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Multivariate analysis of the factors associated with the risk of pneumonia in intensive care units BJID
Carrilho,Cláudia Maria Dantas de Maio; Grion,Cintia Magalhães Carvalho; Bonametti,Ana Maria; Medeiros,Eduardo Alexandrino Servolo; Matsuo,Tiemi.
Pneumonia is the most frequent hospital infection in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) and is also responsible for the highest lethality rates, as well as an increase in both the duration and costs of hospitalization. The objective of this study was to identify predisposing factors for pneumonia. A prospective cohort study was carried out between June 1996 and June 1997, and included 540 patients admitted consecutively for periods greater than 24 hours to the adult ICU of the Londrina State University's Teaching Hospital. Of these, 83 (15.4%) developed pneumonia. All patients were analyzed with respect to various risk factors for hospital-acquired pneumonia. Univariate analysis identified the following factors: decreased level of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pneumonia; Epidemiology; Risk factors.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702007000300008
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Vehicle thermal microclimate evaluation during Brazilian summer broiler transport and the occurrence of PSE (Pale, Soft, Exudative) meat BABT
Simões,Gislaine Silveira; Oba,Alexandre; Matsuo,Tiemi; Rossa,Alessandro; Shimokomaki,Massami; Ida,Elza Iouko.
The formation of a thermal microclimate within the vehicle during the transport of broilers from farm to slaughterhouse affects the birds' welfare and potentially promotes the development of PSE meat. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of routine commercial practices on the vehicle microclimate formed during transportation of broilers. Twenty-four hours postmortem Pectoralis major m. samples were classified as PSE meat by determining pH and color (L*, a* e b*). Results showed that broiler located at the rear of the truck and with longer journey presented higher amounts of PSE meat because birds were under harsh conditions of both temperature and relative humidity. The ventilation decreased gradually from the front to the rear of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Poultry meat quality; Thermal stress; Poultry breast meat; Color abnormality.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700025
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