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Registros recuperados: 5
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A white spot disease-like syndrome in the Pacific blue shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris) as a form of bacterial shell disease ArchiMer
Goarant, Cyrille; Brizard, Raphael; Marteau, Anne-laure.
In May 1997, some white lesions evoking the white spot syndrome disease were observed in Litopenaeus stylirostris broodstock in New Caledonia. The occurrence of these lesions was neither associated with mortality, nor with histological evidence of white spot syndrome baculovirus (WSBV), The evidence suggests that these lesions result from a form of bacterial disease and are associated with an increased bacterial flora on the outer surface of the cuticle, as well as an increased incidence throughout the molt cycle. A microscopic observation of these lesions allows them to be differentiated from WSBV-associated lesions.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: New Caledonia; White spot syndrome; Aquaculture; Pathogenic bacteria; Shrimp culture; Crustaceans; Diseases; Litopenaeus stylirostris.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-373.pdf
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Acquisition of susceptibility to Vibrio penaeicida in Penaeus stylirostris postlarvae and juveniles ArchiMer
Goarant, Cyrille; Regnier, France; Brizard, Raphael; Marteau, Anne-laure.
Vibriosis is a major disease problem in shrimp aquaculture, affecting all developmental stages, from larvae in hatchery tanks to juveniles and broodstock in growout ponds. However, bacterial strains responsible for vibriosis in the successive stages are usually considered to be different, and virulence specificity has been reported both at the species and at the stage levels. The so-called « Syndrome 93 » is a seasonal juvenile vibriosis caused by Vibrio penaeicida which affects Penaeus stylirostris in growout ponds and broodstock tanks in New Caledonia. This pathology does not cause any mortality in hatchery or nursery phases. An experimental infection design using balneation of postlarvae and early juveniles in V. penaeicida suspensions was used to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus stylirostris; Vibrio sp.; Diseases and their control crustaceans.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-383.pdf
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Eutrophication in a tropical pond: Understanding the bacterioplankton and phytoplankton dynamics during a vibriosis outbreak using flow cytometric analyses ArchiMer
Lucas, Ronan; Courties, C.; Herbland, Alain; Goulletquer, Philippe; Marteau, Anne-laure; Lemonnier, Hugues.
In tropical shrimp ponds, the increasing of feed input, concomitantly with the stocking shrimp biomass, induces an eutrophication of the ecosystem. Although difficult to maintain, its stability is required to guarantee the success of the culture. A 110-day period of phytoplankton and bacterioplankton stock and dynamics in an earthen pond (1.2 ha area, 1 m depth) was monitored using flow cytometry to provide baseline information on community characteristics and ecosystem instability. Seven autotrophic cell types were identified over the whole sampling period. Prokaryotic cells included Synechococcus sp., a group named UNK which presented an atypical new flow cytometric signature and picoeukaryotes (PEUK). Nanophytoplankton cells were represented by 4...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical shrimp aquaculture; Ecosystem shift; Phytoplankton; Bacterioplankton; Vibrio; Flow cytometry.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/14068/11312.pdf
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Salinité et confort physiologique - Application pratique en élevage larvaire ArchiMer
Pham, Dominique; Mailliez, Jean-rene; Peignon, Jean-marie; Broutoi, Francis; Marteau, Anne-laure; Wabete, Nelly.
The caledonian blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris is the second largest export commodity in New Caledonia. This industry is based on 19 production farms but also four hatcheries, two feed production units and two packing plants. The maximum production was reached in 2005 with 2400 tons. Supply of juveniles by hatchery is the bottle neck of the production chain because this species is not present in the natural environment. Recent problems of larval survival led some scientists to work on eco-physiology to propose adaptations of larval rearing protocol. Salinity of the rearing environment is taken as an example to study the influence of abiotic parameters on the animal physiology according to its development stage. The influence of salinity on survival...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00115/22658/20603.pdf
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Toxic factors of Vibrio strains pathogenic to shrimp ArchiMer
Goarant, Cyrille; Herlin, Jose; Brizard, Raphael; Marteau, Anne-laure; Martin, C; Martin, B.
Vibriosis is a major disease problem in shrimp aquaculture. 'Syndrome 93' is a seasonal juvenile vibriosis caused by Vibrio penaeicida which affects Litopenaeus stylirostris in grow-out ponds in New Caledonia. This study assessed the toxic activities of extracellular products (ECPs) from V: penaeicida, V. alginolyticus and V, nigripulchritudo using in vivo injections in healthy juvenile L. stylirostris (= Penaeus stylirostris) and in vitro assays on shrimp primary cell cultures and the fish cell line epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC). Toxic effects of ECPs were demonstrated for all pathogenic Vibrio strains tested both in vivo and in vitro, but for shrimp only; no effect was observed on the fish cell line. ECP toxicity for New Caledonian V. penaeicida...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio; Vibrio penaeicida; Shrimp; Extracellular products; Temperature.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/10543/7600.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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