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Anticoagulant activity of a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from the green seaweed Caulerpa cupressoides BABT
Rodrigues,José Ariévilo Gurgel; Vanderlei,Edfranck de Sousa Oliveira; Bessa,Érika Façanha; Magalhães,Francisco de Araújo; Paula,Regina Célia Monteiro de; Lima,Vilma; Benevides,Norma Maria Barros.
The aim of this study was to evaluate certain molecular characteristics of a sulfated polysaccharide (SPs) with anticoagulant properties, isolated from Caulerpa cupressoides (Chlorophyta). Crude SPs were extracted by proteolytic digestion (papain), followed by ion-exchange chromatography on a DEAE-cellulose column. The fractions obtained were analyzed for molecular mass, 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis and chemical composition. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) test was applied using normal human plasma and standard heparin (HEP) (193 IU mg-1). The yield was ~ 3%, and the chromatography procedure separated the material into three different SP fractions (F I, F II and F III), eluted at the concentrations of 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 M of NaCl,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Marine algae; Sulfated macromolecules; Chemical analysis; APTT test.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132011000400007
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Effect of a crude sulfated polysaccharide from Halymenia floresia (Rhodophyta) on gastrointestinal smooth muscle contractility BABT
Graça,José Ronaldo Vasconcelos; Bezerra,Mirna Marques; Lima,Vilma; Rodrigues,José Ariévilo Gurgel; Monteiro,Diego Levi Silveira; Quinderé,Ana Luíza Gomes; Amorim,Rodrigo César das Neves; Paula,Regina Célia Monteiro de; Benevides,Norma Maria Barros.
The aim of this work was to study the effect of Halymenia floresia (Hf) on duodenum contractility, and on experimental protocols of gastric compliance (GC) in rats. Fraction Hf2s exhibited a concentration-dependent myocontractile effect (EC50 12.48 µg/ml), and an inhibitory effect after consecutive washing. The contractile response promoted by Hf2s in the duodenum strips was completely inhibited by verapamil, and the effects were prevented in the presence of Ca2+-free medium. The pretreatment with atropine prevented the Hf2s myocontractile effect. Hf2s was also capable to decrease the GC (from 3.8±0.06 to 3.4±0.13 ml, P<0.05), which did not return to basal levels after more 50 min of observation. These results indicated that the algal polysaccharide...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Halymenia floresia; Sulfated polysaccharides; Gut motility.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132011000500008
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