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Registros recuperados: 66
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A Conceptual Analysis of Relational Contracts in Agribusiness Supply Chains: The Case of the Sugar Industry in Swaziland AgEcon
Masuku, Micah B.; Kirsten, Johann F.; Owen, R..
This study examines the nature of the relationship between cane growers and millers and how it affects cane growers’ perceptions of the value added in the sugar supply chain. Drawing from relational exchange theory, the study utilised the perceptions of 124 smallholder cane growers in the Swaziland sugar industry. Factors measured in terms of a likert type scale were used to measure each relational construct within the miller-grower contract relationship. The unpacks the trust relationship between large agribusiness companies and smallholder out growers, and shows that relationships characterised by social factors like trust, commitment, and cooperation enhance mutual benefit and quality relationships between parties. This study found that farmers perceive...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10132
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A DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Vink, Nick; Kirsten, Johann F..
The working paper discusses the trends in farm employment over time in South Africa. This is followed by the presentation of six case studies of specific commodities and regions with the view to establishing the potential employment effects of various changes in the policy environment. The article ends with an assessment of selected aspects of the wider environment within which the sector operates, to ascertain the extent to which such policy shifts are feasible, i.e. whether the measured effects in employment generation are likely to happen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18048
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A social accounting matrix for modeling agricultural policy reform in South Africa AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Kirsten, Johann F.; van Zyl, Johan.
In this paper the format of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for use as a database for the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) modelling of agricultural policy reform in South Africa is detailed. It is shown that the published South African SAMs impose limitations upon their suitability as databases for CGE models, but that they can be readily modified. An additional benefit of a SAM is its use as a framework for the specification of the behavioural relationships necessary to the development of a model. Finally, a Macro SAM for 1993 is reported and the proposed disaggregation of the agricultural sector is identified.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54450
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A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE ON AGRIBUSINESS AND ETHICS IN A SOUTH AFRICAN CONTEXT AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F..
The theme of this conference provides an ideal opportunity to take this argument and the case I made for cross disciplinarity, a bit further. Last year I have argued that agricultural economists need to utilise the strengths of sociology, anthropology and political analysis in order to be better equipped to tackle the challenge of black empowerment in South African agriculture. This year I will show how we need these disciplines and also philosophy if we want to address 'ethics' in business. The point that was made throughout my earlier paper is that economic theory sacrifices far too much relevance in its pursuit of ever-greater rigour. Given the challenges in agricultural sector in Africa, we need to see much stronger efforts to integrate the building of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19093
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A theoretical perspective on agribusiness and ethics in a South African context AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F..
In my presidential address in 2002 I made the point that there is a growing need to make some adaptations to the neo-classical foundations of agricultural economics if we as agricultural economists want to become useful in making a contribution to the empowerment process in agriculture. I expressed the need for much more interaction and engagement with other disciplines in the social sciences if we want to play a significant role in addressing the real challenges facing agriculture in South Africa. Some new values and understanding of the principles of humanity and dignity is urgently needed. The theme of this conference provides an ideal opportunity to take this argument and the case I made for cross-disciplinarity a bit further. Last year I argued that...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9499
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Alternative marketing options for small-scale farmers in the wake of changing agri-food supply chains in South Africa AgEcon
Louw, Andre; Jordaan, Daniel du Plessis Scheepers; Ndanga, Leah Z.B.; Kirsten, Johann F..
With South Africa’s urban population approaching 60%, supermarkets and fast food chains have become important players in the South African food system. These large players in the food sector have systematically modified their procurement practices especially with regard to fresh fruit and vegetables and are now circumventing spot markets in favour of sourcing via in-house sourcing companies who mainly procure from preferred supplier producers. This paper draws extensively from a global research programme which seeks to highlight the market changes that potentially contribute to continued exclusion of the small producers from mass consumer markets. This paper illustrates, through a series of case studies, how integration of small-scale farmers into the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44025
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND POLICY INCENTIVES OF COMMERCIAL WHEAT PRODUCTION IN SOUTH AFRICA AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; Ohene-Anyang, E.; van Rooyen, Johan.
Despite the fact that all direct and indirect measures of subsidisation and protection have been removed, commercial agriculture is still widely considered to be subsidised, privileged and uncompetitive. This paper shows how the process of deregulation has in fact changed the situation. The paper reports on the comparative advantage in the production of wheat in South Africa and reveals the various distortionary effects, if any, of the policy environment on the production of wheat in the country prior to 1997. The paper concludes that South Africa has a strong comparative advantage in the production of wheat, especially, in the inland areas. Favourable climatic and soil factors as well as abundant and relatively cheaper domestic factors of production may...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54896
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Assessing Private Sector Agriculture Research and Innovation in South Africa AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; Haankuku, Choolwe; Stander, Ruan.
Reliable data on private sector agricultural research and development is globally scarce, particularly in developing countries. In South Africa, it has been observed that research performance by the public sector via the Agricultural Research Council has declined in recent years and consequently, the private sector has embarked on a much larger role in South Africa’s agriculture research than before. However, the extent of this engagement remains unknown as data quantifying private sector agricultural R&D is limited. This study identified 51 private firms that perform agriculture related research activities and attempts to gather primary data to determine the nature and extent of private R&D in South Africa. However due to the large number of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Private sector agriculture Research and Development; Innovations; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95981
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Attitudes and acceptance of South African urban consumers towards genetically modified white maize AgEcon
Vermeulen, Hester; Kirsten, Johann F.; Doyer, Ockert T.; Schonfeldt, H.C..
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) food products to food markets around the world, has led to considerable controversy. In many cases consumer attitudes and perceptions of GM food products were revealed as fears, concern for, and avoidance of the new technology. The importance of GM foods in South Africa is increasing, even though the GM Food debate lags behind many other (often more developed) parts of the world. This paper investigates the knowledge, attitudes and acceptance of urban South African white-grain maize consumers regarding GM maize. Conjoint- and cluster analysis were used to develop clusters/market segments among the urban consumers of white maize. A range of additional questions was used to develop profiles of the identified...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31714
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BT COTTON IN SOUTH AFRICA: ADOPTION AND THE IMPACT ON FARM INCOMES AMONGST SMALL-SCALE AND LARGE SCALE FARMERS AgEcon
Gouse, Marnus; Kirsten, Johann F.; Jenkins, Lindie.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18022
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Contracting arrangements in agribusiness procurement practices in South Africa AgEcon
Vermeulen, Hester; Kirsten, Johann F.; Sartorius, Kurt.
Contracting arrangements in agribusiness procurement practices in South Africa
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Procurement; Contracting; Agro-processing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37585
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DEFINING SMALL-SCALE FARMERS IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONTEXT AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; van Zyl, Johan.
South African agriculture is comprised of mainly two categories of farmers -- the subsistence farmers in the former homeland areas and the large-scale commercial (mainly white) farmers. This is in contrast with the situation in many other countries in the world where one would find a whole range of farm sizes, ranging from the very small or subsistence farmer to the very large farmer/agribusiness. The paper highlights the situation of small-scale farmers in an international context and compares it with the South African situation that is totally different. Within this context, this paper has as basic premise that in South Africa the concept of "small-scale farmer" is usually value-laden, creates wrong impressions and is often viewed in a negative light....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54898
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Demand for livestock tick control service in the Venda region, Northern Province AgEcon
Randela, Rendani; Liebenberg, Frikkie; Kirsten, Johann F.; Townsend, Rob F..
This article analyses factors influencing farmers’ willingness-to-pay for dipping services, as well as the revealed preference for dipping frequency using the multivariate and the logistic regression models. The study is based on a cross sectional survey of 125 smallscale cattle farmers interviewed in the Venda region of the Northern Province. Empirical multivariate and the logistic regression analysis show that liquidity, human resource, satisfaction with the programme and structure of production significantly influences farmers’ willingness-to-pay. However, the most important factor influencing both the willingness-to-pay and the dipping frequency is liquidity (employment). The results of this study have important implications for the delivery of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54224
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in South Africa AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; Edwards, Lawrence; Vink, Nick.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48514
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EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF SMALL SCALE WOOL PRODUCTION IN THE FORMER TRANSKEI, SOUTH AFRICA AgEcon
Haese, M.D.; Calus, Mieke; Kirsten, Johann F.; Van Huylenbroeck, Guido; Bostyn, F..
Specialising in wool production could be a good opportunity for farmers in the former Transkei to upgrade to fully commercial and economic viable enterprises. This paper investigates the efficiency of the current practices of wool producers in three villages. Two of those villages are beneficiaries of the LandCare project of the National Department of Agriculture, and receive help on technical matters and marketing. The analysis shows that in the two villages beneficiary of the Land Care project the technical, allocative and economic efficiency of the wool production is higher than in the third village. In the latter, the technical efficiency of some of the farms is still good, but the difference is made in the marketing of the wool.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18029
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Expanding the Frontiers of Agricultural Economics to Meet the Future Challenges of Agricultural Development AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F..
In this paper I challenge the theoretical building blocks of agricultural economics and then provide some indication of how the discipline has rectified some of its shortcomings. The introduction of the New Institutional Economics into our discipline has been a major improvement. I have then argued that the challenges facing our profession are so huge that we need to think about further adaptation by making more use of other social sciences such as sociology and anthropology. This could help us understand the major complexities of dealing with the challenge of black economic empowerment in agriculture. This will however, also be necessary for us to adjust our research paradigm. This argument is well articulated by Doyer and Van Rooyen (2001) when they...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9519
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Exploring the Economic Rationale for Protecting Geographical Indicators in Agriculture AgEcon
Bramley, Cerkia; Kirsten, Johann F..
The misappropriation of the names of geographical regions such as Parma, Roquefort and Champagne is protected in the European Union by a system of Geographical Indications, and is acknowledged by the World Trade Organization as an important intellectual property right. This article addresses whether there is a case for similar protection in South Africa. The article explores the economic rationale for implementing a system of Geographical Indications by addressing issues such as information asymmetry and the role of reputation; formation of niche markets; monopoly formation, value added and rural development. The economic rationale for protecting Geographical Indications derives mainly from the fact that place of origin may be used as a quality signal, or...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10128
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Facilitating decision-making in agriculture by using a system of models AgEcon
Strauss, P.G.; Meyer, Ferdinand H.; Kirsten, Johann F..
This article presents a deterministic farm-level model developed to link to an existing partial equilibrium sector-level model of the grain and livestock sectors of South Africa. The objective is to create a linked system of models consisting of a sector- and farm-level model with the capability to analyse the likely effects of changes in policies and markets at both the sector and representative farm level in South Africa. A representative farm in the Free State Province is used to validate the farm-level model. The farm-level model is used to simulate a baseline as well as two scenarios of the representative farm for the period 2003 to 2010. Results indicate that the farm-level model simulates the representative farm rather accurately compared to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44028
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FARM-AGRIBUSINESS LINKAGES IN SOUTH AFRICA: EMPOWERING DISADVANTAGED COMMUNITIES THROUGH LINKS WITH AGRIBUSINESS AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; Sartorius, Kurt.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18072
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FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS IN TWO COMMUNITIES AgEcon
Mmakola, D.J.; Kirsten, Johann F.; Groenewald, Jan A..
A survey on food consumption patterns was conducted in an urban black community and a rural black community. Urban consumers tend to consume more bread, and less maize meal than rural consumers. Urban consumers consume more meat than poverty-stricken rural dwellers. The same is true with respect to fruit and ready-made foods. Both quality and price are important considerations for consumers' food purchases, particularly rural consumers. Price appears to be less important to the higher income (> R2000 per month) consumers in purchases of bread and meat, but rather important in vegetable purchases. Almost 60 per cent never consume food at away from home food establishments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54950
Registros recuperados: 66
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