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Ammonia emissions from pig and cattle slurry in the field and utilization of slurry nitrogen in crop production Organic Eprints
Mattila, Pasi K..
Volatilization of ammonia (NH3) from animal manure is a major pathway for nitrogen (N) losses that cause eutrophication, acidification, and other environmental hazards. In this study, the effect of alternative techniques of manure treatment (aeration, separation, addition of peat) and application (broadcast spreading, band spreading, injection, incorporation by harrowing) on NH3 emissions in the field and N uptake by ley or cereals was studied. The effect of a mixture of slurry and peat on soil properties was also investigated. The aim of this study was to find ways to improve the utilization of manure N and reduce its release to the environment. Injection into the soil or incorporation by harrowing clearly reduced NH3 volatilization from slurry more than...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/9994/1/met87.pdf
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Ammonia volatilization, nitrogen in soil, and growth of barley after application of peat manure and pig slurry Organic Eprints
Mattila, Pasi K..
Peat is added to manure, because its low pH and capacity to adsorb ammonia (NH3) give it potential to reduce nitrogen (N) loss. Peat manure was prepared by mixing pig slurry with moderately humified Sphagnum peat. Less than 1% of applied ammoniacal N was volatilized as NH3 from peat manure and pig slurry within 8 h of surface application on clay loam soil according to JTI method. Incorporated manures showed even smaller N loss. The low volatilization was due to the adsorption of manure ammoniacal N by peat, and the infiltration of slurry into harrowed, moist clay soil. In another experiment, peat manure was applied on polypropylene fabric without soil contact. Within the first 3 days there was only 9% reduction in the ammoniacal N of peat manure, but the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/16805/1/mattila2.pdf
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Nitrogen losses from grass ley after slurry application - surface broadcasting vs. injection Organic Eprints
Uusi-Kämppä, Jaana; Mattila, Pasi K..
As the livestock numbers on Finnish dairy farms have increased and most fields on dairy farms are under grass, it has become common to spread cattle slurry over grasslands. To estimate environmental effects of recurrent slurry applications, a 5-year field study was performed to compare nitrogen (N) losses to water and ammonia losses to air by volatilization, when cattle slurry was either surface broadcast or injected into clay soil after grass cuttings. Slurry was spread on the grass in summer (1996–1997) or both in summer and autumn (1998–2000). Biomass N uptake before grass harvesting and amount of soil mineral N in spring and autumn were measured and field N balances were calculated. Despite cool weather, up to one third of the ammonium N of broadcast...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18181/1/uusi%2Dkamppa.pdf
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Spring barley yield and nitrogen recovery after application of peat manure and pig slurry Organic Eprints
Mattila, Pasi K..
The effectiveness of peat manure, manufactured of pig slurry and moderately humified Sphagnum peat (slurry:peat ca. 1:1.5 v/v), as nitrogen (N) source for spring barley was investigated in a four.year field experiment on a clay loam soil in south-western Finland. Pig slurry, NPK fertilizer and plain peat were used as references. Manures were incorporated before sowing or surface-applied after sowing in spring at an ammoniacal N rate of.54.106 kg.ha-1 with or without supplementary NPK fertilizer (40.kg N.ha-1). Soil moisture conditions were varied by different irrigation treatments. Peat manure produced 5.15% higher grain yields than pig slurry, with the largest difference after surface application. Incorporation was more important for slurry than for peat...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/16814/1/mattila.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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