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Agriculture production versus biodiversity protection: what role for north-south unconditional transfers ? Inra
Aulong, S.; FIGUIERES, C.; Thoyer, S.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
In developing countries, biodiversity is often threatened by the development of agricultural production: it is often the case that natural habitats are destroyed by the conversion of forests, wetlands or natural pastures into arable land. There is a trade-off between revenues generated by agricultural production and services supplied by unspoilt natural capital (ecological services, possibility to develop biodiversity-related tourism activities). Whereas agricultural profits are private, biodiversity produces various types of benefits, some of them have global public good characteristics - they benefit all nations without exclusion and without rivalry - while others are regional inputs in the production functions of neighbouring countries. The purpose of...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Conservation policy; North-south income transfers; Public good; Neutrality theorem.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20076b4f881a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/05/
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Voluntary matching grants can forestall social dumping Inra
Drèze, J.H.; FIGUIERES, C.; Hindriks, J.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
European economic integration leads to increasing factor mobility, thereby threatening the stability of social transfer programs. This paper investigates the possibility of achieving, by means of voluntary matching grants, both the optimal allocation of factors and the optimal level of redistribution in the presence of factor mobility. We use a fiscal competition model a la Wildasin (1991), in which states differ in their technologies and preferences for redistribution. We first investigate a simple process in which the regulatory authority progressively raises the matching grants to the district choosing the lowest transfer and all districts respond optimally to the resulting change in transfers all around. This process is shown to increase total...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: MATCHING GRANTS; FISCAL FEDERALISM; ADJUSTMENT PROCESS.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007e2d90ff2&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/05/
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