta Guillermina; Barreiro,Roberto; Montaldi,Edgardo Raúl.
Paspalum vaginatum Schwartz plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in a continuous-flow hydroponic culture, containing NO3- or NH4+or NH4NO3 as nitrogen source. After 30 days, the size of aerial biomass and root system decreased significantly when plants were supplied with NH4+as exclusive nitrogen source. Compared to NO3- treatment, reducing and non-reducing sugars were decreasing together with a significant increase in amino acids content. NH4+-nutrition caused tillers to grow toward an orthogravitropic position (average angle of 68° with respect to the horizontal), and with NO3--nutrition, tillers tended to become diagravitropic (average angle of 23°). With NH4NO3 all the parameters measured had values in between those of the other two sources....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nitrogen source; Orthogravitropism; Diagravitropism; Sucrose.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X1999000700007
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Soil drying and rewatering applied at three grain developmental stages affect differentially growth and grain protein deposition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Beltrano,José; Ronco,Marta Guillermina; Arango,María Cecilia.
Water deficits cause large yield losses in wheat. Although anthesis is generally considered the most vulnerable period, water deficit during grain filling can also cause yield losses. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of water stress and rewatering, at three different grain developmental stages, on physiological and grain filling parameters and on yield components. Wheat plants were subjected to water deficit and rewatering at the watery ripe, milk and soft dough stages. In the flag leaf, water stress decreased the relative water content, the chlorophyll and protein content and increased the leakage of solutes, at all three studied grain filling stages. Water stress at the watery ripe and milk stages reduced the final grain dry mass...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Grain filling; Growth rate; Logistic model; Protein profile; Water stress.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202006000200011
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