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Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of plant extracts traditionally used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders BJM
Cogo,Laura Lúcia; Monteiro,Cristina Leise Bastos; Miguel,Marilis Dallarmi; Miguel,Obdulio Gomes; Cunico,Miriam Machado; Ribeiro,Marcelo Lima; Camargo,Eloá Ramalho de; Kussen,Gislene Maria Botão; Nogueira,Keite da Silva; Costa,Libera Maria Dalla.
The antibacterial activity of plant extracts obtained from Bixa orellana L., Chamomilla recutita L., Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil., Malva sylvestris L., Plantago major L. and Rheum rhaponticum L. has been evaluated against two reference strains and eleven clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori. All the plant species chosen are used in popular Brazilian cuisine and folk medicine in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Initial screening was made by the disk diffusion test and then minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by the agar dilution method. The results presented in this work demonstrated that among the plant preparations analyzed, B. orellana L., C. recutita L., I. paraguariensis A. St.-Hil. and M. sylvestris L. were capable of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Helicobacter pylori; Antibacterial activity; Plant extracts.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822010000200007
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Cefepime versus extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae BJID
Nogueira,Keite da Silva; Daur,Alessandra Vale; Reason,Iara Taborda de Messias; Gales,Ana Cristina; Costa,Libera Maria Dalla.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility to cefepime of a large group of ESBL- producing enterobacteria recently isolated in a Brazilian teaching hospital . The study included 280 strains of ESBL-producing enterobacteria, isolated between 2005 and 2008. The presence of the genes blaCTX-M, blaTEM and blaSHV was determined by PCR and confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. Susceptibility testing for cefepime was performed by disc-diffusion, agar dilution method and E-test®. Among the isolates, 34 (12.1%) presented a cefepime inhibition zone &gt; 21 and MIC < 8 mg/L by agar dilution and E-strip methods. The use of cefepime for the treatment of infections caused by ESBL-producing bacteria has been controversial. Some studies of PD/PK...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enterobacteriaceae; Beta-lactamases; Cephalosporin resistance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702011000200014
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Characterization of virulence genes cagA and vacA in Helicobacter Pylori and their prevalence in gastrointestinal disorders BJM
Cogo,Laura Lúcia; Monteiro,Cristina Leise Bastos; Nogueira,Keite da Silva; Palmeiro,Jussara Kasuko; Ribeiro,Marcelo Lima; Camargo,Eloá Ramalho de; Neves,Daniel Locatelli; Nascimento,Aguinaldo José do; Costa,Libera Maria Dalla.
Prevalence of H. pylori infection was determined using cultures of gastric biopsy samples of patients attended at the academic hospital of the Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Molecular methods were used to characterize the cagA and vacA genes from bacterial isolates associated with different diseases presented by patients. Out of a total of 81, forty-two gastric biopsy samples tested were positive for H. pylori, with a prevalence of 51.9%. No significant difference was found with regard to the gender (p=0.793) and age (p=0.183) of the patients. Genotype s1m1 vacA gene was found in 67% of the cases of peptic ulcer investigated (p=1.0), despite the limited number of patients with this disease (n=3). A correlation between the presence...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Helicobacter pylori; Virulence genes; CagA; VacA.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000400007
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Occurrence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from hospitalized patients in Curitiba, southern Brazil BJID
Nogueira,Keite da Silva; Higuti,Ilma Hiroko; Nascimento,Agnaldo José do; Terasawa,Larissa Bail; Oliveira,Simone de; Matos,Adriana Pereira; Souza,Helena Aguilar Peres Homem de Mello de; Cogo,Laura Lúcia; Dalla Costa,Libera Maria.
Production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) by enterobacteria is an important resistance mechanism against antimicrobial beta-lactamics. We tested 498 bacterial strains isolated from two tertiary-care teaching hospitals for ESBL production, using screening breakpoints for aztreonam and third generation cephalosporins, according to CLSI recommendations. Among these isolates, 155 were positive for the ESBL screening test, and 121 (78%) were confirmed by the clavulanic acid combination disk method. We found a high frequency of ESBL (24%) among Enterobacteriaceae, with a frequency of 57.4% for Klebsiella pneumoniae, 21.4% for Klebsiella oxytoca, and 7.2% for E. coli. In other members of Enterobacteriaceae, non-Klebsiella and non-E. coli, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: ESBL; Beta-lactamases; Enterobacteriaceae.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000600006
Registros recuperados: 4
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