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A hemocyanin-derived antimicrobial peptide from the penaeid shrimp adopts an alpha-helical structure that specifically permeabilizes fungal membranes ArchiMer
Petit, Vanessa W.; Rolland, Jean-luc; Blond, Alain; Cazevieille, Chantal; Djediat, Chakib; Peduzzi, Jean; Goulard, Christophe; Bachere, Evelyne; Dupont, Joelle; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Rebuffat, Sylvie.
Background. Hemocyanins are respiratory proteins with multiple functions. In diverse crustaceans hemocyanins can release histidine-rich antimicrobial peptides in response to microbial challenge. In penaeid shrimp, strictly antifungal peptides are released from the C-terminus of hemocyanins. Methods. The three-dimensional structure of the antifungal peptide PvHCt from Litopenaeus vannamei was determined by NMR. Its mechanism of action against the shrimp pathogen Fusarium oxysporum was investigated using immunochemistry, fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. Results. PvHCt folded into an amphipathic α-helix in membrane-mimicking media and displayed a random conformation in aqueous environment. In contact with F. oxysporum, PvHCt bound...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antimicrobial peptide; Amphipathic helix; Fungi; Membrane bilayer; Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); Fluorescence microscopy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41202/40362.pdf
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Microtubule polyglutamylation and acetylation drive microtubule dynamics critical for platelet formation ArchiMer
Van Dijk, Juliette; Bompard, Guillaume; Cau, Julien; Kunishima, Shinji; Rabeharivelo, Gabriel; Mateos-langerak, Julio; Cazevieille, Chantal; Cavelier, Patricia; Boizet-bonhoure, Brigitte; Delsert, Claude; Morin, Nathalie.
Background Upon maturation in the bone marrow, polyploid megakaryocytes elongate very long and thin cytoplasmic branches called proplatelets. Proplatelets enter the sinusoids blood vessels in which platelets are ultimately released. Microtubule dynamics, bundling, sliding, and coiling, drive these dramatic morphological changes whose regulation remains poorly understood. Microtubule properties are defined by tubulin isotype composition and post-translational modification patterns. It remains unknown whether microtubule post-translational modifications occur in proplatelets and if so, whether they contribute to platelet formation. Results Here, we show that in proplatelets from mouse megakaryocytes, microtubules are both acetylated and polyglutamylated. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microtubules; Acetylation; Polyglutamylation; Tubulin isotype; Platelets; Megakaryocytes; IIb3 integrin; CHO cells.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00463/57463/59577.pdf
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