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A Comparison of Major Arable Production Systems: An Agronomic, Environmental and Ecological Evaluation Organic Eprints
Van Der Heijden, Marcel; Wittwer, Raphael; Jossi, Werner; Prechsl, Ulrich; Nemecek, Thomas; Schläppi, Klaus; Hagen, Emily O.; Keller, Thomas; Walder, Florian; Büchi, Lucie; Charles, Raphael; Colombi, Tino; Hess, Julia; Hirte, Juliane; Mayer, Jochen; Loiaza, Viviana; Pujol-Pereira, Engil; Six, Jo; Dennert, Francesca; Maurhofer, Monika; Seitz, Steffen.
One of the primary challenges of our time is develop sustainable farming systems that can feed the world with minimal environmental impact. Some studies argue that organic farming systems are best because these have minimal impact on the environment and are positive for biodiversity. Others argue that no-tillage systems are better because such systems save energy and preserve soil structure and quality. A third group argues that conventional farming systems are best because yield per hectare is highest. However, so far, systematic comparisons of major arable production systems are rare and often it is difficult to compare the advantages and disadvantages of farming systems in a systematic way due to differences in soil/site characteristics and management....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Food security; Food quality and human health Soil tillage.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34561/1/vanderheijden-etal-2018ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p45.pdf
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Allons compter les vers de terre Organic Eprints
Charles, Raphael.
Avant l’hiver, il vaut la peine d’évaluer l’état de santé de ses parcelles. L’un des indicateurs du sol les plus sympathiques est probablement le ver de terre (VDT).
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Soil biology.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36696/1/bioactualites_9_2019_charles.pdf
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Betteraves à sucre bio: nouvelles méthodes de régulation des adventices Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Charles, Raphael.
La production de betteraves sucrières bio a le vent en poupe. La demande en sucre indigène bio est en forte augmentation ; la réglementation Swissness y est pour quelque chose. La production est actuellement encouragée grâce à différents projets et innovations, et cela porte les premiers fruits.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Root crops.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34964/1/Dierauer-Charles-2018-Betteraves-a-sucre-bio.pdf
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Comment autoévaluer la qualité de son sol Organic Eprints
Charles, Raphael; Wendling, Marina.
Comment autoévaluer la qualité de son sol
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Soil quality.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35067/1/Charles-Wendling-2018-Comment-autoevaluer-la-qualite-de-son-sol.pdf
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Country Report on Organic Farming Research in Switzerland Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Niggli, Urs; Willer, Helga; Fried, Padruot M.; Strasser, Freddie; Dubois, David; Baumann, Daniel; Kaufmann, Robert; Gallmann, Peter; Charles, Raphael.
The report presents the current (2005) status of organic farming resarch in Switzerland. Switzerland has a long history of organic farming research, which in its beginnings has been carried out by organic farming pioneers and by private institutions like the Goetheanum, Möschberg Centre and the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL). It was in the 1990s, when Swiss Federal Agricultural Research Stations (Agroscope) became also involved in organic research topics. It can be estimated that currently approximately € 7.5 million per annum are allocated very specifically to organic farming research from public budgets. The National Research Programme is organised according to a four-year research concept of the Swiss Federal Office of...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Switzerland; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8758/1/alfoeldi%2Detal%2D2006%2Dswitzerland.pdf
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Cover Crop Productivity in Contrasting Growing Conditions and Influence on the Subsequent Crop Organic Eprints
Wendling, Marina; Büchi, Lucie; Jeangros, Bernard; Walter, Achim; Charles, Raphael.
In arable systems, cover crops provide multiple ecosystem services involved in soil protection and fertility. They can efficiently compete against weeds, control erosion or recycle nutrients. The supply of these services is however largely dependent on cover crop growth as most of the services are related to biomass production. The choice of a cover crop adapted to the growing conditions is thus essential. Growing mixtures instead of sole crops is expected to be a way to overcome variable growing conditions and to insure high biomass production.Different field trials have been conducted from 2013 to 2016 in Nyon, Switzerland to assess cover crop biomass production and stability, and their influence on the following crop. Indian mustard, field pea, black...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34562/1/wendling-etal-2018-ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p47.pdf
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Cover Crops to Secure Low Herbicide Weed Control Strategies in Maize Grown with Reduced Tillage Organic Eprints
Amossé, Camille; Büchi, Lucie; Wendling, Marina; Jeangros, Bernard; Charles, Raphael.
As a key-element of conservation agriculture, the occasional or systematic suppression of full-inversion ploughing implies an adaptation of the cropping system. To assess the ability of cover crops to control weeds in a subsequent maize crop grown with reduced tillage, three annual experiments were implemented at the research station of Agroscope Changins, Nyon, Switzerland. Ten non-wintering cover crop (CC) species were sown in mid-summer and compared to a bare soil treatment in strip-plot experiments including different weeding strategies according to integrated weed management rules. In case of a predictable impasse for weed control, an alternative management option was chosen 1) at the end of winter: total herbicide application instead of no...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34564/1/amosse-etal-2018-ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p116.pdf
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Culture du maïs: visions pour l’avenir et résultats de l’essai variétal de Senarclens VD en 2018 Organic Eprints
Charles, Raphael; Klaiss, Matthias.
La culture du maïs est appelée à évoluer. Des variétés rustiques, peu gourmandes, adaptées aux aléas du climat, sont recherchées. Le maïs peut aussi se cultiver en association, il est intéressant d’en redécouvrir le potentiel. Des couverts et des sous-semis apportant de l’azote sont aussi une pièce maîtresse du dispositif.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Root crops.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34899/1/Charles-Klaiss-2018-Culture-du-mais.pdf
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Effects of cover crops on the overwintering success of entomopathogenic nematodes and their antagonists Organic Eprints
Jaffuel, Goeffrey; Blanco-Perez, Ruben; Büchi, Lucie; Mäder, Paul; Fliessbach, Andreas; Charles, Raphael; Degen, Thomas; Turlings, Ted C.J.; Campos-Herrera, Raquel.
Conservation agriculture is arising as an alternative to conventional agriculture with the aim to have a reduced impact on the environment. This includes the use of cover crops to conserve soil quality by limiting soil erosion, adding organic matter, and enhancing soil nutrient content, as well as water availability, which are all factors that can greatly influence the presence of soil organisms. In the current study, we investigated whether winter cover crops can enhance the persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) over the winter season. In a first trial we augmented EPN populations in plots without (bared) and with the cover crops, pea (Pisum sativum) or mustard (Brassica juncea). In late autumn, individual mini-plots in each of the three...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33974/1/Jaffuel_AppliedSoilEcology_2017.pdf
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Les agronomes européens réunis en Suisse pour parler des systèmes agricoles de demain Organic Eprints
Charles, Raphael.
L’intensification des connaissances est probablement le levier le plus efficace pour le développement d’une agriculture innovante prête à relever les défis du futur. Un coup d’œil sur la recherche internationale offre un aperçu de ce qui nous attend et constitue une source d’inspiration.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34910/1/Charles-2018-Les-agronomes-europeens-reunis-en-Suisse-pour-parler-des-systemes-agricoles-de-demain.pdf
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Les CIMS pour améliorer la productivité en Agriculture Biologique dans les systèmes de culture assolés Organic Eprints
Charles, Raphael; Wendling, Marina; Büchi, Lucie; Casagrande, Marion; Celette, Florian; Fontaine, Laurence; Jouany, Claire.
Les cultures intermédiaires multi services, ou CIMS, jouent un rôle essentiel en agriculture biologique (AB) du fait des nombreux services écosystémiques qu’elles peuvent rendre. La capacité des CIMS à apporter des nutriments à la culture suivante est particulièrement intéressante en AB en raison de la faible disponibilité en engrais. Les CIMS visent également de maintenir la teneur en matière organique des sols essentielle à leur fertilité en compensant les exportations des récoltes. Elles représentent aussi un moyen de lutte efficace contre les bioagresseurs, en particulier les adventices, par une compétition directe pour les ressources ou par des modifications du milieu de croissance. Le contrôle des maladies et ravageurs par les CIMS se fait...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33973/1/Charles_2018_Les%20CIMS%20pour%20ameliorer%20la%20productivite%20en%20AB%20dans%20les%20systemes%20de%20cultures%20assoles.pdf
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No Till and Organic Farming Improve Soil Properties but Reduce Crop Yield Compared to Conventional Farming in a Swiss Farm Network Organic Eprints
Büchi, Lucie; Walder, Florian; Banerjee, Samiran; Colombi, Tino; Hirte, Juliane; Mayer, Jochen; Keller, Thomas; Six, Johan; van der Heijden, Marcel; Charles, Raphael.
Soils are of vital importance for sustainable food production. In order to maintain or improve soil quality, it is necessary to develop strategies for a sustainable use of soil. Alternative cropping practices such as reduced tillage and improved crop rotation are more and more adopted with the aim of decreasing the impact of agriculture on the environment. However, their on-the-ground impact in Swiss farming systems still has to be assessed. In this study, we quantified the impact of three farming systems (conventional farming, no-till, and organic farming) on plant and soil chemical, biological and physical properties. Our study included 20 fields for each farming system. All selected fields were cultivated with winter wheat the year of sampling. Soil was...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Soil tillage.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34558/1/buechi-etal-2018-ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p36.pdf
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Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation Organic Eprints
Büchi, Lucie; Charles, Raphael; Schneider, David; Sinaj, Sokrat; Maltas, Alexandra; Fossati, Dario; Mascher, Fabio.
There is an increasing awareness about the need for improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production in order to meet economic and ecological standards. The present work provides insight into the varietal factors of wheat that determine nitrogen use in the plant. The performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in terms of grain yield and nitrogen uptake and use efficiency was tested within the framework of a 40-year long term field experiment of organic enrichment and mineral nitrogen fertilisation treatments. Globally, organic enrichment had a beneficial effect on the yield and grain nitrogen concentration and showed a strong interaction with the amount of applied mineral nitrogen fertiliser. Manure application generally had positive effects on...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Nutrient turnover.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33976/1/B%C3%BCchi_FieldCropsResearch_2016.pdf
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Pflanzenzüchtung für den Ökolandbau. Ertrags- und Qualitätspotential der Eiweisspflanzen Organic Eprints
Messmer, Monika; Hohmann, Pierre; Arncken, Christine; Wille, Lukas; Haug, Benedikt; Vonzun, Seraina; Klaiss, Matthias; Charles, Raphael; Niggli, Urs.
- Pflanzenzüchtung für den Ökolandbau - Herausforderungen für die Landwirtschaft - Ertrags- und Qualitätspotential der Eiweisspflanzen
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34837/1/FiBL_DBV%20Perspctive%20Bioz%C3%BCchtung%20Proteincrops%2015.2.2018%20biofach_v4%20%2800000002%29.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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