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A pulsatile flow model for in vitro quantitative evaluation of prosthetic valve regurgitation BJMBR
Giuliatti,S.; Gallo Jr.,L.; Almeida-Filho,O.C.; Schmidt,A.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Pelá,C.A.; Maciel,B.C..
A pulsatile pressure-flow model was developed for in vitro quantitative color Doppler flow mapping studies of valvular regurgitation. The flow through the system was generated by a piston which was driven by stepper motors controlled by a computer. The piston was connected to acrylic chambers designed to simulate "ventricular" and "atrial" heart chambers. Inside the "ventricular" chamber, a prosthetic heart valve was placed at the inflow connection with the "atrial" chamber while another prosthetic valve was positioned at the outflow connection with flexible tubes, elastic balloons and a reservoir arranged to mimic the peripheral circulation. The flow model was filled with a 0.25% corn starch/water suspension to improve Doppler imaging. A continuous flow...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Flow model; Echocardiography; Valvular regurgitation.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2000000300013
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Automated grading of left ventricular segmental wall motion by an artificial neural network using color kinesis images BJMBR
Murta Jr.,L.O.; Ruiz,E.E.S.; Pazin-Filho,A.; Schmidt,A.; Almeida-Filho,O.C.; Simões,M.V.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Maciel,B.C..
The present study describes an auxiliary tool in the diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) segmental wall motion (WM) abnormalities based on color-coded echocardiographic WM images. An artificial neural network (ANN) was developed and validated for grading LV segmental WM using data from color kinesis (CK) images, a technique developed to display the timing and magnitude of global and regional WM in real time. We evaluated 21 normal subjects and 20 patients with LVWM abnormalities revealed by two-dimensional echocardiography. CK images were obtained in two sets of viewing planes. A method was developed to analyze CK images, providing quantitation of fractional area change in each of the 16 LV segments. Two experienced observers analyzed LVWM from...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Artificial neural network; Color kinesis images; Left ventricular function.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000100001
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Cardiorespiratory adaptations induced by aerobic training in middle-aged men: the importance of a decrease in sympathetic stimulation for the contribution of dynamic exercise tachycardia BJMBR
Chacon-Mikahil,M.P.T.; Forti,V.A.M.; Catai,A.M.; Szrajer,J.S.; Golfetti,R.; Martins,L.E.B.; Lima-Filho,E.C.; Wanderley,J.S.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Maciel,B.C.; Gallo-Jr.,L..
We investigated the effects of aerobic training on the efferent autonomic control of heart rate (HR) during dynamic exercise in middle-aged men, eight of whom underwent exercise training (T) while the other seven continued their sedentary (S) life style. The training was conducted over 10 months (three 1-h sessions/week on a field track at 70-85% of the peak HR). The contribution of sympathetic and parasympathetic exercise tachycardia was determined in terms of differences in the time constant effects on the HR response obtained using a discontinuous protocol (4-min tests at 25, 50, 100 and 125 watts on a cycle ergometer), and a continuous protocol (25 watts/min until exhaustion) allowed the quantification of the parameters (anaerobic threshold, VO2 AT;...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sympathetic modulation of heart rate; Dynamic exercise; Aerobic training; Autonomic nervous system; Anaerobic threshold; Middle-aged men.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1998000500016
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Effect of different anesthetic agents on left ventricular systolic function assessed by echocardiography in hamsters BJMBR
Tanaka,D.M.; Romano,M.M.D.; Carvalho,E.E.V.; Oliveira,L.F.L.; Souza,H.C.D.; Maciel,B.C.; Salgado,H.C.; Fazan-Júnior,R.; Simões,M.V..
Determination of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) using in vivo imaging is the cardiac functional parameter most frequently employed in preclinical research. However, there is considerable conflict regarding the effects of anesthetic agents on LVEF. This study aimed at assessing the effects of various anesthetic agents on LVEF in hamsters using transthoracic echocardiography. Twelve female hamsters were submitted to echocardiography imaging separated by 1-week intervals under the following conditions: 1) conscious animals, 2) animals anesthetized with isoflurane (inhaled ISO, 3 L/min), 3) animals anesthetized with thiopental (TP, 50 mg/kg, intraperitoneal), and 4) animals anesthetized with 100 mg/kg ketamine plus 10 mg/kg xylazine injected...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Echocardiography; Anesthetics; Systolic function; Hamsters.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016001000602
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Effects of aerobic exercise training on heart rate variability during wakefulness and sleep and cardiorespiratory responses of young and middle-aged healthy men BJMBR
Catai,A.M.; Chacon-Mikahil,M.P.T.; Martinelli,F.S.; Forti,V.A.M.; Silva,E.; Golfetti,R.; Martins,L.E.B.; Szrajer,J.S.; Wanderley,J.S.; Lima-Filho,E.C.; Milan,L.A.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Maciel,B.C.; Gallo-Junior,L..
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic physical training (APT) on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiorespiratory responses at peak condition and ventilatory anaerobic threshold. Ten young (Y: median = 21 years) and seven middle-aged (MA = 53 years) healthy sedentary men were studied. Dynamic exercise tests were performed on a cycloergometer using a continuous ramp protocol (12 to 20 W/min) until exhaustion. A dynamic 24-h electrocardiogram was analyzed by time (TD) (standard deviation of mean R-R intervals) and frequency domain (FD) methods. The power spectral components were expressed as absolute (a) and normalized units (nu) at low (LF) and high (HF) frequencies and as the LF/HF ratio. Control (C) condition: HRV in TD...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heart rate variability; Power spectral density analysis; Anaerobic threshold; Aerobic exercise training; Autonomic nervous system and aging processes in man.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2002000600016
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Head-to-head comparison of dipyridamole, dobutamine and pacing stress echocardiography for the detection of myocardial ischemia in an animal model of coronary artery stenosis BJMBR
Schmidt,A.; de Almeida-Filho,O.C.; Ayres-Neto,E.M.; Carneiro,J.J.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Maciel,B.C..
To compare the sensitivity of dipyridamole, dobutamine and pacing stress echocardiography for the detection of myocardial ischemia we produced a physiologically significant stenosis in the left circumflex artery of 14 open-chest dogs (range: 50 to 89% reduction in luminal diameter). In each study, dobutamine (5 to 40 µg kg-1 min-1 in 3-min stages) and pacing (20 bpm increments, each 2 min, up to 260 bpm) were performed randomly, and then followed by dipyridamole (up to 0.84 mg/kg over 10 min). The positivity of stress echocardiography tests was quantitatively determined by a significant (P<0.05) reduction of or failure to increase absolute and percent systolic wall thickening in the stenotic artery supplied wall, as compared to the opposite wall (areas...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Stress echocardiography; Pacing; Dobutamine; Dipyridamole; Animal model.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001000700010
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How frequently should a patient taking amiodarone be screened for thyroid dysfunction? BJMBR
Pazin-Filho,A.; de Jesus,A.M.X.; Magalhães,P.K.R.; Melato,L.H.; Campos,D.; Maciel,B.C.; Maciel,L.M.Z..
Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction (AITD) is a common complication of amiodarone therapy and its prevalence varies according to iodine intake, subclinical thyroid disorders and the definition of AITD. There is no consensus about the frequency of screening for this condition. We evaluated 121 patients on chronic regular intake of amiodarone (mean intake = 248.5 ± 89 mg; duration of treatment = 5.3 ± 3.9 years, range = 0.57-17 years) and with stable baseline cardiac condition. Those with no AITD were followed up for a median period of 3.2 years (range: 0.6-6.7) and the incidence rate of AITD, defined by clinical and laboratorial findings as proposed by international guidelines, was obtained (62.8 per 1000 patients/year). We applied the Cox proportional...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amiodarone; Chagas’ disease; Thyroid dysfunction; Antiarrhythmic drug.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2009000800009
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Minor segmental wall motion abnormalities detected in patients with Chagas' disease have adverse prognostic implications BJMBR
Pazin-Filho,A.; Romano,M.M.D.; Almeida-Filho,O.C.; Furuta,M.S.; Viviani,L.F.; Schmidt,A.; Marin-Neto,J.A.; Maciel,B.C..
Recent data from our laboratory have shown that patients with the indeterminate form of Chagas' disease can have impairment of left ventricular contractility, as evaluated by the slope of the left ventricle end-systolic pressure-dimension relationship. We also showed that Chagas' disease patients with minimal baseline wall motion abnormalities detected by two-dimensional echocardiography have more intense contractility impairment when compared to patients with the indeterminate form of the disease without this abnormality. The prognostic implications of these findings have not been established. We evaluated 59 patients (37-76 years, mean = 55 years) with different clinical forms of Chagas' disease, who had normal left ventricular global systolic function...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Echocardiography; Chagas' disease; Left ventricular function; Indeterminate form of Chagas' disease.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000400008
Registros recuperados: 8
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