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Registros recuperados: 18
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Allocation Effects of Policy Reform: A Micro-Simulation of Macro-Model Results for the United States AgEcon
Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Hanson, Kenneth; Somwaru, Agapi; Burfisher, Mary E..
By changing marginal prices and therefore production incentives, removal of government payments will result in a re-allocation of factors of production as farm households pursue alternative economic opportunities. At the economy-wide level these impacts are small, but closer inspection reveals that some household-level impacts will be larger and other households will be affected little if at all. The underlying heterogeneity of the agricultural sector results in variable adjustment along two dimensions. First, survey data show that payments are not evenly distributed so their removal does not have a uniform impact across the sector. Second, even if payments were evenly distributed, factor endowments are not, so that ability to enter into alternative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income; Labor; CGE; Micro-simulation; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15750
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Changing Consumer Food Prices: A User's Guide to ERS Analyses AgEcon
Reed, Albert J.; Hanson, Kenneth; Elitzak, Howard; Schluter, Gerald E..
USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) uses different economic models to estimate the impact of higher input prices on consumer food prices. The present study compares three ERS models. In the first two models, neither consumers nor food producers respond to market prices. We refer to these two models as short-run models. In the third model, both consumers and food producers respond to changing prices, and we refer to this model as a long-run model. Given published parameter estimates, we simulate the impact of a higher energy price on consumer food prices, and our empirical findings are consistent with our understanding of market responses. In the short run, we find that the full effect of an increase in the price of energy is fully (or nearly fully)...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Price-spread model; Input-output model; Variable-proportions model; Food prices; Energy prices; Input prices; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33574
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DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS OF U.S. FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS: ACCOUNTING FOR FARM AND NON-FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Somwaru, Agapi.
Using a highly disaggregated U.S. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model, we analyze the distributional impacts from the commodity programs governed by the 2002 Farm Act on U.S. farm and non-farm households. The farm household impacts occur through program effects on household income, farm sector output and commodity prices. Non-farm household impacts occur through taxes and the cost of food.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21944
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Economic Linkages Between the WIC Program and the Farm Sector AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Oliveira, Victor.
In fiscal 2008, the $4.6 billion of food purchased with vouchers from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) generated $1.3 billion in farm revenue. Because WIC participants would have purchased some of these foods with their own money in the absence of the program, the net addition to farm revenue from WIC is estimated at $331 million and the net increase in full-time-equivalent farm jobs at 2,640. The study uses an Input-Output Multiplier Model to derive these estimates and assumes that recent revisions in the WIC food packages were implemented in all States in fiscal 2008.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WIC; WIC linkage to farm sector; WIC food package; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58992
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Food Stamp Benefits Adjust to Earnings with and without Cross-Program Effects from TANF and SSI Cash Assistance AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Andrews, Margaret S..
As households participating in the Food Stamp Program and other public assistance programs work more, the additional earnings are partially offset by a reduction in food stamp benefits and cash assistance from Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). The rate at which food stamp benefits and TANF or SSI cash assistance are reduced with an increase in earnings is referred to as the program’s effective benefit reduction rate (EBRR). This report derives FSP EBRRs for earnings with and without cross-program effects from adjustments to TANF or SSI cash assistance due to the additional earnings. The estimated FSP EBRRs are combined with TANF EBRRs and SSI EBRRs to estimate an effective tax rate on earnings in terms...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9937
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Food Stamp Benefits Provide Fiscal Stimulus AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Public Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123225
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Global Agricultural Reform and U.S. Agricultural Adjustment Capacity AgEcon
Burfisher, Mary E.; Hanson, Kenneth; Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Somwaru, Agapi.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15763
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GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL REFORM AND U.S. AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT CAPACITY AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Burfisher, Mary E.; Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Somwaru, Agapi.
This paper focuses on U.S. agriculture response to policy reform. A growing body of empirical literature describes the potential aggregate gains for the U.S. markets if global agricultural tariffs and subsidies can be further reduced (USDA, 2001; World Bank, GEP 2002; Tokarick, 2003). These gains are based on an aggregation of expected responses at the micro-level, by firms and households, to changing market conditions. Some of them will be “"gainers"” whose current economic activities and assets will benefit from the new opportunities presented by policy reform. Some will be “"losers"” who are adversely affected by the reduction or loss of subsidies or import protection.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20348
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Higher Food Prices Can Take a Bite Out of SNAP Benefits AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Andrews, Margaret S..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124065
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Increased SNAP Benefits Provide Countercyclical Boost AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Morrison, Rosanna Mentzer.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124210
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MOVING PUBLIC ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS INTO THE LABOR FORCE, 1996-2000 AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Hamrick, Karen S..
Moving recipients of public assistance into jobs is a goal of the current system for providing public assistance to low-income households. Using scenario analysis with a computable general equilibrium model, ERS researchers examined some of the labor market impacts of the "welfare-to work" provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). The results show that, from 1996 to 2000, the influx of public assistance recipients into the labor force put downward wage pressure on low-skill occupations, making wage growth smaller than it would have been without the influx. At the same time, the influx added workers to the labor force, which contributed to economic growth. By expanding the labor force, the influx...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Public assistance; Low-income households; Food Stamp Program; Welfare reform; Labor markets; Low-skill; Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model; Scenario analysis; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33839
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Rising Food Prices Take a Bite Out of Food Stamp Benefits AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Andrews, Margaret S..
The Food Stamp Program is designed to provide low-income families with increased food purchasing power to obtain a nutritionally adequate diet. As in most other Federal Government assistance programs, benefits are adjusted in response to rising prices—in this case, rising food prices. The current method of adjustment results in a shortfall between the maximum food stamp benefit and the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet as specified by USDA’s Thrifty Food Plan. During fiscal year (FY) 2007, the food purchasing shortfall in the caseload-weighted maximum benefit for the program grew from $7 in October 2006 to $19 in September 2007. In FY 2008, the amount grew from almost $8 in October 2007 to $34 in July 2008 and to $38 in September 2008. In an average...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rising food prices; Food price inflation; Food stamp benefits; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; Food Stamp Program; Food purchasing power; Cost of the Thrifty Food Plan.; Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58624
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SECTORAL EFFECTS OF A WORLD OIL PRICE SHOCK: ECONOMYWIDE LINKAGES TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Robinson, Sherman; Schluter, Gerald E..
The effects of a world oil price shock on U.S. agriculture are analyzed in an economywide environment. We use an input-output model to analyze the direct and indirect cost linkages between energy and other sectors of the economy. Then, to allow sectoral output adjustment and the effects on the U.S. current account, we use the U.S. Department of Agricultural/Economic Research Service Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model to analyze the sectoral effects under three different macro adjustment scenarios. The effects on agriculture are not limited to the direct and indirect energy costs and government support programs for agricultural also matter.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30818
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State Variations in the Food Stamp Benefit Reduction Rate for Earnings: Cross-Program Effects from TANF and SSI Cash Assistance AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Andrews, Margaret S..
The Food Stamp Program reduces benefits to households as their earnings rise. This reduction is affected by household participation in other Government assistance programs (cross-program effects) and by the wide variation in State-specific reduction rates for earnings in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). This study shows that, for food stamp recipients who also received cash benefits through TANF in 2005, an extra dollar of earnings led to a change in food stamp benefits ranging from a reduction of 36 cents to an increase of 9 cents. On average across all States, the overall reduction rate for food stamp benefits and TANF cash benefits was about 70 percent, or about double the benefit reduction rate for a household that received only food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program benefit formula; Effective Benefit Reduction Rates; Food stamp benefit effects from TANF earning deductions; Effective tax rates.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58315
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THE 2005 GULF COAST HURRICANES' EFFECT ON FOOD STAMP PROGRAM CASELOADS AND BENEFITS ISSUED AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Oliveira, Victor.
In fall 2005, Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma devastated areas along much of the Gulf Coast resulting in large increases in food stamp caseloads and benefits issued. In November 2005, the number of people receiving food stamps reached a record 29.7 million, or about 4 million more participants than just 3 months earlier. Most of the increase in caseloads occurred in the Gulf Coast States that were hardest hit by the hurricanes—Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. The hurricanes’ impact on caseloads in these States, in terms of both magnitude and duration, varied widely. States that received large numbers of evacuees from hurricane-affected areas also experienced disproportionate increases in caseloads relative to the other States. This...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Disaster Food Stamp Program; Food stamp caseloads; Food stamp benefits issued; Hurricanes; Gulf Coast States; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7259
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The Factor Content of U.S. Trade: An Explanation for the Widening Wage Gap? AgEcon
Lee, Chinkook; Hanson, Kenneth.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35781
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Thrifty Food Plan, 2006 AgEcon
Carlson, Andrea; Lino, Mark; Juan, WenYen; Hanson, Kenneth; Basiotis, P. Peter.
The Thrifty Food Plan (TFP), a fundamental part of the U.S. food guidance system and the basis for maximum food stamp allotments, has been revised by USDA’s Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP), with assistance from USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Economic Research Service (ERS), and Agricultural Research Service (ARS). The TFP provides a representative healthful and minimal cost meal plan that shows how a nutritious diet may be achieved with limited resources. The Plan assumes that all purchased food is consumed at home. The TFP was last revised in 1999. The newly revised (2006) TFP differs from, and improves upon, the previous TFP in a number of ways. The 2006 TFP: • Is based on the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as well as...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Thrifty Food Plan; USDA Food Plans; Diet Quality; Food Stamps; Cost of Food; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42899
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TRACING THE IMPACTS OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ON AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMERS: A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Golan, Elise H.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Olmsted, Jennifer.
Changes in food assistance policy can have impacts on economic activity and household income across the economy. Using a Computable General Equilibrium model focusing on food assistance, we found that both a hypothetical cut in food stamp benefits and a hypothetical cash-out of the Food Stamp Program led to reductions in food demand and farm production. In addition, this hypothetical cut in food stamp benefits resulted in a decline in transfer income for low-income households that was not compensated for by increased labor income. The cash-out triggered general equilibrium effects that led to higher taxes and reductions in labor income, chiefly for high-income households. The Food Assistance Computable General Equilibrium model includes modeling...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: General equilibrium analysis; Computable general equilibrium model; Food stamps; Food stamp cash-out; Food assistance policy; Agricultural linkages; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33831
Registros recuperados: 18
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